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The location of Jamaica
An enlargeable map of Jamaica

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Jamaica:

Jamaicasovereign island nation located on the Island of Jamaica of the Greater Antilles archipelago in the Caribbean Sea.[1] It is 234 kilometres (145 mi) long and 80 kilometres (50 mi) at its widest. It lies about 145 kilometres (90 mi) south of Cuba and 190 kilometres (120 mi) west of the Hispaniola. Its indigenous Arawakan-speaking Taíno inhabitants named the island Xaymaca, meaning the "Land of Wood and Water", or the "Land of Springs".[2] Formerly a Spanish possession known as Santiago, it later became the British West Indies Crown colony of Jamaica. It is the third most populous anglophone country in the Americas, after the United States and Canada.

General reference[edit]

An enlargeable basic map of Jamaica

Geography of Jamaica[edit]

An enlargeable topographic map of Jamaica
Main article: Geography of Jamaica

Environment of Jamaica[edit]

An enlargeable satellite image of Jamaica

Natural geographic features of Jamaica[edit]

Regions of Jamaica[edit]

Main article: Regions of Jamaica

Ecoregions of Jamaica[edit]

Administrative divisions of Jamaica[edit]

Administratively, Jamaica is divided into fourteen parishes. They are grouped into three historic counties, which have no administrative relevance (traditional capitals in parentheses):

Hanover Saint Elizabeth Saint James Trelawny Parish Westmoreland Clarendon Manchester Saint Ann Saint Catherine Saint Mary Kingston Parish Portland Saint Andrew Saint ThomasJamaica parishes numbered2.png
About this image
  Parish Area
Census 2001
Cornwall County
1 Hanover 450.4 67,037 Lucea
2 Saint Elizabeth 1,212.4 146,404 Black River
3 Saint James 594.9 175,127 Montego Bay
4 Trelawny 874.6 73,066 Falmouth
5 Westmoreland 807.0 138,947 Savanna-la-Mar
Middlesex County
6 Clarendon 1,196.3 237,024 May Pen
7 Manchester 830.1 185,801 Mandeville
8 Saint Ann 1,212.6 166,762 Saint Ann's Bay
9 Saint Catherine 1,192.4 482,308 Spanish Town
10 Saint Mary 610.5 111,466 Port Maria
Surrey County
11 Kingston (parish)(1) (2) 21.8 96,052 Kingston
12 Portland 814.0 80,205 Port Antonio
13 Saint Andrew(1) 430.7 555,828 Half Way Tree
14 Saint Thomas 742.8 91,604 Morant Bay
  Jamaica 10,990.5 2,607,631 Kingston

(1) The parishes of Kingston and Saint Andrew together form the Kingston and St. Andrew Corporation.
(2) The parish of Kingston does not encompass all of the city of Kingston. Most of the city is in the parish of St. Andrew.

Municipalities of Jamaica[edit]

Demography of Jamaica[edit]

Government and politics of Jamaica[edit]

Main article: Government of Jamaica and Politics of Jamaica

Branches of the government of Jamaica[edit]

Main article: Government of Jamaica

Executive branch of the government of Jamaica[edit]

Legislative branch of the government of Jamaica[edit]

Judicial branch of the government of Jamaica[edit]

Main article: Judiciary of Jamaica

Foreign relations of Jamaica[edit]

International organization membership[edit]

Jamaica is a member of:[1]

Law and order in Jamaica[edit]

Main article: Law of Jamaica

Military of Jamaica[edit]

Main article: Military of Jamaica

Local government in Jamaica[edit]

History of Jamaica[edit]

Main article: History of Jamaica, Timeline of the history of Jamaica, and Current events of Jamaica

Culture of Jamaica[edit]

Main article: Culture of Jamaica

Art in Jamaica[edit]

Sports in Jamaica[edit]

Main article: Sports in Jamaica

Economy and infrastructure of Jamaica[edit]

Main article: Economy of Jamaica

Education in Jamaica[edit]

Main article: Education in Jamaica

Infrastructure of Jamaica[edit]

See also[edit]

Main article: Jamaica


  1. ^ a b "Jamaica". The World Factbook. United States Central Intelligence Agency. July 6, 2009. Retrieved July 23, 2009. 
  2. ^ The United Confederation of Taíno People. "Taíno Dictionary" (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 2007-10-16. Retrieved 2007-10-18. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Atlas of Jamaica

Listen to this article (2 parts) · (info)
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