digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

For other uses, see OSH (disambiguation).
Osh
Ош
Panoramic view of Osh
Panoramic view of Osh
Flag of Osh
Flag
Official seal of Osh
Seal
Osh is located in Kyrgyzstan
Osh
Osh
Location in Kyrgyzstan
Coordinates: 40°31′48″N 72°48′0″E / 40.53000°N 72.80000°E / 40.53000; 72.80000
Country Flag of Kyrgyzstan.svg Kyrgyzstan
Province Osh Province
Government
 • Mayor Aitmamat Kadyrbaev
Population (2012)
 • Total 255,900
Website http://oshcity.kg

Osh (Kyrgyz: Ош) is the second largest city in Kyrgyzstan, located in the Fergana Valley in the south of the country and often referred to as the "capital of the south". The city is at least 3,000 years old, and has served as the administrative center of Osh Province since 1939. The city has an ethnically mixed population of about 255,800 (in 2012), comprising Kyrgyz, Uzbeks, Russians, Tajiks, and other smaller ethnic groups.

It is the most ancient city of Kyrgyzstan and is estimated to be more than 3000 years old.

Overview[edit]

Osh is a lively place, with the largest and most crowded outdoor market in all of Central Asia, now named as the Great Silk Road Bazar (since it used to operate as a market during the Great Silk Road period). The city's industrial base, established during the Soviet period, largely collapsed after the break-up of the Soviet Union and has started to revive only gradually. The proximity of the Uzbekistani border, which cuts through historically linked territories and settlements, deprives Osh of much of its former hinterland and presents a serious obstacle to trade and economic development. Daily flights from Osh Airport link Osh - and hence the southern part of Kyrgyzstan - to Bishkek and the north. Like most of Kyrgyzstan, Osh has no railway connections, although the recent upgrading of the long and arduous road through the mountains to Bishkek has greatly improved communications.

The city has several monuments, including one to the southern Kyrgyz "queen" Kurmanjan Datka and one of the few remaining statues of Lenin. A Russian Orthodox church, reopened after the demise of the Soviet Union, the largest mosque in the country (situated beside the bazaar) and the 16th-century Rabat Abdul Khan Mosque can be found here. The only World Heritage Site in Kyrgyzstan, the Sulayman Mountain, offers a splendid view of Osh and its environs. The National Historical and Archaeological Museum Complex Sulayman is carved in the mountain, containing a collection of archaeological, geological and historical finds and information about local flora and fauna.

Its first western-style supermarket Narodnyj opened in March 2007.[1]

Population[edit]

Osh is the second largest city in Kyrgyzstan after the capital city of Bishkek. According to census of 2009 the city population amounted to 258,000.[2] The population of the city with its suburbs is estimated at about 500,000 inhabitants (for 2012).

The city's population comprises 48% Uzbeks, 43% Kyrgyz, 3% Russians, 2% Turks and 1% Tatars.

History[edit]

Early history[edit]

The inhabitants of Osh repulse the occupiers of their city and assist Babur.

The city is among the oldest settlements in Central Asia. Osh was known as early as the 8th century as a center for silk production along the Silk Road. The famous trading route crossed Alay Mountains to reach Kashgar to the east. In modern times, Osh has become also the starting point of the Pamir Highway crossing the Pamir Mountains to end in Khorog, Tajikistan.

Babur, founder of the Mughal Empire and descendant of Tamerlane, was born in nearby Andijan, in the Fergana Valley, pondered his future on Sulayman Mountain and even constructed a mosque atop of the mountain. Babur somehow concludes that the confines of the Fergana would cramp his aspirations as a descendant of famous conquering warrior princes. He wrote of the city:

"There are many sayings about the excellence of Osh. On the southeastern side of the Osh fortress is a well-proportioned mountain called Bara-Koh, where, on its summit, Sultan Mahmud Khan built a pavilion. Farther down, on a spur of the same mountain, I had a porticoed pavilion built in 902 (1496-7)" [3]

Russian and Soviet rule[edit]

The city was occupied and annexed by the Russian Empire in 1876 when Russia overwhelmed the Central Asian khanates during the so-called "Great Game", the contest between Britain and Russia for dominance in Central Asia. This conquest was achieved and the inclusion to the Russian empire made by mid 1880s, with main credit to General von Kaufman and General Mikhail Skobelev, nick-named the "White General" from his victories and achievements in the Russo-Turkish war of 1877-78 (he wore always a white uniform and rode a white stallion in battle).

The Kara-Kyrgyz Autonomous Oblast was created within the Russian SFSR of the newly formed Soviet Union in 1919, with Osh as a part.

In the 1960s Osh and other towns in the south of the Kyrgyz SSR began to be industrialized. The population of Osh and other towns in the Fergana Valley that falls within Kyrgyzstan has traditionally consisted of a significant number of ethnic Uzbeks.[4] When Osh started to industrialize the ethnic "Kyrgyz were encouraged to move from the Kyrgyz populated countryside to the cities to work in industrial jobs and public administration."[4] This contributed to the rise of social tension between the two groups.

1990 riots[edit]

Main article: Osh riots (1990)

In 1990, shortly before the end of Soviet power in Central Asia, Osh and its environs experienced bloody ethnic clashes between Kyrgyz and Uzbeks. There were about 1,200 casualties, including over 300 dead and 462 seriously injured.[4] The riots broke out over the division of land resources in and around the city.[5]

2010 Ethnic Violence[edit]

In 2010, after riots in Bishkek and other major Kyrgyz cities, President Kurmanbek Bakiyev took refuge in the city to hide from protesters denouncing his government and its response to the nation's struggling economy. On May 13, 2010, Bakiyev supporters took over government buildings in Osh, and also seized the airport, preventing interim government officials from landing.[6] The protesters demanded Bakiev's return, and forced the provincial governor to flee. The former Osh provincial governor Mamasadyk Bakirov was reinstated.

On June 10, 2010, riots erupted in Osh, killing at least 400 and injuring thousands of others.[7] "An explosion of violence, destruction and looting in southern Kyrgyzstan on 11-14 June 2010 killed many hundreds of people, Kyrgyz and Uzbeks got killed and destroyed over 2000 buildings, mostly homes, and deepened the gulf between the country’s ethnic Kyrgyz and Uzbeks."[8]

Local media reported that gangs of young men armed with sticks and stones smashed shop windows and set cars aflame in the city center. Several buildings and homes across the city were also set on fire. The city's police force proved incapable of restoring order resulting in a state of emergency being declared and the army being mobilised.[9] The Kyrgyz intelligence agency claimed that the 2010 violence was initiated by the just-deposed president, Kurmanbek Bakiyev, who is said to have made a deal with foreign narco-jihadist gangs: jihadists take over southern Kyrgyzstan and initiate a shariah state in exchange for the Bakiyev family's being returned to controlling Bishkek.[10] However, to the day no serious proof has been presented to the public and media. According to various sources, up to 100,000 ethnic Kyrgyz and Uzbek refugees fled to Uzbekistan. Many refugee camps have been organized in the Andijan, Fergana and Namangan regions of Uzbekistan for citizens of Kyrgyzstan who cross the border seeking safety.

Geography[edit]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Osh
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 2
(36)
4
(39)
12
(54)
18
(64)
25
(77)
31
(88)
33
(91)
32
(90)
27
(81)
19
(66)
13
(55)
5
(41)
18.4
(65.2)
Average low °C (°F) −6
(21)
−5
(23)
2
(36)
6
(43)
11
(52)
16
(61)
18
(64)
17
(63)
11
(52)
6
(43)
−2
(28)
−4
(25)
5.8
(42.6)
Precipitation mm (inches) 34
(1.34)
42
(1.65)
61
(2.4)
67
(2.64)
47
(1.85)
23
(0.91)
9
(0.35)
7
(0.28)
6
(0.24)
37
(1.46)
36
(1.42)
47
(1.85)
416
(16.39)
Source: Yandex weather[11]

Cityscape[edit]

Downtown Osh, seen from Sulayman Too on 7 August 2006.

Twin cities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ In Osh opened a supermarket "Narodnyj".
  2. ^ National Statistical Committee of Kyrgyz Republic. National Census 2009. Vol. III(tables). Regions of Kyrgyzstan. Osh City.
  3. ^ The Babur-nama Ed. & trans. Wheeler M. Thackston (New York) 2002 pp4-5
  4. ^ a b c "Report of the Independent International Commission of Inquiry into the Events in Southern Kyrgyzstan in June 2010". The Independent International Commission of Inquiry (KIC). Retrieved 22 April 2012. 
  5. ^ "Osh". Redmond, WA: Microsoft® Student 2009 [DVD]. 2008. 
  6. ^ "Former Kyrgyz President's Supporters Take Over Government Buildings In South". Radio Free Europe. 13 May 2010. Retrieved 13 May 2010. 
  7. ^ google.com 12 June 2010
  8. ^ "The Pogroms in Kyrgyzstan". International Crisis Group. Retrieved 22 April 2012. 
  9. ^ "Twelve killed in new wave of unrest in Kyrgyzstan". Associated Press. 10 June 2010. Retrieved 10 June 2010. 
  10. ^ http://wsinform.com/world/Bishkek-obvinil-Bakieva-v-finansirovanii-popytki-gosperevorota/
  11. ^ "Yandex weather" (in Russian). Retrieved September 2, 2012. 
  12. ^ "Osh and Yozgat city of Turkey became twin cities". Kabar National News Agency. 5 November 2012. Retrieved 28 April 2013. 

External links[edit]


Coordinates: 40°32′N 72°48′E / 40.53°N 72.8°E / 40.53; 72.8


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Osh — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.

9957 news items

Kansas City Star

San Jose Mercury News
Tue, 28 Oct 2014 12:18:21 -0700

The robots will make their inaugural appearance in late November or early December at the OSH store at 377 Royal Ave. in San Jose, said Amanda Manna, a Lowe's spokeswoman. She said the San Jose location was chosen for several reasons: the store ...
 
San Jose Mercury News
Wed, 29 Oct 2014 13:30:28 -0700

Poll: Do you prefer help from a robot or human OSH sales associate? Mercury News. Posted: 10/29/2014 11:09:24 AM PDT# Comments | Updated: 23 days ago. Orchard Supply Hardware is testing robots that can help customers in one of its San Jose stores.

Stevenspointjournal

Stevenspointjournal
Tue, 21 Oct 2014 08:41:29 -0700

We heard about the wonderful weekend in Wisconsin Rapids that included workshops, movies, food, friendship, photos and connections with other DAR members. Nay-osh-ing members greeted participants and helped with activities during the weekend.
 
IFSEC Global
Thu, 30 Oct 2014 05:11:15 -0700

Based in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia Alpha Star provides aircraft management, private aviation and aviation consultation and will help attract high calibre attendees to the event, which takes place from 2-4 November 2014. IFSEC & OSH Arabia 2014, which is ...

Tri-Valley Herald

Tri-Valley Herald
Thu, 23 Oct 2014 07:15:00 -0700

OSH President Richard Maltsbarger, right, finds an original sketch of the store mascot as Bruce Levitin, left, V.P. of operational readiness, looks at other materials after a safe at a former Orchard Supply store in San Jose, Calif., was opened ...
 
Manteca Bulletin
Fri, 24 Oct 2014 01:26:15 -0700

Panfino is targeting a late November opening in the shopping center anchored by Orchard Supply Hardware at Louise Avenue and Main Street in Manteca. Jeff Liotard who also owns the Manteca Mt. Mike's Pizza franchise, Mike's (coffee, raw juicing, yogurt ...
 
Noisey (blog)
Tue, 21 Oct 2014 11:00:00 -0700

And though Ohio may indeed be against the world, Lamb$ has found some spiritual brethren in Atlanta, where Osh Kosh, the DJ for the venerable ATL click Two-9, has laced him with a whirring beat that bangs from of the dungeons of Area 51 and up to the ...
 
IFSEC Global
Wed, 29 Oct 2014 09:29:41 -0700

Organised by UBM Live, Safe Cities at IFSEC & OSH Arabia will demonstrate how traditional and IP-orientated security solutions can be interconnected, inter-operable and future-proofed to keep urban environments safe in an ever-more complex risk ...
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!

Searchlight Group

Digplanet also receives support from Searchlight Group. Visit Searchlight