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Oscillatoria
Oscillatoria princeps.jpeg
Oscillatoria princeps
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Bacteria
Phylum: Cyanobacteria
Class: Cyanophyceae
Order: Nostocales
Family: Oscillatoriaceae
Genus: Oscillatoria
Vaucher ex Gomont, 1892
Type species
Oscillatoria princeps
Vaucher ex Gomont

Oscillatoria is a genus of filamentous cyanobacterium which is named for the oscillation in its movement. Filaments in the colonies can slide back and forth against each other until the whole mass is reoriented to its light source. It is commonly found in watering-troughs waters, and is mainly blue-green or brown-green. Oscillatoria is an organism that reproduces by fragmentation. Oscillatoria forms long filaments of cells which can break into fragments called hormogonia. The hormogonia can grow into a new, longer filament. Breaks in the filament usually occur where dead cells (necridia) are present. Oscillatoria uses photosynthesis to survive and reproduce. Each filament of oscillatoria consists of trichome which is made up of rows of cells. The tip of the trichome oscillates like a pendulum.

Oscillatoria sp. is the subject of research into the natural production of butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT),[1] an antioxidant, food additive and industrial chemical.

Oscillatoria contains the following species:[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Babu B, Wu JT (December 2008). "Production of Natural Butylated Hydroxytoluene as an Antioxidant by Freshwater Phytoplankton" (PDF). Journal of Phycology 44 (6): 1447–1454. doi:10.1111/j.1529-8817.2008.00596.x. 
  2. ^ M. D. Guiry. "Oscillatoria Vaucher ex Gomont, 1892: 198". AlgaeBase. Retrieved March 8, 2011. 

External links[edit]



Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oscillatoria — Please support Wikipedia.
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91 news items

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Anderson Independent Mail

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Sat, 23 May 2015 16:48:40 -0700

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ABC News

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Telegraph.co.uk

Telegraph.co.uk
Tue, 30 Dec 2014 08:01:43 -0800

Dr Stephan Pflugmacher, a biologist at the Leibniz Institute of Freshwater Ecology in Berlin, suggested that “all the waters that were in the river were turned to blood” because of an alga named Oscillatoria rubescens. At the same time, Nadine von ...
 
State-Journal.com
Sat, 09 Aug 2014 18:18:45 -0700

I'm sure most have heard by now of Toledo's recent ban on drinking water from Lake Erie. This time of year I usually get a few questions about bright green or even red algae on farm ponds. The question is not about the safety of humans consuming the ...

Water World

Water World
Thu, 07 Nov 2013 14:35:29 -0800

Under the right temperature conditions, the combined runoff carries in nutrients that supercharge the Mycrocystis, Anabaena and Oscillatoria algae. The residuals from the periodic blooms instill the T&O in the finished water reaching customer faucets ...
 
SFBay
Tue, 31 Jul 2012 11:09:09 -0700

In the warm summer months, an algae known as oscillatoria blooms and decays in Nicasio reservoir and Stafford Lake. Although a treatment plant processes the water, an unpleasant taste and smell remain for Marin folks to savor. To help combat the ...
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