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Ordinatio Sacerdotalis (English: Priestly Ordination) is an Apostolic Letter issued by Pope John Paul II on 22 May 1994 whereby he expounded upon the Catholic Church's position requiring "the reservation of priestly ordination to men alone" and stated that "the Church has no authority whatsoever to confer priestly ordination on women". While the document itself states that it was written so "that all doubt may be removed regarding a matter of great importance", it has been contested by some Catholics since its issuance, both in substance and in the level of its teaching. Most scholars agree it is not an infallible statement, as it does not define any teaching related to faith or morals.

Citing an earlier Vatican document, "Declaration Inter Insigniores on the question of the Admission of Women to the Ministerial Priesthood" issued by the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith in October 1976, Pope John Paul explains the official Roman Catholic understanding that the priesthood is a special role specially set out by Jesus when he chose twelve men out of his group of male and female followers. Pope John Paul notes that Jesus chose the Twelve[1] after a night in prayer (cf. Lk 6:12) and that the Apostles themselves were careful in the choice of their successors. The priesthood is "specifically and intimately associated in the mission of the Incarnate Word himself."[2]

The letter concludes with the words:

Wherefore, in order that all doubt may be removed regarding a matter of great importance, a matter which pertains to the Church's divine constitution itself, in virtue of Our ministry of confirming the brethren.[3] We declare that the Church has no authority whatsoever to confer priestly ordination on women and that this judgment is to be definitively held by all the Church's faithful. (Declaramus Ecclesiam facultatem nullatenus habere ordinationem sacerdotalem mulieribus conferendi, hancque sententiam ab omnibus Ecclesiae fidelibus esse definitive tenendam.)

Ordinatio Sacerdotalis was not issued under the extraordinary papal magisterium as an ex cathedra statement, and so is not considered infallible in itself. Some consider its contents infallible under the ordinary magisterium, saying this doctrine has been held consistently by the Church. In a responsum ad dubium (reply to a doubt) explicitly approved by Pope John Paul II and dated October 1995, the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith issued its opinion that the teaching of Ordinatio Sacerdotalis had been "set forth infallibly by the ordinary and universal Magisterium" and accordingly was "to be held definitively, as belonging to the deposit of faith".[4][5]

In 1998, the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith issued another opinion, a Doctrinal Commentary on Ad Tuendam Fidem[6] to state that the teaching of Ordinatio Sacerdotalis was not taught as being divinely revealed, although it might someday be so taught in the future:

A similar process can be observed in the more recent teaching regarding the doctrine that priestly ordination is reserved only to men. The Supreme Pontiff, while not wishing to proceed to a dogmatic definition, intended to reaffirm that this doctrine is to be held definitively, since, founded on the written Word of God, constantly preserved and applied in the Tradition of the Church, it has been set forth infallibly by the ordinary and universal Magisterium. As the prior example illustrates, this does not foreclose the possibility that, in the future, the consciousness of the Church might progress to the point where this teaching could be defined as a doctrine to be believed as divinely revealed.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ cf. Mk 3:13-14; Jn 6:70
  2. ^ cf. Mt 10:1, 7-8; 28:16-20; Mk 3:13-16; 16:14-15
  3. ^ cf. Lk 22:32
  4. ^ http://www.ourladyswarriors.org/teach/ordisace2.htm CDF's Reply to a Doubt, approved by Pope John Paul II, in which the Congregation affirms that the doctrine of Ordinatio Sacerdotalis has been set forth infallibly
  5. ^ http://www.ourladyswarriors.org/teach/ordisace3.htm Letter of the Prefect of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger, on the CDF's Reply affirming the infallible character of the teaching contained in the Apostolic Letter Ordinatio Sacerdotalis
  6. ^ "DOCTRINAL COMMENTARY ON THE CONCLUDING FORMULA OF THE PROFESSIO FIDEI", Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith. Originally published in L'Osservatore Romano: Weekly Edition in English, 15 July 1998, 3-4. Accessed 28 January, 2014

External links[edit]


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5 news items

National Catholic Register

National Catholic Register
Tue, 26 Aug 2014 08:32:01 -0700

In his 1994 apostolic letter Ordinatio Sacerdotalis, Pope St John Paul II definitively stated that women cannot be ordained as priests. The exclusive male priesthood may be a scandal to society in the developed world, but it is a bulwark against the ...
 
National Catholic Reporter
Wed, 13 Aug 2014 09:30:00 -0700

Pope John Paul II's 1994 letter Ordinatio Sacerdotalis effectively forbade discussion of the issue, saying the church's teaching on the matter was to be "definitively held by all the Church's faithful." "I'm not trying to defy the church," Brennan said ...
 
Commonweal (blog)
Wed, 06 Aug 2014 19:07:07 -0700

He scolded the Archbishop of Canterbury for considering the possibility of women's ordination in a letter which John Paul II quoted in Ordinatio Sacerdotalis. He denounced the greedy financial practices allowed by liberal capitalist markets, and how ...

RP ONLINE

RP ONLINE
Tue, 29 Jul 2014 23:10:59 -0700

Handelte es sich bei "Ordinatio Sacerdotalis" um einen unumstößlichen Glaubenssatz der universalen Kirche, dann wären Franziskus die Hände gebunden. Genauso wenig könnte er das von Pius XII. (1939 - 1958) verkündete Dogma von der leiblichen ...

Gospel Prime

Gospel Prime
Mon, 28 Jul 2014 12:30:00 -0700

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