digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

Operation Swift
Part of the Vietnam War
Date September 4–15, 1967
Location Que Son Valley, South Vietnam
Result US victory
Belligerents
United States United States
South Vietnam South Vietnam
Vietnam North Vietnam
FNL Flag.svg Viet Cong
Commanders and leaders
Lt. Col. Peter Hilgartner Unknown
Strength
United States 1st Battalion 5th Marines
3rd Battalion 5th Marines
South Vietnam 37th Ranger Battalion
Vietnam 2nd Division:elements
FNL Flag.svg 1st Regiment
U.S. estimate: 2,500
Casualties and losses
127 killed
362 wounded
U.S. estimate: ~600 killed

Operation Swift was a military operation by units of the 1st Marine Division in the Quế Sơn Valley, to rescue two Marine companies which had been previously ambushed by the People's Army of Vietnam (PAVN). Launched on September 4, 1967 the ensuing battles killed 127 Americans and an estimated 600 PAVN.

Background[edit]

The Quế Sơn Valley is located along the border of Quảng Nam and Quảng Tín Provinces. During the Vietnam War it lay in the southern part of South Vietnam's I Corps. Populous and rice-rich, the valley was viewed as one of the keys to controlling South Vietnam's five northern provinces by the communists and by early 1967 at least two regiments of the PAVN 2nd Division had been infiltrated into the area. The Que Son Valley was also recognized as strategically important by the U.S. Military Assistance Command, Vietnam (MACV). The 5th Marine Regiment was assigned to the valley in 1967 to support the outnumbered Army of the Republic of Vietnam (ARVN) forces there.

In the spring and summer of 1967 the Marines launched Operations Union and Union II with the goal of sweeping the PAVN from the southern rim of the Que Son Valley. Several bitter and costly battles forced the PAVN 2nd Division to cede control of area to the 5th Marines. Two Battalions of the 5th Marines continued to operate in the valley throughout rest of the summer but did not patrol aggressively and were not molested by the communist forces, who were regrouping. During the lull the PAVN 2nd Division rebuilt its strength to a force of three regular regiments and was reinforced by the Vietcong 1st Regiment, a full-time main force unit.

In early August Major General Don Robertson, commanding the 1st Marine Division, turned his attention to the Que Son Valley following several major operations around Da Nang. In an attempt to draw the PAVN into another destructive confrontation Robertson launched Operation Cochise on August 11. However the PAVN largely managed to avoid contact with the three Marine battalions tasked with the operation which ended on August 28 with only modest results.

Battle[edit]

Sweep operations were then initiated to shield the local populace from intimidation during upcoming elections. Operation Swift, intended to be the fourth and the last of the 1967 operations in the Que Son Valley, began unofficially on the morning of September 4 when Delta Company, 1st Battalion 5th Marines (1/5) was attacked before dawn by a superior NVA force while setup in a night-time defensive perimeter next to the village of Dong Son.[1]

The 1st Battalion Commander, Lt.Colonel Peter Hilgartner sent 1/5 Marines's Bravo Company to Delta’s relief, which was all he had at the time. With Bravo and Delta companies heavily engaged, Mike and Kilo companies from the adjacent 3rd Battalion 5th Marines were sent to relieve them. Ambushed and aggressively attacked, these two companies were also pinned down in separate enclaves by the early afternoon. During the fighting Corporal Larry Benjamin Nunez earned the Silver Star for conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action while serving as a Squad Leader. Sergeant Lawrence Peters earned a posthumous Medal of Honor for leading his men in repulsing repeated attempts to overrun his position. Navy Chaplain Lieutenant Vincent Capodanno was also awarded a posthumous Medal of Honor for his efforts in pulling wounded men to safety in face of overwhelming enemy fire. Sergeant Thomas C. Panian was also awarded the Navy Cross for extraordinary heroism for organizing the defense of India Company, 3/5 Marines; and holding off subsequent attacks over 8 hours of combat.[1]:113-4

Marine artillery fire and Marine jet fighter-bombers prevented the Marine infantry companies from being overrun. A Marine A-6 silenced an anti-aircraft gun emplacement, allowing more air support against PAVN positions, and a fresh Marine company launched a dawn counterattack on 5 September forcing the PAVN to break contact. With all engaged companies now relieved Colonel Stanley Davis, commanding the 5th Marines, ordered 1/5 and 3/5 to pursue the withdrawing PAVN, this officially began Operation Swift. A search of the battlefield found 130 PAVN bodied while Marine losses were 54 killed and 104 wounded.[1]:114

In the early afternoon of September 6 two battalions of the Vietcong 1st Regiment attacked Bravo Company, the lead company of the 1st Battalion. Bravo 1/5 was isolated and nearly overrun but held when Marine artillery rained tear gas around their position. Sergeant Rodney M. Davis, Platoon Guide of 2nd Platoon, Bravo Company, purposely absorbed the force of a PAVN grenade to protect the lives of other Marines during that fight. Sergeant Davis was posthumously awarded the Medal of Honor for this action. The PAVN withdrew at 02:00 leaving 61 dead while Marine losses were 35 killed and 92 wounded.[1]:114-5

The nearby 3rd Battalion was also heavily engaged a few hours later. India Company, dispatched to attack a hill held by the enemy, was isolated and nearly overrun by the Vietcong 1st Regiment's previously uncommitted 3rd Battalion. Kilo Company fought through the Vietcong and relieved India but the two companies were then found to have too many casualties to move. Two determined night assaults by the Vietcong were repulsed, and Mike Company eventually fought through against weakening opposition as the Vietcong withdrew. Vietcong losses were 88 dead while Marine losses were 34 killed and 109 wounded.[1]:115

On the morning of 7 September after a search of Vietcong bodies reveled a map of the Vietcong tactical locations the Marines swept the area uncovering a large supply cache.[1]:117

On 10 September Company H 2/5 Marines discovered an unoccuppied bunker system, when another Marine platoon moved through the same village several hours later they were hot by intense fire from the bunkder now occuppied by a PAVN force. Company H 2/5 Marines and Company M 3/5 Marines moved to support the pinned down platoon and with air and artillery support overran the PAVN position. the bodies of 40 PAVN were discovered, Marine losses were 9 dead. Several of the dead Marines were found with their jammed M-16s broken open for cleaning.[1]:118

Also on 10 September the ARVN 37th Ranger Battalion encountered a PAVN force north of the Swift operational area. The Rangers lost 13 killed and 9 missing while the PAVN lost 70 killed.[1]:118

In the early morning of 12 September two PAVN Companies attacked Company I 3/5 Marines' night defensive position, the attack was repulsed with 35 PAVN killed and 4 captured.[1]:118

On the evening of 13 September the PAVN attacked the 37th Rangers again and additional ARVN units and 1/5 and 3/5 Marines were airlifted to support them. By dawn the PAVN disengaged leaving 49 dead while the Rangers has lost 15 killed.[1]:119

Aftermath[edit]

The operation concluded on 15 September, by which time the PAVN 2nd Division and Vietcong 1st Regiment had largely given up contesting the southern half of the Que Son Valley. As Operation Swift concluded large U.S. Army units arrived in southern I Corps, allowing the 1st Marine Division to base a substantial force in the Que Son Valley on a permanent basis. The area remained quiet from then until the Marines turned all of southern I Corps over to the U.S. Army at the beginning of 1968. U.S. intelligence agencies later determined that the two enemy regiments that had been most active during Operation Swift were subsequently unfit for combat.[1]:119

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Telfer, Gary (1984). U.S. Marines in Vietnam: Fighting the North Vietnamese 1967. History and Museums Division, Headquarters, U.S. Marine Corps. p. 111. ISBN 978-1494285449. 

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the United States Marine Corps.

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Swift — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
638613 videos foundNext > 

https://youtube.com/devicesupport

Operation Swift Justice 2014 (Part 1)

The battle for building 1 during the first game of the day.

Operation Swift Justice - Amped Airsoft Gameplay Footage

A little bit of game play footage from OLCMSS Swift Justice in South Carolina a couple weekend ago. Enjoy! Song Information: Deluge by Stabby https://soundcloud.com/stabbymusic Also, please...

Operation Swift

PV2 Ethan Smith, wants to invite Miss Taylor Swift to the 1BSTB Military Ball, May 1st, 2015!! Contact Info: ethanraysmith1@gmail.com or heri.glz@hotmail.com "Copyright Disclaimer Under Section 107.

Operation Swift Justice

Black Ops Airsoft South and Black Ops Airsoft North at Lion Claws' Operation Swift Justice in Graniteville, SC. Had lots of fun; great sportsmanship from both sides. If you haven't checked...

Xcom: Enemy Within :: Let's Play (Episode #16 - Part 1) 'Operation Swift Scepter'

We finally come face to face with Exalt, imagine PETA for aliens. Po Box Adress: Millbee/Millbeeful po box 105 Porthcawl CF36 9DP ------------ Twitter: http://twitter.com/#!/Millbeeful Live...

Breach & Clear: Mission 1 Operation Swift Caravan

Zomb Lee decides to take on tactical planning in Breach and Clear. Guns, bad guys with top notch skills, and Zomb's proficiency in fail should lead a clear path to victory...right?

Fight for B2-B1 Operation Swift Justice

Operation Swift Justice - Lion Claws Oct, 2014 Compilation

Action footage of Airsoft Atlanta Matt playing at the Operation Swift Justice (Lion Claws) event in Graniteville, SC October 3-5th weekend!

Green Mountain Dew Rangers: Operation Swift Justice Montage

Dew all that you can dew. #Highready.

638613 videos foundNext > 

51 news items

USNI News

USNI News
Tue, 31 Mar 2015 11:15:53 -0700

Nicknamed the “Iron Nickel,” Peleliu's deployments included a significant role in the 2001 Operation Swift Freedom in which Marines from the 15th and 26th MEUs departed the ship — assigned to Naval Expeditionary Task Force 58 — to take and hold one ...

Penn State News

Penn State News
Fri, 21 Nov 2014 13:33:45 -0800

In 10 years of operation, Swift has made 315,000 individual observations of 26,000 separate targets, supporting nearly 6,200 target-of-opportunity requests by more than 1,500 scientists. Swift's observations range from optical and ultraviolet studies ...

SILive.com

SILive.com
Wed, 18 Mar 2015 13:15:00 -0700

Father Capodanno was killed in action during an ambush while in the battle of Operation Swift on Sept. 4, 1967. Though initially seriously wounded, Father Capodanno continued to administer to soldiers who had been injured. He was killed while serving ...

Patch.com

Patch.com
Sat, 10 Jan 2015 20:03:34 -0800

During this time he was decorated with the Silver Star medal, for gallantry in combat during Operation Swift. He also received the Legion of Merit, and Vietnamese Cross of Gallantry with Palm, and with Gold Star (two awards). Under his command, his ...
 
Kashmir Watch
Fri, 20 Mar 2015 04:26:15 -0700

A Central Bureau of Investigation [CBI] chargesheet into the encounter later revealed that Major Bragendra Pratap, Colonel Ajay Saxena and Major Sourabh Sharma planned and led operation “Swift” based on information obtained from the interrogation of a ...
 
Buffalo News
Mon, 29 Sep 2014 15:37:52 -0700

“One of the silos will be used to store the grain needed for the brewery operation,” Swift said. “We're using a silo as a silo. Go figure.” The vinyl being used on the silos should last 10 to 15 years, Swift said, and won't do lasting harm. “The whole ...

Nigeria Master Web (blog)

Nigeria Master Web (blog)
Thu, 23 Oct 2014 05:25:07 -0700

Once a winner always a winner, and a star cannot be shielded from its lights. Ambassador Bianca Olivia Odumegwu Ojukwu is like the Northern star whose light remains constant from her position in the firmament. Bianca's star and winning streaks ...
 
Anchorage Daily News
Fri, 06 Jun 2014 21:18:45 -0700

No one has suffered an illness in Mud Factor's three years of operation, Swift said. Still, salmonella, E. coli and tetanus are some of the diseases participants could contract via muddy water, McLaughlin said. He recommends getting up-to-date with ...
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!

Searchlight Group

Digplanet also receives support from Searchlight Group. Visit Searchlight