digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

Onake Obavvana kindi inside Chitradurga Fort

Onake Obavva (18th Century) (Kannada: ಓಬವ್ವ) was a woman who fought the forces of Hyder Ali single-handedly with a pestle (Onake)[1] in the kingdom of Chitradurga of Karnataka, India. Her husband was a guard of a watchtower in the rocky fort of Chitradurga.[2]

Background - 18th Century Chitradurga[edit]

Photograph of a tank in Chitradurga Fort, taken by William Henry Pigou around 1855.

The former soldier Timmanna Nayaka rose to the rank of Governor of Chitradurga as a reward for his excellence in military achievements, from the Vijayanagara ruler. His son Obana is known by the name Madakari Nayaka. Madakari Nayaka's son Kasturi Rangappa succeeded him, consolidated the kingdom, and rule peacefully . As he had no heirs to succeed him, his adopted son — the apparent heir — was enthroned, but was killed a few months later by the Dalavayis. Chikkanna Nayaka, the brother of Madakari Nayaka II sat on the throne in 1676, and his other brother succeeded him with the title Madakari Nayaka III. The unwillingness of Dalawayis to accept Madakari Nayaka III's rule gave an opportunity to a distant relative, Bharamappa Nayaka, to ascend the throne in 1689. The quick succession of rulers led to the people of Chitradurga not experiencing the benefits of longer ruling periods. Hiri Madakari Nayaka (1721–1748), Kasturi Rangappa Nayaka II and Madakari Nayaka IV were the next successors.

Heroics of Obavva[edit]

During the reign of Madakari Nayaka, the city of Chitradurga was besieged by the troops of Hyder Ali(1720-1782). A chance sighting of a man entering the Chitradurga fort through a hole in the rocks led to a plan by Hyder Ali to send his soldiers through that hole. The Guard (Kalanayak who was on duty near that hole) had gone home to have his lunch. During his meal he needed some water to drink, so his wife Obavva went to collect water in a pot[2] from a pond which was near the hole in the rocks, halfway up the hill.[3] She noticed the army trying to enter the fort through the hole. She used the Onake or pestle (a wooden long club meant for pounding paddy grains) to kill the soldiers one by one by hitting them on the head and then quietly moving the dead without raising the suspicions of the rest of the troops. Kalanayak, Obavva's husband, returned from lunch, was shocked to see Obavva standing with a blood stained Onake and several of the enemies' dead bodies around her. Later, the same day, she was found dead either due to shock or having been killed by the enemy soldiers.[1] She belonged to the beda community.[4] Though her brave attempt saved the fort this time, Madakari could not resist the attack by Hyder Ali during 1779, when the fort of Chitradurga was lost to Hyder Ali.

etr== She is considered to be the epitome of Kannada women pride. The hole through which Hyder Ali's soldiers sneaked is called Onake Obavvana Kindi (kindi=hole) or Onake kindi.[4] Her heroic effort is depicted in a famous song-sequence in Nagarahavu picture directed by Puttanna Kanagal. The sports stadium in Chitradurga - Veera Vanithe Onake Obavva Stadium, is named after her.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Cathy Spagnoli, Paramasivam Samanna. Jasmine and Coconuts: South Indian Tales (1999 ed.). Englewood,USA: Greenwood Publishing Group. ISBN 9781563085765. Retrieved 10 September 2012. 
  2. ^ a b March of Mysore Vol.3 (1966 ed.). Retrieved 10 September 2012. 
  3. ^ Hayavadana Rao, Conjeevaram. History of Mysore (1399-1799 AD) 1766-1799. Vol.3. Bangalore: Govt. of Mysore. p. 260. Retrieved 10 September 2012. 
  4. ^ a b B.N, Sri Sathyan, ed. (1967). Mysore State Gazetteer - Chitradurga District. Vol.4. Bangalore: Govt. of Mysore. p. 393. Retrieved 10 September 2012. 
  5. ^ John, Jijo K. Studies in South. vol2, issue 1 (2005 ed.). Bangalore: Printnet Info Services Pvt Ltd. p. 24. Retrieved 10 September 2012. 

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Onake_Obavva — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
472 videos foundNext > 

nagara havu-kannada nadina veera ramaniya Full HD

Puttanna Kanagal's superhit movie Nagarahavu.

oNake Obavva performed by Niveditha

oNake Obavva performed by Niveditha at NITK Surathkal, Mangalore. Onake Obavva (18th Century) (Kannada: ಓಬವ್ವ) was a woman who fought the forces of Hyder Ali...

Onake Obavva of Chitradurga.vob

Nritya Disha Trust,Bangalore presenting onake Obavva story for Doordarshan Chandana- Performer-Obavva-Disha Manjunath, Kalanayaka(Obavva's Husband)-Rajesh TK...

Onake Obavva

Anvitha rao as onake obavva.

Onake Obavva

Spandana's performance as Onake Obavva at the fancy dress competition at her school.

Onake Obavva-Sneha Bharadwaj

Sneha Bharadwaj performing as Obavva in Dance Drama Kitur Onake Obavva..during her study in Choreography from Natya Institue of Kathak and Choreography.Banga...

TV9 - "AYESHA" BUSY SHOOTING MODERN "OBAVVA" KANNADA MOVIE

TV9 - "AYESHA" BUSY SHOOTING MODERN "OBAVVA" KANNADA MOVIE......! Title: Kannada movie Obavva Launch Production: fridaymoviez Featuring: Ayesha, Deepak, Ravi...

Onake Obavva

A dance drama of a brave woman saving the Chitradurga fort. Superb performance by all the children for Ugadi get together, May 2013 organised by Scottish Kar...

ugadi2011- Onake Obavva

ugadi2011- Onake Obavva.

Onake Obavva

Performed @ VV Sabha Annual Day 2013, H.N. Kalakshetra, Jayanagar, Bangalore - By Chayapathi, Manasa, Manoj, Reema, Pooja, Teju, Chandan, Ramesh and Shwetha.

472 videos foundNext > 

49 news items

 
Times of India
Sat, 27 Sep 2014 12:52:30 -0700

It takes a secure man to admit he cried through the story of a princess. But then, Noor Inayat Khan wasn't a regular princess with cute problems. A descendant of Tipu Sultan, she a was British spy who was shot dead at a concentration camp at age 30 ...
 
Times of India
Sat, 08 Nov 2014 00:11:43 -0800

As the event will mainly focus on the freedom movement, it will put the spotlight on regional rulers who fought against foreign powers such as warrior Rani Chennamma, Tipu Sultan and Onake Obavva, besides martyrs Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev and Rajguru.
 
Times of India
Sat, 09 Aug 2014 18:42:13 -0700

MUMBAI: Living alone at a modest Santa Cruz flat, surrounded by files, newspaper clippings, old photographs and vials of medicine, S J Chhugani keeps thinking about the friends he has lost in the last few years. "Everybody is leaving. We just lost Dr ...
 
IBNLive.com
Sun, 30 Oct 2011 02:53:45 -0700

It is known Obavva, who was called Onake Obavva, saved the kingdom of Chitradurga rulers when Hyder Ali's army wanted to surreptitiously enter the town through a hole in the fort. Obavva killed them single-handedly and the army waiting outside the fort ...
 
The Hindu
Thu, 07 Mar 2013 04:51:36 -0800

The impregnable fort is witness to not just battles but to legends, the famous being of Onake Obavva. She single-handedly defeated Hyder Ali's soldiers who tried to attack the fort. The journey through the fort, though tiring, leaves me energised to ...
 
Times of India
Mon, 30 Sep 2013 17:37:43 -0700

And that I have the opportunity to be the person creating the victory stone, is my service to our soldiers," he adds. PIECES OF PERFECTION * Chandrashekar Azad statue in Bangalore * Onake Obavva statue in Chitradurga * 41-ft Bahubali sculpture in ...
 
The New Indian Express
Sun, 05 Jan 2014 18:26:15 -0800

Disha Manjunath as Onake Obavva of Chitradurga excelled. Folk art Kamasle was also included in the dance Drama. The young dancers Disha Manjunath, Shalini, Rajesh, Prerana, Chaya, Yash -wini, Varshini, Ramya R, Ramya T, Raashi, Kshitija, Jeevitha, ...

The Hindu

The Hindu
Fri, 01 Nov 2013 21:37:04 -0700

The song narrates sacrifice of a woman, who was the wife of a guard at a chieftain's port at Chitradurga, called Onake Obavva in protecting the chieftain's port. This song was so deep rooted in the hearts, that two women at the maidan were seen wiping ...
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!

Searchlight Group

Digplanet also receives support from Searchlight Group. Visit Searchlight