digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

Omsk Oblast
Омская область (Russian)
—  Oblast  —

Flag

Coat of arms
Anthem: Anthem of Omsk Oblast
Coordinates: 56°13′N 73°16′E / 56.217°N 73.267°E / 56.217; 73.267Coordinates: 56°13′N 73°16′E / 56.217°N 73.267°E / 56.217; 73.267
Political status
Country  Russia
Federal district Siberian[1]
Economic region West Siberian[2]
Established December 7, 1934
Administrative center Omsk
Government (as of March 2011)
 - Governor Viktor Nazarov[3]
 - Legislature Legislative Assembly
Statistics
Area (as of the 2002 Census)[4]
 - Total 139,700 km2 (53,900 sq mi)
Area rank 28th
Population (2010 Census)[5]
 - Total 1,977,665
 - Rank 24th
 - Density[6] 14.16 /km2 (36.7 /sq mi)
 - Urban 71.5%
 - Rural 28.5%
Time zone(s) OMST (UTC+07:00)[7]
ISO 3166-2 RU-OMS
License plates 55
Official languages Russian[8]
Official website

Omsk Oblast (Russian: О́мская о́бласть, Omskaya oblast) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast), located in southwestern Siberia. The oblast has an area of 139,700 square kilometers (53,900 sq mi). Its population is 1,977,665 (2010 Census)[5] with the majority, 1.15 million, living in Omsk, the administrative center.

The oblast borders with Tyumen Oblast in the north and west, Novosibirsk and Tomsk Oblasts in the east, and with Kazakhstan in the south.

History[edit]

Prehistory and the Middle Ages[edit]

Archeological findings indicate that the present day territory of the oblast has been inhabited for the last 14,000 years. Neolithic societies in the area lived by fishing and hunting. About three thousand years ago, pastoralism began to take hold.

Various Turkic states dominated the area throughout the Medieval era. The most notable of these were the Western Turkic Khaganate and the Siberian Khanate. Siberian Tatars, Mongols, Khanty and Mansi tribes, along with others, inhabited the territory.

Exploration of Siberia[edit]

The Russian history of Omsk began with the 1584 arrival of a Cossack force under the command of ataman Yermak, who defeated local rulers and established nominal Russian control of the area. To support further expansion tsars Feodor I and Boris Godunov initiated the construction of fortified settlements and military outposts in the south of Siberia in order to defend their subjects from raiding nomadic tribesmen and to exert authority over local populations, specifically over the tribute-paying Siberian Tatars of The Baraba Lands. The first permanent Russian settlement in the region, the сity of Tara, was founded in 1594, soon it began to play an important part in fur trade that connected Russia with Central Asia and China.

In 1716 a fortress was constructed at the confluence of the Om and Irtysh rivers on the orders of sublieutenant Ivan Bugholtz.The fortress would form the nucleus for the development of the future city of Omsk. By the second half of the 18th century, Omsk fortress was the largest building of any kind in the eastern part of Russia.

As Russian settlements continued to spread through the Yenisei, Tobol and Irtysh watersheds in the course of 18th century, so did the development of the Omsk and the surrounding region. In 1753 a customs post was established to tax goods brought into the city by the ever increasing trade with Kazakh tribesmen. In 1764, when he Siberian provinces of Russia were organized into two governorates with centers in Irkutsk and Tobolsk, the city of Tara and the fortress of Omsk were assigned to the latter. In 1780, on the orders of Catherine the Great the fortress was transferred to Kolyvan Oblast. By this time Omsk had grown to the size of a small city, however, from 1797 to 1804 it did not possess its own uyezd.

Russian Empire[edit]

In 1804, the territories surrounding Omsk were organized into the Omsk Okrug. The city rose to prominence when Siberia was once again reorganized in 1822, Omsk became the administrative center of the General Governorate of Eastern Siberia rising above the old center of Siberia, Tobolsk. The new governorate was divided into oblasts around the cities of Omsk, Petropavlovsk, Semipalatinsk and Ust-Kamenogrsk populated by Russian colonists and okrugs populated by Kazakh nomads. In subsequent reforms the name of the Oblast was changed repeatedly to The Oblast of The Siberian Kyrgyz (1854), Akmolinsk Oblast (1868), and Omsk Oblast (1917) before finally reverting to the Omsk Governorate in 1918. The authority of the oblast followed further expansion of the empire to Central Asia and included significant parts of modern day Kazakhstan.

In the 19th century, Omsk, given its strong system of frontier fortresses, became notorious as a premier destination for political exiles and prisoners from the European part of the Russian Empire. Decembrists, Polish rebels, French prisoners of war and political activists of every stripe found their way to Siberia. Among them was Fyodor Dostoyevsky, who spent four years (1850–1854) at the Omsk prison.[9]

The early nineteenth century also saw the growth of industry in the city and in the rest of the Irtysh basin. The Siberian Cossack Army was headquartered in Omsk after 1808 and contributed to the development of the city, by the beginning of the 20th century the Cossacks were a dominant component in the society of both the city of Omsk and the surrounding lands, having reached a population of 174 thousand and holding title to five million hectares of agricultural land. The 18th and 19th centuries also saw the influx of a significant number of German immigrants both from Russia's Volga Regions and from abroad.

Soviet Years[edit]

In 1925 the Omsk governorate was dissolved into the newly formed Siberian Krai and again reorganized, this time as an Oblast by order of the All-Russian Central Executive Committee on the 7th of December, 1934. Parts of the Ob-Irtysh Oblast and the West Siberian Krai as well as the southern part of Chelyabinsk Oblast were given over to Omsk. In 1943, Kurgan Oblast created from the western portion of the Chelyabinsk Oblast also got a number of Omsk territories. In 1944, the northern part of the Omsk Oblast along with the districts previously transferred to Kurgan became newly established Tyumen Oblast that included Khanty-Mansi and Yamalo-Nenets autonomous okrugs.

The 1950s saw the creation of the petroleum processing industry, as well as the development of various high-technology facilities that came to define the economy of the Oblast for the remainder of the century.

Post-Soviet era[edit]

With the dissolution of the Soviet Union the oblast became part of the newly independent Russian Federation. The independence of the Union Republic of Kazakhstan gave Omsk an international border to the south, while continued federal policy aiming to rectify the effects of Stalin Era population transfers a national German district created an area with a significant, although not a dominant, German population around the town of Azovo.

Politics[edit]

During the Soviet period, the high authority in the oblast was shared between three persons: The first secretary of the Omsk CPSU Committee (who in reality had the biggest authority), the chairman of the oblast Soviet (legislative power), and the Chairman of the oblast Executive Committee (executive power). Since 1991, CPSU lost all the power, and the head of the Oblast administration, and eventually the governor was appointed/elected alongside elected regional parliament.

The politics in the oblast is governed by the Charter of Omsk Oblast. The laws within the authority of the oblast are passed by the Legislative Assembly of Omsk Oblast which is the legislative (representative) body. The highest executive body is the Omsk Oblast Administration. It also includes the executive bodies of the subdivisions such as districts, and is responsible for the daily administration. The Oblast administration supports the activities of the Governor who is the head of the oblast and acts as guarantor of the observance of the Charter in accordance with the Constitution of Russia.

Administrative divisions[edit]

Economy[edit]

As of 2008, Omsk Oblast is the 23rd largest economy in Russia, with a gross regional product of 10.2 billion dollars.

The economy of Omsk Oblast is heavily industrial, with well developed, and growing, service and financial sectors. Agriculture represents a smaller, but still significant, portion of the economy.

Economic activity is concentrated in Omsk, with over sixty-six thousand private enterprises registered, ranging from small-scale retailers to billion-dollar manufacturing.[10]

Omsk was ranked by Forbes as the 6th-best city in Russia for business in 2008, an improvement over its 20th-place ranking the previous year.[11]

The oblast and city governments have made efforts to improve the business climate and foster small enterprise through various incentives and government programs designed to ease the bureaucratic red-tape, a notorious feature of Russian business life, and to generate cooperation within the business community.[12]

The bulk of industrial output, as of 2009, is concentrated in food and tobacco processing ($900 million), hydrocarbon processing ($6.7 billion), chemical manufacturing ($500 m), plastics manufacturing ($200 m) and the manufacture of electrical components ($280 m). The remainder of the economy is dominated by the retail sector and agriculture.

The largest industrial enterprises include the aerospace manufacturer Polyot, the Omsk Aggregate Plant, the agricultural manufacturer Sibzavod, Omsk Baranov Motorworks, and Omsktransmash, which manufactures the T-80 main battle tank. Additionally, Omsk Rubber, the Technical Hydrocarbon Plant, Omsk-Polymer and Omsk Hydrocarbon Processing Plant, represent the petroleum and hydrocarbon industry. Omsk Hydrocarbon is one of the most important oil refineries in Russia.[citation needed]

The oblast operates four thermal power plants, which makes it largely self-sufficient from the standpoint of energy generation.

Agricultural production is concentrated in the Isil'rul'skii District and produces wheat, barley, flax, sunflower, potato, various fruits and vegetables as well as meat, poultry and dairy products.

The food processing sector includes several breweries, a distillery and numerous food packaging enterprises.

Geography[edit]

Omsk Oblast spans 600 km north to south and 300 km west to east. The geography of the oblast is dominated by the Irtysh River and its larger tributaries, the Ishim, Om, Osha, and Tara. The region is part of the West Siberian Plain, and as such is fairly level. The south of the oblast consists predominantly of grassy plains, which gradually transition to wooded plains, forests and, eventually, marshy taiga forest in the north. The most fertile lands are concentrated about the Irtysh river, this area, is also more wooded, and more uneven than the rest of the Oblast. Numerous lakes can be found in the oblast, with the largest being the Saltaim, Tenis, Ik, Ebeity, Ul'jai and Tobol-Kushly.

The highest point in the oblast, is an elevation of 150 meters lying near the town of Nagornoye, while the lowest is a section of the Irtysh river lying near Malaya Bicha.

Climate[edit]

The oblast has a classic continental climate, with cold, snowy winters and hot, dry summers. Average January temperatures range from -42°C to -30°C. Average July temperatures range from +28°C to +25°C, and can reach up to +35°C and even +40°C. Annual rainfall averages 300-400mm. Sunny days predominate.

The southern plains have notably longer and warmers summers and a delayed onset of freezing temperatures. They are also significantly drier than the northern forests, receiving only 250–300 mm of precipitation annually. Winters, however, are as severe as on the plains as they are further north. Spring rains are rare, but late spring freezes are not. The early part of the summer is frequently dominated by hot, dry southern winds.

Demographics[edit]

Population: 1,977,665 (2010 Census);[5] 2,692,251 (2002 Census);[13] 2,782,005 (1989 Census).[14]

Vital statistics for 2012
  • Births: 29 475 (14.9 per 1000)
  • Deaths: 27 197 (13.8 per 1000) [15]
  • Total fertility rate:[16]

2009 - 1.58 | 2010 - 1.60 | 2011 - 1.66 | 2012 - 1.86 | 2013 - 1.87(e)


According to the 2010 Census, the ethnic composition was:[5]

  • 85.8% Russian
  • 4.1% Kazakh
  • 2.7% Ukrainian
  • 2.6% German
  • 2.2% Tatar
  • 0.3% Belarusians
  • 0.4% Armenian
  • other groups of less than two thousand persons each
  • 57,518 people were registered from administrative databases, and could not declare an ethnicity. It is estimated that the proportion of ethnicities in this group is the same as that of the declared group.[17]

According to Russia's 2002 Census, Omsk Oblast has one of the lowest birth rates in Siberia. However, birth rates remain higher than the average in heavily German districts - Azovsky Nemetsky National District (24% German), Moskalensky, Poltavsky (22% Ukrainian & 11% German) and Isilkulsky (8% German), even as significant emigration to Germany acts to reduce the overall birth rate.[18] In 2009, the lowest death rate was recorded for Azovsky German National Raion (9.4 per 1000) and the highest birth rate was recorded for Moskalenskom (17.0 per 1000), Isilkulskom (15.2), Maryanovsky (15.8), Pavlogradski (15.8), Tevrizskom (16.6), Ust-Ishim (15.4) and Sherbakulskom (16.2). Regions with the highest population growth were Moskalensky area (5.5 ppm), Azovsky German National Raion (4.8 ppm), Sherbakulsky (3.8 ppm) and Pavlogradskij (3.2 ppm).[19]

Raion (2007) Pop Births Deaths NG BR DR NGR
Omsk Oblast 2,020,000 23,627 29,578 -5,951 11.7 14.6 -0.29%
Omsk 1,130,000 11,857 15,599 -3,742 10.5 13.8 -0.33%
Azovsky Nemetsky National District 22,500 327 245 82 14.5 10.9 0.36%
Bolsherechensky District 32,400 393 519 -126 12.1 16 -0.39%
Bolsheukovsky District 8,800 125 160 -35 14.2 18.1 -0.39%
Gorkovsky 23,400 295 366 -71 12.6 15.7 -0.31%
Znamensky 13,400 195 213 -18 14.6 15.9 -0.13%
Isilkulsky 46,700 681 715 -34 14.6 15.3 -0.07%
Kalachinsky 44,700 506 754 -248 11.3 16.9 -0.56%
Kolosovsky 14,900 184 240 -56 12.4 16.1 -0.37%
Kormilovsky 25,800 352 447 -95 13.6 17.3 -0.37%
Krutinsky 20,000 248 343 -95 12.4 17.1 -0.47%
Lyubinsky 41,900 590 750 -160 14.1 17.9 -0.38%
Maryanovsky 27,300 423 444 -21 15.5 16.3 -0.08%
Moskalensky 32,200 505 460 45 15.7 14.3 0.14%
Muromtsevsky 26,100 271 542 -271 10.4 20.8 -1.04%
Nazyvayevsky 28,500 350 465 -115 12.3 16.3 -0.40%
Nizhneomsky 18,600 247 277 -30 13.3 14.9 -0.16%
Novovarshavsky 26,700 336 325 11 12.6 12.2 0.04%
Odessky 18,200 260 231 29 14.3 12.7 0.16%
Okoneshnikovsky 16,700 194 247 -53 11.6 14.8 -0.32%
Omsky 91,800 1,146 1,326 -180 12.5 14.4 -0.19%
Pavlogradsky 20,600 292 292 0 14.2 14.2 0.00%
Poltavsky 24,000 328 320 8 13.7 13.3 0.04%
Russko-Polyansky 22,800 314 344 -30 13.7 15.1 -0.14%
Sargatsky 21,800 279 364 -85 12.8 16.7 -0.39%
Sedelnikovsky 11,900 153 205 -52 12.9 17.3 -0.44%
Tavrichesky 39,200 519 579 -60 13.2 14.8 -0.16%
Tarsky 48,000 585 839 -254 12.2 17.5 -0.53%
Tevrizsky 17,200 270 305 -35 15.6 17.7 -0.21%
Tyukalinsky 29,500 357 472 -115 12.1 16 -0.39%
Ust-Ishimsky 15,200 192 289 -97 12.6 18.9 -0.63%
Cherlaksky 34,700 506 562 -56 14.6 16.2 -0.16%
Sherbakulsky 24,500 347 339 8 14.2 13.8 0.04%

Ethnic Russian birth rate in the province is significantly lower than that of the ethnic Kazakhs (by 50%) and that of ethnic Germans (by 20%), according to the 2002 Census.

Religion[edit]


Circle frame.svg

Religion in Omsk Oblast (2012)[20][21]

  Russian Orthodox (35.7%)
  Unaffiliated Christian (3%)
  Muslim (2%)
  Rodnover (1%)
  Roman Catholic (0.5%)
  Spiritual but not religious (39%)
  Atheist (13%)
  Other or undeclared (5.8%)

According to a 2012 official survey[20] 35.7% of the population of Omsk Oblast adheres to the Russian Orthodox Church, 3% are unaffiliated generic Christians, 2% adheres to Islam, 1% to Slavic Rodnovery (Slavic Neopaganism), 0.5% to the Catholic Church. In addition, 39% of the population deems itself to be "spiritual but not religious", 13% is atheist, and 5.8% follows other religions or did not give an answer to the question.[20]

Sister relationships[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Президент Российской Федерации. Указ №849 от 13 мая 2000 г. «О полномочном представителе Президента Российской Федерации в федеральном округе». Вступил в силу 13 мая 2000 г. Опубликован: "Собрание законодательства РФ", №20, ст. 2112, 15 мая 2000 г. (President of the Russian Federation. Decree #849 of May 13, 2000 On the Plenipotentiary Representative of the President of the Russian Federation in a Federal District. Effective as of May 13, 2000.).
  2. ^ Госстандарт Российской Федерации. №ОК 024-95 27 декабря 1995 г. «Общероссийский классификатор экономических регионов. 2. Экономические районы», в ред. Изменения №5/2001 ОКЭР. (Gosstandart of the Russian Federation. #OK 024-95 December 27, 1995 Russian Classification of Economic Regions. 2. Economic Regions, as amended by the Amendment #5/2001 OKER. ).
  3. ^ Назаров Виктор Иванович - Губернатор Омской области. Viktor Nazarov, Governor of Omsk Oblast (Russian)
  4. ^ Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (2004-05-21). "Территория, число районов, населённых пунктов и сельских администраций по субъектам Российской Федерации (Territory, Number of Districts, Inhabited Localities, and Rural Administration by Federal Subjects of the Russian Federation)". Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved 2011-11-01. 
  5. ^ a b c d Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  6. ^ The density value was calculated by dividing the population reported by the 2010 Census by the area shown in the "Area" field. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox is not necessarily reported for the same year as the population.
  7. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  8. ^ Official on the whole territory of Russia according to Article 68.1 of the Constitution of Russia.
  9. ^ "История Омской области". Omskobl.ru. Retrieved 2012-08-13. 
  10. ^ Отчёт о работе администрации города Омска в 2005—2009 годах
  11. ^ "Журнал "Forbes" - 30 лучших городов для бизнеса — 2010" (in Russian). May 27, 2010. Retrieved 2011-03-30. 
  12. ^ Галина Балашенко «Заниматься бизнесом станет проще» // «Домашняя газета» № 22 (065), 9 июня 2010 года
  13. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  14. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года[All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  15. ^ Естественное движение населения в разрезе субъектов Российской Федерации. Gks.ru. Retrieved on 2013-08-20.
  16. ^ Каталог публикаций::Федеральная служба государственной статистики. Gks.ru (2010-05-08). Retrieved on 2013-08-20.
  17. ^ "Перепись-2010: русских становится больше". Perepis-2010.ru. 2011-12-19. Retrieved 2012-08-13. 
  18. ^ "Демография Омской области". Demograf.omskmintrud.ru. Retrieved 2012-08-13. 
  19. ^ "Демография Омской области". Demograf.omskmintrud.ru. Retrieved 2012-08-13. 
  20. ^ a b c Arena - Atlas of Religions and Nationalities in Russia. Sreda.org
  21. ^ 2012 Survey Maps. "Ogonek", № 34 (5243), 27/08/2012. Retrieved 24-09-2012.
  22. ^ Hungary Russia sister city relationships

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Omsk_Oblast — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
658 videos foundNext > 

Omsk ( Омск ) - Siberian City

Omsk is the Capital of the Omsk Oblast and the 2nd Biggest City of Western Siberia and an important hub for Central Asian Trade like Kazakhstan , it runs the...

Omsk Oblast

Omsk Oblast Anthem Name: Anthem of the Omsk Oblast Date Adopted: Not Available Lyrics: Not Available Flag Date Adopted: 2003 Description: The flag of the Oms...

Fights Avangard (Omsk Oblast) vs Amur (Khabarovsk) Brawl

Авангард vs Амур Драка Команда На Команду.

CV RUSSIA Championship 2014 Omichka (Omsk region) - Dinamo (Moscow)

2014-01-29 - Russian Cup - Dinamo Krasnodar vs Omichka Omsk Region

2014-01-29 - Russian Cup - Dinamo Krasnodar vs Omichka Omsk Region.

CV RUSSIA Championship 2014 Omichka (Omsk region) - Dinamo (Krasnodar)

CV RUSSIA Championship 2013 Omichka (Omsk region) - Dinamo (Moscow)

5-й тур чемпионата России по классическому волейболу. Суперлига. "Омичка" (Омская область) - "Динамо". Classic volleyball championship of Russia. Season 2013...

CV RUSSIA Championship 2014 Dinamo (Moscow) - Omichka (Omsk region)

CV RUSSIA Championship 2014 Omichka (Omsk region) - Uralochka NTMK (Ekaterinburg)

CV RUSSIA Championship 2014 Dinamo (Moscow) - Omichka (Omsk region) semifinal 3rd match

658 videos foundNext > 

We're sorry, but there's no news about "Omsk Oblast" right now.

Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Talk About Omsk Oblast

You can talk about Omsk Oblast with people all over the world in our discussions.

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!