digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:


Applied sciences






















The Oliver Phase and some of its major sites and neighbors

The Oliver Phase is the name for a Late Woodland Native American culture that flourished from 1200 and 1450 CE along the east and west forks of the White River in central and southern Indiana.[1] The Oliver Phase is of the Western Basin Tradition which includes the Springwells Phase, the Younge Phase, and the Riviere au Vase Phase.[2] Oliver people were village dwelling farmers with a heavy reliance on maize,[1] very similar to other Late Woodland peoples in the area the Oneota, Fort Ancient, and Monongahela cultures. The name was originally coined by archaeologist James B. Griffin in 1946 to describe a Late Woodland ceramic complex centered in Hamilton and Marion counties in the valley of the West Fork of the White River first extensively studied at the Bowen site.[3]

Archaeological record[edit]


The two forks of the White River

Their villages, like their neighbors to the southeast the Fort Ancient culture, were usually circular with wooden palisades, and earthen moats found in the Whittlesey Tradition,[4] although they also lived in smaller farmsteads. Although their sites began in central Indiana, over the years they spread to the southeast.[1] The Clampitt Site (12-Lr-329) was excavated in the summer of 1992.[3] It was a settlement in the East Fork White River Valley, occupied by a late prehistoric to protohistoric agricultural population. Most of the settlements in this area were nucleated villages and hunting camps. The larger villages such as Clampitt (in Lawrence County) and Bowen sites (in Marion County) were roughly one to two acres in size. They intentionally located their sites on alluvial floodplains, usually a kilometer or so from tributary streams of the river, to take advantage of the richer soils there.[3] The Bowen Site (12 MA 61) was located on the West Fork of the White River, a little to the northeast of Indianapolis, and was occupied at least twice by two similar but slightly different cultures.[5]


Pottery styles were originally used to determine the existence of the Oliver Phase. Most items were globular, grit-tempered jars that showed a mixture of traits associated with both the Great Lakes Late Woodland Oneota and Fort Ancient cultures.[3]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c "Geophysical Methods and the Archaeology of Late Prehistoric Central Indiana". Retrieved 2010-02-25. 
  2. ^ Ohio Historic Preservation Office and the U.S.Department of the Interior’s Historic Preservation Fund. Copyright © 2007 Ohio Historical Society, Inc. All rights reserved. [1] (Ret:11/22/09)
  3. ^ a b c d "Introduction(Clampitt Site)". Retrieved 2010-02-25. 
  4. ^ Whittlesey Tradition Late Prehistoric Farmers and Villagers, An Archaeological History of Northeast Ohio, Before the Western Reserve: An Archaeological History of Northeast Ohio, Brian G. Redmond, Ph.D., Curator of Archaeology [2] (ret. July 22, 2010)
  5. ^ "HUMAN DENTITION FROM THE BOWEN SITE, 12 MA 61". Retrieved 2010-02-25. 

External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oliver_Phase — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
101986 videos foundNext > 

Olli Schulz - Phase

Die erste Single aus dem Album "Feelings aus der Asche" Viel Vergnügen!

Oliver Smith - New Phase HQ HD

Oliver Smith - New Phase HQ HD.

Oliver PECS Phase III - day 2

Toast, brush, brush, brush, brush, brush, Toast, brush, brush, brush, Toast. What going on???? We was enjoying the exchange while chewing, once his mouth ...

Oliver PECS Phase II - day 1

we started the day with many activities before breakfast and got him hungry. Phase II began with toast which worked well except that there were distractions and ...

Phase Change Material Thermal Stores, Oliver Wilton, Bartlett School of Architecture, UCL

In 2012/13 UCL ISR launched our BHPB Sustainable Communities/UCL Grand Challenges Symposium Series, as a forum to bring together a variety of ...

Andrew Bayer & Matt Lange feat. Kerry Leva - In And Out Of Phase

LIKE Above & Beyond on Facebook: http://on.fb.me/like-AB CD: http://bit.ly/vol9-cd iTunes: http://bit.ly/vol9-itunes iTunes US/CA: ...

Oliver 51-D Wood Lathe 230V 3-Phase Woodworking Machine 51D 4-Speed 3/4 HP

Oliver 51-D Wood Lathe 230V 3-Phase Woodworking Machine 51D 4-Speed 3/4 HP for sale by Quick Stop Auctions Inc. at www.quickstopauctions.com ...

Oliver Hahn: Cold Dark Matter in Phase Space

Oliver Hahn (ETH Zurich): Cold Dark Matter in Phase Space Conference Exascale Computing in Astrophysics Centro Stefano Franscini Monte Verità, Ascona, ...

Oliver PECS Phase I day 24

Oliver is now clearly exchanging PECS for swimming, food, bike riding etc. That's my boy - time for Phase II.

Oliver PECS Phase 1 first day

Oliver in Sydney - first day of introduction of PECS for toast. He is a hungry boy!

101986 videos foundNext > 

3 news items

Pentiction Western News
Thu, 02 Jul 2015 13:15:00 -0700

Safety for pedestrians in downtown Oliver will be enhanced this fall as part of a Highway 97 improvement project. Phase 2 consists of resurfacing 1.1 kilometres of Highway 97 (Main Street) through Oliver between Similkameen Avenue and Kootenay Street.
A.V. Club Milwaukee
Wed, 02 Apr 2014 22:11:04 -0700

For another contemporaneous comparison, when “Accidents Will Happen” first aired, The O.C. was smack in the middle of its Oliver phase, and still it's more entertaining to me. Give me “Ryan, he's got a gun!” over “You can't [get an abortion]!” any day.

Irish Independent

Irish Independent
Thu, 06 Feb 2014 18:37:30 -0800

During my Oliver phase I would cry myself to sleep at night singing 'Where is Love?' I still, to this day, have a tendency for the melancholy. (Is there any wonder that I'm an obsessive Morrissey fan?) I was told on my sixth birthday by my mother while ...

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!

Searchlight Group

Digplanet also receives support from Searchlight Group. Visit Searchlight