digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

The hammer Mjölnir (literally "smasher", "smashing power") is one of the primary symbols of Pagan religions; pendants are commonly worn amongst adherents

Odinism is a type of Germanic neopaganism, specifically focussed on honoring Odin, Thor, Frey, Freyja, and other Norse deities in the pre-Christian religion of Scandinavia.

Some adherents will use "Odinism" as synonymous with Ásatrú,[1] others will reject an equivalence between the two terms,[2] whilst others use it synonymously, interchangeably, and also debunk those that have a conviction the two are completely separate.[3] Some who use the term Odinism see no difference between the two terms, but as Odinism is historically established, other modern terms have met with limited success.[4] In addition, some see it as synonymous with Wotanism and Wodenism also, whilst others object to this.[5] Historically, early revivals of Germanic paganism, particularly Alexander Rud Mills '​ First Anglecyn Church of Odin in Australia, focused on Odin, and in North America in the early 1970s, Else Christensen and Stephen McNallen named their revivalist movements Odinism and Ásatrú respectively.[6]

Many Odinists are "hard polytheists", and they believe that the gods and goddesses are real beings with distinct personalities.[7] whilst others see them as different aspects of nature or as Jungian archetypes.[8]

According to social scientists, Odinism is "a form of neopaganism that is trying to reconstruct ancient European pre-Christian religions."[9]

History and name[edit]

The Fylfot (English name of the Swastika symbols), in its many forms, is used in the past as another symbolic rendering of the Mjöllnir,[10] is a popular and somewhat important symbol used nowadays by Odinists.[11][12]

Current research suggests that the term "Odinism" was first used in 1822 in Universal Geography: Or A Description of All Parts of the World, on a New Plan, According to the Great Natural Divisions of the Globe, Volume 1 by Conrad Malte-Brun, in 1823 in the book, The Habitations of Cruelty; Or, A Picture of Heathenism, published by Knight & Lacey, pages 271, and xvi. Later in 1829 in The Misfortunes of Elphin by Thomas Love Peacock, and in 1830 in the book, Historic Survey of German Poetry: Interspersed with Various Translations, Volume 1 by William Taylor, page 32. Most famously, it was used in 1840 by the Scottish writer, historian, and philosopher, Thomas Carlyle. It featured in his book, On Heroes, Hero-Worship, and The Heroic in History, which was published by James Fraser, London, in 1841 and consisted of a collection of six lectures held in May 1840. Odinism is mentioned three times in the publication: "Lecture 1. (May 5th, 1840) - The Hero as Divinity. Odin. Paganism: Scandinavian Mythology", "Lecture 4. (May 15th, 1840) - The Hero as Priest. Luther; Reformation: Knox; Puritanism", and "Summary and Index. Summary, Lecture 1. The Hero as Divinity. Odin. Paganism: Scandinavian Mythology". It was also used by Orestes Brownson in his 1848 Letter to Protestants.[13] It was re-introduced in the late 1930s by Alexander Rud Mills in Australia with his First Anglecyn Church of Odin and his book The Call of Our Ancient Nordic Religion.[14] In the 1960s and early 1970s, Else Christensen's Odinist Study Group and later the Odinist Fellowship brought the term into usage in North America. In the UK, Odinic Rite has specifically identified themselves as "Odinists" since the 1970s.

The term "Odinism" is sometimes associated with racialist Nordic ideology, as opposed to "Asatru" which may or may not refer to racialist or "folkish" ideals. Although, with the introduction of the concept of Metagenetics by Asatru Gothi Stephen A. McNallen, some view it that way. As defined by Goodrick-Clarke (2002), Nordic racial paganism is synonymous with the Odinist movement (including some who identify as Wotanist). He describes it as a "spiritual rediscovery of the Aryan ancestral gods...intended to embed the white races in a sacred worldview that supports their tribal feeling", and expressed in "imaginative forms of ritual magic and ceremonial forms of fraternal fellowship".[15]

A union of the closely related movements of Odinism and American Asatru as pioneered by Stephen A. McNallen was attempted with an International Asatru-Odinic Alliance in 1997, which was however dissolved in 2002.[16]

Whilst many of those that use the term "Odinism" associate with groups such as the Odinic Rite, etc., there are equally as many that do not associate with any group at all.

The movement is at times intertwined with Germanic Vedism, much like Rodnovery is with Slavic Vedism, and sometimes incorporates elements of Hinduism.

Odinic Rite[edit]

Main article: Odinic Rite

In 1973 John Gibbs-Bailey (known as "Hoskuld") and John Yeowell (known as "Stubba") founded the Committee for the Restoration of the Odinic Rite or Odinist Committee in England.[17] In 1980 the organisation changed its name to The Odinic Rite after it was believed that it had gained enough significant interest in the restoration of the Odinic faith. In 1988 the Odinic Rite became the first polytheistic religious organisation to be granted "Registered Charity" status in the UK. In 1991, an expelled member of the OR, Ingvar Harrison set up a rival Odinic Rite.

Odinic Rite has national branches in France (ORF),[18] North America (ORV, 1997) and the Netherlands (ORN, 2006).[19] A German chapter of Odinic Rite was founded in 1995, but this group renamed itself Verein für germanisches Heidentum (VfGH) and severed all organisational ties with Odinic Rite in 2006.[20]

Odinic Rite of Australia[edit]

The Odinic Rite of Australia was founded in 1994 as an independent organisation, after over a century of Odinism in the southern continent, culminating in the works of Rud Mills in the 1930s and beyond. For more information, see the ORA's background at ORA's history.

The Odinic Rite of Australia in 2011 published the "Melbourne Creed" of Odinism, which is a 9-point statement of belief, "An Odinist Creed."[21] The creed is designed to suggest beliefs that many modern heathens may share.

The Odinic Rite of Australia has had legal status with the Australian government since 1995, and is currently seeking recognition to supply Pagan religious celebrants for government-recognised legal marriages. In December 2014 it published the authorised second edition of Stubba's "Book of Blots", originally published by the Odinic Rite in 1991.

Odinist Fellowship (US)[edit]

Main article: Odinist Fellowship

Initiated by Else Christensen and her husband Alex, the Odinist Study Group was renamed the Odinist Fellowship in 1971, around the time of the death of Alex Christensen. Else Christensen's relocation to Florida, US. came in the 1980s.

For many years, The Odinist Fellowship published a periodical called The Odinist out of Canada and Crystal River, Florida. Additionally, her travels included friendly contact with other groups, such as the large Arizona Kindred (where she met up with the Kindred's "Norsemen of Midgard" motorcycle club) and the Steve McNallen's Asatru Folk Assembly. Since Else died in 2005, her Odinist Fellowship dissolved, with much of the membership transferring to the Odinic Rite.[22] The last known chapter of the US Odinist Fellowship is based in Florida, and is called the Kindred Folk.

Odinist Fellowship (UK)[edit]

Main article: Odinist Fellowship

The British-based Odinist Fellowship was established by Ralph Harrison in 1988[23] and is unaffiliated with the US organization founded by Christensen. The British Odinist Fellowship is registered under English law as a religious charity.

The aim of the Odinist Fellowship, according to its constitution is "to practise, promote and propagate Odinism. By Odinism is meant the original, indigenous form of Pagan, polytheistic religion and spiritual beliefs, practised by the ancestors of the English and related northern European peoples, as embodied in the Eddas and as they have found expression in the wisdom and in the historical experience of those peoples." The Odinist Fellowship, according to its website, claims that Odinism is England's "native and national faith".

Odinists practise a nine-fold calendar and the Odinist Fellowship's liturgy of worship and sacrifices are published in "The Book of Rites". A notable achievement of the British Odinist Fellowship was to gain legal recognition for the Odinist religion in the case of "Holden v Royal Mail PLC(2006)", when a ruling was made to declare that Odinism is to be recognized as a religion for the purposes of anti-discrimination legislation.

According to its website, the Odinist Fellowship is planning to "institute a network of [Odinist] temples in every [English] county, and in every major town and city up and down the land". The first of these was inaugurated in June 2014 when a 1556 Tudor chapel in Newark-on-Trent, Nottinghamshire, purchased by the Odinist Fellowship, was consecrated as the first Odinist Temple in England for over a thousand years.

The website describes Odinism as follows: "Odinism is a polytheistic religion. We believe in and honour the life-giving and bountiful gods and goddesses of the Odinic pantheon, whom we refer to collectively as the High Gods of Asgard, or as the Æsir and Vanir. Our gods are true gods, divine, living, spiritual entities, endowed with power and intelligence, able and willing to intervene in the course of Nature and of human lives. It behooves us to seek their goodwill and sucour through prayer and sacrifice. But the gods do not require us to abase and humble ourselves; they do not seek to make of us craven slaves. Odinists therefore do not bow or kneel or kow-tow to the gods, but address them proudly like free, upstanding men and women. Odinists regard our gods, not as our masters, but as firm friends and powerful allies."[24]

Odin Brotherhood[edit]

Main article: Odin Brotherhood

In a book published with Holmes Publishing Group in 1992, and now in its fifth edition with Mandrake of Oxford,[25] Mark Mirabello, a British-educated history professor who lectures in the United States, claimed to have been in contact with a secret society known as the Odin Brotherhood. Mirabello claims that the Odin Brotherhood preserves genuine traditions of pre-Christian paganism in Britain.[26][27][28] He claims that the group was founded in 1421.[26]

Professor Graham Harvey, writing in 1995, had this opinion: "A book called The Odin Brotherhood has been circulating which claims to be a record of contacts (in Britain and elsewhere) between Dr. Mark Mirabello and a secret society called the Odin Brotherhood. Whilst I have received enigmatic letters claiming to be from members of the group I have been unable to check the veracity of Mirabello's claims. No other group that I have talked to (including one that was named in a "Brotherhood" letter as a contact) has any more knowledge of the group beyond reading the book. Most doubt its existence."[29]

Today, however, the group has web sites[30] and an anonymous forum.[31]

In 2013, The Way of the Odin Brotherhood by Jack Wolf[32] of Canada was published. The book details Mr. Wolf's own contact with the Brotherhood and provides additional details on the group's beliefs, legends, and practices.[33] The book is published by Mandrake of Oxford.[34]

Mr. Wolf's book contains new revelations about the Brotherhood, including the suggestion that the gods, who visit here often, are actually living in the past. According to the Brotherhood, the entire time line of past, present, and future is accessible to the gods.[33]

Odinist Community of Spain — Ásatrú[edit]

There is some Germanic neopaganism found in Spain, including the Odinist Community of Spain — Ásatrú (COE)[35] founded as Circulo Odinista Español in 1981.[36] The COE was recognized by the Spanish government as a religion, allowing them to perform "legally binding civil ceremonies", such as marriages. COE is the fourth Odinist/Asatru religious organization in the world to be recognized with official status, after those in Iceland, Norway and Denmark.[37]

Odinic Rite of Argentina - Rito Odinista de Argentina[edit]

There is also an Odinic Rite of Argentina (Rito Odinista de Argentina) that has no association with the Odinic Rite in England.[38]

Wodanesdag Press (Hyatt)[edit]

Wodanesdag Press (wodanesdag.com) is a minor independent publisher in the United States, specialized in "Ásatrú/Odinism". It was established by E. Max Hyatt a.k.a. Edred Wodanson (1948-2010) in 1993.[39]

E. Max Hyatt (Edred Wodanson) is best known for his book, Asatru--The Hidden Fortress.

Wodanesdag Press also ran an "Outreach Program of Wodan's Kindred" (odin.org). Identifying their religion as "Asatru/Odinism", the organization's FAQ comments on the question What is the difference between “Asatru” and “Odinism”?

"[...] in both the U.S. and Europe many hearty souls were awakening to the ancient call of their Ancestral gods and goddesses. Some adopted the name Asatru to identify their beliefs, while others used the name Odinism (Odin being the Alfather). Many believe that the two names are interchangeable, while others disagree. It has been noted by some writers on the subject that Asatruar (followers of Asatru) seem to be more spiritually oriented, while Odinists seem to be more political in their views. While this does hold true in some cases, it cannot be applied to all. There are several Odinist organizations that have no political interests, whatsoever. At the same time there are many Folk who go by the name Asatruar, and are very political. All of this said, it is true that a large number of Odinists believe that the various gods and goddesses of the Northern pantheon are simply representations of the various aspects of Nature. Whereas, most Asatruar believe that while this Nature-aspect is true, in another sense the gods are also real spiritual beings, with unique lives separate from this Earth (i.e. in Asgard). "

Wotanism (Lane)[edit]

Main article: Wotanism

David Lane (1938-2007) founded a white nationalist form of Germanic neopaganism, which he called "Wotanism". In an essay entitled Wotanism (Odinism), Lane makes clear that he chose the name in contrast to the existing term Odinism,

"I first chose the name Wotanism over Odinism. First because W.O.T.A.N. makes a perfect acronym for Will Of The Aryan Nation. Secondly because he was called Wotan on the European continent and only called Odin in Scandinavia. Therefore Wotan appeals to the genetic memory of more of our ancestors. And finally because a split had to be made with the game players, deceivers and universalists who had usurped the name Odin."[40]

Comunità Odinista (Italy)[edit]

Established in 1994, the Comunità Odinista is an independent organization of Odinists in Italy.

Odinism in France (L'Odinisme)[edit]

Les Fils d'Odin (The Sons of Odin) are Odinists in France.[41]

In the media[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Asatru' - The Hidden Fortress by E. Max Hyatt (Edred Wodanson) - updated 2009 edition Wodanesdag Press ISBN 0973842326 and Mark Mirabello. The Odin Brotherhood. Mandrake of Oxford.ISBN 1869928717
  2. ^ Odinism: The Religion of Our Germanic Ancestors in the Modern World by Wyatt Kaldenberg. CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform, 2011. ISBN 1461003326, Folkish Odinism. by Wyatt Kaldenberg, CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform, 2013. ISBN 1492297348, and Casper Odinson Crowell, Mrs. Linda Crowell Vor Forn Sidr: (Our Ancient Religion) Vinland Kindred Publishing. 2012. ISBN 0985476001
  3. ^ Puryear, Mark: The Nature of Asatru, pages 111-112, The Norroena Society, 2006
  4. ^ Jameson, Osted: Odinism, present, past and future, page 4, Renewal Publications, 2010.
  5. ^ Ingessunu, Wulf, ‘Wulf: The Collected Writings of an English Wodenist’, Black Front Press, 2014.
  6. ^ *Kaplan, Jeffrey. 1996. "The Reconstruction of the Asatru and Odinist Traditions." In Magical Religion and Modern Witchcraft, edited by James R. Lewis, State University of New York Press.
  7. ^ Mark Mirabello. The Odin Brotherhood. 5th ed. London: Mandrake of Oxford, 2003, pp. 27-32.
  8. ^ Mark Puryear. The Nature of Asatru: An Overview of the Ideals and Philosophy of the Indigenous Religion of Northern Europe.iUniverse ISBN 0595389643, 2006
  9. ^ Dobratz, Betty (June 2001). "The Role of Religion in the Collective Identity of the White Racialist Movement". Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 40 (2): 287–301. doi:10.1111/0021-8294.00056. 
  10. ^ George Waring, Ceramic Art in Remote Ages; John B. Day, London; 1874. p. 12
  11. ^ 5 articles linked on the importance of the Swastika within Odinism and here and another here, and here. Also see the books Creed of Iron, Temple of Wotan, Wotan's Holy Rites & Ritual: Book of Blotar, Odinic Mythology part 1 and 2
  12. ^ Jameson, Osred; 'Odinism: Present, Past and Future', 2010. Page 192. ISBN 978-1-4457-6816-8
  13. ^ The Works of Orestes A. Brownson: Containing the Second Part of the Political Writings, ed. Henry Francis Brownson, T. Nourse (1884), p. 257
  14. ^ Mills, A. Rudd. "The Call of Our Ancient Nordic Religion". Archived from the original on March 27, 2008. Retrieved August 26, 2014. 
  15. ^ Nicholas Goodrick-Clarke (2002). Black Sun: Aryan Cults, Esoteric Nazism and the Politics of Identity. New York University Press. ISBN 0-8147-3124-4. (Paperback, 2003. ISBN 0-8147-3155-4.) p. 257.
  16. ^ Holley, Jeffrey (aka Heimgest), 'Presenting the Truth: Correcting the inaccuracies and falsehoods of Valgard Murray's Deposition', Odinic Rite. See also www.odinic-rite.org/Valgard-deposition.pdf
  17. ^ Pagan Resurrection by Richard Rudgley(2006)p.240
  18. ^ odinicriteofaustralia.wordpress.com
  19. ^ www.odinist.nl
  20. ^ asatru-online.de; the organization does not now identify as "Odinist", instead describing its religion as Germanisches Heidentum (German for "Germanic paganism") while recognizing Asatru as "designation or short form for the renewal of Germanic paganism in widespread use today" (wird heute weithin als Bezeichnung oder Kurzform für das erneuerte germanische Heidentum verwendet).
  21. ^ The Creed may be read at: Odinist Creed
  22. ^ Notice concerning the Odinic Rite absorbing the US Odinist Fellowship after Christensen's retirement
  23. ^ Charity Registration for the UK Odinist Fellowship
  24. ^ See http://www.odinistfellowship.co.uk/
  25. ^ Mark Mirabello. The Odin Brotherhood. 5th edition, Oxford: Mandrake of Oxford, 2003, ISBN 1-869928-71-7
  26. ^ a b Stephen E. Adkins. Encyclopedia of Right-Wing Extremism in Modern American History. ABC-CLIO, 2011, p. 172. ISBN 1-59884-350-8
  27. ^ Michael Streeter. Behind Closed Doors: The Power and Influence of Secret Societies. New Holland Publishers Uk Ltd. 2008. pgs 143-5, 258. ISBN 1-84537-937-3
  28. ^ Jeffrey Kaplan. Radical Religion in America: Millenarian Movements from the Far Right to the Children of Noah. Syracuse University Press. 1997. ISBN 0-8156-0396-7 footnote 26 in page 196
  29. ^ Charlotte Hardman and Graham Harvey. Paganism Today: Wiccans, Druids, the Goddess and Ancient Earth Traditions for the Twenty-First Century. Thorsons. 1995. p. 43. ISBN 0-7225-3233-4
  30. ^ http://www.odinbrotherhood.com
  31. ^ http://www.odinbrotherhoodforum.com/
  32. ^ See Author Web Site for The Way of the Odin Brotherhood
  33. ^ a b Jack Wolf . The Way of the Odin Brotherhood. Mandrake of Oxford. 2013. ISBN 978-1-906958-53-4
  34. ^ Jack Wolf. The Way of the Odin Brotherhood
  35. ^ http://www.odinismo.es/index.html
  36. ^ asatru.es.
  37. ^ Register of the minority religions of the Spanish Ministry of Justice
  38. ^ http://odinicriteargentina.wordpress.com/origins-of-the-odinic-rite-of-argentina/
  39. ^ My Father’s Story - Courage, Wisdom, and Kindness, by Freya Hyatt (odin.org)
  40. ^ online copy at mourningtheancient.com
  41. ^ Les Fils d'Odin Web Site

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Odinism — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
1720 videos foundNext > 

The Way of Odin: Part I -- What is Odinism - Video 1/4

Differences between odinism, asatru, paganism etc.

Odinism - Our Natural Religion

Odinic Rite Media presents a sequel to the popular 'Odinism - An Eternal Faith'. This new film, entitled 'Odinism - Our Natural Religion', was shot on locati...

Odinism - An Eternal Faith

Odinic Rite Media presents 'Odinism - An Eternal Faith'. This short film explores Odinism in the modern world, as practiced by members of the OR. 'Odinism - ...

Asatru / Odinism - A Native European Religion by Stephen A. McNallen

Stephen McNallen introduces the native European religion of Asatru, and describes some of its main philosophical premises. Official channel: http://www.youtu...

The Children of Odin [Norse Mythology Audiobook] Thor, Loki, Asgard, Valhalla

If you like this book, please check 'Secret of Rune from Odin Audiobook' http://youtu.be/rUZJH-wsP_I that I posted as well. The Children of Odin, Audiobook b...

The Way of Odin: Part I - What is Odinism? Video 3/4

Intro To Odinism; 7 January, 2014

This is my FIRST (ever) YouTube video, so be easy on me. This is an introduction to my thoughts on Odinism/Asatru, and will hopefully be the first in a serie...

Odinists thrown out of park for religious assembly

Interview With a Gothi - Part 1

An interview with Heimgest, leader of the Odinic Rite. The Odinic Rite is an organization whose aims are to promote all aspects of the ancestral religion tod...

1720 videos foundNext > 

93 news items

New York Daily News

New York Daily News
Tue, 15 Apr 2014 15:20:45 -0700

Because of its racial purity leanings, Odinism has become increasingly popular with racially based prison gangs such as the Aryan Brotherhood. The religion's pantheon of gods includes the warriors Odin and Thor as well as Odin's psychic wife, Freya.
 
Mintpress News (registration) (blog)
Fri, 05 Dec 2014 08:29:07 -0800

Some participants follow religions they see as more purely “white” — such as Odinism — and others act more out of a hatred for government than religious conviction. Nevertheless, McQuilliams' attack is a stark reminder that radical theologies exist ...
 
Intelligence Report
Mon, 31 Aug 2009 07:00:10 -0700

As practiced by Owen and others outside prison, Odinism tends to be a benign form of paganism, tolerant of others and close to nature. Behind the walls, however, it is likely to take on a more sinister cast, and many prison wardens have long regarded ...
 
Tuscaloosa News (subscription)
Tue, 02 Oct 2007 00:00:00 -0700

The court ruled that state prison officials did not violate Tony Lee Smith's religious rights by refusing to allow him special worship space to practice Odinism. The prison had feared a backlash because the religion is said to incorporate white ...
 
KRQE News 13
Tue, 23 Sep 2014 21:47:06 -0700

SANTA FE (KRQE) – A state prison inmate claims corrections officials aren't allowing him to properly worship Satan behind bars. In a lawsuit, first reported by the Santa Fe Reporter Tuesday, Bernard Pritchard says the chaplain and deputy warden at the ...

CNN

CNN
Mon, 14 Apr 2014 00:37:15 -0700

"I'd love to see North America's 100 million Aryan Christians convert to the religion invented by their own race and practiced for a thousand generations before the Jews thought up Christianity," he wrote, describing Odinism as "the religion for a ...

Mediaite

Mediaite
Wed, 24 Sep 2014 11:33:45 -0700

The facility provides services for people of other faiths, including places to pray and read relevant religious material. In fact, here's how broadly they accommodate religious beliefs: any practitioners of Asatru or Odinism are allowed to have ...

New York Daily News

New York Daily News
Fri, 01 Aug 2014 06:36:08 -0700

Adler and Halloran shared an unlikely minority identity: They were both Pagans, the catch-all phrase for practitioners of many forms of religious polytheism, including Heathenism, Theodism, Odinism and Wiccan. Halloran was the founding “Atheling,” or ...
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!

Searchlight Group

Digplanet also receives support from Searchlight Group. Visit Searchlight