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Ephesus Odeon, Turkey

Odeon (from the Ancient Greek ᾨδεῖον, Ōideion, literally "singing place", or "building for musical competitions"; from the verb ἀείδω, aeidō, "I sing", which is also the root of ᾠδή, ōidē, "ode", and of ἀοιδός, aoidos, "singer") is the name for several ancient Greek and Roman buildings built for music: singing exercises, musical shows, poetry competitions, and the like.

Description[edit]

In a general way its construction was similar to that of an ancient Greek theatre, but it was only a quarter of the size and was provided with a roof for acoustic purposes, a characteristic difference. The prototype odeon was the Odeon of Pericles (Odeon of Athens), a mainly wooden building by the southern slope of the Acropolis of Athens.

Examples[edit]

Hadrianic Odeon in Troy IX

The oldest known odeon in Greece was the Skias at Sparta, so called from its resemblance to the top of a parasol, said to have been erected by Theodorus of Samos (600 B.C.); in Athens an odeon near the spring Enneacrunus on the Ilissus was referred to the age of Peisistratus, and appears to have been rebuilt or restored by Lycurgus (c. 330 B.C.). This is probably the building which, according to Aristophanes,[1] was used for judicial purposes, for the distribution of corn, and even for the billeting of soldiers.

Roman Odeon of Fourvière, Lyon, France

The most magnificent odeon was the Odeon of Herodes Atticus on the southwest cliff of the Acropolis at Athens. It was built in about 160 A.D. by the wealthy sophist and rhetorician Herodes Atticus in memory of his wife, and considerable remains of the odeon still exist. It had accommodation for 8000 persons, and the ceiling was constructed of beautifully carved beams of cedar wood, probably with an open space in the centre to admit the light. It was also profusely decorated with pictures and other works of art. Similar buildings also existed in other parts of Greece; at Corinth, also the gift of Herodes Atticus; at Patrae, where there was a famous statue of Apollo; at Smyrna, Tralles, and other towns in Asia Minor. The first odeon in Rome was built by Domitian, a second by Trajan.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Wasps, 1109.

References[edit]



Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Odeon_(building) — Please support Wikipedia.
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5 news items

Bradford Telegraph and Argus

Bradford Telegraph and Argus
Wed, 09 Jul 2014 23:01:03 -0700

TELEVISION'S 'Restoration Man' George Clarke has warned that any plan to renovate Bradford's landmark Odeon building needs to be financially viable. The Channel Four presenter spoke out after being given a private tour of the former cinema by the ...

ChesterChronicle.co.uk

ChesterChronicle.co.uk
Sun, 20 Jul 2014 02:33:42 -0700

... visit www.chesterfilmco-op.co.uk or follow them on facebook.com/chesterfilmcoop for the latest updates and event listings. The Chester Film Co-op initiative is part of the RE:NEW project, set to transform Chester's 1936 Odeon building into a new ...

Bradford Telegraph and Argus

Bradford Telegraph and Argus
Mon, 14 Jul 2014 08:19:37 -0700

She says building work getting underway on Westfield's Broadway shopping centre this year and two bids fighting it out to redevelop the derelict former Odeon building means there are reasons to be cheerful. Previous Positive Bradford Day events ...
 
Western Morning News
Fri, 11 Jul 2014 07:37:30 -0700

Anyway, unimportant as it might be, the town lost a part of my sympathy when they tore down the old Odeon building to enable the redevelopment of the site – but I have recently come across the proposals for the “Coyte Farm Development” and decided that ...

ChesterChronicle.co.uk (blog)

ChesterChronicle.co.uk (blog)
Sun, 13 Jul 2014 09:41:15 -0700

Chester Film Co-op will also again be offering activities to tie into the programme with art workshops linked to the Chester Library 'Word Thing' project happening in their Odeon Building studio from noon. Later in the evening Minerva Youth Theatre ...
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