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Ephesus Odeon, Turkey

Odeon (from the Ancient Greek ᾨδεῖον, Ōideion, literally "singing place", or "building for musical competitions"; from the verb ἀείδω, aeidō, "I sing", which is also the root of ᾠδή, ōidē, "ode", and of ἀοιδός, aoidos, "singer") is the name for several ancient Greek and Roman buildings built for music: singing exercises, musical shows, poetry competitions, and the like.

Description[edit]

In a general way its construction was similar to that of an ancient Greek theatre, but it was only a quarter of the size and was provided with a roof for acoustic purposes, a characteristic difference. The prototype odeon was the Odeon of Pericles (Odeon of Athens), a mainly wooden building by the southern slope of the Acropolis of Athens.

Examples[edit]

Hadrianic Odeon in Troy IX

The oldest known odeon in Greece was the Skias at Sparta, so called from its resemblance to the top of a parasol, said to have been erected by Theodorus of Samos (600 B.C.); in Athens an odeon near the spring Enneacrunus on the Ilissus was referred to the age of Peisistratus, and appears to have been rebuilt or restored by Lycurgus (c. 330 B.C.). This is probably the building which, according to Aristophanes,[1] was used for judicial purposes, for the distribution of corn, and even for the billeting of soldiers.

Roman Odeon of Fourvière, Lyon, France

The most magnificent odeon was the Odeon of Herodes Atticus on the southwest cliff of the Acropolis at Athens. It was built in about 160 A.D. by the wealthy sophist and rhetorician Herodes Atticus in memory of his wife, and considerable remains of the odeon still exist. It had accommodation for 8000 persons, and the ceiling was constructed of beautifully carved beams of cedar wood, probably with an open space in the centre to admit the light. It was also profusely decorated with pictures and other works of art. Similar buildings also existed in other parts of Greece; at Corinth, also the gift of Herodes Atticus; at Patrae, where there was a famous statue of Apollo; at Smyrna, Tralles, and other towns in Asia Minor. The first odeon in Rome was built by Domitian, a second by Trajan.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Wasps, 1109.

References[edit]



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5 news items

Yorkshire Post

Yorkshire Post
Wed, 06 Aug 2014 04:28:09 -0700

He said: “Since acquiring the former Odeon building from the Homes and Communities Agency, we have been keen to consider commercially viable redevelopment proposals which would retain as much of the character of the building as is possible.

Bradford Telegraph and Argus

Bradford Telegraph and Argus
Fri, 08 Aug 2014 09:41:22 -0700

THE group behind a failed plan to transform the city's iconic Odeon building has said Bradford Council has "missed an opportunity" by rejecting its bid. Bradford One hoped to turn the run-down building into into a community-owned live entertainment ...

Bradford Telegraph and Argus

Bradford Telegraph and Argus
Sun, 17 Aug 2014 10:05:21 -0700

THE Tories have criticised a decision to leave only one potential bidder in the running to develop the former Odeon building. Earlier this month, Bradford Live was announced as the only bidder to make it through to the final stage of a process to find ...
 
The Press, York
Fri, 15 Aug 2014 01:48:11 -0700

... but Henry Bell, the Stephen Joseph Theatre's new associate director, has taken a different tack to this sometimes unholy alliance. His amalgam of stage and screen revolves around the cinema itself, the SJT's home being Scarborough's old Odeon building.

ChesterChronicle.co.uk

ChesterChronicle.co.uk
Mon, 18 Aug 2014 09:30:00 -0700

... Northgate Quarter, the Chester Film Co-op is a creative place for film-makers and artists to meet, make films, and share ideas. The initiative is part of the RE:NEW project to develop and transform the Grade II listed Odeon building into a new ...
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