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Coordinates: 35°22′12″N 44°15′18″E / 35.3699722222222°N 44.2549166666667°E / 35.3699722222222; 44.2549166666667 (Nuzi (Gasur, Yorghan Tepe))

Nuzi (or Nuzu; Akkadian Gasur; modern Yorghan Tepe, Iraq) was an ancient Mesopotamian city southwest of Kirkuk in modern Al Ta'amim Governorate of Iraq, located near the Tigris river. The site consists of one medium sized multiperiod tell and two small single period mounds.


The town of Gasur was apparently founded during the Akkadian Empire in the late third millennium BC. In the middle second millennium Hurrians absorbed the town and renamed it Nuzi. The history of the site during the intervening period is unclear, though the presence of a few cuneiform tables from Old Assyria indicates that trade with nearby Assur was taking place. After the fall of the Hurrian kingdom of Mitanni to the Hittites, Nuzi fell to the Assyrians and went into decline. Note that while Hurrian period is well known because those levels of the site were fully excavated, the earlier history is less firm because of only scanty digging.[1] The history of Nuzi is closely interrelated with that of the nearby towns of Eshnunna and Khafajah.


While tablets from Yorghan Tepe began appearing back as far as 1896, the first serious archaeological efforts began in 1925 after Gertrude Bell noticed tablets appearing in the markets of Baghdad. The dig was mainly worked by Edward Chiera, Robert Pfeiffer, and Richard Starr under the auspices of the Iraq Museum and the Baghdad School of the American Schools of Oriental Research and later the Harvard University and Fogg Art Museum.[2][3][4] Excavations continued through 1931. The site has 15 occupation levels. The hundreds of tablets and other finds recovered were published in a series of volumes. More finds continue to be published to this day.[5]

To date, around 5000 tablets are known, mostly held at the Oriental Institute, the Harvard Semitic Museum and the Iraq Museum in Baghdad. Many are routine legal and business documents and about one quarter concern the business transactions of a single family.[6] The vast majority of finds are from the Hurrian period during the second millennium BC with the remainder dating back to the town's founding during the Akkadian Empire. Perhaps the most famous item found is a map of the local region dated to the Akkadian period. An archive contemporary to the Hurrian archive at Nuzi has been excavated from the "Green Palace" at the site of Tell al-Fakhar, 35 kilometres (22 mi) southwest of Nuzi.[7]

Nuzi, a provincial town in the 14th century BC[edit]

The best-known period in the history of Yorghan Tepe is by far one of the city of Nuzi in the 15th-14th centuries BC. The tablets of this period indicate that Nuzi was a small provincial town of northern Mesopotamia at this time in an area populated mostly by Hurrians, a people well known though poorly documented, and that would be even less if not for the information uncovered at this site.


Nuzi was a provincial town in the kingdom of Arrapha. It was administered by a governor (šaknu) from the palace. The palace, situated in the center of the mound, had many rooms arranged around a central courtyard. The functions of some of those rooms have been identified: reception areas, apartments, offices, kitchens, stores. The walls were painted, as was seen in fragments unearthed in the ruins of the building. Archives that have been exhumed tell us about the royal family, as well as the organization of the internal administration of the palace and its dependencies, and the payment in rations addicts received when working in his fields. Junior officers of the royal administration are sukkallu (often translated as "vizier", the second governor), the "district manager" (halṣuhlu), and the "mayor" (hazannu) were each responsible for an administrative level. Justice was rendered by these officers, but also by judges (dayānu) installed in the districts. Free subjects of the state were liable to a charge, the Ilku, which seems to consist of chores (military service, work for various government account, including its land). When a person sold land to another but remained to exploit it, they kept the burden of drudgery: the responsibility weighed on the operator and not the owner.[citation needed]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Reallexikon der Assyriologie by Erich Ebling, Bruno Meissner, 1993, Walter de Gruyter, ISBN 3-11-003705-X
  2. ^ The Joint Expedition of Harvard University and the Baghdad School at Yargon Tepa Near Kirkuk, David G. Lyon, Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research, No 30, 1928
  3. ^ Edward Chiera, Joint Expedition with the Iraq Museum at Nuzi. Mixed Texts., University of Pennsylvania Press, 1934
  4. ^ Nuzi; report on the excavation at Yorgan Tepa near Kirkuk, Iraq, conducted by Harvard University in conjunction with the American Schools of Oriental Research and the University museum of Philadelphia, 1927-1931, Richard F. S. Starr, Harvard University Press, 1937 and 1939, 2 volumes ISBN 0-674-62900-0
  5. ^ Joint Expedition With the Iraq Museum at Nuzi VIII: The Remaining Major Texts in the Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago (Studies on the Civilization and Culture of Nuzi and the Hurrians, V. 14), M. P. Maidman, David I. Owen, Gernot Wilhelm, Mathaf Al-Iraqi, University of Chicago Oriental Institute, CDL Press, 2003, ISBN 1-883053-80-3
  6. ^ The Teip-tilla Family of Nuzi: A Genealogical Reconstruction, Maynard Paul Maidman, Journal of Cuneiform Studies, Vol. 28, No. 3, 1976
  7. ^ al-Khalesi, Y.M. (1970). "Tell al-Fakhar. Report on the First Season’s Excavations". Sumer 26: 109–126. ISSN 0081-9271. 


  • Ernest R. Lacheman et al., Studies on the Civilization and Culture of Nuzi and the Hurrians: Volume 4 - The Eastern Archives of Nuzi and Excavations at Nuzi 9/2, Eisenbrauns, 1993, ISBN 0-931464-64-1
  • David I. Owen and Ernest R. Lacheman, Studies on the Civilization and Culture of Nuzi and the Hurrians: Volume 5 - General Studies and Excavations at Nuzi 9/3, Eisenbrauns, 1995, ISBN 0-931464-67-6
  • David I. Owen and Gernot Wilhelm, Studies on the Civilization and Culture of Nuzi and the Hurrians: Volume 7 - Edith Porada Memorial Volume, Capital Decisions Ltd, 1995, ISBN 1-883053-07-2
  • David I. Owen and Gernot Wilhelm, Studies on the Civilization and Culture of Nuzi and the Hurrians: Volume 8 - Richard F.S. Starr Memorial Volume, CDL Press, 1997, ISBN 1-883053-10-2
  • David I. Owen and Gernot Wilhelm, Studies on the Civilization and Culture of Nuzi and the Hurrians: Volume 9 - General Studies and Excavations at Nuzi, CDL Press, 1998, ISBN 1-883053-26-9
  • Brigitte Lion and Diana L. Stein, Studies on the Civilization and Culture of Nuzi and the Hurrians: Volume 11 - The Pula-Hali Family Archives, CDL Press, 2001, ISBN 1-883053-56-0
  • G. R. Driver and J. Miles, Ordeal by Oath at Nuzi, Iraq, vol. 7, pp. 132, 1940
  • J. Paradise, A Daughter and Her Father’s Property at Nuzi, Journal of Cuneiform Studies, vol. 32, pp. 189–207, 1980

External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nuzi — Please support Wikipedia.
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1824 videos foundNext > 

Nuzi - minns du oss (Lyrics)

Nuzi ft Demko Ängeln flög förbi

Nuzi Demko.

Nuzi - Bästisen jag förlora

Bark - Nuzi Kom Tillbaks [Nuzi Diss]

Bark - Nuzi Kom Tillbaks [Nuzi Diss].

Nuzi - En Enkel Match [Snabb R.C. DISS]

Nuzi kör en diss till R.C. vill ni ha låten kontakta mig: nuzi_95@hotmail.com.

Nuzi - Fan är ni [7Blades DISS]

Nuzi dissar 7Blades;) nuzi_95@hotmail.com ,,,,,om ni vill ha låten.......----

Kastro ft. Nuzi - Mr. Ken Ring

Kastro och Nuzi dissar Ken Ring.

Bektashizmi - Hoxhë Mr. Besim Nuzi

http://www.audionur.com Es-Selamu Alejkum Ju paraqesim videon e radhës nga AUDIONUR, e lusim Allahun (Subhanehu we te'ala) që të kemi dobi nga kjo që ndëgjoj...

Luljeta Nuzi - Shpresa Programme

A presentation filmed by the Basis Project - www.thebasisproject.org.uk See also http://www.shpresaprogramme.com/

Nuzi- Fuck You (JP diss)

Gammal låt där Nuzi dissar JP. Jag kan ingenting om beefen mellan dom, så fråga ej mig. La bara upp låten för att jag tycker dne är skön.

1824 videos foundNext > 

18 news items

People's Daily Online

People's Daily Online
Thu, 24 Jul 2014 09:18:45 -0700

Among the artists on show is local 14th century painter Allegretto Nuzi, who travelled to Tuscany in 1348 during a plague pandemic and painted the Madonna dell'Umiltà - also portrayed by his pupil in Fabriano, Francescuccio di Cecco Ghissi, in the ...

Newham Recorder

Newham Recorder
Tue, 29 Jul 2014 07:48:45 -0700

Upton Park fundraiser, seven, campaigns for GCSE in Albanian language. Kevin Nuzi, who is pictured after a public reading accompanied by friend Jessica Shega, is campaigning to have a GCSE in Albanian. Kay Atwal, Chief Reporter Tuesday, July 29, ...
Trentino Corriere Alpi
Wed, 20 Aug 2014 17:56:15 -0700

... da elette figure ispirate ai modelli fiorentini e senesi, rielaborati in chiave cortese, come testimoniano le varie redazioni della “Madonna dell'Umiltà”, soggetto frequentemente trattato sia da Nuzi che dal suo allievo fabrianese Francescuccio di ...


Fri, 25 Jul 2014 03:04:30 -0700

Le Marche (e Fabriano in particolare) tornano protagoniste di primo piano nel panorama italiano della cultura e delle grandi mostre con la prestigiosa mostra "Da GIOTTO a GENTILE pittura e scultura a Fabriano fra Due e Trecento" a cura di Vittorio Sgarbi.

Italia Oggi

Italia Oggi
Fri, 01 Aug 2014 17:00:00 -0700

Altri noti e studiati, come Francescuccio Ghissi e il suo geniale maestro, Allegretto Nuzi, che si era aperto alla pittura toscana di Siena e Firenze. Tornato in patria nell'anno della terribile peste fiorentina (1348), Nuzi vi portò il linguaggio ...


Mon, 04 Aug 2014 22:01:02 -0700

I disegni al tratto di Gabriele Mazzara infatti sono marcatamente ispirati alle opere di grandi artisti del '300, quali Jan van Eich, Leonardo da Vinci, Ingres, Rodin, ma soprattutto ai maestri fabrianesi Gentile da Fabriano, Puccio di Simone ...


Wed, 30 Jul 2014 05:56:15 -0700

이것은 주전 15세기 중엽 시대의 기록인 누지 토판(Nuzi tablets)을 통해서 확인할 수 있다. 누지는 니느웨 남동쪽으로, 이 토판에는 칼데아의 창시자를 아립-허라(Arip-hurra)라고 표현하고 있다. '히브리'라는 명칭은 바로 여기에서 왔음이 분명하다. 즉, 유대인 ...

Agora Magazine

Agora Magazine
Mon, 04 Aug 2014 14:56:15 -0700

Il nome Agylla, che ricorre negli scrittori greci, fu inteso la “rotonda”; ma il significato originario risulta da una base che richiama accadico ekallu, ant. ass. e Nuzi e-ga-la-am, sir., ar. haikal (palazzo, grande costruzione, tempio) che poteva ...

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