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Total population
Regions with significant populations
 United States ( California)
English, Nomlaki language
Roundhouse religion, Christianity
Related ethnic groups
other Wintun people[1]

The Nomlaki (also Noamlakee, Central Wintu, Nomelaki) are a Wintun people native to the area of the Sacramento Valley,[1] extending westward to the Coast Range in Northern California. Today some Nomlaki people are enrolled in the federally recognized tribes: Round Valley Indian Tribes, Grindstone Indian Rancheria or the Paskenta Band of Nomlaki Indians. The Nomlaki were bordered by the Wintu (Wintun) in the north, the Yana in the northeast and east, the Konkow (Maiduan) in the east, the Patwin (Wintun) in the south, and the Yuki in the west.

Nomlaki groups[edit]

There are two main groups:

  • The River Nomlaki lived in the Sacramento River region of the valley.
  • The Hill Nomlaki lived west of the River Nomaki. Their territory is now within Glenn and Tehama counties and the River Nomlaki region.


Currently one person speaks Nomlaki. Currently, only two elder tribal members of the Paskenta Band of Nomlaki Indians are said to remain who speak adequately; one younger tribal member is working on language revitalization efforts.

The Nomlaki spoke a Wintuan language known as Nomlaki. It was not extensively documented, however, some recordings exist of speaker Andrew Freeman and Sylvester Simmons.[2]


Estimates for the pre-contact populations of most native groups in California have varied substantially. (See Population of Native California.) Alfred L. Kroeber (1925:883) put the combined 1770 population of the Nomlaki, Wintu, and Patwin at 12,000. Sherburne F. Cook (1976:180-181) estimated the combined population of the Nomlaki and northern Patwin as 8,000. Walter Goldschmidt (1978:341) thought that the pre-contact population of the Nomlaki was probably more than 2,000.

Kroeber estimated the population of the Nomlaki, Wintu, and Patwin in 1910 as 1,000.


The US federal government restored the Paskenta Band of Nomlaki Indians to full tribal status in 1994. They were able to acquire land, the Paskenta Rancheria (39°52′05″N 122°13′28″W / 39.86806°N 122.22444°W / 39.86806; -122.22444), and establish the Rolling Hills Casino outside of Corning, California. Their tribal office is located in Orland, California. Nomlaki people are also enrolled in the federally recognized Grindstone Indian Rancheria and Round Valley Indian Tribes.

Notable tribal members[edit]

Nomlaki people in film[edit]

"Paskenta: Nomlaqa Bōda," a 2010 film by Harry Dawson based on oral tradition, "was commissioned and guided by the Paskenta Band of Nomlaki Indians."[4]

Nomlaki culture in literature[edit]

"Nomlaki Stone Gambling" was introduced by Daniel in the book "Stone Junction" at location 2357 or 40% in Kindle edition as similar to "Indian Stick Gambling", one of the oldest gambling game on the North American continent.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b California Indians and Their Reservations. San Diego State University Library and Information Access. 2010 (retrieved 30 June 2010)
  2. ^ "UC Berkeley, BLC Audio Archive of Linguistic Fieldwork". mip.berkeley.edu. Retrieved April 28, 2010. 
  3. ^ Mallozzi, Vincent M. "The American Indians of America’s Pastime", The New York Times, published June 8, 2008, accessed June 10, 2008.
  4. ^ "Paskenta: Nomlaqa Bōda". Tulsa International Film Festival 2011. Retrieved 2012-08-30. 


  • Cook, Sherburne F. 1976a. The Conflict between the California Indian and White Civilization. University of California Press, Berkeley.
  • Goldschmidt, Walter. 1978. "Nomlaki". In California, edited by Robert F. Heizer, pp. 341–349. Handbook of North American Indians, William C. Sturtevant, general editor, vol. 8. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.
  • Goldschmidt, Walter Rochs. Nomlaki Ethnography. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1951.
  • Kroeber, A. L. 1925. Handbook of the Indians of California. Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin No. 78. Washington, D.C.
  • Mithun, Marianne. 1999. The Languages of Native North America. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-23228-7 (hbk); ISBN 0-521-29875-X.
  • Smythe, Charles W., and Priya Helweg. Summary of Ethnological Objects in the National Museum of Natural History Associated with the Nomlaki Culture. Washington, D.C.: Repatriation Office, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, 1996.
  • A closely related Wintun dialect directly north of the Nomlaki, the Wintu

External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nomlaki_people — Please support Wikipedia.
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10 videos found

ʻEli Bōlah Wōtumeh - A Short Story about Wild Potatoes

Ni Phaskentimaq Nomlāqa Winthūn bōda. Nitaq hōnqēlit Phaskentin, Tuhenah pōmin bōhoh. Lēnin ni wēdiyucunāda Hawaiʻi qōlin, ʻutʻān pōholōl ni ...

Please Speak Your Native Language

I belong to the Paskenta Band of Nomlaki Indians and I have been actively learning our language for about 17-18 years now. I was inspired to post this today ...

June 11, 2014 -- 2nd Clip of Zak's Security Excessive Violence

On June 11, 2014, after having been barred from the reservation for over 2 months, the Tribal Council of the Paskenta Band of Nomlaki Indians authorized the ...

June 11, 2014 -- Illegal Excessive Violence by Zak's Security

On June 9, 2014, the BIA issued an "ADMINISTRATIVE CEASE AND DESIST ORDER" letter, which clearly names "The last uncontested Tribal Council of the ...

Miwok No Matter What

Filmmaker, Ya-nah Geary Mandujano of the Paskenta band of Nomlaki Indians, shines a spotlight on, California's Indian gaming deal with "Buena Vista ...

America the Beautiful -- Speak American

I dedicate my rendition of "America the Beautiful" to those who wish to make a mockery of this Great Land. This is for all those who believe we should "Speak ...

25 Most Endangered Languages in the World

Tweet this video! - http://clicktotweet.com/p7840 Countries around the world may boast of languages inherent to them alone, but the fact remains that if they do ...


La Nacion P'urhepecha Marchando en el estado de Washington. Nacion Indigena de Michoacan. Gente de Quinceo y TzinTzunTzan en esta Marcha en Seattle ...


SOURCE OF ALL RELIGION ANCIENT KEMET and its IGBO UKWU descendants native american tribes beautiful structures statues complex empires and ...

Interview with Caleen Sisk, Cheif of the Winnemem Wintu Tribe - April, 16 2012

April 16 2012 - Interview with Caleen Sisk, Cheif of the Winnemem Wintu Tribe at the Regional Forest Service office in Vallejo, CA. Winnemem Tribe DEMANDS ...

10 videos found

6 news items

PR Newswire (press release)
Sat, 13 Sep 2014 19:15:00 -0700

"I'm so pleased that the Nomlaki People had such strong voter turnout and exercised true democracy by electing its Tribal leadership," said Chairman Andrew Freeman, who was supported by both groups running for Tribal Council. "This is a new era of ...
Tue, 16 Sep 2014 01:09:41 -0700

"I'm so pleased that the Nomlaki People had such strong voter turnout and exercised true democracy by electing its tribal leadership," Chairman Freeman said. "This is a new era of Tribal leadership that promises financial integrity in its governance ...
Wed, 30 Apr 2014 19:00:16 -0700

The Nomlaki Indian Tribe, also owners of Rolling Hills Casino, have suspended tribal members under investigation for embezzling more than $1 million. Chairman Andy Freeman of the Paskenta Band of Nomlaki Indians, owner of Rolling Hills Casino in ...

Huffington Post

Huffington Post
Thu, 06 Feb 2014 12:06:47 -0800

Cody Pueo Pata, a Native Hawaiian award winning recording artist who also belongs to the Paskenta Band of Nomlaki people of Northern California fashioned his own response to #SpeakAmerican. Pata is fluent in Hawai'i's native language, 'ōlelo Hawai'i ...

A News Cafe

A News Cafe
Mon, 21 Apr 2014 12:15:55 -0700

The Paskenta Band of Nomlaki Indians, the governing body of Rolling Hills Casino, is in the midst of changes in tribal leadership and membership. This includes the disenrollment of some members and replacement of most council members, although the ...


Tue, 15 Mar 2011 23:59:54 -0700

"They're giving our site to the Nomlaki people. ... Let us do some more investigating." James Hayward Sr., director of the cultural resources program at the Redding Rancheria, agreed, as did Shasta Lake resident Rod Lindsay. Supervisors should consider ...

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