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Nizamabad
నిజామాబాదు
Indhoor
city
Khilla Ramalayam Temple in Dichpally from the Kakatiya Empire (12th century)
Khilla Ramalayam Temple in Dichpally from the Kakatiya Empire (12th century)
Nizamabad is located in Andhra Pradesh
Nizamabad
Nizamabad
Coordinates: 18°40′19″N 78°05′38″E / 18.672°N 78.094°E / 18.672; 78.094Coordinates: 18°40′19″N 78°05′38″E / 18.672°N 78.094°E / 18.672; 78.094
Country India
State Andhra Pradesh
Region Telangana
District Nizāmābād
Named for Nizam
Government
 • Member of Parliament Madhu Goud Yaskhi
 • Member of the Legislative Assembly

Yendela LakshmiNarayana

population_as_of = 2011
Area
 • Total 144 km2 (56 sq mi)
Elevation 395 m (1,296 ft)
Population (2011 census)
 • Total 310,467
 • Density 2,200/km2 (5,600/sq mi)
Demonym Nizamabadi
Languages
 • Official Telugu
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 503001
Telephone code 91-8462
Vehicle registration AP 25
Sex ratio 1001/1000 Females/males /
Literacy 80.31%
Lok Sabha constituency Nizamabad
Vidhan Sabha constituency Nizamabad Urban
Avg. annual temperature 32 °C (90 °F)
Avg. summer temperature 46 °C (115 °F)
Avg. winter temperature 10 °C (50 °F)
Website www.nizamabad.nic.in
Religion in Nizamabad
Religion Percent
Hinduism
  
14.00%
Islam
  
80.0%
Christianity
  
4.00%
Others†
  
2.00%
Distribution of religions
† Includes Sikhs (0.08%), Buddhists (0.01%), Jains (0.01%).

Nizāmābād About this sound pronunciation (Telugu: నిజామాబాదు), also referred to as Indhooru (Telugu: ఇందూరు, is a city and a municipal corporation in Nizamabad District in the state of Andhra Pradesh. It is the headquarters of the district. It has a population of 466,325.Nizamabad is the 10th most populous city in the state of Andhra Pradesh. Nizmabad city is one of 36 mandals in the Nizamabad district. It is located 171 kilometres (106 mi) north of state capital, Hyderabad.

History[edit]

Nizamabad was formerly known as Induru and Indrapuri. It was ruled by the king Indra Vallabha Panthya Varsha Indra Som of the Rashtrakuta Dynasty in the 8th century, and took its name from him. In 1905 the railway line between Secundrabad and Manmad was constructed. The railway station was named after then ruler of the Nizam state Nizam-ul-Mulk as Nizamabad.The railway connects Hyderabad and Mumbai and is a north-south corridor. The city is 161 km (100 mi) from Hyderabad and 640 km (400 mi) from Mumbai.

The Nizam Sagar dam was constructed in 1923 across the Manjira River at the village of Achampet. It irrigates 250,000 acres (1,000 km2; 390 sq mi) of land in Nizamabad District.

Nizamabad is in the north of Andhra Pradesh in the district of Nizāmābād. The region includes the towns of Bodhan, Armoor, Kamareddy, and Banswada. The Nizam Sugar Factory in Bodhan was at one time the largest in Asia. Bodhan is home to people from many cultural and religious backgrounds, consisting primarily of Hindus, Sikhs, and Muslims, as well as Christians and other religious communities. It was the capital during the Rashtrakuta Empire.

The district has a few prehistoric sites. The existence of a fairly developed megalithic culture has been discovered at Armoor, Yellareddy, and Kamareddy. Some of the major dynasties which extended their rule to the district include the Mauryas, Satavahanas, Rastrakutas and Chalukyas]] during the ancient period, the Kakatiyas, Bahmani Sultanate, Qutub Shahis, and Bidar Sultanate during the medieval period, and the Mughals and Asaf Jahis during the modern period. In 1876 the districts in the Nizam's dominion were reorganised, whereupon Indur became a district. In 1905, the taluks of Nirmal and Narsapur were transferred to the newly created Adilabad district and Mudhol Taluk and a part of Banswada Taluk to Nanded district. The rest of Banswada was divided into Bodhan and Yellareddy taluks. While Bheemgal was merged into Armoor Taluk, other changes were made in Yellareddy and Kamareddy. The district in its new shape was christened as Nizambad.

Before 1979, there were seven taluks in the district. In December 1979 Armoor and Kamareddy taluks were bifurcated, and two new taluks, Bheemgal and Domakonda, were formed. With these two taluks, the number of taluks rose from seven to nine. In May 1985, 35 mandals were formed as smaller administrative units in the district. In August 1988, Yedapally Mandal was formed, bringing the total number of mandals to 36.

Geography[edit]

Nizamabad is located at 18°41′N 78°6′E / 18.683°N 78.100°E / 18.683; 78.100.[1] It has an average elevation of 395 m (1,296 ft). The climate is tropical savanna, with most rainfall from June to October.

The Manjira River runs through the district, travelling through Nizamsagar, Banswada, Birkur, Kandakurthi, kotagiri (sunkini) and Pochampadu, and flows into the Godavari river. The river forms the border of Nizamabad district with Maharastra, as it is the border for the state of Andhra Pradesh.

Boundaries and climate[edit]

Nizamabad district is bounded on the north by Adilabad district, on the east by Karimnagar district, on the south by Medak district, and on the west by Nanded district of Maharastra State and Bidar of Karnataka State. The geographical area of these six districts is 7,956 square kilometres (3,072 sq mi). The district lies between 180 5' and 190' of the northern latitudes and 770 4' and 780 37' of the eastern longitudes. As the district is situated at a considerable distance from the coast, the climate is tropical. The temperature fluctuations are high, with a normal mean minimum temperature of 13 °C (55 °F) and mean maximum of 13 °C (55 °F). The temperature goes as low as 5 °C (41 °F) during winter and rises as high as 47 °C (117 °F) during the summer peak.

Demographics[edit]

As of 2011 India census,[2] Nizāmābād had a population of 310,467. Males constituted 51 per cent of the population and females 49 per cent. Nizamaad has an average literacy rate of 80.31 per cent, higher than the national average of 74.04 per cent; male literacy is 86.82 per cent and female literacy is 73.83 per cent. In Nizamabad,13 per cent of the population is under 6 years of age.

Agriculture[edit]

Major crops grown are sugarcane, turmeric, rice, maize, sorghum, pearl millet, and all types of vegetables.

Major irrigation projects are:

  • Sri Ram Sagar (Pochampahad)
  • Nizam Sagar (flows all through in the district)
  • Pocharam
  • Ali Sagar Lift Irrigation
  • Gutpa Lift Irrigation

Transport[edit]

The airport nearest to Nizamabad is Nanded Airport, at 136 km (85 mi). Rajiv Gandhi International Airport at Hyderabad, 162 km (101 mi) away, is the nearest international airport. Nizamabad is connected by rail to Hyderabad and Mumbai.

Roads[edit]

Nizamabād is well connected by roadways. The NH44, at over 3,000 kilometres (1,900 mi), is the longest National Highway in India. It connects Varanasi in North India and Kanyakumari in South India and is a north-south corridor. NH16, 500 kilometres (310 mi) long, starts at Nizamabad and passes through Karimnagar to Jagadalpur in the state of Chhattisgarh.[3]

Bus service is one of the important modes of transportation in Nizamabad. The Andhra Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation (APSRTC) runs buses, with a bus for every 15 minutes to Hyderabad. They also offer a premium service, with Mercedes Benz buses, from Nizamabad to Hyderabad and Bangalore.[4] APSRTC also connects to other major cities like Mumbai, Pune, Nanded, Aurangabad, Shirdi, Nagpur, Bhadrachalam, Khammam, Kurnool, Ananthapur, Karimnagar, Warangal, Medak, Tirupathi, Vijayawada, Guntur, and Kakinada.

Rail[edit]

Nizāmābād-Kacheguda Fast Passenger with WDG-3A locomotive

Nizāmābād (Station code NZB) is a station located on the Kachiguda-Manmad section of Hyderabad Division of the South Central Railway Zone (SCR). Nizamabad has rail connectivity with Bangalore, Indore, Bhopal, Gwalior, Itarsi, Ajmer, Manmad, Aurangabad, Nanded, Parbhani, Parli Vaijnath, Latur, Osmanabad, Adilabad, Nagpur, Basar, Nasik, Mumbai, Pune, Daund, Mahbubnagar, Kurnool, Kadapa, Renigunta, Tirupati, Katpadi, Erode, Madurai, Visakhapatnam, Sambalpur, Okha, Dwaraka, Ahmedabad, Surat, Rameshwaram, Rajkot, Salem and Kachiguda (HYB). Ajanta Express, between Kachiguda and Manmad, is the most prestigious train passing through this station. The Ellora Express formerly travelled between Manmad and Nizamabad. This train was cancelled during the track gauge conversion process.

Proposed Airport[edit]

Hopes on the proposed airport at Jakranpalli are up again with officials from Airports Authority of India (AAI) visiting the site for survey near the Jakranpally mandal headquarters.The four-member team from New Delhi,accompanied by the Revenue officials, inspected the site spread over 1,200 acres.The conditions they set for undertaking airport construction,however,created a doubt over their permission for the airport. Another hurdle in the construction of airport at Jakranpally is that only 1,200 acres of government land is available at the place and an additional 300 acres needs to be acquired from farmers who are not ready to relinquish their fields.

Government offices[edit]

  • Passport Seva Kendra
  • Nizamabad District Court
  • District Collector Office
  • District Government Hospital
  • Head Post Office
  • National Cadet Corps Group HQ (NCC Group HQ Nizamabad),with one battalion (12 Andhra NCC Battalion)

Education[edit]

Many Engineering colleges are located in and around the city while VREC and Arkay College,which are both affiliated to JNTUH are some of the reputed engineering colleges located in Telangana region.Kakatiya Junior College of Nizamabad is one the most famous colleges in state of Andhra Pradesh.

University[edit]

Telangana University is a public university located at Dichpally in Nizamabad district,Andhra Pradesh,established in 2006 by the government of Andhra Pradesh.

Colleges[edit]

Schools[edit]

  • Blooming Buds High School
  • Kakatiya High School
  • Nirmala Hrudaya School
  • SSR Discovery Academy
  • R.B.V.R.R High School
  • SFS High School


<==Industries and Public Sector Undertakings== 1.Nizamabad Deccan Sugar Ltd, Shakkar nagar, Bodhan 2.Indur Green power Pvt. Ltd., Renzal (V) & (M) 3.Sukhjit starch mills, Nizamabad 4.Nizamabad corn products, Nizamabad 5.AGA Publications, Vaartha News paper, Nizamabad 6.Nizamabad Agro Pvt. Ltd., Nizamabad 7.Sri Vajra granites, Basavapur (V), Bhiknoor (M) 8.NCS Gayatri sugars, Adloor, Yellareddy (V), Sadashivanagar (M) 9.Vamsi Krishna Binny Rice Mill, Nizamabad 10.Nizamabad Cooperative sugas, Sarangapur, Nizamabad 11.A.1 Stone Crusher's , Sarangapur, Nizamabad 12.A.1 Transport, Kanteshwar, Nizamabad

Multiplex and Shopping[edit]

  • Usha Prasad Multiplex (3 3D screens)
  • H.Gangaram Shopping Mall
  • Sultans Shopping Mall
  • Lalitha Electronics
  • Priyanka E Zone
  • Kalanikethan shoping mall
  • Joyallukas
  • Tata gold plus
  • Aakruthi colours of beauty
  • People aditya birla group

Hotels[edit]

Nikhil Sai International and Hotel Vamshee International are the 3 star hotels located in the heart of the city. Kapila Hotel.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Falling Rain Genomics, Inc – Nizamabād". Fallingrain.com. Retrieved 20 November 2012. 
  2. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  3. ^ "North South East West Map". National Highway Development Project. Retrieved 16 June 2008. 
  4. ^ Mercedes Benz of India

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nizamabad,_Andhra_Pradesh — Please support Wikipedia.
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