||This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. (September 2012)|
|Kakatiya Empire (12th century)|
|• Member of Parliament||Madhu Goud Yaskhi|
|• Member of the Legislative Assembly||
Yendela LakshmiNarayanapopulation_as_of = 2011
|• Total||144 km2 (56 sq mi)|
|Elevation||395 m (1,296 ft)|
|Population (2011 census)|
|• Density||2,200/km2 (5,600/sq mi)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Vehicle registration||AP 25|
|Sex ratio||1001/1000 Females/males ♂/♀|
|Lok Sabha constituency||Nizāmābād|
|Vidhan Sabha constituency||Nizāmābād Urbun|
|Avg. annual temperature||32 °C (90 °F)|
|Avg. summer temperature||46 °C (115 °F)|
|Avg. winter temperature||10 °C (50 °F)|
Nizāmābād pronunciation (help·info)(Telugu: నిజామాబాదు), also referred to as Indhooru (Telugu: ఇందూరు, is a city and a municipal corporation in Nizamabad District in the state of Andhra Pradesh, India. It is the headquarters of the district. It has a population of 466,325. Nizāmābād is the 10th most populous city in the state of Andhra Pradesh. Nizāmābād city is one of 36 mandals in the Nizāmābād district. It is located 171 kilometres (106 mi) north of state capital, Hyderabad.
Nizāmābād was formerly known as Induru and Indrapuri. It was ruled by the king Indra Vallabha Panthya Varsha Indra Som of the Rashtrakuta Dynasty in the 8th century, and took its name from him. In 1905 the railway line between Secundrabad and Manmad was constructed. The railway station was named after then ruler of the Nizam state Nizam-ul-Mulk as Nizāmābād. The railway connects Hyderabad and Mumbai and is a north-south corridor. The city is 161 km (100 mi) from Hyderabad and 640 km (400 mi) from Mumbai.
Nizāmābād is in the north of Andhra Pradesh in the district of Nizāmābād. The region includes the towns of Bodhan, Armuru, Kamareddy, and Banswada. The Nizam Sugar Factory in Bodhan was at one time the largest in Asia. Bodhan is home to people from many cultural and religious backgrounds, consisting primarily of Hindus, Sikhs, and Muslims, as well as Christians and other religious communities. It was the capital during the Rashtrakuta Empire.
The district has a few prehistoric sites. The existence of a fairly developed megalithic culture has been discovered at Armoor, Yellareddy, and Kamareddy. Some of the major dynasties which extended their rule to the district include the Mauryas, Satavahanas, Rastrakutas and Chalukyas]] during the ancient period, the Kakatiyas, Bahmani Sultanate, Qutub Shahis, and Bidar Sultanate during the medieval period, and the Mughals and Asaf Jahis during the modern period. In 1876 the districts in the Nizam's dominion were reorganised, whereupon Indur became a district. In 1905, the taluks of Nirmal and Narsapur were transferred to the newly created Adilabad district and Mudhol Taluk and a part of Banswada Taluk to Nanded district. The rest of Banswada was divided into Bodhan and Yellareddy taluks. While Bheemgal was merged into Armoor Taluk, other changes were made in Yellareddy and Kamareddy. The district in its new shape was christened as Nizāmābād.
Before 1979, there were seven taluks in the district. In December 1979 Armoor and Kamareddy taluks were bifurcated, and two new taluks, Bheemgal and Domakonda, were formed. With these two taluks, the number of taluks rose from seven to nine. In May 1985, 35 mandals were formed as smaller administrative units in the district. In August 1988, Yedapally Mandal was formed, bringing the total number of mandals to 36.
The Manjira River runs through the district, travelling through Nizāmsagar, Banswada, Birkur, Kandakurthi, and Pochampadu, and flows into the Godavari river. The river forms the border of Nizāmābād district with Maharastra, as it is the border for the state of Andhra Pradesh.
Boundaries and climate
Nizāmābād district is bounded on the north by Adilabad district, on the east by Karimnagar district, on the south by Medak district, and on the west by Nanded district of Maharastra State and Bidar of Karnataka State. The geographical area of these six districts is 7,956 square kilometres (3,072 sq mi). The district lies between 180 5' and 190' of the northern latitudes and 770 4' and 780 37' of the eastern longitudes. As the district is situated at a considerable distance from the coast, the climate is tropical. The temperature fluctuations are high, with a normal mean minimum temperature of 13 °C (55 °F) and mean maximum of 13 °C (55 °F). The temperature goes as low as 5 °C (41 °F) during winter and rises as high as 47 °C (117 °F) during the summer peak.
As of 2011 India census, Nizāmābād had a population of 310,467. Males constituted 51 per cent of the population and females 49 per cent. Nizāmābād has an average literacy rate of 80.31 per cent, higher than the national average of 74.04 per cent; male literacy is 86.82 per cent and female literacy is 73.83 per cent. In Nizāmābād, 13 per cent of the population is under 6 years of age.
Major irrigation projects are:
- Sri Ram Sagar
- Nizam Sagar (flows all through in the district)
- Ali Sagar Lift Irrigation
- Gutpa Lift Irrigation
The airport nearest to Nizāmābād is Nanded Airport, at 136 km (85 mi). Rajiv Gandhi International Airport at Hyderabad, 162 km (101 mi) away, is the nearest international airport. Nizāmābād is connected by rail to Hyderabad and Mumbai.
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Nizāmābād is well connected by roadways. The NH44, at over 3,000 kilometres (1,900 mi), is the longest National Highway in India. It connects Varanasi in North India and Kanyakumari in South India and is a north-south corridor. NH16, 500 kilometres (310 mi) long, starts at Nizāmābād and passes through Karimnagar to Jagadalpur in the state of Chhattisgarh.
Bus service is one of the important modes of transportation in Nizāmābād. The Andhra Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation (APSRTC) runs buses, with a bus for every 15 minutes to Hyderabad. They also offer a premium service, with Mercedes Benz buses, from Nizāmābād to Hyderabad and Bangalore. APSRTC also connects to other major cities like Mumbai, Pune, Nanded, Aurangabad, Shirdi, Nagpur, Bhadrachalam, Khammam, Kurnool, Ananthapur, Karimnagar, Warangal, Medak, Tirupathi, Vijayawada, Guntur, and Kakinada.
Nizāmābād (Station code NZB) is a station located on the Kachiguda-Manmad section of Hyderabad Division of the South Central Railway Zone (SCR). Nizāmābād has rail connectivity with Bangalore, Indore, Bhopal, Gwalior, Itarsi, Ajmer, Manmad, Aurangabad, Nanded, Parbhani, Parli Vaijnath, Latur, Osmanabad, Adilabad, Nagpur, Basar, Nasik, Mumbai, Pune, Daund, Mahbubnagar, Kurnool, Kadapa, Renigunta, Tirupati, Katpadi, Erode, Madurai, Visakhapatnam, Sambalpur, Okha, Dwaraka, Ahmedabad, Surat, Rameshwaram, Rajkot, Salem and Kachiguda (HYB). Ajanta Express, between Kachiguda and Manmad, is the most prestigious train passing through this station. The Ellora Express formerly travelled between Manmad and Nizāmābād. This train was cancelled during the track gauge conversion process.
- Passport Seva Kendra
- Nizāmābād District Court
- District Collector Office
- District Government Hospital
- Head Post Office
- National Cadet Corps Group HQ (NCC Group HQ Nizāmābād), with one battalion (12 Andhra NCC Battalion)
- Arkay College of Engineering and Technology
- Kshatriya College of Engineering
- Vijay Rural Engineering College
- Srinivasa Reddy Institute of Technology
- Kakatiya Engineering College for Women
- Vijay College of Engineering for Women
- Gyanasaraswati College of Engineering and science
- Sudheereddy College of Engineering for Women
- Vijay Institute of Technology
- Government Medical College
- Telangana University
- Government Medical College
- "Falling Rain Genomics, Inc – Nizāmābād". Fallingrain.com. Retrieved 20 November 2012.
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
- "North South East West Map". National Highway Development Project. Retrieved 16 June 2008.
- Mercedes Benz of India
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