Nitroxyl (common name) or azanone (IUPAC name) is the chemical compound HNO. It is well known in the gas phase. In aqueous solution it acts as an acid with the conjugate base NO−, (pKa = 11.4). NO− is the reduced form of nitric oxide (NO) and is isoelectronic with dioxygen. Nitroxyl can be formed as a reaction intermediate.
Nitroxyl is very reactive towards nucleophiles (especially thiols) and quickly dimerizes to hyponitrous acid, H2N2O2, which is then dehydrated to nitrous oxide N2O. Therefore, HNO is generally prepared in situ for example with the compounds such as Angeli’s salt (Na2N2O3) and Piloty’s acid (PhSO2NHOH) when it is needed.
Nitroxyl donors, known as nitroso compounds, show potential in the treatment of heart failure and ongoing research is focused on finding new molecules for this task. In one study  such donor is prepared by organic oxidation of cyclohexanone oxime with lead tetraacetate to form 1-nitrosocyclohexyl acetate:
This compound can be hydrolyzed under basic conditions in a phosphate buffer to HNO, acetic acid and cyclohexanone.
Other studies that have been conducted on HNO precursors include those from Nagasawa et al. in which Piloty's acid is derivatized and produces HNO upon thermal decomposition. Other notable studies on the production of HNO come from Toscano et al. in which cycloadducts of acyl nitroso species (which are known to decompose via hydrolysis to HNO and acyl acid) are synthesized. Upon photolysis these compounds release the acyl nitroso species which then further decomposes.
- ^ Doctorovich, F.; Bikiel, D.; Pellegrino, J.; Suárez, S. A.; Larsen, A.; Martí, M. A. (2011). "Nitroxyl (azanone) trapping by metalloporphyrins". Coordination Chemistry Reviews 255 (23–24): 2764–2784.
- ^ Greenwood, Norman N.; Earnshaw, Alan (1997). Chemistry of the Elements (2nd ed.). Butterworth-Heinemann. ISBN 0-08-037941-9.
- ^ Wiberg, Egon; Holleman, Arnold Frederick (2001). Inorganic Chemistry. Elsevier. ISBN 0-12-352651-5.
- ^ Sha, Xin; Isbell, T. Scott; Patel, Rakesh P.; Day, Cynthia S.; King, S. Bruce (2006). "Hydrolysis of Acyloxy Nitroso Compounds Yields Nitroxyl (HNO)". J. Am. Chem. Soc. (Article) 128 (30): 9687–9692. doi:10.1021/ja062365a.
- ^ Nagasawa, H. T.; Kawle, S. P.; Elberling, J. A.; DeMaster, E. G.; Fukuto, J. M. J. "Prodrugs of Nitroxyl as Potential Aldehyde Dehydrogenase Inhibitors vis-a-vis Vascular Smooth Muscle Relaxants". Med. Chem. 38: 1865–1871. doi:10.1021/jm00011a005.
- ^ Cohen, A. D.; Zeng, B.-B.; King, S. B.; Toscano, J. P. (2003). "Direct observation of an acyl nitroso species in solution by time-resolved IR spectrocopy". J. Am. Chem. Soc. 125: 1444–1445. doi:10.1021/ja028978e.
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Nitroxyl Nitroxyl (common name) or azanone (IUPAC name) is the chemical compound HNO.It is well known in the gas phase.
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Mon, 02 Nov 2015 03:59:31 -0800
The acquisition will give Bristol-Myers Squibb full rights to Cardioxyl's lead asset CXL-1427, a novel nitroxyl (HNO) donor (prodrug) in Phase 2 clinical development as an intravenous treatment for acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF). The ...
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A host of ACE inhibitors, calcium antagonists, angiotensin receptor blockers, beta blockers and diuretics have been central to HF therapy for more than 20 years and - along with improved medical devices and surgical procedures - have been instrumental ...
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Article |; Matsuno, R., Yamamoto, K., Otsuka, H. & Takahara, A. Polystyrene-grafted magnetite nanoparticles prepared through surface-initiated nitroxyl-mediated radical polymerization. Chem. Mater. 15, 3–5 (2003). | Article | CAS |; Ohno, K., Koh, K ...
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In November Pfizer at long last found a willing acquisition target that may provide the tax inversion it has been desperate to achieve since its first bid for AstraZeneca made in January last year. The $160bn takeover of Allergan will create the ...
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Bessere Durchblutung, ein niedriger Blutdruck und ein kräftiges Herz – diese Effekte wiesen Wissenschaftler nun bei der Erforschung des bisher wenig beachteten Wirkstoffes Nitroxyl nach. Gleichzeitig zeigten sie dessen Grenzen auf: Nitroxyl kann auch ...
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High-Potential Electrocatalytic O2Reduction with Nitroxyl/NOxMediators: Implications for Fuel Cells and Aerobic Oxidation Catalysis. ACS Central Science, 2015; 150715073114004 DOI: 10.1021/acscentsci.5b00163; Wei Chen, Haotian Wang, Yuzhang Li, ...
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