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Nisqually National Wildlife Refuge
IUCN category IV (habitat/species management area)
Nisqually NWR 28077.JPG
Map showing the location of Nisqually National Wildlife Refuge
Map showing the location of Nisqually National Wildlife Refuge
Location in Washington state
Location Thurston and Pierce counties, Washington, USA
Nearest city Lacey, WA
Coordinates 47°04′57″N 122°43′18″W / 47.08250°N 122.72167°W / 47.08250; -122.72167Coordinates: 47°04′57″N 122°43′18″W / 47.08250°N 122.72167°W / 47.08250; -122.72167[1]
Area 4,529.21 acres (1,833 ha)[2]
Established 1974 (1974)[3]
Visitors 137,000 (in 2004)
Governing body United States Fish and Wildlife Service
Nisqually National Wildlife Refuge

The Nisqually National Wildlife Refuge is a wildlife preserve operated by the United States Fish and Wildlife Service on the Nisqually River Delta near Puget Sound in northeastern Thurston County, Washington and northwestern Pierce County, Washington. The refuge is located just off Interstate 5, between the cities of Tacoma and Olympia.

The 12.6 km2 refuge was created in 1974 to provide habitat and nesting areas for waterfowl and other migratory birds. It includes a protected estuary, salt marshes and open mudflats, freshwater marshes, open grassland, and riparian woodland and brush. An additional 3.2 square kilometres (1.2 sq mi) is protected by the disjoint Black River Unit on a tributary of the Chehalis River.

Wildlife[edit]

The wildlife refuge is home to the Nisqually River Delta, which has the unique status as Washington’s largest relatively undisturbed estuary. The confluence of the freshwater Nisqually River and the saltwater south Puget Sound has created a variety of unique environments, each rich in nutrients and natural resources for the local wildlife. The delta provides habitats for more than 300 different species of fish and wildlife.[4]

In 1904 the Brown Farm Dike, five miles long, was created to protect farmland from tidal surge, resulting in a loss of important habitat for young fish, birds and marine mammals such as harbor seals. As part of a long running project to restore the estuary, in 2009 a new 10,000 foot dike was installed behind the old dike and four miles of the old Brown Farm Dike were removed. This enabled the tidal flows to reclaim 762 acres to the estuary.

Sea life features 24 species of fish located in one of three habitats: riverine, estuarine or the Nisqually Reach nearshore. Large populations of fall Chinook salmon, starry flounder and shiner perch offer a sampling of the fish that are abundantly available.[5] The saltmarshes and mudflats are located outside of the dikes. Rich in nutrients, they are the home to clams, crabs, shrimp and worms, which in turn feed ducks, gulls and herons.

Over 20,000 birds, made up of 275 different migrating species, use the freshwater marshes and grasslands for breeding, resting or wintering. The most abundant bird types include raptors, shorebirds and songbirds. Larger animals such as hawks and coyotes feast in the grassland due to the presence of mice and voles.

The riparian woodland and brush habitats contain many amphibians, mammals and reptiles.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Nisqually National Wildlife Refuge". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. 
  2. ^ "Annual Report of Lands as of September 30, 2013". United States Fish and Wildlife Service. 
  3. ^ "About the Refuge". Nisqually National Wildlife Refuge. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 
  4. ^ "Habitat". Nisqually National Reserve. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved February 25, 2015. 
  5. ^ "Fish". Nisqually National Reserve. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved February 25, 2015. 

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nisqually_National_Wildlife_Refuge — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
1236 videos foundNext > 

Nisqually National Wildlife Refuge on Comcast’s “Neighborhoods” show

Join Sabrina Register for a scenic walk through the Nisqually National Wildlife Refuge.

Nisqually National Wildlife Refuge

Nisqually National Wildlife Refuge in Washington State offers vital wetlands and estuary habitat for migrating birds and also for salmon as they move between rivers and the ocean. Please visit...

Nisqually National Wildlife Refuge

Kayaked around the Nisqually National Wildlife Refuge and took photos and video. I saw seals, hawks, eagles, deer, crabs and even other kayakers. The boat launch was a Luhr Beach / Nisqually...

Virtual Field Trip - Nisqually National Wildlife Refuge - www.ourhomeschoolideas.com

A home school virtual tour of the Nisqually National Wildlife Refuge in Washington state. Includes short clips of different scenes of the refuge. Filmed by and courtesy of Our Homeschool...

Nisqually National Wildlife Refuge

Nisqually National Wildlife Refuge

Brown Farm Dike Trail at the Nisqually Wildlife Refuge is being removed to restore the natural salt marsh estuary. The farewell walk on the trail is April 18th.

2014,06,27 Nisqually National Wildlife Refuge~Parkland

Harbor Seals at Nisqually National Wildlife Refuge

Very cool kayak trip other than the rain and going against the tide but these playful harbor seals made the trip worthwhile. I wanted to tap their heads with my paddle as they seem to want...

Nisqually National Wildlife Refuge

GPS Trail Map: http://www.movescount.com/moves/move51876514 Nisqually National Wildlife Refuge http://www.movescount.com/moves/move51876514 Almost as convenient as a rest stop right off...

Nisqually National Wildlife Refuge Mallards

Nisqually National Wildlife Refuge Mallards and Heron.

1236 videos foundNext > 

214 news items

OregonLive.com

OregonLive.com
Thu, 19 Mar 2015 07:01:20 -0700

Nisqually National Wildlife Refuge near Olympia has a new mile-long Puget Sound boardwalk The Nisqually National Wildlife Refuge, a half-mile off Interstate 5 north of Olympia, has recently undergone a major saltwater marsh restoration and has ...

ThurstonTalk

ThurstonTalk
Tue, 03 Mar 2015 10:47:02 -0800

The Land Trust protects 4,850 acres between Mount Rainier National Park and the Nisqually National Wildlife Refuge. “That includes habitat for salmon and threatened wildlife,” said Kane. “With the help of our supporters, we are also protecting water ...

KING5.com

KING5.com
Tue, 10 Feb 2015 16:00:00 -0800

Nisqually National Wildlife Refuge is located 8 miles northeast of Olympia. - From Interstate 5 southbound, take exit 114. Make a right at the traffic light, go under the freeway and make a right into the Refuge. Follow the entrance road to the two ...

My Edmonds News

My Edmonds News
Fri, 20 Mar 2015 12:18:45 -0700

Early one summer I watched an adult Bald Eagle perched on a utility pole out east of the Nisqually National Wildlife Refuge in Thurston County. A male Red-winged Blackbird created a noisy ruckus and looked to be jumping up and down on the eagle's tail.

ThurstonTalk

ThurstonTalk
Fri, 20 Mar 2015 06:41:15 -0700

Nisqually National Wildlife Refuge provides a window into the world of over 200 species of birds that visit throughout the year as well as beavers and reptiles that live off the wetlands. Northwest Trek offers a more interactive experience with a tram ...

ThurstonTalk

ThurstonTalk
Thu, 15 Jan 2015 06:37:30 -0800

Just shy of the Thurston County line, the Nisqually National Wildlife Refuge is a world of trees, damselflies, and bird song. Seeking some fresh air and education, my son and I took a day to wander the trails at this lovely place. Like most four-year ...

southsoundtalk.com

southsoundtalk.com
Sun, 08 Jun 2014 05:56:15 -0700

His certificate of training is prominently displayed in our home while his badge will certainly remain a treasured item. Clean air, clean dirt, and a whole lot of interesting things I know he'll remember, Nisqually National Wildlife Refuge has been a ...

The Olympian

The Olympian
Sat, 11 Oct 2014 00:07:30 -0700

275: The number of bird species that use the Nisqually National Wildlife Refuge as a migration stop, wintering area or breeding location. 30: The approximate number of active bald eagle nest sites in the Lewis and Clark National Wildlife Refuge near ...
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