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Nisqually National Wildlife Refuge
IUCN category IV (habitat/species management area)
Nisqually NWR 28077.JPG
Map showing the location of Nisqually National Wildlife Refuge
Map showing the location of Nisqually National Wildlife Refuge
Location in Washington state
Location Thurston / Pierce counties, Washington, USA
Nearest city Lacey, WA
Coordinates 47°04′22″N 122°42′46″W / 47.07278°N 122.71278°W / 47.07278; -122.71278Coordinates: 47°04′22″N 122°42′46″W / 47.07278°N 122.71278°W / 47.07278; -122.71278
Area 3,914 acres (1,584 ha)
Established 1974
Visitors 137,000 (in 2004)
Governing body United States Fish and Wildlife Service
Ring-necked Duck near the visitors center
American Bittern, Nisqually NWR

The Nisqually National Wildlife Refuge is a wildlife preserve operated by the United States Fish and Wildlife Service on the Nisqually River Delta near Puget Sound in northeastern Thurston County, Washington and northwestern Pierce County, Washington. The refuge is located just off Interstate 5, between the cities of Tacoma and Olympia.

The 12.6 km2 refuge was created in 1974 to provide habitat and nesting areas for waterfowl and other migratory birds. It includes a protected estuary, salt marshes and open mudflats, freshwater marshes, open grassland, and riparian woodland and brush. An additional 3.2 square kilometres (1.2 sq mi) planned is protected by the disjoint Black River Unit on a tributary of the Chehalis River.

Wildlife[edit]

The wildlife refuge is home to the Nisqually River Delta, which has the unique status as Washington’s largest relatively undisturbed estuary. The confluence of the freshwater Nisqually River and the saltwater south Puget Sound has created a variety of unique environments, each rich in nutrients and natural resources for the local wildlife. The delta provides habitats for more than 300 different species of fish and wildlife.[1]

In 1904 the Brown Farm Dike, five miles long, was created to protect farmland from tidal surge, resulting in a loss of important habitat for young fish, birds and marine mammals such as harbor seals. As part of a long running project to restore the estuary, in 2009 a new 10,000 foot dike was installed behind the old dike and four miles of the old Brown Farm Dike were removed. This enabled the tidal flows to reclaim 762 acres to the estuary.

Sea life features 24 species of fish located in one of three habitats: riverine, estuarine or the Nisqually Reach nearshore. Large populations of Fall Chinook Salmon, Starry flounder and Shiner Perch offer a sampling of the fish that are abundantly available. Water mammals range in size from small porpoises to whales.[2]

The saltmarshes and mudflats are located outside of the dikes. Rich in nutrients, they are the home to clams, crabs, shrimp and worms, which in turn feed ducks, gulls and herons.

Over 20,000 birds, made up of 275 different migrating species, use the freshwater marshes and grasslands for breeding, resting or wintering. The most abundant bird types include raptors, shorebirds and songbirds. Larger animals such as hawks and coyotes feast in the grassland due to the presence of mice and voles.

The riparian woodland and brush habitats contain many amphibians, mammals and reptiles.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nisqually_National_Wildlife_Refuge — Please support Wikipedia.
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1390 videos foundNext > 

Nisqually National Wildlife Refuge

Nisqually National Wildlife Refuge

Kayaked around the Nisqually National Wildlife Refuge and took photos and video. I saw seals, hawks, eagles, deer, crabs and even other kayakers. The boat la...

Virtual Field Trip - Nisqually National Wildlife Refuge - www.ourhomeschoolideas.com

A home school virtual tour of the Nisqually National Wildlife Refuge in Washington state. Includes short clips of different scenes of the refuge. Filmed by a...

Nisqually National Wildlife Refuge

Nisqually National Wildlife Refuge in Washington State offers vital wetlands and estuary habitat for migrating birds and also for salmon as they move between...

Stand Up Paddle the Nisqually National Wildlife Refuge

One of the most beautiful places to stand up paddle in Washington State-The Nisqually River Delta. Incredible to see crabs, jellyfish, and other saltwater li...

Nisqually National Wildlife Refuge: Farmland Returned to Natural Estuary.

What was once workable farmland in the south Puget Sound is now being restored to its natural state. The Nisqually National Wildlife Refuge returns to its or...

Nisqually National Wildlife Refuge

Nisqually River originates at Mt Rainier's Nisqually glacier, eventually joining with estuary, forest, wetland, and salt water. Over 200 species of birds vis...

Nisqually National Wildlife Refuge

Brown Farm Dike Trail at the Nisqually Wildlife Refuge is being removed to restore the natural salt marsh estuary. The farewell walk on the trail is April 18th.

Nisqually National Wildlife Refuge Mallards

Nisqually National Wildlife Refuge Mallards and Heron.

NISQUALLY NATIONAL WILDLIFE REFUGE

With Leilane Rita M. Conopio and Liza Garcia. Olympia, Washington MAY 19, 2012.

1390 videos foundNext > 

3 news items

The Olympian

The Olympian
Thu, 18 Sep 2014 23:56:15 -0700

The event will run from 10 a.m.-4 p.m. at the Nisqually National Wildlife Refuge. The refuge is located at Exit 114 from Interstate 5. Because space is limited at the refuge, free parking and shuttle rides to the festival will be available at River ...
 
Bellingham Herald
Thu, 04 Sep 2014 00:01:54 -0700

Learn about the food web within the pond at the Nisqually National Wildlife Refuge during a guided walk Sunday. During the hour-long “Nisqually Deli: The Pond Menu,” participants will learn about the special adaptations creatures have developed, and ...
 
ThurstonTalk
Fri, 29 Aug 2014 14:00:00 -0700

North Thurston Public Schools recently refinanced a portion of its outstanding bonds in order to take advantage of lower interest rates. The recent refinancing will save the District's taxpayers a total of $4,459,088 during the next 11 years. These ...
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