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Nisqually National Wildlife Refuge
IUCN category IV (habitat/species management area)
Nisqually NWR 28077.JPG
Map showing the location of Nisqually National Wildlife Refuge
Map showing the location of Nisqually National Wildlife Refuge
Location in Washington state
Location Thurston and Pierce counties, Washington, USA
Nearest city Lacey, WA
Coordinates 47°04′57″N 122°43′18″W / 47.08250°N 122.72167°W / 47.08250; -122.72167Coordinates: 47°04′57″N 122°43′18″W / 47.08250°N 122.72167°W / 47.08250; -122.72167[1]
Area 4,529.21 acres (1,833 ha)[2]
Established 1974 (1974)[3]
Visitors 137,000 (in 2004)
Governing body United States Fish and Wildlife Service
Nisqually National Wildlife Refuge

The Nisqually National Wildlife Refuge is a wildlife preserve operated by the United States Fish and Wildlife Service on the Nisqually River Delta near Puget Sound in northeastern Thurston County, Washington and northwestern Pierce County, Washington. The refuge is located just off Interstate 5, between the cities of Tacoma and Olympia.

The 12.6 km2 refuge was created in 1974 to provide habitat and nesting areas for waterfowl and other migratory birds. It includes a protected estuary, salt marshes and open mudflats, freshwater marshes, open grassland, and riparian woodland and brush. An additional 3.2 square kilometres (1.2 sq mi) is protected by the disjoint Black River Unit on a tributary of the Chehalis River.

Wildlife[edit]

The wildlife refuge is home to the Nisqually River Delta, which has the unique status as Washington’s largest relatively undisturbed estuary. The confluence of the freshwater Nisqually River and the saltwater south Puget Sound has created a variety of unique environments, each rich in nutrients and natural resources for the local wildlife. The delta provides habitats for more than 300 different species of fish and wildlife.[4]

In 1904 the Brown Farm Dike, five miles long, was created to protect farmland from tidal surge, resulting in a loss of important habitat for young fish, birds and marine mammals such as harbor seals. As part of a long running project to restore the estuary, in 2009 a new 10,000 foot dike was installed behind the old dike and four miles of the old Brown Farm Dike were removed. This enabled the tidal flows to reclaim 762 acres to the estuary.

Sea life features 24 species of fish located in one of three habitats: riverine, estuarine or the Nisqually Reach nearshore. Large populations of fall Chinook salmon, starry flounder and shiner perch offer a sampling of the fish that are abundantly available.[5] The saltmarshes and mudflats are located outside of the dikes. Rich in nutrients, they are the home to clams, crabs, shrimp and worms, which in turn feed ducks, gulls and herons.

Over 20,000 birds, made up of 275 different migrating species, use the freshwater marshes and grasslands for breeding, resting or wintering. The most abundant bird types include raptors, shorebirds and songbirds. Larger animals such as hawks and coyotes feast in the grassland due to the presence of mice and voles.

The riparian woodland and brush habitats contain many amphibians, mammals and reptiles.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Nisqually National Wildlife Refuge". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. 
  2. ^ "Annual Report of Lands as of September 30, 2013" (PDF). United States Fish and Wildlife Service. 
  3. ^ "About the Refuge". Nisqually National Wildlife Refuge. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 
  4. ^ "Habitat". Nisqually National Reserve. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved February 25, 2015. 
  5. ^ "Fish". Nisqually National Reserve. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved February 25, 2015. 

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nisqually_National_Wildlife_Refuge — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.

240 news items

 
The Olympian
Sat, 04 Jul 2015 05:00:00 -0700

Experts will give talks on environmental topics ranging from bees to polar bear to effects of climate change during the 28th annual Summer Lecture Series at Nisqually National Wildlife Refuge. The series kicks off Wednesday, will run through August ...

The Olympian

The Olympian
Wed, 01 Jul 2015 09:52:30 -0700

A current Federal Duck Stamp is also good for free admission to any refuge that charges an entry fee, including Nisqually National Wildlife Refuge between Olympia and Tacoma. A pair of wood ducks painted by Andrew Kneeland, 17, of Rock Springs, ...

Indian Country Today Media Network

Indian Country Today Media Network
Wed, 20 May 2015 07:31:19 -0700

The Nisqually National Wildlife Refuge was established in 1974 to protect the Nisqually River Delta, a biologically rich and diverse area at the southern end of Puget Sound. In addition to renaming the wildlife refuge, the bill would make the location ...

KING5.com

KING5.com
Tue, 10 Feb 2015 16:00:00 -0800

KING 5 reporter Dan Cassuto was out at Nisqually National Wildlife Refugeon Monday and took some gorgeous shots of baby Great Horned Owls. Cassuto says the nest is about a half-mile from the parking lot along the loop trail. According to the Nisqually ...

The Seattle Times

The Seattle Times
Wed, 10 Jun 2015 15:05:26 -0700

(Alan Berner / The Seattle Times). The boardwalk at Nisqually National Wildlife Refuge is just a few minutes' drive from Top Rung Brewing in Lacey. (Steve Ringman / The Seattle Times). Taps at 12 Strings Brewing Co. in Spokane Valley resemble the neck ...

ThurstonTalk

ThurstonTalk
Thu, 15 Jan 2015 06:37:30 -0800

Just shy of the Thurston County line, the Nisqually National Wildlife Refuge is a world of trees, damselflies, and bird song. Seeking some fresh air and education, my son and I took a day to wander the trails at this lovely place. Like most four-year ...

seattlepi.com (blog)

seattlepi.com (blog)
Thu, 07 May 2015 14:22:30 -0700

The state's congressional delegation, showing rare bipartisan unity, plans next week to introduce legislation that would rename the Nisqually National Wildlife Refuge in honor of Billy Frank Jr., champion of native fishing rights and a Washington civil ...

AmmoLand Shooting Sports News

AmmoLand Shooting Sports News
Thu, 07 May 2015 14:22:30 -0700

Washington, DC -(Ammoland.com)- How to make the most of your national park visit this summer? Pair it with a side trip to a nearby national wildlife refuge. Adding a refuge stop to a park trip will enrich your understanding of public lands and their ...
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