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Nisqually National Wildlife Refuge
IUCN category IV (habitat/species management area)
Nisqually NWR 28077.JPG
Map showing the location of Nisqually National Wildlife Refuge
Map showing the location of Nisqually National Wildlife Refuge
Location in Washington state
Location Thurston and Pierce counties, Washington, USA
Nearest city Lacey, WA
Coordinates 47°04′57″N 122°43′18″W / 47.08250°N 122.72167°W / 47.08250; -122.72167Coordinates: 47°04′57″N 122°43′18″W / 47.08250°N 122.72167°W / 47.08250; -122.72167[1]
Area 4,529.21 acres (1,833 ha)[2]
Established 1974 (1974)[3]
Visitors 137,000 (in 2004)
Governing body United States Fish and Wildlife Service
Nisqually National Wildlife Refuge

The Nisqually National Wildlife Refuge is a wildlife preserve operated by the United States Fish and Wildlife Service on the Nisqually River Delta near Puget Sound in northeastern Thurston County, Washington and northwestern Pierce County, Washington. The refuge is located just off Interstate 5, between the cities of Tacoma and Olympia.

The 12.6 km2 refuge was created in 1974 to provide habitat and nesting areas for waterfowl and other migratory birds. It includes a protected estuary, salt marshes and open mudflats, freshwater marshes, open grassland, and riparian woodland and brush. An additional 3.2 square kilometres (1.2 sq mi) is protected by the disjoint Black River Unit on a tributary of the Chehalis River.

Wildlife[edit]

The wildlife refuge is home to the Nisqually River Delta, which has the unique status as Washington’s largest relatively undisturbed estuary. The confluence of the freshwater Nisqually River and the saltwater south Puget Sound has created a variety of unique environments, each rich in nutrients and natural resources for the local wildlife. The delta provides habitats for more than 300 different species of fish and wildlife.[4]

In 1904 the Brown Farm Dike, five miles long, was created to protect farmland from tidal surge, resulting in a loss of important habitat for young fish, birds and marine mammals such as harbor seals. As part of a long running project to restore the estuary, in 2009 a new 10,000 foot dike was installed behind the old dike and four miles of the old Brown Farm Dike were removed. This enabled the tidal flows to reclaim 762 acres to the estuary.

Sea life features 24 species of fish located in one of three habitats: riverine, estuarine or the Nisqually Reach nearshore. Large populations of fall Chinook salmon, starry flounder and shiner perch offer a sampling of the fish that are abundantly available.[5] The saltmarshes and mudflats are located outside of the dikes. Rich in nutrients, they are the home to clams, crabs, shrimp and worms, which in turn feed ducks, gulls and herons.

Over 20,000 birds, made up of 275 different migrating species, use the freshwater marshes and grasslands for breeding, resting or wintering. The most abundant bird types include raptors, shorebirds and songbirds. Larger animals such as hawks and coyotes feast in the grassland due to the presence of mice and voles.

The riparian woodland and brush habitats contain many amphibians, mammals and reptiles.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Nisqually National Wildlife Refuge". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. 
  2. ^ "Annual Report of Lands as of September 30, 2013" (PDF). United States Fish and Wildlife Service. 
  3. ^ "About the Refuge". Nisqually National Wildlife Refuge. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 
  4. ^ "Habitat". Nisqually National Reserve. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved February 25, 2015. 
  5. ^ "Fish". Nisqually National Reserve. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved February 25, 2015. 

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nisqually_National_Wildlife_Refuge — Please support Wikipedia.
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247 news items

Indian Country Today Media Network

Indian Country Today Media Network
Wed, 20 May 2015 07:26:15 -0700

The Nisqually National Wildlife Refuge was established in 1974 to protect the Nisqually River Delta, a biologically rich and diverse area at the southern end of Puget Sound. In addition to renaming the wildlife refuge, the bill would make the location ...

seattlepi.com (blog)

seattlepi.com (blog)
Thu, 07 May 2015 14:22:30 -0700

The state's congressional delegation, showing rare bipartisan unity, plans next week to introduce legislation that would rename the Nisqually National Wildlife Refuge in honor of Billy Frank Jr., champion of native fishing rights and a Washington civil ...

Bellingham Herald

Bellingham Herald
Mon, 18 May 2015 05:00:00 -0700

A proposal to rename the Nisqually National Wildlife Refuge after Billy Frank Jr. is a great way to remember the Nisqually tribal rights activist. U.S. Rep. Denny Heck of Olympia sponsored House Resolution 2270, which the state's entire congressional ...

ThurstonTalk

ThurstonTalk
Wed, 13 May 2015 10:03:45 -0700

introduced the Billy Frank Jr. Tell Your Story Act. If passed, H.R. 2270 would designate the wildlife refuge on the Nisqually River Delta as “The Billy Frank Jr. Nisqually National Wildlife Refuge.” The legislation also creates a National Historic Site ...

The Olympian

The Suburban Times
Wed, 13 May 2015 11:00:00 -0700

introduced the Billy Frank Jr. Tell Your Story Act. If passed, H.R. 2270 would designate the wildlife refuge on the Nisqually River Delta as “The Billy Frank Jr. Nisqually National Wildlife Refuge.” The legislation also creates a National Historic Site ...
 
TheNewsTribune.com
Sat, 16 May 2015 23:56:15 -0700

The Capitol Volkssport Club is holding a walk at the Nisqually refuge; this is a 10-kilometer walk with a 5-kilometer option; 5:45 p.m. Tuesday; Nisqually National Wildlife Refuge, 100 Brown Farm Road, Olympia; the walk is free, but there is a $3 ...
 
Nisqually Valley News
Fri, 15 May 2015 13:41:39 -0700

U.S. Rep. Denny Heck, D-Olympia, introduced legislation on Wednesday to honor the life of Nisqually Indian Tribe leader Billy Frank Jr. If passed, H.R. 2270 would designate the wildlife refuge on the Nisqually River Delta as “The Billy Frank Jr ...

The Olympian

The Olympian
Thu, 07 May 2015 23:56:15 -0700

Good locations for bird watching near Tacoma include Titlow Park, Point Defiance Park and the Tacoma Nature Center. A guided bird walk is offered at Nisqually National Wildlife Refuge every Wednesday morning. For more information and other programs, ...
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