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Nguyễn Văn Hải
Born c. 1952
Nationality Vietnamese
Other names Nguyen Hoang Hai, Dieu Cay
Occupation blogger
Organization Club for Free Journalists
Known for 2008 imprisonment
Spouse(s) Doung Thi Tan

Nguyễn Văn Hải (born c. 1952; also known as Nguyen Hoang Hai), better known by his pen name Dieu Cay,[1][2] is a Vietnamese blogger who has been prosecuted by the government of Vietnam for tax evasion and "disseminating anti-state information and materials".[3] His imprisonment was protested by several international human rights organizations, and Amnesty International considers him a prisoner of conscience.[3]


Nguyen Van Hai publishes his reporting through a blog, Dieu Cay ("Peasant's Pipe"),[2] which also serves as his pen name.[4] He is a founding member of the Club for Free Journalists, created in September 2007.[5] In 2008, he participated in[4] as well as reported on[2] Vietnamese protests against the Beijing Olympics following a China-Vietnam maritime dispute.[3]

Arrest and prosecution[edit]

Hai was arrested on 20 April 2008 in Ho Chi Minh City, and his computers and files were confiscated. He was then charged with tax evasion and sentenced to thirty months' imprisonment.[3]

He was scheduled for release in October 2010, but on the day of his release, his sentence was extended "pending further investigation".[2] His home was allegedly also raided and his wife Doung Thi Tan beaten.[6] On 5 July 2011, Doung Thi Tan was informed that Nguyen Van Hai had lost one of his arms due to an injury sustained in prison.[6]

In April 2012, he was brought to an additional trial for "spreading anti-government propaganda" along with bloggers Ta Phong Tan and Phan Thanh Hai. Nguyen Van Hai pled not guilty.[3] According to the state newspaper Thanh Nien, Nguyen Van Hai and Phan Thanh Hai were also believed to have attended a training seminar sponsored by the overseas opposition party Viet Tan.[3]

International reactions[edit]

Human Rights Watch condemned the arrests and called for the immediate release of the three bloggers.[5] In 2009, the group awarded Nguyen Van Hai its Hellman-Hammett Award "for writers who have suffered persecution as a result of their writings".[5] Amnesty International designated him a prisoner of conscience, expressing concern at reports of his weight loss and deteriorating health.[3]

On 6 March 2012, former U.S. Representative Joseph Cao organized a Vietnamese-American lobbying effort for Hai, Nguyen Van Ly, Nguyen Dan Que, and other Vietnamese political prisoners, calling on the administration of President Barack Obama and the U.S. Congress to take a stronger stand on their behalf.[7] In April, Civil Rights Defenders named him its Human Rights Defender of the Month.[8] On 17 April, a US State Department spokeswoman called on Vietnam to release Nguyen Van Hai and the other bloggers, stating that the three had "done nothing more than exercise their universally recognized rights to freedom of expression".[9] U.S. President Barack Obama said in May 2012 that "we must not forget journalists like blogger Dieu Cay, whose 2008 arrest coincided with a mass crackdown on citizen journalism in Vietnam"[1]

In 2013, he was awarded the International Press Freedom Award of the New York-based Committee to Protect Journalists.[10]

Trial and sentence[edit]

In September 2012, in a one-day trial of three dissidents including Ta Phong Tan and Phan Thanh Hai, Nguyen Van Hai received the harshest sentence of twelve years in prison.[11] The Economist described the session as looking "very much like an old-fashioned Soviet-style show trial".[12] Prosecutors stated that the three had "distorted the truth about State and Party, created anxiety among citizens and supported schemes to overthrow the government", while the court found that they were "seriously affecting national security and the image of the country in the global arena."[12] Phan Thanh Hai, who had pled guilty, was sentenced to four years' imprisonment, and Ta Phong Tan to ten years.[12]

Nguyen Van Hai's former wife, Duong Thi Tan, stated that police detained her and her son for several hours to prevent them from attending the trial.[11]

The sentences were upheld by an appeals court on 28 December 2012.[13]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "Dissident On Hunger Strike". Radio Free Asia. 2013-01-04. Retrieved 2013-01-13. 
  2. ^ a b c d "Three Vietnamese journalists given antistate charges". Committee to Protect Journalists. 16 April 2012. Retrieved 16 April 2012. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g "Vietnamese bloggers deny charges, third in leniency bid". BBC News. 16 April 2012. Retrieved 16 April 2012. 
  4. ^ a b Chan Nhu, Viet Long, and Rachel Vandenbrink (16 April 2012). "Bloggers Face Further Imprisonment". Radio Free Asia. Retrieved 16 April 2012. 
  5. ^ a b c "Vietnam: Immediately Release Rights Bloggers". Human Rights Watch. 16 April 2012. Retrieved 16 April 2012. 
  6. ^ a b "Concerns rise about jailed Vietnamese blogger". Committee to Protect Journalists. 27 July 2011. Retrieved 16 April 2012. 
  7. ^ Jonathan Tilove (7 March 2012). "Former Rep. Anh 'Joseph' Cao urges tougher line against Vietnam". The Times-Picayune. Retrieved 21 July 2012. 
  8. ^ "Human rights defender of the month – Nguyen Van Hai aka Dieu Cay". Civil Rights Defenders. 2 April 2012. Retrieved 16 April 2012. 
  9. ^ "US urges Vietnam to free bloggers". Google News. Agence France-Presse. 18 April 2012. Retrieved 19 April 2012. 
  10. ^ "CPJ International Press Freedom Awards 2013". Committee to Protect Journalists. Retrieved October 6, 2013. 
  11. ^ a b "Vietnam jails dissident bloggers". BBC News. 2012-09-24. Retrieved 2013-01-13. 
  12. ^ a b c L.H. (4 October 2012). "Bloggers flogged". The Economist. Archived from the original on 30 October 2012. Retrieved 30 October 2012. 
  13. ^ "Court appeal of dissident Vietnam bloggers is rejected". BBC News. 28 December 2012. Archived from the original on 2 January 2013. Retrieved 2 January 2013. 

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nguyen_Van_Hai — Please support Wikipedia.
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117 news items

Huffington Post Canada
Tue, 15 Apr 2014 09:52:30 -0700

Nguyen Van Hai, pen name Dieu Cay, is a Vietnamese blogger currently serving a 12-year prison sentence. He covered government corruption and other sensitive issues -- or, in the language of his charges, he 'conducted propaganda' against the state.
Malaysia Sun
Mon, 14 Apr 2014 14:11:15 -0700

Nguyen Tri Dung, son of blogger Nguyen Van Hai, whose case was highlighted by U.S. President Barack Obama in 2012, told VOA's Vietnamese service he has no hope for his father's release. "Cases are different. They cannot be compared in any way.
CPJ Press Freedom Online (blog)
Thu, 10 Apr 2014 10:15:00 -0700

Among that number, and also in bad health, is Nguyen Van Hai, who was awarded, in absentia, CPJ's International Press Freedom Award in November 2013. Hai was also sentenced under Article 88-1(c) along with two other bloggers. Their trial took six ...
Mon, 31 Mar 2014 04:37:30 -0700

Nguyen Van Hai, head of the Department of Agriculture and Rural Development of Ben Tre's Tan Phu Dong District, said some 25ha of rice has already been sowed although the department had recommended farmers not to produce the grain due to saltwater ...
VietNamNet Bridge
Tue, 01 Apr 2014 16:02:15 -0700

Nguyen Van Hai, head of the Tan Phu Dong Agriculture and Rural Development Bureau, said more than 400ha of the district's 540ha of soursop have borne fruit, mostly in Tan Thoi, Tan Phu and Phu Thanh communes. Nguyen Van Thuong, deputy head of ...
Shanghai Daily (subscription)
Thu, 20 Mar 2014 06:41:15 -0700

Kenya Wildlife Service (KWS) officer Didi Wamukoya told the court that Nguyen Van Hai and Ngo Hong Kuan were arrested at Jomo Kenyatta International Airport Departures wing preparing to board a flight to Bangkok in India with the items.


Mon, 14 Apr 2014 01:02:13 -0700

Emil Rados không còn là người trực tiếp phân phối tân dược có chứa chất efedrin nữa mà bọn chúng đã bắt tay làm ăn với một tên khác đó là Van Hai Nguyen. Van Hai Nguyen là một thanh niên gốc Việt 27 tuổi đã bán cho Vasclav Kejr và Emil Rados ...
Wed, 19 Mar 2014 17:00:00 -0700

Sementara itu, empat lelaki warga Vietnam, Nguyen van Hong; Hoang Van Su; Nguyen Van Hai dan Hoang Van Quy berusia 20-an mengaku tidak bersalah ketika dibacakan pertuduhan. Mereka didakwa memiliki kayu gaharu tanpa pas pemindah di ...

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