|Nelson, New Hampshire|
|— Town —|
|Cheshire County, New Hampshire|
|• Board of Selectmen||Warren Hammack, Chair
|• Total||23.2 sq mi (60.2 km2)|
|• Land||21.9 sq mi (56.6 km2)|
|• Water||1.4 sq mi (3.6 km2) 5.94%|
|Elevation||1,493 ft (455 m)|
|• Density||31/sq mi ( 12/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||Eastern (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||0873673|
Originally named Monadnock No. 6, the town was granted in 1752 by Governor Benning Wentworth. It was first settled in 1767 by Breed Batchelder. On February 22, 1774, the town was incorporated by Governor John Wentworth as Packersfield, after a major proprietor, Thomas Packer, the sheriff at Portsmouth. The name was changed in 1814 to Nelson in honor of Viscount Horatio Nelson, British admiral and naval hero.
Located on the height of land separating the watersheds of the Connecticut and Merrimack rivers, Nelson became primarily an agricultural community. The uneven surface proved good for grazing. But with streams rising from four ponds to provide water power, it also developed industry. The village of Munsonville, situated on the stage line at the outlet of Granite Lake, manufactured cotton cloth and chairs. The L. J. Colony Chair Co. produced between 25,000 and 30,000 chairs annually, hiring women and children from local farms to weave the rattan seats and backs. At one time, Munsonville had 1,000 homesteads and 10 school districts. The mills have since closed, and Munsonville is today a resort of summer homes.
Nelson is the home of a popular contradance; the event is held in Nelson's town hall each Monday night. The Apple Hill Center for Chamber Music, a classical chamber music group which attempts to bring members of cultures in conflict (such as Israelis and Palestinians) closer together through music, is also in Nelson.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 23.2 square miles (60 km2), of which 21.9 sq mi (57 km2) is land and 1.4 sq mi (3.6 km2) is water, comprising 5.94% of the town. A branch of the Contoocook River rises from Long Pond, and in the southern part of Nelson, a branch of the Ashuelot River rises. Spoonwood Pond and part of Nubanusit Lake are in the east. The highest point in Nelson is the summit of Osgood Hill (also known as Nelson Pinnacle), with an elevation of 2,253 feet (687 m) above sea level.
The town is traversed by the Monadnock-Sunapee Greenway, a 50-mile (80 km) hiking trail that traverses the highlands of southern New Hampshire from Mount Monadnock in Jaffrey to Mount Sunapee in Newbury. The trail passes directly through the center of Nelson.
The town is crossed by New Hampshire Route 9.
As of the census of 2000, there were 634 people, 247 households, and 162 families residing in the town. The population density was 29.0 people per square mile (11.2/km²). There were 400 housing units at an average density of 18.3 per square mile (7.1/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.48% White, 0.63% African American, 0.32% Native American, 0.16% from other races, and 1.42% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.58% of the population.
There were 247 households out of which 33.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.5% were married couples living together, 4.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.4% were non-families. 26.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 3.19.
In the town the population was spread out with 27.1% under the age of 18, 6.2% from 18 to 24, 29.7% from 25 to 44, 26.3% from 45 to 64, and 10.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 105.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.7 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $41,250, and the median income for a family was $59,464. Males had a median income of $40,577 versus $25,000 for females. The per capita income for the town was $31,625. About 9.2% of families and 12.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.3% of those under age 18 and 3.2% of those age 65 or over.
Notable people 
- Charles Eastman, Native American physician and writer
- Alfred B. Kittredge, US senator from South Dakota
- May Sarton, poet and writer
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Nelson, New Hampshire|
- United States Census Bureau, American FactFinder, 2010 Census figures. Retrieved March 23, 2011.
- Austin J. Coolidge & John B. Mansfield, A History and Description of New England; Boston, Massachusetts 1859
- Alan F. Rumrill, The Power of Water: Munsonville from 1850-1950
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Town of Nelson official website
- Olivia Rodham Memorial Library
- Apple Hill Center for Chamber Music
- Moving In Step: A Community Project
- New Hampshire Economic and Labor Market Information Bureau Profile
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