digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

A natural landscape is a landscape that is unaffected by human activity.[1] A natural landscape is intact when all living and nonliving elements are free to move and change.[2] A natural landscape may contain either the living or nonliving or both.[3] In his extensive travels in South America, Alexander von Humboldt[4] became the first to conceptualize a natural landscape [5] separate from the cultural landscape. [6]

Some have described a transition of a pristine landscape state to a humanized landscape state—which includes the human-modified landscape, the primeval landscape, the ancient landscape, the undisturbed wilderness and the managed landscape.[7] The natural landscape is a place under the current control of natural forces and free of the control of people for an extended period of time.

"For here the natural landscape is eloquent of the interplay of forces that have created it. It is spread before us like the pages of an open book...", Silent Spring, by Rachel Carson, 1962.

History of natural landscape[edit]

No place on earth is unaffected by people and our culture. However, there is no place on earth that cannot return to natural landscape if abandoned by culture. People are part of biodiversity, but people exert forces on biodiversity, which destroy the natural landscape.[8] Terms such as semi-natural are used to describe landscapes with both cultural and natural features. People have altered landscape to such an extent that few places on earth remain pristine. Being pristine, though, is not a prerequisite for natural landscape designation. Once abandoned by human influences, the landscape is again under the control of natural processes which accommodate interruptions, resulting in a new variant of the natural landscape.[9]

Examples of cultural forces[edit]

Cultural forces are those that, intentionally or unintentionally, influence the landscape.[10] Cultural landscapes are places or artifacts currently maintained by people whether directly or indirectly. Examples of cultural disruptions are: fences, roads, sand pits, trails, species under human management, invasive species introduced by people, extraction or removal of species and objects, vegetation alteration, alterations of animal populations, natural landscaping, buildings, agricultural areas, pollution, paved areas. Areas that may be confused with natural landscape include parks for people, agricultural areas, orchards, maintained views (use of aesthetic judgments), artificial lakes, managed forests, golf courses, nature center trails, back yards, and flower beds. [11]

Conflict between cultural forces and the natural landscape[edit]

For a place to return to the natural landscape, all cultural artifacts attracting people must be removed. Natural landscape is the equilibrium that existed prior to significant human impact. The time necessary for an area to return to the natural landscape depends upon the environment, and it may be termed the period of neglect. Neglect, in this context, means the absence of any plant or animal management whatsoever. Most people can easily recognize a neglected landscape. Human impact on the natural landscape may result in episodes of extinction of native species, episodes of stalled equilibrium, total species destruction and even the putrification of soil and water.

The case for returning land to the natural landscape has been championed by those who recognize the harm resulting from people’s actions on this planet. Popular movies such as Avatar and Life After People focus on potential natural landscape controls or lack thereof. The return of the natural landscape has been opposed by those who wish to groom the natural landscape or simply to demonstrate that the natural landscape has some practical value.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The cultural landscape is fashioned from a natural landscape by a culture group. Culture is the agent, the natural area is the medium, the cultural landscape the result.", Sauer, Carl O, "Morphology of Landscape" In Oakes, T. and Price, P. (eds) 2008; The Cultural Geography Reader, p. 103. Routledge.
  2. ^ Hugh Irwin, Landscape Connectivity of Unroaded Areas in the Southern Appalachians
  3. ^ "All that determines the character of a landscape—the outline of the mountains, which, in the far-vanishing distance, bound the horizon—the dark shade of the pine forests—the sylvan torrent rushing between overhanging cliffs to its fall—all are in antecedent, mysterious communion with the inner feelings and life of man." Aspects of Nature, Alexander von Humboldt, Translated by Mrs. Sabine, Philadelphia, Lea and Blanchard, 1850, Volume l0, Cataracts of the Orinoco
  4. ^ Chunglin Kwa, Alexander von Humboldt's invention of the natural landscape, The European Legacy, Vol. 10, No. 2, pp. 149-162, 2005
  5. ^ http://www.gutenberg.org/dirs/etext05/qnct310.txt
  6. ^ [1] "The description of nature in its manifold richness of form, as a distinct branch of poetic literature, was wholly unknown to the Greeks. The landscape appears among them merely as the basil-ground of the picture of which human figures constitute the main subject. Passions, breaking forth into action, riveted their attention almost exclusively." Alexander von Humboldt Cosmos: a sketch of a physical description of the universe translation 1804 Volume 2 Part I Paragraph 5 Chapter I
  7. ^ Fire, Native Peoples, and the Natural Landscape by geographer Thomas R. Vale, Chapter 1, PP. 1 - 8, Island Press, 2002
  8. ^ Top 10 Ways Man Is Destroying the Environment, Matt Schwarzfeld, Discovery Communications, LLC. 2013
  9. ^ YouTube, Professor James Lovelock, We can't save the planet, BBC NEWS, 2010/03/30
  10. ^ "It is true that certain human technological actions do have unintended consequences that spread everywhere; there are contagious effects that seep into the nooks and crannies of all nature." Holmes Rolston III, Technology versus nature, What is natural, Journal of Philosophy and Technology, Ends and Means, Vol 2 No.2 Spring 1998, University of Aberdeen, Edinburgh University Press
  11. ^ "In Scotland, some landscapes, such as the high summits of the Cairngorm Mountains, consist entirely of natural elements. These can be called 'natural landscapes'. Other landscapes can be largely the result of human activity, such as arable farmland or urban areas. These can be referred to as 'cultural landscapes.'" Scottish Natural Heritage, 27 September 2012

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Natural_landscape — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
1000000 videos foundNext > 

World's Most Beautiful Landscapes

World's Most Beautiful Landscapes, from all over the world: Canada, Zimbabwe, Finland, Taiwan, United States Of America, Australia, Zambia, Bolivia, Norway, ...

RELAX TV - 3 hours of Relaxing Music, Soothing Nature Sounds, Ambient Music

Relaxing music and soothing nature sounds, peaceful ambient relaxation, relax TV. You may buy these films in original full HD 1080p quality only on ☯ http://...

How to Draw a Natural Landscape

http://howtodraw.123peppy.com/natural-landscape/1324 Let us Learn How to Draw a Natural Landscape For Step by Step Guide for How to Draw a Natural Landscape ...

Natural Landscape Design Ideas - Miranda's Garden - Vogue

Miranda Brooks is a celebrated landscape architect who understands how to play with the delicate nature around her in a subtle and beautiful way. Learn the m...

Landscape Construction - Natural Landscape Construction Ideas

Natural landscape construction ideas from the 2009 Gold International design winner. Chris discusses landscape construction utilizing natural landscape const...

How to Draw: Ink a Natural Landscape (Time-lapse)

http://www.squidoo.com/drawcomics : FULL TUTORIAL INFO FOR GRAPHIC DESIGNERS: http://www.squidoo.com/top-tools-for-a-professional-graphic-designer- FINE ART ...

Natural Landscape

UNL Extension Research Specialist Dale Lindgren takes us on a tour of his home landscape. He shows us various usages of native ornamentals and drought tolera...

Chicken Pen Design Using Natural Landscape

Shows large chicken pen designed to blend into natural landscape more at www.selfsufficientme.com Trees are used as posts forming part of the perimetre fence...

How To Draw A Natural Landscape

How To Draw A Natural Landscape Watch This and Other Related films here: http://www.videojug.com/film/how-to-draw-nature Subscribe! http://www.youtube.com/su...

Natural Landscape Design in Miami 3

Not much trimming involved in my designs, very low maintenance is the key to long lasting, enjoyable landscape design. Who want's to trim hedges? This Landsc...

1000000 videos foundNext > 

We're sorry, but there's no news about "Natural landscape" right now.

Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Talk About Natural landscape

You can talk about Natural landscape with people all over the world in our discussions.

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!