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Nationality law is the law in each country and in each jurisdiction within each country which defines the rights and obligations of citizenship within the jurisdiction and the manner in which citizenship is acquired as well as how citizenship may be lost. A person who is not a citizen of the country is generally regarded as a foreigner, also referred to as an alien. A person who has no recognised nationality or citizenship is regarded as stateless. By international custom, each sovereign state has the right to determine who it will recognise as its nationals and citizens. Such determinations may be made by custom, statutory law, or case law (precedent), or some combination. In some cases, the determination may be governed by public international law—for example, by treaties and the European Convention on Nationality.


Broadly speaking, nationality law is based either on jus soli or jus sanguinis, or on a combination of the two. Jus soli (Latin: the law of the soil) is the principle by which a child born within a country's territorial jurisdiction acquires that country's nationality. Jus sanguinis (Latin: the law of the blood) is the principle by which a child acquires the nationality of his or her parents. Today, most if not all countries apply a mixture of these two principles: neither granting citizenship to everyone born within the country's jurisdiction, nor denying citizenship to the children born abroad.[1]

Many countries have in the past regarded marriage as an important status changing event in people's' lives and encouraged the special relationship that exists between spouses, sentiments which continue to be valued today. The common practice within and among states at the beginning of the 20th century was that a woman should have the nationality of her husband; i.e., upon marrying a foreigner the wife would automatically acquire the nationality of her husband, and lose her previous nationality, often with the reciprocal recognition by the other country. Even after the nationality of a married woman was no longer dependent on the nationality of her husband, legal provisions were still retained which automatically naturalised married women, and sometimes married men as well. This led to a number of problems, such as loss of the spouses' original nationality, the spouse losing the right to consular assistance (since consular assistance cannot be provided to nationals under the jurisdiction of a foreign state of which they are also nationals), and men becoming subject to military service obligations. There has been a shift towards a principle that neither marriage nor dissolution of marriage automatically affecting the nationality of either spouse, nor of a change of nationality by one spouse during marriage automatically affecting the nationality of their spouse. However, in many jurisdictions spouses can still obtain special and fast processing of applications for naturalisation.

International treaties[edit]

International law generally recognizes the right of states to set their own policy concerning nationality.[2] Nevertheless, there are a number of international treaties that are relevant to nationality law.[2]

See also[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nationality_law — Please support Wikipedia.
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59 news items

Oman Daily Observer
Sun, 17 Aug 2014 11:57:29 -0700

MUSCAT — The Omani Nationality Law as issued by Royal Decree last week states that applications pertaining to nationality should be presented to the Ministry of Interior which studies these applications and decides in accordance with the procedures ...

Gulf Daily News

Khaleej Times
Thu, 07 Aug 2014 12:57:43 -0700

The undersecretary urged all citizens to commit to the provisions of law so as avoid any trouble caused by their violation of Bahrain's nationality law. He stressed the necessity of complying with the recent amendments to the nationality law, which ...
Tue, 19 Aug 2014 06:42:17 -0700

Luanda — The President of the Republic can grant Angolan nationality by naturalisation to a foreign citizen who is a grown up in the ambit of the Angolan law and the law of the State of origin according to the Nationality Law recently approved by the ...
Oman Daily Observer
Tue, 12 Aug 2014 07:50:57 -0700

Muscat - His Majesty Sultan Qaboos bin Said has issued five Royal Decrees as follows: Royal Decree No. 38/ 2014 Issuing the Omani Nationality Law Article One: Applies provisions of the attached Omani Nationality Law. Article Two: The Minister of ...


The Guardian
Sun, 10 Aug 2014 23:56:15 -0700

But it has only just emerged through Human Rights Watch (HRW) in an interview with al-Shammari, who explained that the revoking of citizenship was based on Kuwait's nationality law. The other four who lost their citizenship were Abdullah al-Barghash, ...
Japan Focus
Fri, 29 Aug 2014 16:00:16 -0700

The following revised chapter from the book examines the koseki register as the official ledger of citizens (日本国民登録簿) and interrogates Japanese legal citizenship: to what extent is citizenship actually based on the Japanese Nationality Law's ...
University of Cincinnati
Fri, 29 Aug 2014 13:03:45 -0700

This year's “Conway Lecture in Catholic Studies” will be presented by Kevin Appleby on Wednesday, Oct. 1, at the Saint Monica-Saint George Catholic Church in Clifton from 7 to 8:30 p.m. The lecture is co-sponsored by the Immigration and Nationality Law ...

Wall Street Journal

Wall Street Journal
Fri, 29 Aug 2014 10:33:19 -0700

Then I realized why it was so difficult to get an answer: Beijing doesn't ever expect to hear from foreigners who want to become Chinese citizens. As it turns out, a naturalization procedure is found under China's Nationality Law. But precious few ...

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