digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:


Applied sciences






















National identity is a person's identity and sense of belonging to one state or to one nation, a feeling one shares with a group of people, regardless of one's citizenship status. Yoonmi Lee sees national identity in psychological terms as "an awareness of difference" - "a feeling and recognition of 'we' and 'they'".[1]

National identity is not an inborn trait; various studies[which?] have shown that a person's national identity results directly from the presence of elements from the "common points" in people's daily lives: national symbols, language, national colours, the nation's history, national consciousness, blood ties, culture, music, cuisine, radio, television, etc.[citation needed]

The expression of one's national identity seen in a positive light is patriotism, and the negative is chauvinism.[citation needed]

Formation and development[edit]

The national identity of most citizens of a state or nation tends to strengthen when the country or nation is threatened militarily, economically or culturally—or when the nation has in fact been totally taken over by an alien empire, as in the case of Poland, which remained totally partitioned among Russia, Prussia (subsequently, Germany) and Austria in the years 1795-1918. Indeed, the formation of nations and sovereign states — whether by fission or by fusion — has historically been promoted by common external threats.

A sense of belonging to a nation may strengthen when an external threat becomes clearer, causing individuals to seek to unite with fellow-countrymen for mutual protection against the common threat.[citation needed] An example is the development of Taiwanese identity (versus Chinese identity), which strengthened after the Republic of China (ROC) became known internationally as "Taiwan" after losing its UN Seat, and particularly starting in the late 1990s when it became clear that "China" (People's Republic of China) threatens Taiwan militarily and to "conquer and unite" Taiwan, especially in the face of increased popular support for Taiwan independence and tries to affect Taiwan's politics through "missile tests" and media rhetoric. Although the official country name is "Republic of China" and its residents have been taught that their country is "China" and self-references in the educational system, textbooks, and school public announcements refer to students as "we Chinese..." in the 1980s and 1990s, growing numbers of adults in the 2000s started identifying themselves as "Taiwanese" in the face of hostile Chinese stance and military threat in the 2000s and the Pan-Green Coalition's promotion of Taiwanese identity.


In some cases where national identity collides with a person's civil identity. For example, many Israeli Arabs associate themselves or are associated with the Arab or Palestinian nationality, while at the same time they are citizens of the state of Israel, which is in conflict with the Palestinians and with many Arab countries. The Taiwanese also face an identity crisis: a conflict of national identity with civil identity, in which residents are issued national identification cards and passports under the country name "Republic of China", but a certain portion of them do not feel comfortable about viewing their country as "China". This is also a reason why the Democratic Progressive Party advocates formal "Taiwan Independence" and renaming the country as "Republic of Taiwan".

Also, there are cases in which the national identity of a particular group is oppressed by the government in the country where the group lives. A notable example was in Spain under the authoritarian dictatorship of Francisco Franco (1939-1975) who abolished the official status and recognition of the Basque, Galician, and Catalan languages for the first time in the history of Spain and returned to Castilian Spanish as the only official language of the State and education, although millions of the country's citizens spoke other languages.

Other resources[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Lee, Yoonmi (2000). Modern Education, Textbooks, and the Image of the Nation: Politics and Modernization and Nationalism in Korean Education: 1880-1910. Routledge (published 2012). p. 29. ISBN 9781136600791. Retrieved 2013-12-01. "National identity, at the basic level, is an awareness of difference, that is, a feeling and recognition of 'we' and 'they.'" 

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_identity — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
1000000 videos foundNext > 

King's College London: Do We Need a National Identity?

Academics from King's College London offer their answers to the question "Do we need a national identity?"

English: Language and National Identity

EL 50 Project by Mykell Jizen Reyes and Allen Jurenz Tabuso as part of the video collection for Group 1: Nations.

Michael Goldfarb - 'What is a Nation? National Identity and the Nation State in the 21st Century'

For two decades Michael Goldfarb covered conflicts in the Balkans, the Middle East and Northern Ireland - places that had at their core people's frustrated s...

National Identity : Who is really French ?

What does it mean to be French? For the past few months, France has been asking itself that very question. But the debate over national identity launched by ...

Ian Buruma on National Identity

Ian Buruma (Henry R. Luce Professor of Democracy, Human Rights & Journalism at Bard College, NY; Author of Murder in Amsterdam: The Death of Theo Van Gogh an...

Singapore's national identity at risk?

Singapore welcomes foreign talent, but will that dilute our identity as Singaporeans? Minister Mentor Lee Kuan Yew answers the question at the NUS Kent Ridge...

The European Union and National Identity

Assignment 2 for the course 'Borders and identities in Europe' (2012-2013) by Henk van Houtum at the Radboud University in Nijmegen, the Netherlands. We give...

Building National Identity Through Historical Narrative

Mario Carretero discusses the ways in which the historical narrative, as taught in schools, builds a national identity that may not always be based on histor...

Australian National Identity

Bush Legend to Anzac Legend: Professor Bruce Scates leads us through two iconic legends that have shaped the notion of Australian identity. Purchase your ful...

Sir Richard J Evans - German National Identity

Highly regarded academic, Sir Richard J Evans, presents a talk discussing the formation of the national identity of the German nation. From The 18th century,...

1000000 videos foundNext > 

3615 news items


Washington Post
Mon, 28 Jul 2014 04:03:37 -0700

Hiking has long been a South Korean pastime, but it has become more like a national identity. In a typical month, about 1 in 3 Koreans goes hiking more than once. The mountainous national park north of Seoul attracts more visitors annually than the ...
ABC Online (blog)
Mon, 28 Jul 2014 17:33:45 -0700

Many Australians have Irish heritage and the Irish influence on Australian culture is strong. We love our beer, we know how to laugh at ourselves, and you only need to look at how we celebrate St Patrick's day to see how much we've been influenced by ...
Wed, 30 Jul 2014 05:56:15 -0700

Department of registration of persons says a programme has been implemented to issue national identity cards to the voters in the Uva province without delay prior to the provincial council election. About 10,000 applications have already been received ...

The Guardian

The Guardian
Thu, 17 Jul 2014 00:01:10 -0700

'I speak Spanish to God, Italian to women, French to men, and German to my horse,' Roman emperor Charles V delcared. Photograph: Alamy. Je t'aime, ti amo, te quiero mucho! Sounds nice doesn't it? If you swoon over sweet nothings whispered in French, ...
The Asian Age
Mon, 28 Jul 2014 10:42:10 -0700

In his book The White Angel, Kishin Wadhwaney pays tribute to Sachin Tendulkar, one of the greatest batsmen to grace the 22-yard strip. Having already come out with biographies of legends of Indian cricket like Kapil Dev, Sunil Gavaskar, Amarnath ...
New Statesman
Mon, 14 Jul 2014 04:15:00 -0700

It will also demonstrate how the World Cup has, several times, helped Germany's sense of national identity to evolve. Football has provided the showcase moments at which a changing story of modern Germany has been told to the world, and ratified at home.
Wed, 23 Jul 2014 11:42:58 -0700

Over a thousand Tamils from across the UK gathered outside the Celtic Park venue in Glasgow, Scotland, where the opening ceremony of the Commonwealth Games was taking place, to remember the victims of Sri Lanka's genocidal pogrom of Black July ...
Premium Times
Thu, 17 Jul 2014 22:37:30 -0700

Recently in the United Kingdom, there has been a great deal of talk about what exactly it means to be British. The conversation sparked off by Operation Trojan Horse in Birmingham schools, led to investigations by Ofsted which uncovered plans by the ...

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Talk About National identity

You can talk about National identity with people all over the world in our discussions.

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!