digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

See National Socialist Party (UK), for the left-wing organisation and National Socialist League (United States) for the Nazi-gay organization.

The National Socialist League was a short-lived Nazi political movement in the United Kingdom immediately before the Second World War.

Formation[edit]

A flowchart showing the history of the early British fascist movement

The NSL was formed in 1937 by William Joyce, John Beckett and John Angus MacNab as a splinter group from the British Union of Fascists. The leaders claimed that the League had been formed because BUF leader Oswald Mosley was too in thrall to continental fascism, although Mosley contended that the three had simply been sacked from their paid posts in the BUF as part of a cost-cutting exercise.[1] Beckett and Joyce attacked Mosley as being more interested in personal glory than fascism with Beckett claiming he and Joyce wanted no cult of personality but rather were there only as "instruments of a great policy".[2] The formation of the group was announced at 109 Vauxhall Bridge Road in south-west London.[3]

Whatever the truth the NSL began fairly healthily as Joyce secured the financial backing of Alex Scrimgeour, a stockbroker, and soon the NSL was able to publish its own newspaper, The Helmsman, adopting 'Steer Straight' as the party motto.[3] The party's ideology was based on a document published by Joyce entitled National Socialism Now in which he declared his strong admiration for Adolf Hitler but added that what was needed was a specifically British Nazism.[4]

Development[edit]

Connections were quickly established with the Nordic League, an influential secret society chaired by Archibald Maule Ramsay.[5] Rising far right figure A. K. Chesterton would go on to speak at a number of NSL functions and write for their publications, after leaving the BUF in 1938.[6] Anglo-German Fellowship member and Conservative MP Jocelyn Lucas also developed clandestine links with the NSL.[7] However the NSL also attracted Vincent Collier as a founder member, a propaganda officer in the BUF who also functioned as an agent for the Board of Deputies of British Jews.[8]

In 1938 the NSL became associated with the British Council Against European Commitments, a coalition group chaired by Lord Lymington. Although Joyce quickly tired of this unusual mixture of high society fascists and pacifists Beckett was closer to their ideals and before long he left the NSL to join the British People's Party.[9] Beckett had also become less convinced of following the lead of Nazi Germany in the aftermath of the Munich crisis.[10] Meanwhile Scrimgeour died in 1938 and surprisingly left nothing to the NSL in his will resulting in the main source of funding being cut off.[11] Alongside this, as was the case for most rival groups on the far-right, the BUF Blackshirts saw the NSL as enemies and were known to attack their rallies and meetings.[12]

Decline[edit]

Joyce became embittered and increasingly turned to alcoholism whilst politically his vision of a British National Socialism gave way to a more direct copy of German Nazism, with Chesterton stating that he started ending NSL meetings by shouting "Sieg Heil".[13] By 1939 the NSL had been re-registered as a drinking club rather than a political party and one of the group's final meetings in May 1939 ended in chaos as Joyce punched a heckler after the crowd had turned on him for his overtly pro-German speech.[14] On 25 August he handed control of the NSL over to MacNab instructing him that it was his duty to dissolve the movement, which by that time had only 40 registered members.[15] Joyce would depart for Germany just after this meeting and the NSL was wound up.

Towards the end of the Second World War some NSL members regrouped in the Constitution Research Association under Major Harry Edmonds although this initiative had no impact and quickly disappeared.[16]

See also[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Robert Benewick, Political Violence and Public Order, London: Allan Lane, 1969
  • Stephen Dorril, Blackshirt: Sir Oswald Mosley & British Fascism, London: Penguin Books, 2007
  • Richard Griffiths, Fellow Travellers on the Right, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1983,
  • Mary Kenny, Germany Calling - a personal biography of William Joyce, Dublin: New Island Books, 2003
  • Richard Thurlow, Fascism in Britain: A History, 1918-1985, London: Basil Blackwell, 1987

References[edit]

  1. ^ Benewick, p. 272
  2. ^ Griffiths, p. 279
  3. ^ a b Kenny, p. 146
  4. ^ Thurlow, p. 171
  5. ^ Thurlow, p. 80
  6. ^ Dorril, p. 433
  7. ^ Dorril, p. 460
  8. ^ Dorril, pp. 413-414
  9. ^ Thurlow, p. 172
  10. ^ Kenny, p. 149
  11. ^ Kenny, p. 147
  12. ^ Thurlow, pp. 97-98
  13. ^ Kenny, pp. 147-148
  14. ^ Kenny, pp. 149-150
  15. ^ Kenny, pp. 155-156
  16. ^ Dorril, p. 525

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Socialist_League — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
19414 videos foundNext > 

Black National Socialist Cab Driver Defends Wearing Swastika Armband

Describing himself as a National Socialist, New York City cab driver Gabriel Diaz talks with CBS 2's Lou Young about the National Socialist armband he was ca...

Honor - National Socialism

The Tenets of National Socialism

Walter's take on Socialism.

National Socialism = Hitlerite Communism - Part 1

National Socialism = Hitlerite Communism - Part 1 "Marxists borrowed the name of Mussolini's Italian party, the Fascista, and applied it to Hitler's Nazis, a...

Brutal Begude - National Socialist

Brutal Begude - National Socialist.

The National Socialist Party

Spurred by the emotional speeches of Adolf Hitler, the National Socialist Party, or Nazi Party, took control of Germany in 1933. The Nazis then reorganized G...

NATIONAL SOCIALIST CANADIAN WORKERS PARTY

This is National Socialism in Canada for mature and dedicated NS, not Hollywood white trash allied/communist agitator neo nazi/white nationalist faggot white...

Adolf Hitler : National Socialist Foreign Policy

Berlin.May 17th 1933.Adolf Hitler explains nazi Germanys foreign policy.Already showing signs of resentment towards the Treaty of Versailles,Hitler makes cle...

Sturmabteilung - Real National Socialists are left-wing!

Sturmabteilung SA Ernst Roehm Nazi-Sozi History is written by the victors. And the proud victors are undoubtedly Capitalists. They control the world since th...

Baath Socialist Party Comments on latest Arab League Treason

The National Leadership Message of the Baath Arab Socialist Party to Foreign Friendly Parties On Current Syrian Crisis And the Negative Role of the Arab Leag...

19414 videos foundNext > 

1 news items

The Guardian

The Guardian
Wed, 24 Sep 2014 12:00:25 -0700

The Westminster stitch-up is a British construct. The left needs to accept that English identity is more nuanced: messy, funny, irrational and workable. England my lionheart … Kate Bush 'couldn't be anything but English'. Photograph: Ken McKay/REX/Ken ...
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!