digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:


Applied sciences






















National Council of Nigeria and the Cameroons (NCNC), was a Nigerian political party from 1944 to 1966. The name included 'Cameroons' because Cameroon had become an administrative part of Nigeria in 1945. Cameroon had been a colonial territory of Germany. Following the defeat of Germany and its allies in World War II, the United Nations confiscated the territories under the administration of Germany before World War II. These territories were then given to various victor countries to administer them in trust for the UN until they were mature for political independence. They were then called Trust Territories. That was how Cameroon was taken from Germany and handed over to Britain. When Nigeria was preparing for the 1960 political independence, the people of southern Cameroon were consulted in a plebiscite on whether to go with Nigeria to independence or join up with the French Cameroon. The people opted for unification with the French Cameroon. Thus, NCNC became National Council of Nigerian Citizens in 1959. The party was formed in 1944[1] by Dr. Nnamdi Azikiwe and Herbert Macaulay. Herbert Macaulay was its first president, while Azikiwe was its first secretary.[2] However, in general, it was made up of a rather long list of nationalist parties, cultural associations, and labor movements that joined to form NCNC. The party at the time was the second to take a concerted effort to create a true nationalist party. It embraced different sets of groups from the religious, to tribal and to trade groups with the exception of a few notable ones such as the Egbe Omo Oduduwa and early on the Nigerian Union of Teachers. Dr. Nnamdi Azikiwe became its 2nd president and Dr. M.I. Okpara, it's 3rd president, when Dr. Azikiwe went on to become the first indegenious President of Nigeria. The party is considered to be the third prominent political party formed in Nigeria after a Lagos-based party, the Nigerian National Democratic Party and the Nigerian Youth Movement.

Party politics[edit]

During a national conference in 1954, the party had opposed a call to include the right of secession-a stance which was later exploited by the North and the West to deny the East the right to secede in the Nigerian Civil War. It had argued that the country was not a league of forced nations and it would be ruinous to include such right. The policies of the party, from its inception favored a countenance of determined expression for self-government and nationalism. The major aims of the party taken on subsequent campaigns at home and abroad were as follows.

  • The extension of democratic principles and advancement of the interest of the people of Nigeria and Cameroons under British mandate.
  • The impartings of political education to the people of Nigeria in order to prepare them for self-government.
  • The provision of medium of expression for members of NCNC through which they would endeavor to secure for Nigeria and the Cameroons, political freedom, social equality, religious toleration and economic activity.[1]

The first test of the party came in the 1951 election, the party won majority votes in the Eastern Region of Nigeria's House of Assembly but became the opposition in the western region with Azikiwe as the opposition leader representing Lagos.Although the Action Group won a plurality of the votes in the election, its prospects were uncertain as the NCNC could have secured a majority if it had been able to persuade the third party, which was an Ibadan community party and which had been viewed by the NCNC as its ally, to support it. This it was not able to achieve and the AG therefore formed the government amid accusations of carpet-crossing by Azikiwe and his NCNC. This event is still viewed by some historiographers as the beginning of ethnic politics in Nigeria.Azikiwe later on became the Premier of Eastern Region, Nigeria in 1954. After Nigeria's independence, Azikiwe was Governor-General (1960-1963) and President (1963-1966). In 1966, a military coup ended Azikiwe's term as president, and the NCNC dissolved in the following turmoil.

The NCNC was accused by its adversaries of focusing overly on the interests of the Igbo population. By the late 1940s,the remnant of the Nigerian Youth Movement,now effectively a western Nigeria political organization, had decided to support the Action Group accusing the NCNC of ethnic imperialism. However, the western opposition needed to tactically rev up local sentiments as its base was made up of local elites who depended little on nationalistic sentiment but on the local economic and political activity in their various towns and cities. During the Biafran war of secession, Azikiwe became a spokesman for the republic and an adviser to its leader.


  1. ^ a b D. I. Ilega, Religion and "Godless" Nationalism in Colonial Nigeria: The Case of the God's Kingdom Society and the NCNC Journal of Religion in Africa > Vol. 18, Fasc. 2 Jun., 1988.
  2. ^ O. E. Udofia, Nigerian Political Parties: Their Role in Modernizing the Political System, 1920–1966, Journal of Black Studies Vol. 11, No. 4 (Jun., 1981), pp. 435–447.


  • Peter C. Lloyd, The Development of Political Parties in Western Nigeria. The American Political Science Review > Vol. 49, No. 3 Sep., 1955.
  • Tekena N. Tamuno, Separatist Agitations in Nigeria since 1914. The Journal of Modern African Studies > Vol. 8, No. 4 Dec., 1970.

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Council_of_Nigeria_and_the_Cameroons — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
882 videos foundNext > 

Nigeria's First Post-Independence Elections (Part 1)

This is the first video in a 4 part series chronicling Nigeria's first elections -- hotly contested by the Northern People's Congress, National Council of Ni...

Nigeria's First Post-Independence Elections (Part 4)

This is the final video of a 4 part series chronicling Nigeria's first elections -- hotly contested by the Northern People's Congress, National Council of Ni...

The Life and Time of Michael Iheonukara Okpara

Dr. Michael Iheonukara Okpara was the Premier of Eastern Nigeria and leader of the National Convention of Nigerian Citizens (NCNC), known at its birth as the...

Ayinde Bakare & His Meranda Band - Herbert Macaulay / Golden Faces (Audio)

40's music from the incomparable Juju pioneer, Ayinde Bakare singing about the death of Nigerian nationalist, Herbert Macaulay. Ayinde Bakare (Died October 1...

Chief M.K.O. Abiola - Happy June 12

Chief M.K.O Abiola performs with Chief Ebenezer Obey @ Country Club of Lagos. Chief Moshood Kashimawo Olawale Abiola was born in Abeokuta, Ogun State.[1] His...

Southern Cameroons National Council - Vice Nat. Chairman

www.scncforsoutherncameroons.net - Southern Cameroons is the territory bounded to the west and north west by Nigeria, east by La Republique du Cameroun and s...


The Lamido of Adamawa yesterday responded to what he considered attempts to blackmail northerners at the National Conference, saying people like him are not ...

I Am Cameroon - National Day message May 20, 2014

I Am Cameroon - wishes its supporters, champions and committee leaders a happy National Day. The movement continues to grow, we need your support.

Ambazonia /Republic of Ambazonia/*Anthem«FREEDOM LAND» by matheona film

Ambazonia /Republic of Ambazonia/*Anthem«FREEDOM LAND» by matheona film The name Ambazonia or Ambazania refers to two separate entities. One pertains to an a...

30years of my reign in dardkness - His Majesty Fon CHAFAH XI of Bangolan.

Testimony of His Majesty Fon CHAFAH XI of Bangolan, Secretary General of the National Council of Cameroon. Traditional Ruler, former President and Secretary ...

882 videos foundNext > 

3 news items

Wed, 10 Sep 2014 20:56:15 -0700

It embraced Zik and his party, the National Council of Nigeria and the Cameroons as 'our edifice of freedom'. But the movement evolved and mutated from idolizing Zik to being disenchanted by his 'gradualist' ways. In 1948 leaders of the Zikist Movement ...
Sun, 31 Aug 2014 16:03:45 -0700

The National Council of Nigeria and the Cameroons (NCNC), which controlled the Eastern Nigerian Government, won election repeatedly in the region because the regional economy under Chief Michael OKpara, was vibrant. In fact, it was the fastest growing ...

The Streetjournal

The Streetjournal
Sat, 23 Aug 2014 15:13:24 -0700

... political party the Nigerian National Democratic Party (NNDP), the founder of the Nigerian Youth Movement (NYM) and the founder of one the most formidable political parties in our history, the National Council of Nigeria and the Cameroons (NCNC).

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!