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Nandyal
నంద్యాల
City
Nandyal is located in Andhra Pradesh
Nandyal
Nandyal
Location in Andhra Pradesh, India
Coordinates: 15°29′N 78°29′E / 15.48°N 78.48°E / 15.48; 78.48Coordinates: 15°29′N 78°29′E / 15.48°N 78.48°E / 15.48; 78.48
Country India
State Andhra Pradesh
District Kurnool
Government
 • Type Municipal Committee
Area
 • City 19.00 km2 (7.34 sq mi)
Elevation 203 m (666 ft)
Population (2011)[1]
 • City 200,746
 • Rank 228
 • Density 11,000/km2 (27,000/sq mi)
 • Metro[2] 211,787
Languages
 • Official Telugu
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 518 xxx
Vehicle registration AP–21
Website Nandyal Municipality
Navanandi route map from Nandyal

Nandyal is a town in Kurnool District, Andhra Pradesh, India. It is a major centre of trade, commerce, education and industries in the region. It also has holy places of worship.

The town was originally called Nandalluru. It derives its name from Nandi, the vehicle of Siva. It is surrounded by nine nandis and hence the name Nandyala. The temples draw pilgrims from various places. It had a population of 200,746 at the time of the 2011 Census.

History[edit]

The name Nandyal is from the word "Nandi Alayam". This place is approximately center point of nine Nandi temples, and it has been an important pilgrimage site since the days of the Vijayanagar Kingdom owing to its nine Nandi temples. It was the introduction of railways in 1890, however, that led to its rapid development. It became a municipality in 1900 and was visited, among others, by Mahatma Gandhi, Jawaharlal Nehru, and Indira Gandhi.

Geography[edit]

Nandyal is surrounded by hills, while the Kundu River on its west. The Nallamala Hills to the east are dense forest, granite mines towards south.

The town is rich in water resources like reservoirs. These give it an equitable climate throughout the year. However, summers can be particularly hot. The average temperature is around 28 °C.

Tourism[edit]

Nandyal is surrounded by nine temples of Lord Siva, called Nava Nandi. These nine temples are Mahanandi, Sivanandi, Vinayakanandi, Somanandi, Prathamanandi, Garudanandi, Suryanandi, Krishnanandi (also called Vishnunandi) and Naganandi. Mahanadi is the most famous of all. Omkaram is another famous Siva temple very close to Nandyal. They attract a large number of devotees throughout the year. Sri Yaganti Uma Maheswara Temple near Nandyal is having the world's largest Nandi idol. The devotees believe that the Nandi idol in front of the temple is continuously increasing its size. As per Archaeological Survey of India the rock grows at the rate of 1 inch per 20 years (10 mm per 8 years).

Nandyal is also the gateway to Belum Caves, Mahanandi and Srisailam.[3] Nandyal is a Diocese under the Church of South India, and it has a beautiful cathedral which was constructed and dedicated in 1905.

There is one more Siva temple Called Rudra Koduru, situated in Nallamalla forest. From Nandyal, it is around 50 km towards Athmakur. Even there is an ancient Saraswathi temple called Kolanu Bharathi situated in Nallamala forest, which is also a sacred place to visit.

Flora and Fauna[edit]

Gundla Brahmeswaram Wildlife Sanctuary is located about 30 km from Nandyal railway station. It occupies an area of over 1194 km2 The perennial Gundlakamma River flows through the sanctuary is the life-line of the wildlife sanctuary as it presents a varied habitat for wild life. The wildlife include Bengal tiger, Indian leopard, Sloth Bear, Wild Dog, Striped Hyena, Jungle Cat, Tufted Gray Langur, Bonnet Macaque, Indian Pangolin, Sambar Deer, Nilgai, Four-horned Antelope, Chinkara, Mouse Deer, Monitor Lizard, Indian Rock Python and Marsh Crocodile.

The sanctuary is covered by mixed deciduous forests and abounds in plants that have immense ethno-botanical value. In fact, the sanctuary is renowned as one of the most picturesque forest areas in India. The sanctuary boasts of a rich and diverse flora that comprises trees like Teak, Shisham, Boswellia, Terminalia, Dalbergia and Bamboo.

Economy[edit]

The city is a major hub of industry and agriculture. It is rich in natural resources like granite and marble.

Industries

The main export items are cement, sugar, PVC pipes, ethanol, oil, cotton. The seed industry has been flourishing for 30 years. It is also a busy business centrist area. There are many cement factories around Nandyal. Nandi group is the major exporter of Nandi Pipes, Nandi dairy, Panyam cement, Nandi Group of Companies, AP Dairy with "Milk Products Factory" of Vijaya brand Sugar Factory along with other Companies in different sectors.

Agriculture

The major crops cultivated here are paddy, jowar, and cotton. Other crops that are grown here are groundnuts, Bengal gram, sunflower, toor dal, mustard seeds and sugar cane. The vegetation of most famous Polur Brinjals has its native here. Other vegetables include Chillies, Cucumber, Tomatoes, Ridge Gourd, Indian Broad Beans, Cluster Beans. All types of leafy vegetables are grown here. The soil here is of mixed varieties making it suitable to grow many crops. The world famous variety of mangoes are grown in Banganapalli.

Commercial crops like Castor Seeds are also grown. Bananas are extensively grown in and around Nandyal though its productivity declined gradually. National Seed Corporation Ltd is established at Noonepalli, Nandyal which ensures to meet the demand for quality seed of the farmers.

Politics[edit]

A Lok Sabha constituency is named after the city. P.V. Narasimha Rao was an Indian lawyer, politician, and activist who served as the ninth Prime Minister of India (1991–1996), registered his record-breaking victory in 1992 from here.

Neelam Sanjiva Reddy, the sixth President of India, serving from 1977 to 1982, and the only person to be elected President of India unopposed, fought the Lok Sabha election from Nandyal constituency as a Janata Party candidate. He was the only non-Congress candidate to get elected from Andhra Pradesh. He was unanimously elected Speaker of the Lok Sabha on 26 March 1977. This is only constituency which has given a President and a Prime Minister to India.[citation needed]

Pendekanti Venkatasubbaiah was an Indian politician. He was the Governor of Bihar from 15 March 1985 to 25 February 1988 and the Governor of Karnataka, India from 26 February 1988 to 5 February 1990.He was elected to the Lok Sabha and was the Union Minister of State for Home and Parliamentary Affairs in both Indira Gandhi and Rajiv Gandhi cabinet.He was also elected as Member of Parliament from Nandyal constituency for three times from Indian National Congress party.

Transportation[edit]

The city is well connected both by roads and railways.

Roadways[edit]

The NH18 in Nandyal which is well connected to Kurnool, Tirupathi, Kadapa etc. State owned APSRTC run bus services from Nandyal to major cities like Tirupati, Hyderabad, Kurnool, Vijayawada etc. Buses also ply to parts of Karnataka and Tamil Nadu such as Bengaluru, Bellary and Chennai.

Railways[edit]

The city is the major junction for Railways because of its geographic location. Nandyala railway station is a major station on the Guntur division of South Central Railway and has direct trains to Bengaluru, Secunderabad and Howrah. A new line to Yerraguntla is under construction. Within the town, auto rickshaws and rented cars are a common means of commutation.

Achievements and facts[edit]

Nandyal ranked as 132nd cleanest city in India, with a total of 38.640 points, according to a survey by the Ministry of Urban Development.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Cities having population 1 lakh and above". The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 23 August 2014. 
  2. ^ "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above". The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 23 August 2014. 
  3. ^ Imperial Gazetteer2 of India, Volume 18, page 363 – Imperial Gazetteer of India – Digital South Asia Library. Dsal.uchicago.edu. Retrieved on 2011-11-29.
  4. ^ pib.nic.in



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Deccan Chronicle

Deccan Chronicle
Thu, 26 Feb 2015 15:00:40 -0800

AP, however, got Rs 130 crore for the Nandyal-Yerraguntla line, Rs 110 crore for the Nadikudi-Srikalahasti project and Rs 150 crore for the Vijayawada-Bhima-varam-Nidavolu line doubling and electrification project. Also, Rs 55 crore has been allocated ...

NDTV

NDTV
Thu, 26 Feb 2015 09:47:22 -0800

130 crore was allotted for Nandyal-Yerraguntla project which would help complete these three projects, Mr Srivastava said. He said that Rs. 20 crore was allotted for the Manoharabad-Kothapalli project and Rs. 110 crores for the Nadikudi-Srikalahasti ...

Times of India

The Hindu
Thu, 26 Feb 2015 16:00:00 -0800

The State had also been pitching for dedicated train to New Delhi, post-bifurcation. The Minister, however, made allocation of Rs. 100 crore for Mellacheruvu-Vishnupuram and Rs. 130 crore for Nandyal-Yerraguntla lines which were on completion mode.
 
The Hindu
Thu, 26 Feb 2015 16:11:15 -0800

The stations in AP where youngsters with smartphones or laptop-slinging techies will soon be found are: Adoni, Annavaram, Bapatla, Begumpet, Bhimavaram, Chittoor, Dharmavaram, Gooty, Gudivada, Kakinada, Kavali, Machilipatnam, Mantralayam, Nandyal ...
 
Business Standard
Thu, 26 Feb 2015 08:29:02 -0800

Besides getting Rs 141 crore for Peddapalli-Karimnagar-Nizamabad project, and Rs 100 crore for Mellacheruvu-Vishupuram, Rs 130 crore for Nandyal-Yerraguntla, Rs 110 crore for Nadikudi-Srikalahasti and Rs 150 crore for V'wada-Bhimavaram-Nidavolu ...

Livemint

Livemint
Thu, 26 Feb 2015 03:35:55 -0800

JSW Cement is a unit of JSW Group and the company's plants at Vijayanagar in Karnataka, Nandyal in Andhra Pradesh and Dolvi in Maharashtra utilize slag from the JSW Steel Ltd plants to produce cement. “Currently, slag with good cementitious property ...

The Hindu

The Hindu
Thu, 26 Feb 2015 16:07:34 -0800

The Minister, however, made allocation of Rs. 100 crore for Mellacheruvu-Vishnupuram and Rs. 130 crore for Nandyal-Yerraguntla lines which were on completion mode. The Nadikudi-Srikalahasti line, spanning 308 km involving an estimated Rs. 2,452 crore ...

SW News Media

SW News Media
Mon, 23 Feb 2015 13:12:37 -0800

Left to right: Pete Whitman, Brass & Woodwinds Dept. head, McNally Smith College of Music; Outstanding Soloists Lucas Larson, Uzoma Ngwu, Trey Houston, Will Schmid and Varun Nandyal. Buy this photo. Posted: Monday, February 23, 2015 12:52 pm.
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