Shivanandi temple view near Nandyal
|• Type||Municipal Committe|
|Elevation||203 m (666 ft)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Vehicle registration||AP21X XXXX|
The town was originally called Nandalluru. It derives its name from Nandi, the vehicle of Shiva. It is surrounded by nine nandis and hence the name Nandyala. The temples draw pilgrims from various places. It had a population of 211,787 at the time of the 2011 Census.
Nandyal is surrounded on all sides by hills, while the Kundu River flows to its west. The Nallamala Hills to the east are dense forest, while the ones to the south have been mined for granite.
The town is rich in water resources owing to its many tanks and reservoirs. These give it an equitable climate throughout the year. However, summers can be particularly hot. The average temperature is around 28 °C.
The name Nandyal is from the word "Nandi Alayam". This place is approximately center point of nine Nandi temples, and it has been an important pilgrimage site since the days of the Vijayanagar Kingdom owing to its nine Nandi temples. It was the introduction of railways in 1890, however, that led to its rapid development. It became a municipality in 1900 and was visited, among others, by Mahatma Gandhi, Jawaharlal Nehru, and Indira Gandhi.
Nandyal is surrounded by nine temples of Lord Shiva, called Nava Nandi. These nine temples are Mahanandi, Shivanandi, Vinayakanandi, Somanandi, Prathamanandi, Garudanandi, Suryanandi, Krishnanandi (also called Vishnunandi) and Naganandi. Mahanadi is the most famous of all, with a rush of tourists and devotees every year. Omkaram is another famous Siva temple very close to Nandyal. They attract a large number of devotees throughout the year. Sri Yaganti Uma Maheswara Temple is near Nandyal. It has the world's largest Nandi idol. The devotees believe that the Nandi idol in front of the temple is continuously increasing its size. As per Archaeological Survey of India the rock grows at the rate of 1 inch per 20 years (10 mm per 8 years). Siva, Parvathi and Nandi are the deities worshipped here. Ahobilam, 65 km from Nandyal, has the famous temple of Narasimha Swamy, one of the incarnations of Lord Vishnu. Nandyal is also the gateway to Belum Caves, Mahanandi and Srisailam. Nandyal is a Diocese under the Church of South India, and it has a beautiful cathedral which was constructed and dedicated in 1905.
Gundla Brahmeswaram Wildlife Sanctuary
Gundla Brahmeswaram Sanctuary occupies an area of over 1194 km2 and is covered by mixed deciduous forests. It is situated on Gundla Brahmeshwaram plateau running south to north of the Nallamala Hills range. The perennial Gundlakamma River flows through the sanctuary is the life-line of the wildlife sanctuary as it presents a varied habitat for wild life. One remarkable fact about Gundla Brahmeswara Sanctuary is that it is the last surviving tract of pistine forests of Nallamala Hills. The wildlife include Bengal tiger, Indian leopard, Sloth Bear, Wild Dog, Striped Hyena, Jungle Cat, Tufted Gray Langur, Bonnet Macaque, Indian Pangolin, Sambar Deer, Nilgai, Four-horned Antelope, Chinkara, Mouse Deer, Monitor Lizard, Indian Rock Python and Marsh Crocodile.
The main attractions of the Gundla Brahmeswara Wildlife Sanctuary are Mouse deer and Tufted Gray Langur. The sanctuary abounds in plants that have immense ethno-botanical value. In fact, the sanctuary is renowned as one of the most picturesque forest areas in India. The sanctuary boasts of a rich and diverse flora that comprises trees like Teak, Shisham, Boswellia, Terminalia, Dalbergia and Bamboo.
Animal lovers can look forward to a close encounters. The Gundla Brahmeswara Wildlife Sanctuary is marked by dense forests, abundant flora and fauna and picturesque spots.
The climate of the Gundla Brahmeswara Wildlife Sanctuary region is usually hot round the year with most of the precipitation occurring during the monsoon. Maximum temperatures in summer soars in the range of 40–45 °C while winters in the Gundla Brahmeswara Wildlife Sanctuary are usually mild and pleasant.
The best time to visit is from October to March. Tourists can stay at the inspection bungalow at Nandyal and a Forest Rest House at Diguvametta.
The major town Kurnool is 70 km northwest of Nandyal.
The city is a major hub of industry and agriculture. It is rich in natural resources like granite and marble. The main export items are cement, sugar, PVC pipes, ethanol, oil, cotton, mangoes and rice. The seed industry has been flourishing for 30 years. It is also a busy business centrist area. The MP of Nandyal is S.P.Y. Reddy have constructed cement factories only one that is panyam cement and have many cement factories around Nandyal.
List of cement factories:
- JSW Cement
- Maha Cement
- Jaya Jyoti Cement
- Dalmia Cement
- Panyam Cement
- Jaypee Cement
- Nagarjuna Cement
- Bmm Cement
- L&T Cement
The major crops cultivated here are paddy, jowar, tobacco and cotton. Other crops that are grown here are groundnuts, Bengal gram, sunflower, toor dal, mustard seeds and sugar cane. The vegetation of most famous Polur Brinjals has its native here. Other vegetables include Chillies, Cucumber, Tomatoes, Ridge Gourd, Indian Broad Beans, Cluster Beans. All types of leafy vegetables are grown here. The soil here is of mixed varieties making it suitable to grow many crops. The world famous variety of mangoes are grown in Banganapalli. Commercial crops like Castor Seeds are also grown. Bananas are extensively grown in and around Nandyal though its productivity declined gradually.National Seed Corporation Ltd is established at Noonepalli, Nandyal which ensures to meet the demand for quality seed of the farmers.
It is also hub for major educational institutions like "1882 started SPG High school", Holy cross High school, St. Joseph's High School (Telugu & English medium), St. Joseph's Junior College, Municipal High School, Vijayavani Group of Institutions, Good Shepherd English Medium School, Bala Academy Silver Oaks School, Sree lakshmi English Medium School, Nava Bharath Public School, National Degree and PG College Keshava Reddy Educational Institutions, Ravindra Public School, Sri Chaitanya School, Shantiniketan e-Techno School. And Sri Guru Raghavendra Banking Coaching Center is also attracting many students from surrounding places who want to prepare for bank exams.
- RGM college of Engineering
- Santhiram Engineering College
- Santhiram Pharmacy College
- Syamaladevi Institute of Technology for Women
- SPY Reddy Junior, Degree and PG colleges
- Ramakrishna Reddy Degree & PG colleges
- Nantional Degree & PG colleges
- E.S.C. Govt Polytechnic College
- AVR&SVR Engineering College, Dental and Medical colleges
- Santhiram Medical College
- Prabhath Institute of Pharmacy
- Prabhath institute of business management
- Prabhath Institute of Computer Sciences
- Prabhath Institute of school Education
Nandi group is the major exporter of Nandi Pipes, nandi dairy, panyam cement, Naidu Group of Companies AP Dairy with "Milk Products Factory" of Vijaya brand Sugar Factory along with other Companies in different sector.
The city is developed in industries like web hosting services and software development (Dot Domains Limited - www.dotdomains.in, a Cyan Software Technologies India Private Limited Company), Software development and Training centers, like NATIONAL COMPUTERS etc.,
Nandyal city is surrounded by big villages like Mahanandi, Gajulapalli, Yallur, Sirvel, tamadapalle, velgode etc. and small villages like Rythunagar, Kanala, Chintakunta, Julepalli etc. Much of the Nandyal economy is sustained by people from the villages settling in the city to support their children's education. Nandyal is also a commercial hub for all the surrounding villages.
But much of Nandyal roads are very narrow, the NMC are having plans to widen the roads.
- State Bank of India
- State Bank of Hyderabad
- Andhra Bank
- Syndicate Bank
- Indian Bank
- Indian Overseas Bank
- Citi Bank
- Central Bank of India
- Canara Bank
- Corporation Bank
- Vijaya Bank
- Union Bank of India
- IDBI Bank
- Punjab National Bank
- Oriental Bank of Commerce
- Bank of Baroda
- Tamilnadu Mercantile Bank
- Karnataka Bank
- Citi Bank
- City Union Bank
- ICICI Bank
- Axis Bank
- HDFC Bank
- Karur Vysya Bank
- ING Vysya Bank
- Lakshmi Vilas Bank
- Andhra Pragathi Grameena Bank
A Lok Sabha constituency is named after the city. P.V. Narasimha Rao was an Indian lawyer, politician, and activist who served as the ninth Prime Minister of India (1991–1996), registered his record-breaking victory in 1992 from this very place.
Neelam Sanjiva Reddy, the sixth President of India, serving from 1977 to 1982, and the only person to be elected President of India unopposed, fought the Lok Sabha election from Nandyal constituency as a Janata Party candidate. He was the only non-Congress candidate to get elected from Andhra Pradesh. He was unanimously elected Speaker of the Lok Sabha on 26 March 1977. This is only constituency which has given a President and a Prime Minister to India.
The current Member of Parliament is S.P.Y. Reddy representing the YSRCP Party and MLA is Shilpa Mohan Reddy
The city is well connected both by roads and railways. There is NH18 is there in Nandyal which is well connected to Kurnool, Tirupathi, Kadapa etc.... are plenty of buses from Nandyal to Tirumala - Tirupati, Hyderabad, Kurnool, Vijayawada, Chittor, Anantapur Hindupur and Kadapa. Buses also ply to parts of Karnataka and Tamil Nadu such as Bengaluru, Bellary Nellore and Chennai.
Nandyala railway station is a major station on the Guntur division of South Central Railway and has direct trains to Bengaluru, Secunderabad and Howrah. A new line to Yerraguntla is under construction. There is no connectivity to Mumbai and one train for Gujarat and MP/Rajasthan. This is the list of trains from Nandyal.
- Amaravati express
- Prasanti express
- Kondaveedu express
- Puri–Yeswanthpur Garib Rath express
- Dhone–Guntur passenger.
- Vijayawada–Hubli Passenger.
- Nandyal–Kurnool DMU.
The nearest airport is the Rajiv Gandhi International Airport in Hyderabad (Shamshabad), some 270 km away.
Within the town, auto rickshaws and rented cars are a common means of commutation. Realestate has got good boom in Nandyal.
Taxi hiring charges are exorbitant compared to other parts of the county. Many software engineers from Nandyal live in Bangalore and Hyderabad.
Major hotels, staying and restaurants and cinema halls
- Seshi Residency
- Hotel Tourist
- Tirumala Hotel and Lodging
- Dwaraka Hotel and Lodging
- Chanakya Hotel and Lodging
- Hotel Shobha A/C Deluxe **
- Bala Lodging and Boarding
- Amrita Restaurant
- Hotel Suraj
- Jana Priya Restaurant
- Taste Buds Restaurant.
- Cinema halls
- Raj Theatre
- Kalil Theatre
- Raamnath Theatre
- Abhiraam Theatre
- Nidhi Theatre
- Pratap Theatre
- Mini Pratap Theatre
- Sangeeth Theatre
- Venkateshwara Theatre
- Mini Venkateshwara Theatre
- Sri rama Theatre
- Raghu Rma Theatre.
Achievements and facts
Nandyal ranked as 132nd cleanest city in India, with a total of 38.640 points, according to a survey by the Ministry of Urban Development.
- Nandyal Parliamentary Constituency, Nandyal Election. Mapsofindia.com. Retrieved on 2011-11-29.
- stayed for more than 2 years.
- Imperial Gazetteer2 of India, Volume 18, page 363 – Imperial Gazetteer of India – Digital South Asia Library. Dsal.uchicago.edu. Retrieved on 2011-11-29.
- self resided here for more than 2 years/