Nakawa Division is one of the five administrative divisions of Kampala, the capital of Uganda, and the largest city in that country. The division takes its name from Nakawa, where the division headquarters are located.
Nakawa Division lies in the eastern part of the city, bordering Kira Town to the east, Wakiso District to the north, Kawempe Division to the northwest, Kampala Central Division to the west, Makindye Division across Murchison Bay to the southwest and Lake Victoria to the south. The coordinates of the division are:0°20'00.0"N, 32°37'00.0"E (Latitude:0.333333; Longitude:32.616667). Neighborhoods in the division include Bugoloobi, Bukoto, Butabika, Kiswa, Kiwaatule, Kyambogo, Kyanja, Luzira, Mbuya, Mutungo, Nabisunsa, Naguru, Nakawa and Ntinda. The division covers an area of approximately 47.45 square kilometres (18.32 sq mi).
The topography of the division is characterized by flat-topped hills of uniform height divided by shallow valleys forming papyrus swamps. Most of the streams flow into Lake Victoria. The streams are characterized by low gradient and comparatively broad valley floors. Owing to alluvial aggregation, low gradient and frequent local silting, many valley floors have become seasonal or permanent swamps. The soil geology from which the soils of the corridor formed belongs to the Basement Complex. It consists of a variety of metamorphic largely granitoid rocks, acid gneisses, schists and sand stones. Most of these rocks are highly weathered.
The meteorological data for Kampala City is typical of Nakawa Division. The division is characterized by comparatively small seasonal variations in temperature. Due to a high rate of evaporation from the lake surface and to regular winds, which drift across the lake from east to west all seasons, the average annual rainfall is high; 1,558 millimetres (61.3 in). There is a tendency of the rainfall to decrease as one moves northwards from the lake shores. The rain falls in 160 to 170 days each year, with two peaks from March to May and from October to November.
Only a small proportion of the division vegetation can be considered as natural. The vegetation of the hills which was originally shrubs and forests has been modified to a greater extent as a result of clearing to give way for settlement (high income residential neighborhoods on the hills) and the papyrus swamps have been encroached on, in the valleys, by illegal developers.
The 1991 national census estimated the population in the division at 135,519 people. The 2002 census put the figure at 246,781 people, with 122,249 (49.5%) females and 124,532 (50.5%) males. In 2002, Nakawa Division contributed 20.3% of the total Kampala District population. Children below five years of age contributed 20% of the total Division population. The youth aged 10 to 24 contributed to 30% of the total population and 26.7% of the population were women of child-bearing age. The population growth rate in 2002 was 4.8% and the total fertility rate was 5.1%. The average family size is 4 and the maternal mortality rate is equivalent to 265 per 100,000 live births.
- Source: Defunct Kampala City Council Data, based on 2002 National Population Census.
The table below uses the available data to project the population growth in the district between 2002 and 2012. All data are estimates. The next national population census in Uganda is planned for August 2014.