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نگرپاركر
City
Nagarparkar
Country Pakistan
Province Sindh
District Tharparkar
Time zone PST
Nagarparkar City view from Karoonjhar Mountains

Nagarparkar (Urdu: نگرپاركر‎, Sindhi: ننگرپارڪر),original word Nangar Parkar is a town in Tharparkar District in Sindh province of Pakistan. Located at a distance of 150 km from Mithi, in Sindh, Pakistan.

Description[edit]

Bhudesar Mosque

The town is at the foot of the Karoonjhar Hills. It is situated at a distance of about 15 km from the Indian border. At one time the area was under the sea, which had to be crossed; the name "Parkar" means "to cross over". Nagarparkar has on its north Taluka Chachro, and on its west is Taluka Mithi of Tharparkar District, while on east of it lies Barmer (Rajasthan) and on its south is Run Katchh. The area surrounding the city is a rocky belt called Parkar, and the remaining part is a sandy area.

The Karoonjhar hills surround Nagarparkar for 16 miles. The granite stone of this mountain is used for making tiles. There is a saying that the Karoonjhar hills provide 1-1/4 kilos of gold every day in the form of red granite stone, china clay, and honey. In summer, different sounds are audible from the rock due to sulphur deposits.

Demographics[edit]

Jain Temple of Bhodesar

The population of the taluka is 153,106, out of which 90,893 are Hindus and 62,213 are Muslims. There is one rest house beneath the Karoonjhar Mountain, but it partially collapsed during the 2001 earthquake. The town is an ancient place of Hindu worship. Sardharo, Anchlesar, and Jain temples are situated there.

Bhudesar Mosque[edit]

The Bhudesar Mosque was built by Nasir-ud-Din Mahmud Shah of Gujarat in 1505 AD. It is built in the Hindu/Jain architect style.

Jain Temples of Nagarparkar and nearby region[edit]

The region once had a significant Jain population. Shri Gaudi Parshvanth Stavan describes the Parkar country as the most glorious of all regions of India.[1] The remains of a number of Jain temples are popular tourist attractions and heritage sites in the region.[2]

  • Nagar ‘bazaar’ temple: It is present in the main bazar of the Nangar Parkar town. The structure of the temple, including the shikhar and the torana gateway is completely intact. It was apparently in use until the independence of Pakistan in 1947, and perhaps for some years even after that that. There is also a ruined temple outside of the town.
  • Bhodesar temples: Bhodesar, 3 miles from Nagar, was the region's capital during Sodha rule. Remains of three temples, are present. In 1897, two of them were being used as cattle stalls and the third had holes in the back. The oldest temple, was built in the classical style with stones without any mortar, built around 9th century. It is built on a high platform and reached by a series of steps carved into the rock. It has beautifully carved huge stone columns and other structural elements. The remaining walls are instable and partially collapsed. Parts of the building had been dismantled by the locals who used the bricks to construct their homes. It is perhaps the most spectacular of the monuments in Sindh. The two other Jain temples are said to have been built in 1375 CE and 1449 CE built of kanjur and redstone, with fine carvings and corbelled domes.
Karoonjar mountain temple
  • Karoonjar mountain temple: at the base of the mountain.
  • Viravah: There are a number of ruins of Jain temples here. One of the temples had 27 devakulikas in it. The ruins of legendary Parinagar are nearby. One of the temples is in good preservation.
  • Gori Mandir: 14 miles from Viravah. The legendary temple with 52 subsidiary shrines was built in AD 1375-6.

Climate[edit]

The area experiences extremes of climate due to the rocky terrain.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Shri Gaudi Parshvanth Stavan, Bhanvarlal Nahta, Shri Gaudi Parchvanath Tirth, Muni Jinavijaya Abhinandan Granth, Ed. Dalsukh Malvania, Jinavijayaji Samman Samiti, Jaipur, 1971, p. 263-275
  2. ^ Vanishing temples of Thar and Nagar Parkar, Ameer Hamza, Dawn, October 21, 2006 http://archives.dawn.com/weekly/gallery/archive/061021/gallery3.htm

Coordinates: 24°21′00″N 70°47′00″E / 24.35°N 70.7833°E / 24.35; 70.7833


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nagarparkar — Please support Wikipedia.
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135 news items

The Express Tribune

The Express Tribune
Sat, 17 Jan 2015 12:48:45 -0800

He said the hilly areas of Nagarparkar had plenty of granite. He said better employment opportunities on the ground could open a new vista of economic prosperity in the district. Shahzad wrote that plenty of rain water was lost in the desert without ...

THEASiaN (satire) (press release) (registration)

THEASiaN (satire) (press release) (registration)
Wed, 14 Jan 2015 01:51:47 -0800

It's surprising that even the Pakistan Rangers, having its check-posts in 100km area from Islamkot town to Nagarparkar, turning it into a cantonment where nobody could enter or leave without its permission do not check vehicles carrying the gum to curb ...

The Express Tribune

The Express Tribune
Thu, 08 Jan 2015 11:41:15 -0800

... six monitoring cells were also being set up. He added that generators were being installed at Civil Hospital, Mithi, and rehabilitation centres at Chachro, Diplo and Nagarparkar were also being installed. Published in The Express Tribune, January ...
 
Daily Times
Thu, 01 Jan 2015 12:52:33 -0800

Out of 150 RO plants 38 are in Mithi, 35 in Islamkot, 19 in Chhachro, 16 in Dahli and 32 in Nagarparkar. Asif Ali Zardari would also perform stone lying ceremony of 30 milk chillers to be installed in Tharparkar district. These chillers would be ...
 
The News International
Sat, 29 Mar 2014 19:24:15 -0700

HYDERABAD: An ecotourism project in the outskirts of Nagarparkar – a town in the Tharparkar district – was launched on Friday. The small grant programme (SGP) of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) funded the project under the Global ...
 
PakistanHerald
Wed, 07 Jan 2015 17:41:15 -0800

Presiding over a meeting attended by Bakhtawar Bhutto, Sindh Chief Minister Syed Qaim Ali Shah, party parliamentarians and Sindh government functionaries, he emphasised the need for establishment of RO plants in Islamkot, Nagarparkar, Diplo and ...
 
The Express Tribune
Fri, 08 Jul 2011 11:04:50 -0700

Nagarparkar, one of the four talukas of the Tharparkar District, is exceptional in scenic, historic and cultural terms for a number of reasons. It contains the dramatic Karunjar Hills, which rise to 300 metres. They are made of pink granite with deep ...
 
DAWN.com
Wed, 31 Oct 2012 19:42:33 -0700

KARACHI, Oct 31: In an effort to revive the population of vultures that has sharply gone down over the past 10 to 15 years in the country, a sanctuary for the species is being established in Nagarparkar, where the birds have recently been seen nesting ...
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