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Country Pakistan
Province Sindh
District Tharparkar
Time zone PST
Nagarparkar City view from Karoonjhar Mountains

Nagarparkar (Urdu: نگرپاركر‎, Sindhi: ننگرپارڪر‎),original word Nangar Parkar is a town in Tharparkar District in Sindh province of Pakistan. Located at a distance of 150 km from Mithi, in Sindh, Pakistan.


Bhudesar Mosque

The town is at the foot of the Karoonjhar Hills. It is situated at a distance of about 132 km from the Indian border. At one time the area was under the sea, which had to be crossed; the name "Parkar" means "to cross over". Nagarparkar has on its north Taluka Chachro, and on its west is Taluka Mithi of Tharparkar District, while on east of it lies Barmer (Rajasthan) and on its south is Run Katchh. The area surrounding the city is a rocky belt called Parkar, and the remaining part is a sandy area.

The Karoonjhar hills surround Nagarparkar for 16 miles. The granite stone of this mountain is used for making tiles. There is a saying that the Karoonjhar hills provide 1-1/4 kilos of gold every day in the form of red granite stone, china clay, and honey. In summer, different sounds are audible from the rock due to sulphur deposits.


During the Indo-Pak war of 1965, Indian Army had captured the hills of Nagarparkar. After the cease-fire was declared and international border was being carved out with the help of Iran and Yugoslavia, India had to relinquish the control of Nagarparkar hills.[1]


Jain Temple of Bhodesar

The population of the taluka is 153,106, out of which 90,893 are Hindus and 62,213 are Muslims. There is one rest house beneath the Karoonjhar Mountain, but it partially collapsed during the 2001 earthquake. The town is an ancient place of Hindu worship. Sardharo, Anchlesar, and Jain temples are situated there.

Bhudesar Mosque[edit]

The Bhudesar Mosque was built by Nasir-ud-Din Mahmud Shah of Gujarat in 1505 AD. It is built in the Hindu/Jain architect style.

Jain Temples of Nagarparkar and nearby region[edit]

The region once had a significant Jain population. Shri Gaudi Parshvanth Stavan describes the Parkar country as the most glorious of all regions of India.[2] The remains of a number of Jain temples are popular tourist attractions and heritage sites in the region.[3]

  • Nagar ‘bazaar’ temple: It is present in the main bazar of the Nangar Parkar town. The structure of the temple, including the shikhar and the torana gateway is completely intact. It was apparently in use until the independence of Pakistan in 1947, and perhaps for some years even after that. There is also a ruined temple outside of the town.
  • Bhodesar temples: Bhodesar, 3 miles from Nagar, was the region's capital during Sodha rule. Remains of three temples, are present. In 1897, two of them were being used as cattle stalls and the third had holes in the back. The oldest temple, was built in the classical style with stones without any mortar, built around 9th century. It is built on a high platform and reached by a series of steps carved into the rock. It has beautifully carved huge stone columns and other structural elements. The remaining walls are instable and partially collapsed. Parts of the building had been dismantled by the locals who used the bricks to construct their homes. It is perhaps the most spectacular of the monuments in Sindh. The two other Jain temples are said to have been built in 1375 CE and 1449 CE built of kanjur and redstone, with fine carvings and corbelled domes.
Karoonjar mountain temple
  • Karoonjar mountain temple: at the base of the mountain.
  • Viravah: There are a number of ruins of Jain temples here. One of the temples had 27 devakulikas in it. The ruins of legendary Parinagar are nearby. One of the temples is in good preservation.
  • Gori Mandir: 14 miles from Viravah. The legendary temple with 52 subsidiary shrines was built in AD 1375-6.


The area experiences extremes of climate due to the rocky terrain.


  1. ^ "NATIONAL SECURITY: BSF in Mysterious Rann of Kutch (रण का रहस्य)". Rajya Sabha TV. Rajya Sabha TV. 18 March 2015. Retrieved 8 February 2016. 
  2. ^ Shri Gaudi Parshvanth Stavan, Bhanvarlal Nahta, Shri Gaudi Parchvanath Tirth, Muni Jinavijaya Abhinandan Granth, Ed. Dalsukh Malvania, Jinavijayaji Samman Samiti, Jaipur, 1971, p. 263-275
  3. ^ Vanishing temples of Thar and Nagar Parkar, Ameer Hamza, Dawn, October 21, 2006 http://archives.dawn.com/weekly/gallery/archive/061021/gallery3.htm

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 24°21′00″N 70°47′00″E / 24.35°N 70.7833°E / 24.35; 70.7833

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nagarparkar — Please support Wikipedia.
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212 news items

The Express Tribune

The Express Tribune
Wed, 10 Feb 2016 10:45:02 -0800

Even for a cool January, Tharparkar was exceptionally hot during the day and a stopover at the temple of Gori near Nagarparkar was a welcoming respite, with its glowing white structure affording a pleasant shade. The abandoned temple, which now echoes ...

The Express Tribune

The Express Tribune
Sat, 06 Feb 2016 11:41:34 -0800

“Around 100 acres in Nagarparkar have been given to Jaish-e-Muhammad, a proscribed militant organisation, despite a ban on transferring land in the border town,” said Dr Sono Khangharani, a social activist. Nagarparkar is the town that borders the ...

The Express Tribune

The Express Tribune
Wed, 27 Jan 2016 12:37:30 -0800

Hundreds of years later, from the well in Bhalwa village of Nagarparkar still emanates the spirit of a woman so chaste that she declined a life of royalty amid jewels and gifts, choosing to return to her betrothed instead. This tale of piety and ...

The News International

The News International
Sun, 07 Feb 2016 16:11:15 -0800

Krimchi Kolhi, 75-year old peasant worker, has four sons, who work as daily wagers in a nearby factory. They earn a very little amount to support their family. Krimchi originally belongs to the famous green zone of Kasbo near Nagarparkar, Tharparkar ...

The News on Sunday

The News on Sunday
Sat, 30 Jan 2016 13:22:30 -0800

The Kalash Valley and Nagarparkar are among the few remaining areas in Pakistan with predominantly non-Muslim populations, determined to maintain their identity in spite of all odds. Both lie near the extremely sensitive borders of Afghanistan and India.


Wed, 03 Feb 2016 09:22:10 -0800

Five of the seven deaths were reported by their parents from Sonder, Gundi Sama and Ouner villages near Nagarparkar and Malkan village adjacent to Chhachhro town while a two-year-old girl and a newborn died at the Mithi Civil Hospital on Tuesday.

The Nation

Daily Times
Mon, 25 Jan 2016 17:30:00 -0800

The health minister claimed that 114 children were admitted in Civil Hospital Mithi, out of which two died while the two seriously ill children were referred to Hyderabad, while 11 children were admitted in Diplo, 47 in Nagarparkar and 14 were admitted ...
Kasmir Monitor
Sat, 06 Feb 2016 10:30:31 -0800

Twelve-month-old Natho Bheel, eight-month-old Hamida and seven-month-old Saghir died at the Mithi Civil Hospital, two-year-old Amia died at the Nagarparkar rural health centre and a newborn died in a village near Chelhar. Dr Iqbal Ahmed Bhurgari, civil ...

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