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Nagarparkar City view from Karoonjhar Mountains

Nagarparkar (Urdu: نگرپاركر‎, Sindhi: ننگرپارڪر),original word Nangar Parkar is a town in Tharparkar District in Sindh province of Pakistan. Located at a distance of 150 km from Mithi, in Sindh, Pakistan.


Bhudesar Mosque

The town is at the foot of the Karoonjhar Hills. It is situated at a distance of about 15 km from the Indian border. At one time the area was under the sea, which had to be crossed; the name "Parkar" means "to cross over". Nagarparkar has on its north Taluka Chachro, and on its west is Taluka Mithi of Tharparkar District, while on east of it lies Barmer (Rajasthan) and on its south is Run Katchh. The area surrounding the city is a rocky belt called Parkar, and the remaining part is a sandy area.

The Karoonjhar hills surround Nagarparkar for 16 miles. The granite stone of this mountain is used for making tiles. There is a saying that the Karoonjhar hills provide 1-1/4 kilos of gold every day in the form of red granite stone, china clay, and honey. In summer, different sounds are audible from the rock due to sulphur deposits.


Jain Temple of Bhodesar

The population of the taluka is 153,106, out of which 90,893 are Hindus and 62,213 are Muslims. There is one rest house beneath the Karoonjhar Mountain, but it partially collapsed during the 2001 earthquake. The town is an ancient place of Hindu worship. Sardharo, Anchlesar, and Jain temples are situated there.

Bhudesar Mosque[edit]

The Bhudesar Mosque was built by Nasir-ud-Din Mahmud Shah of Gujarat in 1505 AD. It is built in the Hindu/Jain architect style.

Jain Temples of Nagarparkar and nearby region[edit]

The region once had a significant Jain population. Shri Gaudi Parshvanth Stavan describes the Parkar country as the most glorious of all regions of India.[1] The remains of a number of Jain temples are popular tourist attractions and heritage sites in the region.[2]

  • Nagar ‘bazaar’ temple: It is present in the main bazar of the Nangar Parkar town. The structure of the temple, including the shikhar and the torana gateway is completely intact. It was apparently in use until the partition of India, and perhaps for some years even after that that. There is also a ruined temple outside of the town.
  • Bhodesar temples: Bhodesar, 3 miles from Nagar, was the region's capital during Sodha rule. Remains of three temples, are present. In 1897, two of them were being used as cattle stalls and the third had holes in the back. The oldest temple, was built in the classical style with stones without any mortar, built around 9th century. It is built on a high platform and reached by a series of steps carved into the rock. It has beautifully carved huge stone columns and other structural elements. The remaining walls are instable and partially collapsed. Parts of the building had been dismantled by the locals who used the bricks to construct their homes. It is perhaps the most spectacular of the monuments in Sindh. The two other Jain temples are said to have been built in 1375 CE and 1449 CE built of kanjur and redstone, with fine carvings and corbelled domes.
Karoonjar mountain temple
  • Karoonjar mountain temple: at the base of the mountain.
  • Viravah: There are a number of ruins of Jain temples here. One of the temples had 27 devakulikas in it. The ruins of legendary Parinagar are nearby. One of the temples is in good preservation.
  • Gori Mandir: 14 miles from Viravah. The legendary temple with 52 subsidiary shrines was built in AD 1375-6.


The area experiences extremes of climate due to the rocky terrain.


  1. ^ Shri Gaudi Parshvanth Stavan, Bhanvarlal Nahta, Shri Gaudi Parchvanath Tirth, Muni Jinavijaya Abhinandan Granth, Ed. Dalsukh Malvania, Jinavijayaji Samman Samiti, Jaipur, 1971, p. 263-275
  2. ^ Vanishing temples of Thar and Nagar Parkar, Ameer Hamza, Dawn, October 21, 2006 http://archives.dawn.com/weekly/gallery/archive/061021/gallery3.htm

Coordinates: 24°21′00″N 70°47′00″E / 24.35°N 70.7833°E / 24.35; 70.7833

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nagarparkar — Please support Wikipedia.
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15 news items

The News International
Sat, 29 Mar 2014 19:15:00 -0700

HYDERABAD: An ecotourism project in the outskirts of Nagarparkar – a town in the Tharparkar district – was launched on Friday. The small grant programme (SGP) of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) funded the project under the Global ...

The Express Tribune

Thu, 27 Mar 2014 19:15:00 -0700

According to reports, a child, Dingo Kolhi, died in a village of Nagarparkar tehsil, Taran Goswami, 45, died in the Civil Hospital Mithi (CHM), Ms Malookan, 80, wife of Gordhan Bhil and resident of Kapusar village also died in the CHM, and Ms Harmi, 40 ...
The News International
Fri, 11 Apr 2014 19:26:15 -0700

The judicial officer appointed to inspect the provision of health facilities in Thar had informed the SHC that hospital and dispensaries were not functioning properly in all talukas — Diplo, Chahcro, Nagarparkar and Islamkot — except headquarter ...
The News International
Mon, 07 Apr 2014 19:15:00 -0700

KARACHI: The Corps Commander, Lieutenant-General Sajjad Ghani, visited Mithi, Nagarparkar and Chachro areas of the Tharparkar district on Monday and reviewed the ongoing relief activities.An ISPR official here said that the Corps Commander went ...

The Express Tribune

Oman Tribune
Sat, 29 Mar 2014 18:02:06 -0700

According to the health department figures, 97 children died at Mithi civil hospital from December 2013 to March 2014 and 18 others expired at the hospitals of Diplo, Nagarparkar, Islamkot and Chhachhro, during the same period. A large number of deaths ...
The News International
Sun, 30 Mar 2014 19:26:15 -0700

... renovation of Masoom Shah Minar and library in Sukkur, upgrades in facilities at Keenjhar Lake, construction of a motel in Nagarparkar, renovation of Shahjehan's mosque in Thatta and establishment of a rest house and other tourist facilities at ...


Tue, 25 Mar 2014 18:07:30 -0700

It was submitted that most areas of Tharparkar district, including Tehsil/Taluka Mithi, Chachro, Diplo, Islamkot, Nagarparkar and Khinsar, were facing a famine-like situation and more than 200 people, a majority of whom were reported to be malnourished ...

Pakistan Today

Pakistan Today
Mon, 24 Mar 2014 11:56:15 -0700

To another query, he said HANDS' rapid assessment reviewed 83 sample villages of Chachro, 120 of Diplo, 61 of Mithi and 58 villages of Nagarparkar, covering overall 44 UCs of Thar district. The data has been collected from 637 key informants; 322 males ...

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