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Country Pakistan
Province Sindh
District Tharparkar
Time zone PST
Nagarparkar City view from Karoonjhar Mountains

Nagarparkar (Urdu: نگرپاركر‎, Sindhi: ننگرپارڪر),original word Nangar Parkar is a town in Tharparkar District in Sindh province of Pakistan. Located at a distance of 150 km from Mithi, in Sindh, Pakistan.


Bhudesar Mosque

The town is at the foot of the Karoonjhar Hills. It is situated at a distance of about 15 km from the Indian border. At one time the area was under the sea, which had to be crossed; the name "Parkar" means "to cross over". Nagarparkar has on its north Taluka Chachro, and on its west is Taluka Mithi of Tharparkar District, while on east of it lies Barmer (Rajasthan) and on its south is Run Katchh. The area surrounding the city is a rocky belt called Parkar, and the remaining part is a sandy area.

The Karoonjhar hills surround Nagarparkar for 16 miles. The granite stone of this mountain is used for making tiles. There is a saying that the Karoonjhar hills provide 1-1/4 kilos of gold every day in the form of red granite stone, china clay, and honey. In summer, different sounds are audible from the rock due to sulphur deposits.


Jain Temple of Bhodesar

The population of the taluka is 153,106, out of which 90,893 are Hindus and 62,213 are Muslims. There is one rest house beneath the Karoonjhar Mountain, but it partially collapsed during the 2001 earthquake. The town is an ancient place of Hindu worship. Sardharo, Anchlesar, and Jain temples are situated there.

Bhudesar Mosque[edit]

The Bhudesar Mosque was built by Nasir-ud-Din Mahmud Shah of Gujarat in 1505 AD. It is built in the Hindu/Jain architect style.

Jain Temples of Nagarparkar and nearby region[edit]

The region once had a significant Jain population. Shri Gaudi Parshvanth Stavan describes the Parkar country as the most glorious of all regions of India.[1] The remains of a number of Jain temples are popular tourist attractions and heritage sites in the region.[2]

  • Nagar ‘bazaar’ temple: It is present in the main bazar of the Nangar Parkar town. The structure of the temple, including the shikhar and the torana gateway is completely intact. It was apparently in use until the independence of Pakistan in 1947, and perhaps for some years even after that that. There is also a ruined temple outside of the town.
  • Bhodesar temples: Bhodesar, 3 miles from Nagar, was the region's capital during Sodha rule. Remains of three temples, are present. In 1897, two of them were being used as cattle stalls and the third had holes in the back. The oldest temple, was built in the classical style with stones without any mortar, built around 9th century. It is built on a high platform and reached by a series of steps carved into the rock. It has beautifully carved huge stone columns and other structural elements. The remaining walls are instable and partially collapsed. Parts of the building had been dismantled by the locals who used the bricks to construct their homes. It is perhaps the most spectacular of the monuments in Sindh. The two other Jain temples are said to have been built in 1375 CE and 1449 CE built of kanjur and redstone, with fine carvings and corbelled domes.
Karoonjar mountain temple
  • Karoonjar mountain temple: at the base of the mountain.
  • Viravah: There are a number of ruins of Jain temples here. One of the temples had 27 devakulikas in it. The ruins of legendary Parinagar are nearby. One of the temples is in good preservation.
  • Gori Mandir: 14 miles from Viravah. The legendary temple with 52 subsidiary shrines was built in AD 1375-6.


The area experiences extremes of climate due to the rocky terrain.


  1. ^ Shri Gaudi Parshvanth Stavan, Bhanvarlal Nahta, Shri Gaudi Parchvanath Tirth, Muni Jinavijaya Abhinandan Granth, Ed. Dalsukh Malvania, Jinavijayaji Samman Samiti, Jaipur, 1971, p. 263-275
  2. ^ Vanishing temples of Thar and Nagar Parkar, Ameer Hamza, Dawn, October 21, 2006 http://archives.dawn.com/weekly/gallery/archive/061021/gallery3.htm

Coordinates: 24°21′00″N 70°47′00″E / 24.35°N 70.7833°E / 24.35; 70.7833

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nagarparkar — Please support Wikipedia.
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123 news items


Sun, 23 Nov 2014 18:00:45 -0800

“With the onset of winter, children would now be vulnerable to pneumonia,” he added. Dr Najma Khoso, the only gynaecologist working in the public sector in Nagarparkar taluka, said that the problem in Thar was related to poverty, lack of medical ...


Thu, 20 Nov 2014 18:20:54 -0800

Close to 50 per cent of the desert's population is Hindu, mostly belonging to lower caste communities like the Kolhis, Bheels and Meghwars, who live in chaunras made of thatched straw that dot the desert right from Mithi to Nagarparkar. Saif says that ...

dunyanews.tv (press release) (blog)

dunyanews.tv (press release) (blog)
Mon, 17 Nov 2014 05:52:30 -0800

Chairperson National Assembly's Standing Committee on the Information and Broadcasting, Marvi Memon paid a visit to children suffering from malnutrition in Tehsil hospital Islam Kot and Nagarparkar Hospital. Memon while talking to the famine-struck ...


Sat, 15 Nov 2014 17:58:46 -0800

Deputy chief of police and general security Dubai and member of the ruling family Maj Gen Sheikh Ahmed bin Rashid Al-Maktoum has been given Umerkot district, Tharparkar district including Mithi and Nagarparkar (minus protected area) in Sindh. A member ...


Mon, 03 Nov 2014 17:10:51 -0800

Thar is facing its second consecutive drought since 2013 and of its six talukas, Chhachhro and Dahali are entirely affected by drought while Nagarparkar and Islamkot have been partially affected. The areas surrounding Mithi and Diplo talukas face ...
The News International
Fri, 14 Nov 2014 18:15:00 -0800

NAGARPARKAR: The rescue and relief work by Muttahida Quami Movement (MQM) still continued in Thar on 6th day as the KKF medical and relief camps kept providing relief goods and medicines to the drought victims. In this connection, the MQM's welfare ...
The Nation
Fri, 14 Nov 2014 18:05:41 -0800

Jains were at the receiving end at Nagarparkar when Babri Masjid was destroyed by Hindu zealots in India. These people are driven into inhospitable socio-economic conditions and quarantine by Sindhi feudalism, high class Hindus and absence of human ...
The News International
Sat, 29 Mar 2014 19:24:15 -0700

HYDERABAD: An ecotourism project in the outskirts of Nagarparkar – a town in the Tharparkar district – was launched on Friday. The small grant programme (SGP) of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) funded the project under the Global ...

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