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Nabinchandra Sen

Nabinchandra Sen (Bengali: নবীনচন্দ্র সেন; 1847–1909) was a Bengali poet and writer, often considered as one of the greatest poets prior to the arrival of Rabindranath Tagore.[1][2]


Nabinchandra Sen's tomb

Nabinchandra was the father of Pramathalal Sen. He was born in Noapara village in Chittagong on 10 February 1847, and studied at the Chittagong Collegiate School, clearing the school leaving Entrance examination in 1863, In 1865, he passed the FA exam from Presidency College, Calcutta. In 1868, he earned his BA from General Assembly's Institution (now Scottish Church College),[3] and after teaching for a brief period at Hare School, he joined the colonial administrative services as a Deputy Magistrate. Sen retired in 1904, and died on 23 January 1909. He has been considered as one of Bengal's greatest writers and poets.[1][2]


Sen's earliest poems were published in the Education Gazette edited by Peary Charan Sarker, and his first volume of poetry, Abakash Ranjani, was published in 1871. A second volume of Abakash Ranjani was published in 1877. Palashir Juddha (1875), a long epic poem lamenting the betrayal of Siraj ud-Daulah by his followers and his defeat at the Battle of Plassey, was an evocative expression of Bengali nationalism in literature, and it established his reputation as a powerful Bengali poet. A contemporary to Michael Madhusudan Dutt, Nabichandra is also known for popularizing the epic narrative in the Bengali language through his reinterpretations of the Mahabharata in a three-volume epic:Raivatak (1887), Kuruksetra (1893) and Prabhas (1896), where Krishna serves as the protagonist and adventurer during the fall of kingdoms. He wrote biographies of Jesus, Buddha, and Cleopatra in the Bengali language, and made verse translations of the Bhagavad Gita and the Markandeya Purana. Nabindrachandra's Bhanumati (a novel-in-verse) and "Prabaser Patra" ( a memoir of his travels) also brought him fame. His five-volume autobiography, Amar Jiban (My Life), is an important document chronicling the politics and social aspirations of the Bengali literati in the late nineteenth century.[1][2]


His literary works are included in the curriculum of school level, secondary and higher secondary Bengali Literature in Bangladesh.[1]


His epic trilogy was based on New Mahabharata.

  • Raivatak
  • Kurukkhetra
  • Provash[2]


  • Abakash Ranjani (1871)
  • Palashir Juddha (1875)


  • Amitabha (biography of the Buddha)
  • Khrishter Jibani (biography of Jesus Christ)
  • Cleopatra (biography of Cleopatra)[2]


  • Probasher Potro
  • Amar Jiban, in 5 volumes[2]

Poetic translations[edit]

  • Geeta
  • Chandi

Poetic novel[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d e Guha, Bimal. "Sen, Nabinchandra". Banglapedia. Retrieved 26 July 2015. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f Distinguished alumni of the University of Calcutta
  3. ^ Some Alumni of Scottish Church College in 175th Year Commemoration Volume. Scottish Church College, April 2008, p. 590.
  • Bangla Sahitya (Bengali Literature), the national text book of intermediate (college) level of Bangladesh published in 1996 by all educational boards.

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nabinchandra_Sen — Please support Wikipedia.
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3 news items

The Daily Star

The Daily Star
Sun, 22 Mar 2015 11:10:09 -0700

DURING the latter half of the last [ 19th] century, when the poet Nabinchandra Sen was a student of Presidency College, the boys from West Bengal used to poke fun at him by calling him a 'Bangal.' Even in 1913, when I came to study in Kolkata, the boys ...

Calcutta Telegraph

Calcutta Telegraph
Sun, 29 Mar 2015 14:09:02 -0700

The poet Nabinchandra Sen had served as the SDO there in the 1890s and Rabindranath Tagore had come to meet him. The SDO's bungalow still hosts the Nabin-Kabi Milonotsab every September. In his seminal work Paschimbanger Sanskriti, Binoy Ghosh ...

The Daily Star

The Daily Star
Fri, 30 Jul 2004 14:29:58 -0700

I almost didn't go, almost reflexively flipped the invitation card from Bangla Academy into the trash basket. God, no, not a Dhaka lit seminar, I thought. I remembered a few of those from my student days at the auditorium behind Dhaka University ...

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