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For other uses, see Nessie (disambiguation).

NESSIE (New European Schemes for Signatures, Integrity and Encryption) was a European research project funded from 2000–2003 to identify secure cryptographic primitives. The project was comparable to the NIST AES process and the Japanese Government-sponsored CRYPTREC project, but with notable differences from both. In particular, there is both overlap and disagreement between the selections and recommendations from NESSIE and CRYPTREC (as of the August 2003 draft report). The NESSIE participants include some of the foremost active cryptographers in the world, as does the CRYPTREC project.

NESSIE was intended to identify and evaluate quality cryptographic designs in several categories, and to that end issued a public call for submissions in March 2000. Forty-two were received, and in February 2003 twelve of the submissions were selected. In addition, five algorithms already publicly known, but not explicitly submitted to the project, were chosen as "selectees". The project has publicly announced that "no weaknesses were found in the selected designs".

Selected algorithms[edit]

The selected algorithms and their submitters or developers are listed below. The five already publicly known, but not formally submitted to the project, are marked with a "*". Most may be used by anyone for any purpose without needing to seek a patent license from anyone; a license agreement is needed for those marked with a "#", but the licensors of those have committed to "reasonable non-discriminatory license terms for all interested", according to a NESSIE project press release.

None of the six stream ciphers submitted to NESSIE were selected because every one fell to cryptanalysis. This surprising result led to the eSTREAM project.

Block ciphers[edit]

Public-key encryption[edit]

MAC algorithms and cryptographic hash functions[edit]

Digital signature algorithms[edit]

Identification schemes[edit]

  • GPS-auth: Ecole Normale Supérieure, France Télécom, and La Poste

Other entrants[edit]

Entrants that did not get past the first stage of the contest include Noekeon, Q, Nimbus, NUSH, Grand Cru, Anubis, Hierocrypt, SC2000, and LILI-128.

Project contractors[edit]

The contractors and their representatives in the project were:

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Vivien Dubois, Pierre-Alain Fouque, Adi Shamir, and Jacques Stern (2007), Practical Cryptanalysis of SFLASH, retrieved 2013-01-15 

External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/NESSIE — Please support Wikipedia.
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Sat, 31 Jan 2015 16:00:00 -0800

It is tangible; children can learn from it, have their photographs taken next to it, whereas Nessie is a trick of the light, a shadow on the water conjured up by people with a vested interest in sustaining the illusion. With our rugged peaks, our ...

NPR (blog)

Washington Post
Mon, 12 Jan 2015 03:59:20 -0800

Discovering ancient bones can be a tough business. Fossils aren't spread evenly across the globe. Some places have them. Some don't. But Scotland punches above its weight when it comes to producing important fossils. And one of its isles especially ...

BBC News

BBC News
Thu, 29 Jan 2015 02:18:45 -0800

The Loch Ness Monster is to take centre stage in a new £2m advertising campaign aimed at promoting the Loch Ness area to foreign visitors. The drive by VisitBritain will be targeted at key overseas markets. It aims to increase the number of ...


Huffington Post
Wed, 21 Jan 2015 14:55:23 -0800

Behold Nessie: a soup ladle that looks like the cutest Loch Ness Monster we could ever imagine. As the Redditor who posted photos of the Nessie ladle said, "You'll never feel lonely in the kitchen again when you have a little Nessie scoop for your soup.
Thu, 22 Jan 2015 11:29:23 -0800

Hey, it's Nessie! The most lovable kitchen tools. Cooking with these tools is going to make you want to live in your kitchen. By Colette Bennett. updated2:26 PM EST, Thu January 22, 2015. Comments 0 ...
The State Journal-Register
Fri, 16 Jan 2015 06:39:37 -0800

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Aberdeen Press and Journal

Aberdeen Press and Journal
Thu, 29 Jan 2015 03:15:00 -0800

And it is hoped that the new four-year campaign – featuring Nessie of course – will increase this figure to 250,000. Highlands and Island MSP Mary Scanlon welcomed the funding announcement and said: “Tourism is a major industry in the Highland and ...

Scottish Daily Record

Scottish Daily Record
Thu, 29 Jan 2015 03:37:30 -0800

LIB DEM treasury secretary Danny Alexander has revealed plans for millions of pounds of investment in Inverness in a desperate attempt to reverse the party's collapse in the north of Scotland. Share; Share; Tweet; +1; Email. Getty. Nessie will get £2m ...

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