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N. M. Perera
DR.N. M. Perera.jpg
Born (1905-06-06)6 June 1905
Sri Lanka
Died 14 August 1979(1979-08-14) (aged 74)
Nationality Sri Lankan
Other names Nanayakkarapathirage Martin Perera, Parippu Mahathmaya
Education PhD
Alma mater St. Joseph's School , Cathedral Boys School, S. Thomas' College, Mutwal, Ananda College, University College, Colombo, London School of Economics
Occupation Cabinet minister, economist
Political party
Lanka Sama Samaja Party (LSSP)
Awards DSc, University of London

Nanayakkarapathirage Martin Perera, better known as Dr. N. M. Perera,(Sinhala ඇන්.ඇම්.පෙරේරා [en em pe reaira]; 6 June 1905 – 14 August 1979) was one of the leaders of the Sri Lankan Trotskyist Lanka Sama Samaja Party (LSSP). He was the first Trotskyist to become a cabinet minister.


Early life and education[edit]

The young N.M.Perera completed his secondary education at Ananda College in Colombo, he played cricket for the school team.
Perera was a student of Professor Harold Laski at the London School of Economics.

NM Perera was born to Nanayakkarapathirage Abraham Perera who was a rent collector at No 36 St Joseph 's Street, in Grandpass, Colombo.His Mother Johana perera and He was Fifth of nine members of family of five Boy and four girls.[1]

Perera started his schooling in the vernacular section of St. Joseph's School, Grandpass and was later was admitted to the English section. From there he was sent for one year to a Branch School of S. Thomas' College, Mutwal,[2][3][4] then known as Cathedral Boys School, Mutwal. In 1919 he entered St Thomas' prep, but left in 1922 and joined Ananda College. At Ananda he played cricket for the school.

He obtained a bachelor's degree from University of London External System at the University College, Colombo during 1922–27 and then left for the UK to join the London School of Economics and University of London, 1927–33.[5] There he was a student of the legendary Professor Harold Laski, being awarded a PhD for his thesis on the Constitution of the German Weimar Republic. A further comparative study, of the Constitutions of the UK, United States, France and Germany, won him a DSc from the University of London. At the time Perera was the only person in Sri Lanka to hold the degree of Doctor of Science.

Political life[edit]

The work done by Perera (as a member of the Suriya-Mal Movement) in the Kegalle district during the Malaria Epidemic of 1934 and during the subsequent floods gained for him the support of the poor and caste-oppressed people of the area, who called him Parippu Mahathmaya after the dhal (or parippu) he distributed as relief supplies.

In 1935 Perera was one of the founder members of the LSSP. In 1936 he contested the Ruwanwella constituency, which at the time was the Thun Korale areas of Yatiyantota, Ruwanwella and Dereniyagala and parts of the present Galigamuwa electoral division, from the LSSP. His opponent was Molamure Kumarihamy of the Meedeniya Walauwa, the feudal manor which had tremendous power over the poor people of the Sabaragamuwa area at the time. He was to hold this seat, or its Yatiyantota portion on division, continuously until 1977.

After his election, he and Philip Gunawardena (the other LSSP member of the State Council), acting as people's tribunes used the State Council as a platform to carry forward the party's struggle to gain full independence for the country from the British. At the time only people like N.M. Perera and the LSSP stood for complete independence for Sri Lanka: the leaders of the Ceylon National Congress were only concerned with obtaining concessions from the British.

He was imprisoned in 1940 during World War II, but succeeded in escaping on 5 April 1942. He secretly went to India and worked with the Bolshevik-Leninist Party of India, Ceylon and Burma (BLPI) in that country's independence struggle. But According to Encyclopedia of Marxism 1936–40. LSSP delegate to Indian National Congress session, 1937. Formed Ratmalana Railway Workers' Union, 1937, and All-Ceylon Estate Workers' Union, 1939. Led militant strike at Mooloya Plantation, January 1940. Arrested June 1940, incarcerated at Wellikade Jail and Bogambara Prison. Escaped to Bombay, July 1942. Arrested in Bombay, July 1943. Jailed at Badulla, 1943–45.[5]

After the war, when the LSSP split, Perera was the leader of the faction that retained the party name. After the 1947 general election, he was elected Leader of the Opposition.

On reunification with the Bolshevik Samasamaja Party (BSSP), he remained with the LSSP when the Viplavakari Lanka Sama Samaja Party (VLSSP) split off under Philip Gunawardena.

Perera was elected Mayor of Colombo in 1954, the only non-United National Party-politician to take that office after 1945. He was Mayor for two years. In 1956 he was elected Leader of the Opposition again, a post he held until 1960.

When LSSP was divided over possible government participation in early 1960s, Perera was the principal leader of the wing that wanted to enter into government with the Sri Lanka Freedom Party, which led to LSSP's expulsion from the Fourth International in 1964.

He was Minister of Finance in the short lived Coalition government of 1964 – 1965 and in the United Front government of 1970 – 1975.

In the general election of 1977, he lost his parliamentary seat for the first time, (except for the period he was imprisoned during the Second World War) having won every single election for the Ruanwella constituency or for its successor, Yatiyantota.

His funeral in 1979 was one of the largest ever seen in Sri Lanka.

Trade union activities[edit]

Perera was the president of the All Ceylon United Motor Workers' Union, the and United Corporations and Mercantile Union the Ceylon Federation of Labour (CFL). He was appointed their chief negotiator by the striking workers during the 1946 general strike.

Other activities[edit]

An avid cricket fan, like many Commonwealth Trotskyists, he became Chairman of the Board of Control of Cricket in Sri Lanka, and worked hard to obtain test status for Sri Lanka.[6]

Further reading[edit]

  • Dr. N.M. Perera's Policies and Achievements by Prof. B. Hewavitharana[7]
  • Parliamentary Democracy (1931) By N.M. Perera,
  • The Case for Free Education (1944) By N.M. Perera,
  • External Economic Assistance (1964)By N.M. Perera,
  • The Economy of Ceylon: Trends and Prospects (1971)By N.M. Perera,
  • Critical Analysis of the New Constitution of the Sri Lanka Government (1979)By N.M. Perera,[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/N._M._Perera — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.

5 news items

nation.lk - The Nation Newspaper

nation.lk - The Nation Newspaper
Sat, 30 Aug 2014 11:33:45 -0700

Journalist, poet and accomplished author Thimbiriyagama Bandara celebrated 35 years in the literary field by organizing a series of events at the NM Perera Memorial Hall in Borella yesterday (August 30). The celebrations began early in the morning and ...

Groundviews

Groundviews
Sat, 16 Aug 2014 06:15:57 -0700

NM Perera, a leader of the left-wing Lanka Sama Samaja Party, had warned parliament in 1956 “that those who sow the wind, will live to reap the whirlwind. The race hatred that is being roused now will end in racial disorder and bloodshed… you just ...

nation.lk - The Nation Newspaper

nation.lk - The Nation Newspaper
Sat, 16 Aug 2014 11:43:39 -0700

Dr. NM Perera was the Leader of the Opposition until 1952, when the Sri Lanka Freedom Party (SLFP) came to electoral politics. Even then the LSSP leader was again the Leader of Opposition from 1956, when the United National Party (UNP) was reduced to ...
 
SLBC
Fri, 15 Aug 2014 00:41:15 -0700

A former minister of finance Dr. N.M. Perera once said that obtaining loans is suitable for the provision of capital and to earn revenues. The treasury secretary said the Mahinda Chinthana programme is closely following this method. The debt level in ...
 
The Island.lk (subscription)
Mon, 04 Aug 2014 13:14:47 -0700

The NSB was in existence for the past 43 years, commenced by Dr. N.M. Perera, Finance Minister at that time. She said the NSB DS scheme was also advantageous to entrepreneurs and those in small businesses who could plan for long term savings and ...
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