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DSc, University of London
N. M. Perera
DR.N. M. Perera.jpg
Minister of Finance
In office
10 May 1970 – 2 September 1975
Prime Minister Sirimavo Bandaranaike
Preceded by U. B. Wanninayake
Succeeded by Felix Dias Bandaranaike
In office
11 June 1964 – 17 December 1964
Prime Minister Sirimavo Bandaranaike
Preceded by T. B. Ilangaratne
Succeeded by U. B. Wanninayake
Personal details
Born (1905-06-06)6 June 1905
Sri Lanka
Died 14 August 1979(1979-08-14) (aged 74)
Nationality Sri Lankan
Political party Lanka Sama Samaja Party (LSSP)
Education PhD
Alma mater St. Joseph's School , Cathedral Boys School, S. Thomas' College, Mutwal, Ananda College, University College, Colombo, London School of Economics
Occupation Cabinet minister, economist

Nanayakkarapathirage Martin Perera, better known as Dr. N. M. Perera,(Sinhala ඇන්.ඇම්.පෙරේරා [en em pe reaira]; 6 June 1905 – 14 August 1979) was one of the leaders of the Sri Lankan Trotskyist Lanka Sama Samaja Party (LSSP). He was the first Trotskyist to become a cabinet minister.


Early life and education[edit]

The young N.M.Perera completed his secondary education at Ananda College in Colombo, he played cricket for the school team.
Perera was a student of Professor Harold Laski at the London School of Economics.

NM Perera was born to Nanayakkarapathirage Abraham Perera who was a rent collector at No 36 St Joseph 's Street, in Grandpass, Colombo.His Mother Johana perera and He was Fifth of nine members of family of five Boy and four girls.[1]

Perera started his schooling in the vernacular section of St. Joseph's School, Grandpass and was later was admitted to the English section. From there he was sent for one year to a Branch School of S. Thomas' College, Mutwal,[2][3][4] then known as Cathedral Boys School, Mutwal. In 1919 he entered St Thomas' prep, but left in 1922 and joined Ananda College. At Ananda he played cricket for the school.

He obtained a bachelor's degree from University of London External System at the University College, Colombo during 1922–27 and then left for the UK to join the London School of Economics and University of London, 1927–33.[5] There he was a student of the legendary Professor Harold Laski, being awarded a PhD for his thesis on the Constitution of the German Weimar Republic. A further comparative study, of the Constitutions of the UK, United States, France and Germany, won him a DSc from the University of London. At the time Perera was the only person in Sri Lanka to hold the degree of Doctor of Science.

Political life[edit]

The work done by Perera (as a member of the Suriya-Mal Movement) in the Kegalle district during the Malaria Epidemic of 1934 and during the subsequent floods gained for him the support of the poor and caste-oppressed people of the area, who called him Parippu Mahathmaya after the dhal (or parippu) he distributed as relief supplies.

In 1935 Perera was one of the founder members of the LSSP. In 1936 he contested the Ruwanwella constituency, which at the time was the Thun Korale areas of Yatiyantota, Ruwanwella and Dereniyagala and parts of the present Galigamuwa electoral division, from the LSSP. His opponent was Molamure Kumarihamy of the Meedeniya Walauwa, the feudal manor which had tremendous power over the poor people of the Sabaragamuwa area at the time. He was to hold this seat, or its Yatiyantota portion on division, continuously until 1977.

After his election, he and Philip Gunawardena (the other LSSP member of the State Council), acting as people's tribunes used the State Council as a platform to carry forward the party's struggle to gain full independence for the country from the British. At the time only people like N.M. Perera and the LSSP stood for complete independence for Sri Lanka: the leaders of the Ceylon National Congress were only concerned with obtaining concessions from the British.

He was imprisoned in 1940 during World War II, but succeeded in escaping on 5 April 1942. He secretly went to India and worked with the Bolshevik-Leninist Party of India, Ceylon and Burma (BLPI) in that country's independence struggle. But According to Encyclopedia of Marxism 1936–40. LSSP delegate to Indian National Congress session, 1937. Formed Ratmalana Railway Workers' Union, 1937, and All-Ceylon Estate Workers' Union, 1939. Led militant strike at Mooloya Plantation, January 1940. Arrested June 1940, incarcerated at Wellikade Jail and Bogambara Prison. Escaped to Bombay, July 1942. Arrested in Bombay, July 1943. Jailed at Badulla, 1943–45.[5]

After the war, when the LSSP split, Perera was the leader of the faction that retained the party name. After the 1947 general election, he was elected Leader of the Opposition.

On reunification with the Bolshevik Samasamaja Party (BSSP), he remained with the LSSP when the Viplavakari Lanka Sama Samaja Party (VLSSP) split off under Philip Gunawardena.

Perera was elected Mayor of Colombo in 1954, the only non-United National Party-politician to take that office after 1945. He was Mayor for two years. In 1956 he was elected Leader of the Opposition again, a post he held until 1960.

When LSSP was divided over possible government participation in early 1960s, Perera was the principal leader of the wing that wanted to enter into government with the Sri Lanka Freedom Party, which led to LSSP's expulsion from the Fourth International in 1964.

He was Minister of Finance in the short lived Coalition government of 1964 – 1965 and in the United Front government of 1970 – 1975.

In the general election of 1977, he lost his parliamentary seat for the first time, (except for the period he was imprisoned during the Second World War) having won every single election for the Ruanwella constituency or for its successor, Yatiyantota.

His funeral in 1979 was one of the largest ever seen in Sri Lanka.

Trade union activities[edit]

Perera was the president of the All Ceylon United Motor Workers' Union, the and United Corporations and Mercantile Union the Ceylon Federation of Labour (CFL). He was appointed their chief negotiator by the striking workers during the 1946 general strike.

Other activities[edit]

An avid cricket fan, like many Commonwealth Trotskyists, he became Chairman of the Board of Control of Cricket in Sri Lanka, and worked hard to obtain test status for Sri Lanka.[6]

Further reading[edit]

  • Dr. N.M. Perera's Policies and Achievements by Prof. B. Hewavitharana[7]
  • Parliamentary Democracy (1931) By N.M. Perera,
  • The Case for Free Education (1944) By N.M. Perera,
  • External Economic Assistance (1964)By N.M. Perera,
  • The Economy of Ceylon: Trends and Prospects (1971)By N.M. Perera,
  • Critical Analysis of the New Constitution of the Sri Lanka Government (1979)By N.M. Perera,[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/N._M._Perera — Please support Wikipedia.
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The team comprised UNP MPs Ajith P. Perera, Eran Wickremaratne, R. Yogarajan, Nalin Bandara and Ajith Manapperuma. While our bus was attacked outside the air...

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A realistic presentation of miracles Piercing a lime with the aid of two fingers, allowing blood to seep through a lime when it is being pierced, placing one...

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Download : http://www.music.lk/song-rathu-ratakaju-lahiru-perera Artist - Lahiru Perera Music - Lahiru + Daddy at Music Oven Lyrics - Manuranga Wijesekara Vi...

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42 news items

Ceylon Daily News

Ceylon Daily News
Fri, 24 Oct 2014 13:48:45 -0700

We must value leaders such as Late Dr. S A Wickramasinghe, Late Phillip Gunawardena, Late Dr. N M Perera, Late Dr. Colvin R De Silva, Late Sir Waithilingam Duraiswamy, Late Savumiamoorthy Thondaman, Late T B Jayah, Late Dr. Badiudin Mahmud, ...

Lankaweb

Lankaweb
Thu, 23 Oct 2014 12:52:30 -0700

One such employee was Mr. Strauss attached to the Embassy in Washington who had once approached the late Dr. N.M. Perera, during the Minister's visit to Washington and complained about his (Strauss's) long service of over 25 years, which had not been ...
 
International Viewpoint
Mon, 20 Oct 2014 05:22:30 -0700

Among the other essays as well, there is a wealth of fascinating information, including the controversy over Dr. NM Perera's alleged claim that bricks should be taken from Ruwanwelisaya, the historic dagoba in Anuradhpura, to create something more ...
 
World Socialist Web Site
Mon, 13 Oct 2014 21:52:30 -0700

As early as 1960, the LSSP leadership narrowly defeated a push by leading figure N. M. Perera to open the door for a coalition with the SLFP. As the political crisis in Sri Lanka deepened, the response of the LSSP leadership was based on crass ...
 
World Socialist Web Site
Mon, 06 Oct 2014 22:14:34 -0700

Writing from jail in 1943, N. M. Perera and Phillip Gunawardena proposed an unprincipled fusion with the Congress Socialist Party (CSP) and several other petty bourgeois groups, claiming that “a powerful left organisation will give a fillip to the ...
 
World Socialist Web Site
Thu, 09 Oct 2014 22:28:19 -0700

LSSP leader N.M. Perera called for the party to prepare for entry into a capitalist government led by the SLFP—a move that was narrowly defeated. At a second election in July, following the collapse of the fragile UNP government, the LSSP again ...
 
World Socialist Website
Wed, 22 Oct 2014 17:22:30 -0700

Bereits 1960 konnte die LSSP-Führung nur knapp einen Vorstoß ihres führenden Mitgliedes N. M. Perera abwenden, der eine Koalition mit der SLFP ermöglicht hätte. Während die politische Krise in Sri Lanka sich verschärfte, basierte die Reaktion der ...
 
World Socialist Website
Fri, 17 Oct 2014 14:08:13 -0700

N.M. Perera und Philip Gunawardena schlugen aus ihrer Haft heraus einen prinzipienlosen Zusammenschluss mit der Congress Socialist Party (CSP) und mehreren anderen kleinbürgerlichen Gruppen vor und behaupteten, eine "mächtige linke ...
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