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Mustapha Ben Jafar
مصطفى بن جعفر
Mustapha ben jaafar.JPG
President of the Constituent Assembly
Assumed office
22 November 2011
Preceded by Sahbi Karoui (Acting President of the Chamber of Deputies)
Mekki Aloui (Acting President of the Chamber of Advisors)
Minister of Health
In office
17 January 2011 – 27 January 2011
President Fouad Mebazaa (Acting)
Prime Minister Mohamed Ghannouchi
Preceded by Mondher Zenaidi
Succeeded by Habiba Zehi Ben Romdhane
Secretary General of Ettakatol
Assumed office
25 October 2002
Preceded by Position established
Personal details
Born (1940-12-08) 8 December 1940 (age 73)
Tunis, Tunisia
Political party Democratic Forum for Labour and Liberties
Religion Sunni Islam

Mustapha Ben Jafar (مصطفى بن جعفر) (born 8 December 1940) is a Tunisian politician and doctor who has been President of the Constituent Assembly of Tunisia since November 2011. He founded and has led the Democratic Forum for Labour and Liberties (FDTL), a political party, since 1994.


Ben Jafar was born in 1940 in Tunis. He attended Sadiki College from 1950–1956, then studied medicine in France to become a radiologist. In 1970 he returned to Tunisia, joined the University of Tunis's medical faculty and worked also at the university hospital. In 1976 he was one of the founders of a weekly opinion magazine and an organization that evolved into the Tunisian Human Rights League (LTDH).

In 1978 he joined others to start a political party, the Movement of Socialist Democrats (MDS). The MDS was the largest opposition party as of 1991 and the ruling party made an apparent attempt to work with the MDS as a "participatory opposition." Ben Jafar was the secretary-general of the MDS in 1992, and ran for the top MDS office, but lost to Mohamed Moadda, and resigned from the party because it seemed to have cooperated with the ruling party so much (receiving a government subsidy and accommodations) and achieved so little.[1]

In 1994 Ben Jafar founded the Democratic Forum for Labour and Liberties party (abbreviated FDTL and also called Ettakatol). It was not legally recognized until 2002. He attempted to run for the presidency in 2009 as the FDTL candidate but was disqualified and was in any case widely understood to have no chance to win against the established authoritarian incumbent president Ben Ali.[2]

Post-revolutionary life[edit]

Turbulent protests in January 2011 drove President Ben Ali from the country, and Prime Minister Mohamed Ghannouchi included Ben Jafar as Minister of Health in an interim government beginning 17 January 2011.[3][4] Along with other minority party members, Ben Jafar resigned within days as public protests continued against the continued dominance of the RCD party in government. Ben Jafar was succeeded as health minister by Habiba Zehi Ben Romdhane.[5]

In the October 2011 elections to the Constituent Assembly Ben Jafar's party placed fourth and he was elected to a seat in the Constituent Assembly. Supported by his own party, Ben Jafar was considered a possible candidate for President in the wake of the election, receiving open consideration from Ennahda, which had received a plurality of seats.[6] The leading parties agreed instead on a power-sharing arrangement according to which Ben Jafar would be named President of the Constituent Assembly. He was elected to that post by the Assembly when it met on 22 November 2011, receiving 145 votes against 68 for opposition candidate Maya Jribi.[7]


Political offices
Preceded by
Sahbi Karoui
as President of the Chamber of Deputies
President of the Constituent Assembly
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Mekki Aloui
as President of the Chamber of Advisors

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mustapha_Ben_Jafar — Please support Wikipedia.
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7 news items

Middle East Eye

Middle East Eye
Tue, 16 Sep 2014 13:37:30 -0700

The centre-left Democratic Forum for Labor and Liberties Party (also known as Ettakatol) said it would back the head of Tunisia's Constituent Assembly, Mustapha Ben Jafar, in the elections, while Hamma Hammami, leader of the socialist Popular Front ...

Middle East Eye

Middle East Eye
Mon, 08 Sep 2014 09:17:38 -0700

The Democratic Forum for Labor and Liberties Party, for its part, said it would back the head of Tunisia's Constituent Assembly, Mustapha Ben Jafar, in the elections, while Hamma Hammami, leader of the Popular Front, said during National Day ...


Fri, 26 Sep 2014 07:26:15 -0700

The activist lashed out at President Moncef Marzouki and Constituent Assembly head Mustapha Ben Jafar, saying neither dared raise the issue during the drafting process of the new constitution, which, Marsit claimed, due to "narrow political interests.".


Fri, 19 Sep 2014 23:23:58 -0700

These include Mustapha Ben Jafar, who leads Tunisia's elected Constituent Assembly; Mohamed Hechmi Hamdi, a senior member of Tunisia's Republican Party; and veteran politician Beji Caid el Sebsi, head of the Tunisian Call Party. Tunisia is also ...


Thu, 18 Sep 2014 23:50:38 -0700

Mustapha Ben Jafar, head of Tunisia's National Constituent Assembly (NCA), officially registered his presidential candidacy on Thursday. "After having accomplished all transitional milestones, Tunisia does not need a savior but rather someone who ...
Tue, 23 Sep 2014 02:45:00 -0700

Interim President Mohamed Moncef Marzouki is running for reelection as is Assembly Speaker Mustapha Ben Jafar. If none of the candidates garners more than 50% of the vote on November 23, a runoff election will be held with the date to be decided by ...


Tue, 23 Sep 2014 09:41:15 -0700

Le président par intérim, Mohamed Moncef Marzouki est lui aussi candidat à sa propre réélection, tout comme le porte parole de l'assemblée Mustapha Ben Jafar. Si aucun candidat ne remporte le sufrage à plus de 50 %, un second tour sera organisé.

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