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Museum of Fine Arts, Boston
Mfa boston af.jpg
Established 1870
Location 465 Huntington Avenue
Boston, Massachusetts 02115
Visitors over 1 million visits annually
Director Matthew Teitelbaum
Public transit access Museum of Fine Arts Handicapped/disabled access
Ruggles Handicapped/disabled access
Website www.mfa.org

The Museum of Fine Arts (or MFA) in Boston, Massachusetts, is one of the largest museums in the United States. It contains more than 450,000 works of art, making it one of the most comprehensive collections in the Americas. With more than one million visitors a year, it is the 55th most-visited art museum in the world as of 2014.

Founded in 1870, the museum moved to its current location in 1909. The museum is affiliated with the School of the Museum of Fine Arts, and its sister museum, the Nagoya/Boston Museum of Fine Arts, in Nagoya, Japan.

In 2014, The Art of the Americas Wing was recognized for its high architectural achievement by being awarded the Harleston Parker Medal, by the Boston Society of Architects.

History[edit]

1870–1907[edit]

A view of the original Museum of Fine Arts building in Copley Square.

The Museum of Fine Arts was founded in 1870 and opened in 1876 with most of its collection taken from the Boston Athenæum Art Gallery. Francis Davis Millet, a local artist, was instrumental in starting the Art School affiliated with the museum, and in appointing Emil Otto Grundmann as its first director.[1] The museum was originally located in a highly ornamented brick Gothic Revival building in Copley Square designed by John Hubbard Sturgis and Charles Brigham and noted for its mass amount of architectural terracotta for an American building. It was built almost entirely of red brick and terracotta with a small amount of stone in its base. The brick was produced by the Peerless Brick Company of Philadelphia and the terracotta was imported from England.[2]

1907–2008[edit]

In 1907, plans were laid to build a new home for the museum on Huntington Avenue in Boston's Fenway-Kenmore neighborhood near the renowned Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum. Museum trustees decided to hire architect Guy Lowell to create a design for a museum so that could be built in stages as funding was obtained for each phase. Two years later, the first section of Lowell’s neoclassical design was completed. It featured a 500-foot (150 m) façade of granite and a grand rotunda. The museum moved in to the site later that year.

The second phase of construction built a wing along the The Fens to house paintings galleries. It was funded entirely by Maria Antoinette Evans Hunt, the wife of a wealthy business magnate Robert Dawson Evans, and opened in 1915. From 1916 through 1925, the noted artist John Singer Sargent painted the frescoes that adorn the rotunda and the associated colonnades. Numerous additions enlarged the building throughout the years, including the Decorative Arts wing in 1928 (again enlarged in 1968) and the Norma Jean Calderwood Garden Court and Terrace in 1997. The West Wing, designed by I. M. Pei, opened in 1981, and was renamed the Linde Family Wing for Contemporary Art in 2008. This wing now houses the museum's cafe, restaurant, and gift shop as well as a special exhibition space.[3]

The libraries at the Museum of Fine Arts house 320,000 items. Its main branch, the William Morris Hunt Memorial Library, named after the noted American artist, is located off-site in Horticultural Hall.[4]

2008-present[edit]

Cyrus Dallin's Appeal to the Great Spirit stands outside the museum's south entrance.

In the mid-2000s, the museum launched a major effort to renovate and expand its facilities. In a seven-year fundraising campaign between 2001 and 2008 for a new wing, the endowment, and operating expenses, the museum managed to total over $500 million, in addition to acquiring over $160 million worth of art.[5] During the global financial crisis between 2007 and 2012, the museum's budget was trimmed by $1.5 million and the museum increased revenues by conducting traveling exhibitions, which included a loan exhibition sent to the for-profit Bellagio in Las Vegas in exchange for $1 million. In 2011, Moody's Investors Service calculated the museum's had over $180 million in outstanding debt. However, the agency cited growing attendance, a large endowment, and positive cash flow as reasons to believe that the museum's would become stable in the near future.

In 2011, the museum put eight paintings by Monet, Renoir, Pissarro, Sisley, Gauguin and others on sale at Sotheby's, bringing in a total of $21.6 million, to pay for Man at His Bath by Gustave Caillebotte at a cost reported to be more than $15 million.[6]

The renovation included a new Art of the Americas Wing to feature artwork from North, South, and Central America. In 2006, the groundbreaking ceremonies took place. The wing and adjoining Ruth and Carl J. Shapiro Family Courtyard were designed in a restrained, contemporary style by the London-based architectural firm Foster and Partners, under the directorship of Thomas T. Difraia and CBT/Childs Bertman Tseckares Architects. The landscape architecture firm Gustafson Guthrie Nichol redesigned the Huntington Avenue and Fenway entrances, gardens, access roads, and interior courtyards.

People enjoying the museum's Japanese garden, Tenshin-en.

The wing opened on November 20, 2010 with free admission to the public. Mayor Thomas Menino declared it "Museum of Fine Arts Day," and more than 13,500 visitors attended the opening. The 12,000-square-foot glass-enclosed courtyard features a 42.5 feet (13.0 m) high glass sculpture, titled the Lime Green Icicle Tower, by Dale Chihuly.[7]

In 2015, the museum renovated its Japanese garden, Tenshin-en. The garden, which originally opened in 1988, was designed by Japanese Professor Kinsaku Nakane. The garden's kabukimon-style entrance gate was built by Chris Hall of Massachusetts, using traditional Japanese carpentry.[8] [9]

Collection[edit]

A gallery of European art in the museum.

The Museum of Fine Arts holds one of the most comprehensive collections in the world, and possesses materials from a wide variety of schools and cultures. The museum maintains one of the largest online databases in the world with information on over 346,000 items from its collection with digital images.

Some highlights of the collection include:

Highlights[edit]

Note that other notable works are in the collection but the following examples are ones in the public domain and for which pictures are available.

American[edit]

European[edit]

Antiquities[edit]

Notable people[edit]

Directors[edit]

Curators[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Natasha. "John Singer Sargent Virtual Gallery". Jssgallery.org. Retrieved 2012-12-17. 
  2. ^ "An announcement was made..." (hathitrust.org). The Brickbuilder (Boston, MA: Rodgers & Manson) 8 (12): 237. December 1899. Retrieved 7 March 2015. 
  3. ^ "Architectural History - Museum of Fine Arts, Boston". Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. Retrieved March 4, 2012. 
  4. ^ "The William Morris Hunt Memorial Library, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston". Mfa.org. Retrieved 2012-12-17. 
  5. ^ http://travel.nytimes.com/2010/11/11/giving/11BOSTON.html
  6. ^ Judith H. Dobrzynski (March 14, 2012), "How an Acquisition Fund Burnishes Reputations". The New York Times.
  7. ^ "Lime Green Icicle Tower". Museum of Fine Arts. Retrieved October 26, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Japanese Garden, Tenshin-en". Boston Museum of Fine Arts. Retrieved 16 August 2015. 
  9. ^ Takes, Joanna Werch (January 20, 2015). "Chris Hall: A (Japanese-Inspired) Timber Framing Philosophy for Furniture". Woodworker's Journal. Retrieved 16 August 2015. 
  10. ^ "Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, Announces Major Gift from Rothschild Heirs, Including Family Treasures Recovered from Austria after WWII." Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. 22 February 2015. Retrieved 3 March 2015.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 42°20′21″N 71°05′39″W / 42.33917°N 71.09417°W / 42.33917; -71.09417


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Museum_of_Fine_Arts,_Boston — Please support Wikipedia.
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4142 news items

wallpaper.com

wallpaper.com
Wed, 12 Aug 2015 03:30:00 -0700

'Crafted: Objects in Flux' is a new exhibition at Boston's Museum of Fine Arts, that explores the blurring boundaries between the disciplines of art, craft and design. Pictured: The Transit of Venus by Greg Payce, 2013. Photography courtesy of Claridge ...

BLOUIN ARTINFO

BLOUIN ARTINFO
Wed, 19 Aug 2015 08:45:00 -0700

In the last decade of arts and crafts and design, how much is tradition and how much is new? Is Susie Ganch's lifesize 'Drag bracelet', really a bracelet or a sculpture? Crafted: Objects in Flux aims to explore how contemporary artists are finding new ...

Boston Globe

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Fri, 14 Aug 2015 15:07:30 -0700

The story of blue's shifting fortunes through the ages and around the world is told in a new book that showcases more than 200 works of art from the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. “Blue: Cobalt to Cerulean in Art and Culture” (Chronicle) is a lushly ...

Slate Magazine (blog)

Slate Magazine (blog)
Fri, 14 Aug 2015 11:32:46 -0700

The Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, has digitized the pages of this 1860s book of falconry in Japan, which is titled Ehon taka kagami, or An Illustrated Mirror of Falconry. The woodcuts by Kawanabe Kyôsai (or Gyôsai) depict equipment and training methods, ...

Wall Street Journal

Wall Street Journal
Fri, 14 Aug 2015 11:22:30 -0700

To explore the influence of Asian craftsmanship on the art of the early Americas, the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston is hosting “Made in the Americas: The New World Discovers Asia.” Opening Aug. 18, the exhibit will feature more than 90 objects, including ...
 
Chronicle of Philanthropy (subscription)
Tue, 25 Aug 2015 07:26:15 -0700

Mr. Johnson's arts philanthropy, always done anonymously, has had a major impact on the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, and the Peabody Essex Museum in Salem, Mass., to which he is widely believed to be the biggest donor, according to the Globe.

Boston Globe

Boston Globe
Sat, 22 Aug 2015 14:56:15 -0700

Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. VAN GOGH AND NATURE The great Dutch artist's passionate investigations into the natural world are the subject of this ambitious show, featuring 40 paintings and 10 drawings. (Pictured: “Houses at Auvers.”) Through Sept. 13.
 
Lowell Sun
Tue, 18 Aug 2015 11:48:51 -0700

AT THE MFA: The Museum of Fine Arts, Boston offers several compelling special exhibits in its current listing. Among them Pastoral to Pop, 20th Century Britain on Paper features prints and drawings from a century of change by England's great artists ...
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