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For the short documentary film, see Muscle Beach (film).
Muscle Beach
Muscle Beach sign.jpg
Location Los Angeles County, California
Founded 1934
Governing body California Department of Parks and Recreation

Muscle Beach refers to the exclusive Santa Monica location of the birthplace of the physical fitness boom in the US during the 20th century, started in 1934 with predominantly gymnastics activities on the south side of the Santa Monica Pier.[1] Muscle Beach Venice is the contemporary title of the outdoor weightlifting platform constructed in Venice, California, a distinct neighborhood in the city of Los Angeles, 18 years after Muscle Beach was established.

Muscle Beach Venice was officially titled in 1987 by the City of Los Angeles with the distinguishing name 'Venice' added to the location to honor the original Santa Monica site.[2] The contemporary Muscle Beach Venice is located two blocks north of Venice Boulevard on Ocean Front Walk in Venice, California.

Santa Monica's "Muscle Beach" landmark derives its name from the growing local and national reputation of gymnastics and strength athletes who congregated at what was first known simply as the "Santa Monica Beach Playground", with the 'muscle' term gaining momentum by 1940. The 1940 opening of the first of an eventual nationwide chain of weightlifting gyms by famed pioneer gym chain operator, Vic Tanny, only two city blocks from Muscle Beach in Santa Monica, is commonly considered a key contributor to the increasing attraction of bodybuilders and strength lifters to Muscle Beach from across the nation.

By the 1950s, Muscle Beach established worldwide fame and helped to popularize and bring legitimacy to physical culture with acrobatics and bodybuilding[3] and contribute to a nationwide health and fitness movement continuing into the 21st century.

Original Muscle Beach[edit]

A man performs a handstand on a high bar at the original Muscle Beach, 1955.

Muscle Beach dates back to the 1930s when the Works Progress Administration (WPA) installed exercise equipment immediately south of the Santa Monica Pier in Santa Monica, California.[4][5] Popular gymnastic and acrobatic exhibitions were routinely held there on city-provided equipment. A platform on the beach with weight lifting equipment provided a workout area for such famous bodybuilders as Vic Tanny, Jack LaLanne, and Joe Gold.[6] Muscle House was a "crashpad" just off the beach where many bodybuilders would live for cheap rent and convenient access to the beach. It was a common waypoint for bodybuilders such as Chet Yorton, Steve Reeves, Vince Edwards, Jack Delinger, George Eiferman, and Dave Draper.

The site of Muscle Beach Venice has inherited the modern fame and attention that was initially generated by Muscle Beach in Santa Monica, as the tumbling platform from this earlier facility had been removed by the City of Santa Monica due to difficulties in the day-to-day maintenance and supervision of the original Muscle Beach site in 1959. Yet the original regulars of Muscle Beach in Santa Monica continued to congregate at the world-famous setting with an emphasis on gymnastics events, acrobatics and adagio training and performances.

In 1989, the City of Santa Monica officially rededicated the original Muscle Beach and today it serves gymnasts, acrobats and youth with an extensive gymnastics training area. Meanwhile, the City of Los Angeles Recreation and Parks Department has continued the primary barbell, weightlifting and bodybuilding aspects and events of the original Muscle Beach fame at the Venice weight pen. In 1987, the City of Los Angeles officially dedicated "Muscle Beach Venice" with the added word of 'Venice' in the title to distinguish it from the original "Muscle Beach" in Santa Monica.[2]

Muscle Beach Venice[edit]

Muscle Beach, Venice

After the closing of the original Muscle Beach, bodybuilding attention shifted south to the somewhat lesser-known Venice Beach Weight Pen, operated by the Los Angeles Recreation and Parks Department. A small spartan weight pen was built near Windward Avenue in 1952, later replaced by the large current facility (33°59′08″N 118°28′21″W / 33.9854557°N 118.4725901°W / 33.9854557; -118.4725901) during a complete renovation and Muscle Beach Venice redevelopment effort in 1990, which sports a huge concrete barbell on the roof and bleachers for spectators.

Today it is an open playground with a gated area that encloses weight lifting equipment, the second area is a sand box with gymnastic, rope climbing, and acrobatic bars.

Muscle Beach, August 2012

By extension, Muscle Beach Venice refers also to a high concentration of weightlifting and fitness businesses in the area. Dave Draper, Larry Scott, Arnold Schwarzenegger, Danny Trejo, and Crips co-founder Stanley Tookie Williams used to be regulars, among many famous bodybuilders and actors who have trained there. Chet Yorton trained at Muscle Beach Venice in the early to mid-1960s to prepare for his victory over Arnold Schwarzenegger in the 1966 NABBA Mr. Universe contest.

An episode of the television series Baywatch featured Hulk Hogan training on Muscle Beach Venice.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Pool, Bob (2 October 1999). "Santa Monica Shows Off a Restored Muscle Beach". Los Angeles Times. 
  2. ^ a b Harvey, Steve (1 June 1987). "A Banished Beach Works Out in Venice". Los Angeles Times. 
  3. ^ Harvey, Steve (30 March 1986). "Mussel or Muscle : Whatever You Call It, It's a Beach That's Not Forgotten by Its Many Devotees". Los Angeles Times. 
  4. ^ Knapp, Dan (28 November 2005). "New Acquisition Pumps USC Up". USC News. 
  5. ^ Matzer, Marla (22 February 1998). "The Venus of Muscle Beach". Los Angeles Times. 
  6. ^ Chowder, Ken (1 November 1998). "Muscle Beach". Smithsonian. ISSN 0037-7333. 

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Muscle_Beach — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.

6828 news items

Irish Independent

Irish Independent
Sat, 06 Feb 2016 18:26:15 -0800

Overall, Santa Monica leaves me with the sense that yes, I could happily live here and buy into a healthier lifestyle - once I had something deliciously hectic and involving to occupy my time. I doubt I'd ever be a champion of the Muscle Beach rings ...
 
SYS-CON Media (press release)
Thu, 28 Jan 2016 12:15:00 -0800

Miami Muscle Beach Pro (MMBP) is a fitness competition that takes place in Miami Beach, Florida. The event is the crown jewel of the Miami Muscle Beach Weekend (MMBW) and is an International Federation of Body Builders (IFBB) Pro show, as well as the ...

Washington Post

Washington Post
Fri, 15 Jan 2016 12:12:20 -0800

He played a bodybuilder in the film “Muscle Beach Party” (1964) with Frankie Avalon and Annette Funicello and had minor roles in the 1965 Elvis Presley film “Girl Happy” and in “Easy Rider” (1969), starring Dennis Hopper and Peter Fonda. Mr. Haggerty ...
 
New Zealand Herald
Tue, 02 Feb 2016 19:12:39 -0800

Speaking of exercise, just a few steps from the sand is Muscle Beach Gym. Once the home gym of bodybuilders Arnold Schwarzenegger and Lou Ferrigno, the facility still serves the community as the only outdoor gym where Schwarzenegger lookalikes are ...

Westword

Westword
Sat, 12 Dec 2015 14:56:02 -0800

Last week Denver band Muscle Beach released a new self-titled LP, and tonight they play at Ratio Beer Works with Abrams. Muscle Beach, which won a 2015 Westword Music Award in the Hardcore category, can be described as surfy post-hardcore, but their ...

Dying Scene

Dying Scene
Fri, 02 Oct 2015 09:34:52 -0700

Okay, we all know the deal here. Night Birds are a modern punk rock band from New Jersey, but they play punk rock like they're from Southern California in the early 1980's. They're great, and no one should ever tell you otherwise. Mutiny at Muscle ...

PopMatters

PopMatters
Wed, 18 Nov 2015 09:39:18 -0800

Denver hardcore trio Muscle Beach will be releasing their self-titled debut album on 4 December, and as you can hear on the new track “Pressure Kills”, they achieve a wickedly good balance of Fugazi's discipline and Refused's intensity. “This song took ...

Munchies_ Food by VICE

Munchies_ Food by VICE
Sun, 20 Sep 2015 11:04:59 -0700

Within the sea of tourists and novelty T-shirts that is the Venice beach boardwalk, a small portion of land is devoted to checking out buff dudes get buffer. It's called Muscle Beach, and it's been a part of the Venice boardwalk since 1951. Though ...
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