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מֻנַּח ֣ מָק֣וֹם
Sof passuk ׃   paseq ׀
etnachta ֑   segol ֒
shalshelet ֓   zaqef qatan ֔
zaqef gadol ֕   tifcha ֖
revia ֗   zarqa ֘
pashta ֙   yetiv ֚
tevir ֛   geresh ֜
geresh muqdam ֝   gershayim ֞
qarney para ֟   telisha gedola ֠
pazer ֡   atnah hafukh ֢
munach ֣   mahapakh ֤
merkha ֥   merkha kefula ֦
darga ֧   qadma ֨
telisha qetana ֩   yerah ben yomo ֪
ole ֫   iluy ֬
dehi ֭   zinor ֮

The Munach (Hebrew: מֻנַּח, also spelled Munah or Munakh), translating to English as "to rest," is a common cantillation sound. In Sephardi and Oriental traditions it is often called Shofar holekh. It is marked with a right angle below the corresponding word.[1]

The munach is found in various groups, including the Katon, Etnachta, and Segol groups. One or more munachs can be followed by many different trope sounds, including Zakef katon, Etnachta, Rivia, Zarka, Segol, and Pazer. It is normally used when the number of syllables in a phrase are so long that an extra note is required to accommodate all the syllables.[2]

The munach is normally a short note. But when it is the first of two munachs followed by a Revia, it has a longer melody. In this case it may also be called legarmeh (מֻנַּח לְגַרְמֵ֣הּ׀).


The munach has the following appearances in the following sequences:

* When there are two Munachs before a Rivia (legarmeh), there is generally a vertical line (|) drawn between the words to indicate this.

The munach as shown is not always present in all cases.

Occasionally, in the Katon group, a second Munach will be inserted. This occurs when the words have more syllables, and cannot be accommodated by a single munach.[3]

Munach occurs in the Torah 8777 times. Legarmeh occurs 283 times.[4]

Total occurrences[edit]

Book Munach Legarmeh
Torah 8777[4] 283[4]
   Genesis 2271[4] 60[4]
   Exodus 1835[4] 62[4]
   Leviticus 1270[4] 45[4]
   Numbers 1748[4] 60[4]
   Deuteronomy 1653[4] 56[4]
Nevi'im 8624[5] 337[5]
Ketuvim 6150[5] 203[5]


Katon group[edit]


Etnachta group[edit]


Rivia group[edit]

The Munach preceding another Munach before a Rivia: MunachRivia1.jpg
The Munach immediately preceding a Rivia: MunachRivia2.jpg

Segol group[edit]

Before a Zarka: MunachRivia2.jpg
Before a Segol: MunachEtnachta.jpg

Telisha group[edit]


Mnemonic Device[edit]

Some Bar-mitzvah instructors help their students remember the right-angle symbol of Munach by telling their students to think of the square framed glasses which were typically worn by the engineers involved in the moon landing which popular in the late 1960s.


  1. ^ The Art of Cantillation, Volume 2: A Step-By-Step Guide to Chanting Haftarot ... By Marshall Portnoy, Josée Wolff, page 26
  2. ^ Outlines of Hebrew Accentuation By A. B. Davidson, page 39
  3. ^ Outlines of Hebrew Accentuation By A. B. Davidson, page 58
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Concordance of the Hebrew accents in the Hebrew Bible: Concordance ..., Volume 1 By James D. Price, page 6
  5. ^ a b c d Concordance of the Hebrew accents in the Hebrew Bible: Concordance ..., Volume 1 By James D. Price, page 5

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Munach — Please support Wikipedia.
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7 news items

Washington Post
Wed, 05 Mar 2014 09:44:45 -0800

Mill Race Rd., 2630-Arnold and Martha Munach to Debra Jill Sawers Sugden, $334,000. Saddlebrook Lane, 6464-Jeffrey W. and Beth A. Shriner to Saeed M. and Mahmoud Kashani, $1.21 million. Spruce Ct., 207-HSBC Bank USA to Hector E. Chicas, $1.61 ...
Southern Pines Pilot
Mon, 22 Jul 2013 14:03:09 -0700

Mar-tra McManus, of Rockingham, goes up for a shot during the Bobby Collins Basketball Camp July 15 at Pinecrest High School. Camp Duncan 07162013 024.jpg. Hannah Sharpe/The Pilot. Camp Duncan 07162013 024.jpg. A dragonfly suns itself on a ...
Arutz Sheva
Wed, 09 Jul 2014 14:55:39 -0700

Whether in “personal expression”, politics, art, music or religion, we seem to be overrun by people who live “at the edges”. They are angry. Rapid. Relentless. We witness the world roiled by extremists in the Middle East, the Far East, even in Europe ...

Jüdische Allgemeine

Jüdische Allgemeine
Wed, 01 Jul 2015 14:56:15 -0700

Buch Mose 21), steht unter den Worten »wajaschkem Awraham« zweimal das Melodiezeichen Munach. Es bedeutet »ausgeruht« oder »in langsamer, ruhiger Bewegung« und weist immer auf Zurückhaltung oder Zögern hin. Jischmael fortzuschicken, war ...
Sun, 11 Aug 2013 20:00:44 -0700

Nigel Munach August 13, 2013 at 12:25 am #. These heroes were from Zanu and Zapu now zanupf. Kuda August 12, 2013 at 7:04 am #. Thats a powerful message Save. Dont worry about these brainwashed zanu supporters. They need phsycotherapy.


Mon, 12 Aug 2013 01:56:36 -0700

Asina kudaro ngaasimudze maoko ake imi mose muri papikicha. Simudza ruoko rwako wotaura zita rako ne address yako zvechokwadi. Nigel Munach August 12, 2013 at 10:50 pm #. lier. why didn't u give Morgan the evidence. Co he doesn't have a clue as ...
Jewish Telegraphic Agency
Tue, 26 May 2009 11:27:50 -0700

We have grown accustomed to so many bits and downloads, that learning the few notes of the munach or gershayim tropes should be easy. To a generation that invented its own text messaging notation, and works emoticons, into their texts, integrating a ...

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