digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:


Applied sciences






















מֻנַּח ֣ מָק֣וֹם
Sof passuk ׃   paseq ׀
etnachta ֑   segol ֒
shalshelet ֓   zaqef qatan ֔
zaqef gadol ֕   tifcha ֖
revia ֗   zarqa ֘
pashta ֙   yetiv ֚
tevir ֛   geresh ֜
geresh muqdam ֝   gershayim ֞
qarney para ֟   telisha gedola ֠
pazer ֡   atnah hafukh ֢
munach ֣   mahapakh ֤
merkha ֥   merkha kefula ֦
darga ֧   qadma ֨
telisha qetana ֩   yerah ben yomo ֪
ole ֫   iluy ֬
dehi ֭   zinor ֮

The Munach (Hebrew: מֻנַּח, also spelled Munah or Munakh), translating to English as "to rest," is a common cantillation sound. In Sephardi and Oriental traditions it is often called Shofar holekh. It is marked with a right angle below the corresponding word.[1]

The munach is found in various groups, including the Katon, Etnachta, and Segol groups. One or more munachs can be followed by many different trope sounds, including Zakef katon, Etnachta, Rivia, Zarka, Segol, and Pazer. It is normally used when the number of syllables in a phrase are so long that an extra note is required to accommodate all the syllables.[2]

The munach is normally a short note. But when it is the first of two munachs followed by a Revia, it has a longer melody. In this case it may also be called legarmeh (מֻנַּח לְגַרְמֵ֣הּ׀).


The munach has the following appearances in the following sequences:

* When there are two Munachs before a Rivia (legarmeh), there is generally a vertical line (|) drawn between the words to indicate this.

The munach as shown is not always present in all cases.

Occasionally, in the Katon group, a second Munach will be inserted. This occurs when the words have more syllables, and cannot be accommodated by a single munach.[3]

Munach occurs in the Torah 8777 times. Legarmeh occurs 283 times.[4]

Total occurrences[edit]

Book Munach Legarmeh
Torah 8777[4] 283[4]
   Genesis 2271[4] 60[4]
   Exodus 1835[4] 62[4]
   Leviticus 1270[4] 45[4]
   Numbers 1748[4] 60[4]
   Deuteronomy 1653[4] 56[4]
Nevi'im 8624[5] 337[5]
Ketuvim 6150[5] 203[5]


Katon group[edit]


Etnachta group[edit]


Rivia group[edit]

The Munach preceding another Munach before a Rivia: MunachRivia1.jpg
The Munach immediately preceding a Rivia: MunachRivia2.jpg

Segol group[edit]

Before a Zarka: MunachRivia2.jpg
Before a Segol: MunachEtnachta.jpg

Telisha group[edit]


Mnemonic Device[edit]

Some Bar-mitzvah instructors help their students remember the right-angle symbol of Munach by telling their students to think of the square framed glasses which were typically worn by the engineers involved in the moon landing which popular in the late 1960s.


  1. ^ The Art of Cantillation, Volume 2: A Step-By-Step Guide to Chanting Haftarot ... By Marshall Portnoy, Josée Wolff, page 26
  2. ^ Outlines of Hebrew Accentuation By A. B. Davidson, page 39
  3. ^ Outlines of Hebrew Accentuation By A. B. Davidson, page 58
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Concordance of the Hebrew accents in the Hebrew Bible: Concordance ..., Volume 1 By James D. Price, page 6
  5. ^ a b c d Concordance of the Hebrew accents in the Hebrew Bible: Concordance ..., Volume 1 By James D. Price, page 5

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Munach — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.

56 news items

South Wales Argus

South Wales Argus
Wed, 06 Apr 2016 04:23:10 -0700

They will travel to Ystrad Munach's Centre of Sporting Excellence on April 23rd to take on the best school boys in Wales which will include Swansea, Cardiff, Wrexham, Flintshire, Pembrokeshire, Afan Nedd and Caerphilly for a chance to win the famous ...


Sat, 12 Mar 2016 11:52:30 -0800

Everton booked their place with Crystal Palace in the FA Cup semi-finals with a 2-0 win against Chelsea at Goodison Park. Despite a fiery and cagey first 45 minutes, the second half vastly improved and the quality increased as the game wore on, led by ...


Wed, 16 Mar 2016 02:55:13 -0700

The Joint Admissions and Matriculations Board (JAMB) began toying with the idea of Computer based Testing (CBT) as far back as 2013. The CBT is of course an advanced testing system introduced essentially to combat examination malpractice which is ...
Washington Post
Wed, 05 Mar 2014 09:37:30 -0800

Mill Race Rd., 2630-Arnold and Martha Munach to Debra Jill Sawers Sugden, $334,000. Saddlebrook Lane, 6464-Jeffrey W. and Beth A. Shriner to Saeed M. and Mahmoud Kashani, $1.21 million. Spruce Ct., 207-HSBC Bank USA to Hector E. Chicas, $1.61 ...
Washington Post
Fri, 09 Nov 2012 14:15:18 -0800

Survivors include her husband of 61 years, Samuel Taffel of Silver Spring; two children, Alan Taffel of Vienna and Shelley Taffel of Brooklyn; a sister, Ethel Charo of Moraga, Calif.; a brother, Arnold Munach of Frederick; and three grandchildren ...

Southern Pines Pilot

Southern Pines Pilot
Mon, 22 Jul 2013 14:03:09 -0700

Lauren Munach participates in one of the workshops at the 2013 North Carolina Beekeepers Association summer meeting at Sandhills Community College. Munach was learning how to properly handle honeybees at the conference, which featured several ...
Sun, 11 Aug 2013 20:00:44 -0700

Nigel Munach August 13, 2013 at 12:25 am #. These heroes were from Zanu and Zapu now zanupf. Kuda August 12, 2013 at 7:04 am #. Thats a powerful message Save. Dont worry about these brainwashed zanu supporters. They need phsycotherapy.


Fri, 11 Dec 2015 00:26:15 -0800

Lo stile liberty arriva a Milano con “Alfons Mucha e le atmosfere dell'Art Nouveau”: una grande mostra che ricostruisce il gusto elegante, prezioso e sensuale che hanno caratterizzato il movimento artistico-filosofico nel periodo a cavallo tra ...

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!

Searchlight Group

Digplanet also receives support from Searchlight Group. Visit Searchlight