Moussa Arafat al-Qudwa (23 January 1940/41 Jaffa — 7 September 2005 Gaza City) was a cousin of late Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat. He was one of the founders of the Fatah movement and also, a leading official in the Fatah Revolutionary Council.
Arafat was chief of military intelligence in the 1990s. In July 2004, Arafat was appointed head of the Preventive Security Service in the Gaza Strip. This appointment and corruption claims against Arafat's family were partially the catalyst for intense armed conflict in the streets of Gaza between Palestinian 'militants' of the al-Aqsa Martyrs' Brigade group and fighters loyal to Chairman Arafat's Fatah.
Following the conflict, Yasser Arafat reshuffled the Gaza security apparatus and appointed Abdel-Razek al-Majaideh to the new post of overall director of security for the West Bank and Gaza, outranking Moussa Arafat.
A power struggle between rival Palestinian factions emerged in Gaza and the West Bank in anticipation of Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon's plan to withdraw troops and settlers from the occupied territory by the end of 2005.
In 2003, Arafat escaped injury in an explosion in his office caused by rockets fired, he claimed, by Palestinian enemies. In October 2004, Moussa Arafat and a top security official in the Gaza Strip, survived a car bomb that exploded in his convoy. Israel's military denied involvement.
Death in militant raid 
Shortly before 5 AM on 7 September 2005, dozens of masked gunmen (estimates of their number range from 80 to 100) in a convoy of about 20 vehicles, and armed with assault rifles and anti-tank grenades, stormed Arafat's home in Gaza. After a gunfight with Arafat, the gunmen dragged Arafat outside, and shot him dead.
While Arafat's home was near a security forces headquarters and only 300–400 metres from Palestinian Authority president Abbas's residence, media reports reported that the police had not came to the scene until 7 AM, two hours after the incident.
Aftermath of Moussa Arafat's assassination 
Mohammed Abdel Al, a spokesman for the Popular Resistance Committees, a militant group, claimed responsibility for Arafat's assassination, saying it killed Arafat to punish him for corruption after the Palestinian security forces had taken no action against him. Mahmoud Abbas pledged to track down Arafat's killers but as of today those are only empty words. The main suspects are Palestinian off-shoot groups. PRC murdered him for what it called the "liquidation" of Arafat. The PRC consists mainly of former members of the Fatah movement, who have accused Palestinian leaders of graft.
Arafat's oldest son, Manhal, and three bodyguards were kidnapped by the gunmen who killed Arafat. The bodyguards were released shortly thereafter, but Manhal was held for a day before being released to an Egyptian government delegation in Gaza.
- "Obituary: Moussa Arafat". BBC. 7 September 2005. Retrieved 15 December 2012.
- "Top aide of Arafat killed in Gaza city". Daily Times (Gaza City). 8 September 2005. Retrieved 15 December 2012.
- "Top Gaza figure assassinated". Scotsman. 8 September 2005. Retrieved 15 December 2012.
- "Moussa Arafat killed by militants in Gaza". CBC News. 7 September 2005. Retrieved 15 December 2012.
- Palestinian security chief shot dead, BBC News Online, 7 September 2005.
- Gaza official escapes bomb blast, BBC News Online, 13 October 2004.