digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

A motion comic (or animated comic) is a form of comics combining elements of print comic books and animation. Individual panels are expanded into a full shot while sound effects, voice acting, and animation are added to the original artwork. Text boxes and sound effect bubbles are typically removed to feature more of the original artwork being animated. Motion comics are often released as short serials covering a story arc of a long running series or animating a single release of a graphic novel. Single release issues of a story arc are converted into ten to twenty minute long episodes depending on content.

History[edit]

The earliest examples of motion comics are found in independent creations such as Broken Saints (2001). However, the concept was fully outlined in the mid-1960s by science fiction author Philip K. Dick in his novel The Zap Gun, an expansion of his novella Project Plowshare, which was written in 1964 and first published as a serial in the November 1965 and January 1966 issues of Worlds Of Tomorrow magazine. In Dick's novel, weapon designers of the future are mediums, who create their new designs in trance states. The weapon designs are extracted telepathically from a motion comic book, The Blue Cephalopod Man from Titan, created by mad Italian artist Oral Giacomini. Dick describes both the storyline and the animated panels of this comic book in detail.

In 2005, Lions Gate released an animated version of the Saw: Rebirth comic, one of the first examples of an animated comic created to tie into a film franchise. The first major motion comics released, which is also the first use of the term "motion comic," were released by Warner Bros., the owner of DC Comics to coincide with the film premieres of The Dark Knight and Watchmen, releasing an adaptation of Batman: Mad Love and Watchmen: Motion Comics, adapting the comic book of the same name.[1][2][3] In 2012 a prequel motion comic of the movie Dredd was made to show the origins of the movie's main antagonist, Ma-Ma.

Marvel Comics has released motion comics using a company owned by Neal Adams. The first release was an adaptation of Joss Whedon and John Cassaday's Astonishing X-Men: "Gifted". Other adaptations include Spider-Woman: "Agent of S.W.O.R.D.", Iron Man: "Extremis", Black Panther, Thor/Loki: Blood Brothers, and Astonishing X-Men: "Dangerous".

Examples from other companies include Peanuts Motion Comics, Zits Motion Comics, the Dead Space prequel comics and the "Lucy" element of the ABC News documentary Earth 2100.[4]

Another example would be a four-part motion comic based on the Uncharted video game series as a prequel called Eye of Indra, released for the PlayStation Network.

Illustrated films[edit]

A sibling format to motion comics called illustrated films was developed by transmedia studio HALO 8 Entertainment with their Godkiller, which was produced at the same time as (but separately from) the Watchmen motion comic. As opposed to repurposing an existing comic book, Halo-8 created new sequential art that was designed from its inception to be transmedia art for both a comic book and an illustrated film. Godkiller creator Matt Pizzolo told Bloody Disgusting "Godkiller was just a slower production than Watchmen because we had to create 200 pages of art and story from the ground up first, rather than starting with one of the greatest comic books ever made as source material. Plus we had a dozen voice performers instead of just one."[5]

Although aesthetically similar to motion comics, Pizzolo identifies illustrated film influences as including Liquid Television, the MTV cartoon adaptation of The Maxx, the Berserk anime series, Chris Marker's La jetée, the motion comic Broken Saints, and the experimental cinema of Ralph Bakshi.[6][7]

According to Comics Alliance, Pizzolo stated "the difference between an illustrated film and a motion comic is kind of the difference between a movie that was shot in 3D versus a movie that was shot in 2D but got a 3D post-conversion. We're not repurposing an existing comic book here, we're building something unique from scratch."[8]

The 75-minute Godkiller feature was released theatrically in 11 cities before it was distributed on DVD and cable VOD.[9][10]

Upcoming illustrated films from Halo-8 include Ben Templesmith's original project Black Sky and an adaptation of Tim Seeley's Hack/Slash.[11][12][13]

Reception[edit]

Reception to motion comics has been mixed.

NewTeeVee commented, "This first generation [of motion comics] is admittedly crude, but there is enough 'motion' in these motion comics to keep the viewer’s attention, and so far the music and voice acting have been great. Plus, the level of experimentation and sophistication will grow as more are produced."[14]

ComicsWorthReading.com asked,

When you add camera tricks and a soundtrack to a comic, is it still a comic? Or just a poor excuse for a cartoon, done on the cheap? Are they reaching a new audience, attracted by a new format in more modern sales outlets (that come to them)? Will those hypothetical new readers eventually wind up buying traditional-format comics? Could this be just another way to try and make more money from the same, previously existing content?[15]

Artist John Cassaday described his experience with the motion comic adaptation of Astonishing X-Men, saying:

I'd seen some motion comic animation, and the quality varied. When Marvel approached me, I was initially hesitant, but after looking at some test footage and hearing how committed they were, I knew what direction they were wanting to go."[16]

Comparison to visual novels[edit]

The visual novel, a form of interactive fiction largely created in Japan (and also constituting the majority of PC games sold in the country), makes similar usage of animated transitions between still graphic images for narrative purposes. Visual novels, which have been released since the 1980s, also make use of background music and voice talents in order to help drive the narrative.

However, unlike most Western motion comics:

  • visual novels only occasionally make use of motion in-scene (i.e., a body part moving inside an otherwise-static scene).
  • visual novels, while making use of voice talents, also provide dialogue through dialogue boxes - usually superimposed on the bottom of the screen.
  • visual novel characters are usually depicted through graphic sprites superimposed upon a generic background; more detailed character designs and backgrounds are typically reserved for key scenes and events in the narrative.
  • the majority of visual novels are original properties and are adapted for, rather than adaptations of, manga or anime.
  • Visual novels can either be little more than interactive films or much more interactive adventure games, with the dialog boxes containing controls for interaction with the game.
  • Visual novels are also typically written from the first-person narrative.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Watchmen Motion Comic". Watchmenmotioncomic.com. Retrieved April 6, 2010. 
  2. ^ Howell, Peter (March 3, 2009). "Watchmen: The Complete Motion Comic". Toronto Star. Retrieved April 6, 2010. 
  3. ^ McBride, Sarah (July 18, 2008). "Web Draws on Comics". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved April 6, 2010. 
  4. ^ Marshall, Rick (June 2, 2009). "Comic Creators Play Big Role In Tonight’s ‘Earth 2100’ Special.". MTV. Retrieved April 6, 2010. 
  5. ^ THEoDEAD. "MAY SPOTLIGHT: Halo-8 PLUS An Interview With Founder Matt Pizzolo!". Bloody Disgusting. May 4, 2010.
  6. ^ Anders, Jason. "The Making of Godkiller". Fulle Circle Magazine. November 24, 2009.
  7. ^ Thill, Scott. "Post-Apocalyptic Comic Godkiller Emerges as ‘Illustrated Film’". Wired. October 6, 2009.
  8. ^ Khouri, Andy. "New 'Black Sky' Teaser Brings Ben Templesmith's Illustrations to Film [Video,"] Comics Alliance (Dec. 2, 2010).
  9. ^ Moore, Debi. "Details on the Godkiller Theatrical Tour and VOD Home Invasion". Dread Central. May 17, 2010.
  10. ^ THEoDEAD. "Halo-8 Announces Theatrical Tour For 'Godkiller' Including IMAX!". Dread Central. May 17, 2010.
  11. ^ Newsarama. "TEMPLESMITH/ PIZZOLO: Black Sky, God Killer & More @ C2E2". Newsarama. April 19, 2010.
  12. ^ Marshall, Rick. "Hack/Slash To Get The Illustrated Film Treatment". MTV Splash Page. September 10, 2010.
  13. ^ The Beat. "Nice Art: Ben Templesmith’s BLACK SKY teaser". Comics Beat. December 2, 2010.
  14. ^ Albrecht, Chris (July 30, 2008). "The Rise of Motion Comics Online". NewTeeVee.com. Retrieved April 6, 2010. 
  15. ^ Draper Carlson, Johanna; Carlson, K.C. "What's the Point of a Motion Comic". ComicsWorthReading.com. Retrieved April 6, 2010. 
  16. ^ Richards, Dave (October 23, 2009). "Cassaday on the "Astonishing X-Men" Motion Comic". ComicBookResources.com. Retrieved April 6, 2010. 

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Motion_comic — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.

4128 news items

Adnkronos

Adnkronos
Sun, 19 Apr 2015 02:56:15 -0700

Creata da Roberto Recchioni (attuale curatore di Dylan Dog) ed Emiliano Mammucari, questa serie a fumetti a colori della Sergio Bonelli Editore è stata trasformata nel primo motion comic italiano con la regia di Armando Traverso che all'Adnkronos ha ...
 
Actualitté.com
Wed, 08 Apr 2015 22:03:45 -0700

Le Motion comic est une forme de bande dessinée combinant, comme son nom l'indique, la bande dessinée (comic, BD américaine) et l'animation (motion, mouvement). Ce nouveau type de création provient des États-Unis. En France, il est parfois nommé ...

Capsule Computers

Capsule Computers
Sat, 18 Apr 2015 02:00:00 -0700

Offline there are Traditional Towers to tackle, ranging from the Klassic tower (which grants you narrated motion comic-esque endings), Test Your Luck and Test Your Might towers, the Endless tower (exactly what it sounds like) and the Survival tower ...
 
Daily Egyptian
Tue, 14 Apr 2015 12:18:45 -0700

Each level is drawn by hand and is reminiscent of a motion comic book, without text bubbles. Each dash and jump sends little cartoon clouds of dust, and the background vistas alternate between neon colors and rustic rocks. The visuals of the game are a ...

io9

io9
Fri, 27 Mar 2015 09:06:17 -0700

The initiative, called "Tube Comics", is a sort of mish-mash between a digital comic, an animated motion comic and a guided view of a normal comic. There's swishing between panels, voice acting, sound effects... it's not a wholly unique idea, but an ...

Comicbook.com

Comicbook.com
Fri, 03 Apr 2015 05:04:53 -0700

But for now, we give you the opening cinematic, done in Marvel Heroes 2015's signature motion-comic form. It lays out the Raid's basics, explaining how the Red Skull comes to these powers in a world where certain characters (cough Xavier cough) are ...

Comicbook.com

Comicbook.com
Sat, 14 Mar 2015 05:45:00 -0700

o-COMIC-BOOK-THE-PROTECTORS-570 The Protectors, a sports-themed superhero comic by writer Ron Marz, artist Bart Sears and plotted by NFL player Israel Idonije, will launch as a motion comic through Madefire soon, The Huffington Post reports.
 
FileHippo News
Mon, 08 Sep 2014 05:11:19 -0700

We've had e-books, e-zines, e-cigarrettes and if you eat in the wrong restaurant, E.coli. The next big thing in the e-publishing revolution is motion comics, with a number of companies jostling for market supremacy and experimenting with the form. The ...
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!

Searchlight Group

Digplanet also receives support from Searchlight Group. Visit Searchlight