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Morongo Band of
Mission Indians
Homes on the Morongo Reservation
Total population
996[1]
Regions with significant populations
United States United States (California California)
Languages
English, Pass Cahuilla, and Serrano.[2]
Religion
traditional tribal religion,
Christianity (Roman Catholicism)[3]
Related ethnic groups
other Cahuilla, Cupeño, and Serrano peoples

The Morongo Band of Mission Indians is a federally recognized tribe. The main tribal groups are Cahuilla and Serrano. Tribal members also include Cupeño, Luiseño, and Chemehuevi Indians.[4] Although many tribes in California are known as Mission Indians, some, like those at Morongo, were never a part of the Spanish Missions in California. The Morongo Reservation is located in Riverside County, California.[1]

Reservation[edit]

The Morongo Reservation (33°57′10″N 116°48′28″W / 33.95278°N 116.80778°W / 33.95278; -116.80778) is located at the base of the San Gorgonio and San Jacinto Mountains. It is over 35,000 acres (140 km2) in size. On May 15, 1876, President Ulysses S. Grant established this and eight other reservations in the area by executive order.[5] Approximately 954 of the 996 enrolled tribal members live on the reservation.[1]

The name Morongo comes from the Serrano clan Maarrenga'. The first official "Captain" of Potrero Ajenio (aka San Gorgonio Agency) recognized by the Bureau of Indian Affairs was the hereditary leader of the Maarrenga', known to Americans by his English name, John Morongo. As time went on the Bureau referred to the tribe as the Morongo Band of Mission Indians.

Government[edit]

The Morongo Band of Mission Indians is headquartered in Banning, California. They are governed by a democratically elected tribal council. Their current administration is as follows:

  • Robert Martin, Chairman
  • Mary Ann Martin-Andreas, Vice-Chairman
  • Charles Martin, Councilmember
  • Ann Robinson, Councilmember
  • Tom Linton, Councilmember
  • Brian Lugo, Councilmember
  • Damon Sandoval, Councilmember[6]

Languages[edit]

Cahuilla and Serrano are Takic languages, part of the Uto-Aztecan language family. The main aboriginal group of the San Gorgonio Pass are Pass Cahuilla, who call the area Maalki. The Serrano, who had traditionally intermarried with the Pass Cahuilla, and who have lived in the area since well before the inception of the reservation, call the area Maarrkinga'. Cahuilla and Serrano are technically considered to be extinct as they are no longer spoken at home, and children are no longer learning them as primary languages.[7] Joe Saubel, a Morongo tribal member and the last pure speaker of Pass Cahuilla, died in 2008. The last pure speaker of Serrano was also enrolled at Morongo, Ms. Dorothy Ramon, who died in 2002. Recent generations have found a renewed interest in their native languages however, and many families are now reclaiming Pass Cahuilla and Serrano for their children.[8]

In 2012, the Limu Project announced that it had successfully reconstructed Pass Cahuilla, and is offering an online course.[9] The project also offers online courses in Maarrenga' (Morongo Band "Serrano" dialect) and Yuhaviat (Santos Manuel Band "Serrano" dialect).[10]

Programs, economic and cultural development[edit]

Gaming[edit]

Morongo Casino, Riverside County, California

The tribe opened a small bingo hall in 1983, which became the foundation of what is now one of the oldest Native gaming enterprises in California. The government of Riverside County, California attempted to shut down the bingo hall, so the tribe joined with the Cabazon Band of Mission Indians in a lawsuit eventually decided by the U.S. Supreme Court. On February 25, 1987, the court upheld the right of sovereign Indian tribes to operate gaming enterprises on their reservations.[11]

The Morongo Casino, Resort & Spa was opened in 2004 in Cabazon, California.[5] It is open seven days a week, 24 hours a day. The hotel has 310 rooms. Several restaurants and bars are part of the complex, Desert Orchid: Contemporary Asian Cuisine, Potrero Canyon Buffet, Cielo: Pacific Coast Steak and Seafood Restaurant, Serrano, Sunset Bar and Grill, a food court, Mystique Lounge, and the Pit Bar. The club, 360, is open on weekends.[12]

Cultural[edit]

The Malki Museum on the Morongo Reservation is open to the public. It maintains the Malki Museum Press, which publishes the Journal of California and Great Basin Anthropology and scholarly books on Indian culture. The reservation is also home to the Limu Project, a tribal community-based nonprofit organization that helps families preserve knowledge of their indigenous languages, history, and cultural traditions.[13]

Churches[edit]

Two churches are on the Morongo Reservation. They are the Protestant Morongo Moravian Church and the Catholic St. Mary's Mission, maintained by the Saint Kateri Tekakwitha Catholic Community.[14][15]

Notable tribal members[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c California Indians and Their Reservations: M. San Diego State University Library and Information Access. 2010 (retrieved 18 May 2010)[dead link]
  2. ^ Eargle, 111
  3. ^ Pritzker, 120
  4. ^ Pritzker 24, 120
  5. ^ a b "California v. Cabazon" Mary Ann Irwin. (retrieved 5 September 2010)
  6. ^ "Tribal Council." Morongo Band of Mission Indians. Retrieved 10 Jan 2011.
  7. ^ Hinton, 28, 32
  8. ^ Blankenship, Arkamez. "Awakening Wanikik". The Limu Project. Retrieved 6 June 2012. 
  9. ^ "Awakening Wanikik". The Limu Project. 2012-02-11. Retrieved 2013-05-08. 
  10. ^ "iLearn Course Portal – iLearn. Wanipiyapa (Wanikik, Palm Springs Cahuilla, Pass Cahuilla)". The Limu Project. Retrieved 2013-05-08. 
  11. ^ California v. Cabazon Band, 480 U.S. 202 (1987).
  12. ^ "Morongo Casino Resort Spa." 500 Nations. (retrieved 18 May 2010)
  13. ^ Limu Project
  14. ^ Saint Kateri Tekakwitha Catholic Community: St. Mary's Mission
  15. ^ Moravian Church: Western District. U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Morongo Moravian Church: 33°57′21″N 116°49′41″W / 33.955848°N 116.828075°W / 33.955848; -116.828075

References[edit]

  • Eargle, Jr., Dolan H. California Indian Country: The Land and the People. San Francisco: Tree Company Press, 1992. ISBN 0-937401-20-X.
  • Hinton, Leanne. Flutes of Fire: Essays on California Indian Languages. Berkeley: Heyday Books, 1994. ISBN 0-930588-62-2
  • Pritzker, Barry M. A Native American Encyclopedia: History, Culture, and Peoples. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000. ISBN 978-0-19-513877-1.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 33°57′10″N 116°48′28″W / 33.95278°N 116.80778°W / 33.95278; -116.80778


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Morongo_Band_of_Mission_Indians — Please support Wikipedia.
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27 news items

Mintpress News

89.3 KPCC (blog)
Tue, 02 Sep 2014 05:56:15 -0700

The spring is on land owned by the Morongo Band of Mission Indians. As a sovereign nation, the Morongo Indians are not required to disclose how much of the water is going into bottles. The General Manager of the Cabazon Water District, Calvin Louie ...

PokerUpdate

PokerUpdate
Tue, 02 Sep 2014 11:45:00 -0700

The Morongo Band of Mission Indians is the one major tribe that has not chosen to join this consensus and rather entered into an agreement with PokerStars to allow the company to provide online poker services. This agreement has led to a bit of a ...
 
newszap.com
Wed, 27 Aug 2014 17:11:15 -0700

One of the last remaining speakers of the Serrano language, he has served as tribal historian and cultural adviser for the Morongo Band of Mission Indians since 1996. He serves on the board of directors of the California Indian Storytelling Association ...
 
Las Vegas Review-Journal (blog)
Sun, 31 Aug 2014 03:07:30 -0700

The Morongo Band of Mission Indians and three California card rooms have a deal with PokerStars. More than a dozen other tribes want PokerStars banned through a “bad actor clause.” Beynon believes California could be another catalyst for online gaming ...

CardPlayer.com

CardPlayer.com
Mon, 11 Aug 2014 06:08:09 -0700

The coalition representing the Morongo Band of Mission Indians, California's three largest card clubs—the Commerce Club, the Hawaiian Gardens Casino and the Bicycle Casino—and PokerStars responded to the news that California online poker legislation ...

PokerSites

PokerSites
Wed, 27 Aug 2014 23:56:15 -0700

On one side, an alliance of California tribal gaming interests, eager to keep PokerStars out of the market, united behind the legislation, while the Morongo Band of Mission Indians, along with land-based cardrooms, the Commerce, the Bike and Hawaiian ...
 
The Record Gazette
Fri, 15 Aug 2014 03:41:15 -0700

According to the Morongo Band of Mission Indians, the school supplies included pens, pencils, and crayons along with hoodies. Backpacks came in three colors and hoodies came in several different colors that the children were able to choose from ...
 
The Record Gazette
Fri, 08 Aug 2014 03:30:00 -0700

The tournament is just one of several annual community events sponsored by the Morongo Casino, Resort & Spa and the Morongo Band of Mission Indians, which have donated more than $5 million to hundreds of local and regional nonprofit organizations in ...
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