digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

"Mortuary" redirects here. For other uses, see Mortuary (disambiguation).
One of the entrances of the Victoria Public Mortuary, in Hong Kong

A morgue or mortuary (in a hospital or elsewhere) is used for the storage of human corpses awaiting identification or removal for autopsy or disposal by burial, cremation or other method. In modern times corpses have customarily been refrigerated to delay decomposition.

Etymology and lexicology[edit]

Mortuary early 14c., from Anglo-French mortuarie "gift to a parish priest from a deceased parishioner," from Medieval Latin mortuarium, noun use of neuter of Late Latin adjective mortuarius "pertaining to the dead," from Latin mortuus, pp. of mori "to die" (see mortal (adj.)). Meaning "place where bodies are kept temporarily" first recorded 1865, a euphemism for earlier English term "deadhouse."

Morgue from the French morgue, which means 'to look at solemnly, to defy'. First used to describe the inner wicket of a prison, where new prisoners were kept so that jailers and turnkeys could recognize them in the future, it took on its modern meaning in fifteenth century Paris, being used to describe part of the Châtelet used for the storage and identification of unknown corpses.

Morgue is predominantly used in North American English, while mortuary is more common in British English, although both terms are used interchangeably. The euphemisms “Rose Cottage” and “Rainbow’s End”[1] are sometimes used in British hospitals to enable discussion in front of patients, the latter mainly for children.

A person responsible for handling and washing bodies is now known as a diener, morgue attendant, or autopsy technician.

Types of cold chambers[edit]

There are two types of mortuary cold chambers:

Positive temperature

Bodies are kept between 2 °C (36 °F) and 4 °C (39 °F). While this is usually used for keeping bodies for up to several weeks, it does not prevent decomposition, which continues at a slower rate than at room temperature.[2]

Negative temperature

Bodies are kept at between −10 °C (14 °F) and −50 °C (−58 °F). Usually used at forensic institutes, particularly when a body has not been identified. At these temperatures the body is completely frozen and decomposition is very much reduced.[citation needed]

Mortuaries across the world[edit]

The first morgue in New York City, opened in 1866 at Bellevue Hospital

In some countries, the body of the deceased is embalmed before disposal, which makes refrigeration unnecessary.

In many countries, the family of the deceased must make the burial within 72 hours (three days) of death, but in some other countries it is usual that burial takes place some weeks or months after the death. This is why some corpses are kept as long as one or two years at a hospital or in a funeral home. When the family has enough money to organize the ceremony, the corpse is taken from the cold chamber for burial.

In some funeral homes, the morgue is in the same room, or directly adjacent to, the specially designed ovens, known as retorts, that are used in funerary cremation. Some religions dictate that, should a body be cremated, the family must witness its incineration. To honor these religious rites, many funeral homes install a viewing window, which allows the family to watch as the body is inserted into the retort. In this way, the family can honor their customs without entering the morgue.

Waiting mortuary[edit]

A waiting mortuary is a mortuary building designed specifically for the purpose of confirming that deceased persons are truly deceased. Prior to the advent of modern methods of verifying death, people feared that they would be buried alive. To alleviate such fears, the recently deceased were housed for a time in waiting mortuaries, where attendants would watch for signs of life. The corpses would be allowed to decompose partially prior to burial. Waiting mortuaries were most popular in 19th century Germany, and were often large ornate halls.

A bell was strung to the corpses to alert attendants of any motion. Although there is no documented case of a person being saved from accidental burial in this way,[3] it is sometimes erroneously believed that this was the origin of the phrase “saved by the bell”, whilst in fact, the phrase originates from the sport of boxing.[4]

Alternate meanings[edit]

In American English:

  • Morgue is used to refer to the room in which newspaper or magazine publishers keep their back issues and other historical references, as they serve a similar purpose to human morgues. See Morgue file.
  • Morgue is used in some science fiction books as the name for the armory aboard ships, when they contain some form of powered armour. Citation Needed
  • Mortuary can also refer to a funeral home.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ BBC documentary - Fry's Planet Word: Episode 3: "Uses and Abuses" 9 Oct 2011
  2. ^ Zentralblatt der allgemeine Pathologie; 1957 May 4; 96(5-6):280-86; NIH.gov
  3. ^ Roach, Mary (2003). Stiff: The Curious Lives of Human Cadavers. W. W. Norton & Company. ISBN 0-393-32482-6. 
  4. ^ Saved by the bell at Phrases.org

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Morgue — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
303510 videos foundNext > 

An Inside Look at the LA County Morgue

This is from the special features on the DVD for Chaos. It is an inside look at the LA County Morgue. This has been uploaded as a possible aid for funeral se...

Freakshow Acts: Morgue

Freakshow's Morgue demonstrates his sword swallowing technique. For more Freakshow videos: http://goo.gl/MJExqj AMC : http://www.amctv.com AMC on Facebook : ...

18+ (English subs) Donetsk Morgue, October 8th

Morgue Tour

Dr. Strobl, an Anoka County Assistant Examiner, leads a tour of the new state-of-the-art morgue in Ramsey Minnesota.

Morgue from the #VeniceBeach #Freakshow on @FreakshowAMC #SayNoToNormal

http://www.redcarpetreporttv.com Mingle Media TV and Red Carpet Report host Emilie Hagen were invited to cover meet the cast of AMC's unscripted series "Frea...

Medical operation in morgue, please DO NOT View if you are sensitive to dead people or blood.

video is distributed for medical purposes only. This video was downloaded from russian website, is not filmed by me! no copyright enabled.

Terrifying Owlman traps visitors at former morgue

Watch the trailer for the Lord of Tears at www.lordofters.com Every day visitors arrive, from urban explorers to photographers, at the former morgue of St. Kilda's Hospital. There they discovered...

Fantasma en una morgue en colombia-Colombian Morgue Ghost

Fantasma en grabado en una morgue en colombia por una persona con su telefono celular. While ghost hunting in an abandoned Colombian morgue, guy captures a g...

IMAGENES - MUERTO EN LA MORGUE

DOCUMENTAL MORGUE I

303510 videos foundNext > 

794264 news items

Arizona Daily Star (blog)

Arizona Daily Star (blog)
Wed, 17 Dec 2014 22:56:15 -0800

Wreckage of a U.S. Air Force F4D that crashed is framed by a patio wall at a home to the rear of the supermarket. Bright flames shooting abofe the wall to the left is burning gas from a ruptured gas line and flame in foreground is blazing jet fuel ...

Arizona Daily Star (blog)

Arizona Daily Star (blog)
Thu, 18 Dec 2014 22:56:15 -0800

Almost nine years before an Air Force jet crashed near UA, there was a similar, more devastating crash. Read more. Related Links. Tales from the Morgue: A jet crashes in Tucson. An Air Force F4D fighter jet had crashed into a grocery store and ...

Cincinnati CityBeat

Cincinnati CityBeat
Wed, 17 Dec 2014 08:18:45 -0800

In September, the morgue's main body cooler broke down, causing a scramble to pay for another. Sewage is backing up in the morgue, and the pipes under it must be pressure washed every night to assure that autopsy waste doesn't build up. The building's ...
 
Arizona Daily Star (blog)
Tue, 16 Dec 2014 09:03:45 -0800

Right at the start, the Morgue Lady must point out that references in this article to "queeners" and "queening" surely refer to young men asking young ladies out, and does not refer to any other slang term. Any other euphemistic inferences the reader ...

Arizona Daily Star (blog)

Arizona Daily Star (blog)
Mon, 15 Dec 2014 08:52:30 -0800

The Morgue Lady has had strangers come to the door of her home asking for money and making no claim to know a member of the household. One supposes that at least this is honest since they are forthright in asking for cash, but she doesn't like it any ...

Chicago Daily Herald

Chicago Daily Herald
Fri, 12 Dec 2014 16:33:45 -0800

Kane County Coroner Rob Russell Friday shows an area near a western sally port at the county morgue where a new refrigerator/freezer unit will be installed. The renovation won't be completed until Jan. 15 because the manufacturer can't deliver the ...
 
Northwest Herald
Fri, 12 Dec 2014 20:07:30 -0800

Coroner Rob Russell on Friday told the Judicial and Public Safety Committee the morgue will not be able to reopen as hoped on Jan. 1 because the earliest delivery date for the freezer and refrigerator is Jan. 6. Now, he said, the goal is to reopen the ...

Daily Mail

Daily Mail
Sun, 14 Dec 2014 10:44:08 -0800

A morgue left the corpse of a 95-year-old woman rotting in a freezer for a year after sending the wrong body to be cremated, it has emerged. Leah Lehrer's family buried what they believed to be their relative's ashes in a cemetery in Queens, New York ...
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!

Searchlight Group

Digplanet also receives support from Searchlight Group. Visit Searchlight