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Monywa
မုံရွာမြို့
Monywa
Monywa
Monywa is located in Burma
Monywa
Monywa
Location in Burma
Coordinates: 22°6′30″N 95°8′30″E / 22.10833°N 95.14167°E / 22.10833; 95.14167Coordinates: 22°6′30″N 95°8′30″E / 22.10833°N 95.14167°E / 22.10833; 95.14167
Country  Burma
Region Sagaing Region
District Monywa District
Township Monywa Township
Population (2005)
 • Religions Buddhism
Time zone MST (UTC+6.30)
Area code(s) 71[1]

Monywa (Burmese: မုံရွာမြို့; MLCTS: muṃ rwa mrui.; pronounced: [mòʊɴjwà mjo̰]) is a city in Sagaing Region, Myanmar, located 136 km northwest of Mandalay on the eastern bank of the River Chindwin.

Climate[edit]

Monywa has a tropical savanna climate (Köppen climate classification Aw). Temperatures are very warm throughout the year, although the winter months (December–February) are milder. The pre-monsoon months from March to May are especially hot, with average maximum temperatures reaching 38 °C (100 °F). There is a winter dry season (November–April) and a summer wet season (May–October).

Monywa received 139 millimetres (5.5 in) of rainfall on 19 Oct 2011. This was a new record for rainfall within 24 hours in October in Monywa for the last 47 years. The previous record was 135 millimetres (5.3 in) on 24 Oct 1967.[2]

Climate data for Monywa
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 27.9
(82.2)
31.5
(88.7)
35.3
(95.5)
38.3
(100.9)
37.3
(99.1)
30.9
(87.6)
34.4
(93.9)
33.6
(92.5)
33.3
(91.9)
32.1
(89.8)
29.8
(85.6)
27.6
(81.7)
32.67
(90.78)
Average low °C (°F) 13.9
(57)
11.1
(52)
14.2
(57.6)
19.1
(66.4)
25.5
(77.9)
25.7
(78.3)
25.9
(78.6)
25.6
(78.1)
25.0
(77)
23.4
(74.1)
19.5
(67.1)
21.2
(70.2)
20.84
(69.53)
Precipitation mm (inches) 2
(0.08)
2
(0.08)
2
(0.08)
26
(1.02)
101
(3.98)
106
(4.17)
71
(2.8)
131
(5.16)
162
(6.38)
134
(5.28)
42
(1.65)
6
(0.24)
785
(30.92)
Source: NOAA (1961-1990) [3]

Transport[edit]

River Chindwin at Monywa

Monywa is served by the Mandalay-Budalin branch railway line, but is best reached by bus as the road from Mandalay is in reasonably good shape. Monywa is linked by road to Budalin, Dabayin, Ye-U and Kin-U, and by rail to Sagaing and the Mandalay - Myitkyina line.[4] River transport on the Chindwin has always been important as it is navigable for 640 km (400 mi) to Hkamti during the monsoon season, and most of the year to Homalin.[5][6]

Economy[edit]

Thambuddhei Paya
Market

Monywa is a major centre for trade and commerce and for agricultural produce from the surrounding Chindwin valley, especially beans, orange, pulses and jaggery (palm sugar). In addition, the local industry includes mills for the production of cotton, flour, noodles, and edible oils. Sausages from Alon called wet udaunk are quite popular, and Budalin longyi (sarong) is known for the strength of the fabric and its checked patterns. Monywa's rough cotton blankets are famous throughout Myanmar (with Monywa providing 80% of the country's blankets for a century),[7] and some can even be found sewn up into knapsacks sold to unsuspecting tourists in Bangkok. Other regional crafts include bamboo and reed products, bullock carts and agricultural implements. The village of Kyaukka is well known for its lacquerware utensils for everyday use.

Black market goods from India, especially saris and bicycle parts, pass through Monywa on their way to other parts of Myanmar.

Attractions[edit]

The major tourist attraction in Monywa is Mohnyin Thambuddhei Paya, a Buddhist temple with a huge stupa resembling Indonesia's Borobudur. It dates from 1303, although it was reconstructed in 1939. It is said to contain over 500,000 images of Buddha. Close by is the Bodhi Tataung Laykyun Setkyar Standing Buddha statue, the second-tallest statue in the world, at a total of 129 metres (including pedestal). This is the focal point of a sprawling site filled with Buddha state, bodhi trees, and pagodas, established by the Bodhi Tataung sayadaw in the 1960s. It includes also a 95-metre long reclining Buddha statue.[8]

Another attraction is the Phowintaung cave complex across the Chindwin River, approximately 25 kilometres (16 mi) west of Monywa.

Very few tourists visit Monywa as its facilities are limited.

Education[edit]

Monywa Government Technical College

The city is home to:

  1. Monywa University
  2. Monywa Education College
  3. Monywa Institute of Economics
  4. Technological University, Monywa[9] and
  5. Computer University, Monywa[10]

Politics[edit]

The insurgent Burmese Communist Party (BCP) was centred in the Monywa area (west of the Chindwin River) for many years. Although the BCP is no longer active, the Myanmar military presence in Monywa remains heavy.

See also[edit]

Notable people[edit]

Gallery[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Myanmar Area Codes". Retrieved 2009-04-10. 
  2. ^ http://www.mrtv3.net.mm/newpaper/2110newsm.pdf Page 19 Col 2
  3. ^ "Monywa Climate Normals 1961-1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved January 11, 2013. 
  4. ^ "Sr Gen Than Shwe urges officials to collectively strive for turning Sagaing Division into granary of Upper Myanmar Assistance assured to upgrade Monywa-Budalin-Dabayin-YeU-KhinU Road". The New Light of Myanmar, December 3, 2002. Retrieved 2008-10-12. 
  5. ^ "Chindwin River". Encyclopaedia Britannica online. Retrieved 2008-10-12. 
  6. ^ "CHINDWIN". Online Encyclopaedia. Retrieved 2008-10-12. 
  7. ^ Sandar Lwin (21 March 2011). "In Monywa, ‘market economy’ leaves some businesses behind". Myanmar Times. Retrieved 23 August 2011. 
  8. ^ "Nev World Wonders". 
  9. ^ "Ministry of Science and Technology". MOST, February 2009. Retrieved 2009-04-14. 
  10. ^ "Ministry of Science and Technology". MOST, February 2009. Retrieved 2009-04-14. 

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Monywa — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
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1353 news items

 
Eleven Myanmar
Mon, 30 Mar 2015 10:37:30 -0700

Monywa – More than 200 people on March 29 staged a protest against the police crackdown on the student protesters on March 10 in Letpadan, Monywa, Sagaing Region. "We feel angry at the police for cracking down on the student protesters.
 
Myanmar Times
Mon, 02 Mar 2015 20:07:30 -0800

Health officials are awaiting the result of tests ordered in the case of two Monywa farmers who may be infected with bird flu. Three people who reported with fever symptoms over the weekend have been tested, but one has already been declared negative.
 
The Nation
Thu, 12 Mar 2015 10:26:15 -0700

Monywa - Authorities began disinfecting the whole poultry farming zone in Monywa, Sagaing Region due to the spread of the avian flu and Ks 602 million (US$602,000) worth of fowls were culled as of March 3, according to Saw Myint Oo, the regional ...
 
Myanmar Times
Tue, 10 Mar 2015 20:22:30 -0700

Chicken farmers are also organising in places like Mon State to contain the spread of the disease, which required a cull of hundreds of thousands of birds in Monywa. Yangon chicken sellers say that while at first there was little impact from concerns ...

The Irrawaddy News Magazine

The Irrawaddy News Magazine
Mon, 02 Mar 2015 01:58:10 -0800

Detained freelance photographer Aung Nay Myo from Monywa in Sagaing Division was released on Monday, after three days of questioning. “I was released after questioning by the local authorities, with no conditions. There were no warnings [issued] and no ...
 
New Zealand Herald
Tue, 31 Mar 2015 08:56:15 -0700

I particularly liked sleepy Mawlaik with its abandoned colonial mansions and the fine old wooden tea houses and monasteries in Minkin. Tourists can now use local boats to travel upstream from Monywa but they are slow, overcrowded and ride very low in ...

www.worldbulletin.net

www.worldbulletin.net
Fri, 27 Mar 2015 04:15:00 -0700

Myanmar has culled thousands of poultry to try to contain an outbreak of H5N1 bird flu in Monywa, west of the commercial centre of Mandalay, health officials said on Thursday. The first outbreak of H5N1 in Myanmar was in the same region, about 525 ...

The Australian

Eleven Myanmar
Fri, 27 Mar 2015 17:00:00 -0700

ABFSU members from Monywa District also held a protest on crackdown of students in Yangon and Letpadan by respective authorities and people wearing red arm-bands. They held a prayer service at the Monywa Shwezeekhon Pagoda for detained ...
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