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Monywa
မုံရွာမြို့
Monywa
Monywa
Monywa is located in Burma
Monywa
Monywa
Location in Burma
Coordinates: 22°6′30″N 95°8′30″E / 22.10833°N 95.14167°E / 22.10833; 95.14167Coordinates: 22°6′30″N 95°8′30″E / 22.10833°N 95.14167°E / 22.10833; 95.14167
Country  Burma
Region Sagaing Region
District Monywa District
Township Monywa Township
Population (2005)
 • Religions Buddhism
Time zone MST (UTC+6.30)
Area code(s) 71[1]

Monywa (Burmese: မုံရွာမြို့; MLCTS: muṃ rwa mrui.; pronounced: [mòʊɴjwà mjo̰]) is a city in Sagaing Region, Myanmar, located 136 km northwest of Mandalay on the eastern bank of the River Chindwin.

Climate[edit]

Monywa has a tropical savanna climate (Köppen climate classification Aw). Temperatures are very warm throughout the year, although the winter months (December–February) are milder. The pre-monsoon months from March to May are especially hot, with average maximum temperatures reaching 38 °C (100 °F). There is a winter dry season (November–April) and a summer wet season (May–October).

Monywa received 139 millimetres (5.5 in) of rainfall on 19 Oct 2011. This was a new record for rainfall within 24 hours in October in Monywa for the last 47 years. The previous record was 135 millimetres (5.3 in) on 24 Oct 1967.[2]

Climate data for Monywa
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 27.9
(82.2)
31.5
(88.7)
35.3
(95.5)
38.3
(100.9)
37.3
(99.1)
30.9
(87.6)
34.4
(93.9)
33.6
(92.5)
33.3
(91.9)
32.1
(89.8)
29.8
(85.6)
27.6
(81.7)
32.67
(90.78)
Average low °C (°F) 13.9
(57)
11.1
(52)
14.2
(57.6)
19.1
(66.4)
25.5
(77.9)
25.7
(78.3)
25.9
(78.6)
25.6
(78.1)
25.0
(77)
23.4
(74.1)
19.5
(67.1)
21.2
(70.2)
20.84
(69.53)
Precipitation mm (inches) 2
(0.08)
2
(0.08)
2
(0.08)
26
(1.02)
101
(3.98)
106
(4.17)
71
(2.8)
131
(5.16)
162
(6.38)
134
(5.28)
42
(1.65)
6
(0.24)
785
(30.92)
Source: NOAA (1961-1990) [3]

Transport[edit]

River Chindwin at Monywa

Monywa is served by the Mandalay-Budalin branch railway line, but is best reached by bus as the road from Mandalay is in reasonably good shape. Monywa is linked by road to Budalin, Dabayin, Ye-U and Kin-U, and by rail to Sagaing and the Mandalay - Myitkyina line.[4] River transport on the Chindwin has always been important as it is navigable for 640 km (400 mi) to Hkamti during the monsoon season, and most of the year to Homalin.[5][6]

Economy[edit]

Thambuddhei Paya
Market

Monywa is a major centre for trade and commerce and for agricultural produce from the surrounding Chindwin valley, especially beans, orange, pulses and jaggery (palm sugar). In addition, the local industry includes mills for the production of cotton, flour, noodles, and edible oils. Sausages from Alon called wet udaunk are quite popular, and Budalin longyi (sarong) is known for the strength of the fabric and its checked patterns. Monywa's rough cotton blankets are famous throughout Myanmar (with Monywa providing 80% of the country's blankets for a century),[7] and some can even be found sewn up into knapsacks sold to unsuspecting tourists in Bangkok. Other regional crafts include bamboo and reed products, bullock carts and agricultural implements. The village of Kyaukka is well known for its lacquerware utensils for everyday use.

Black market goods from India, especially saris and bicycle parts, pass through Monywa on their way to other parts of Myanmar.

Attractions[edit]

The major tourist attraction in Monywa is Mohnyin Thambuddhei Paya, a Buddhist temple with a huge stupa resembling Indonesia's Borobudur. It dates from 1303, although it was reconstructed in 1939. It is said to contain over 500,000 images of Buddha. Close by is the Bodhi Tataung Laykyun Setkyar Standing Buddha statue, the second-tallest statue in the world, at a total of 129 metres (including pedestal). This is the focal point of a sprawling site filled with Buddha state, bodhi trees, and pagodas, established by the Bodhi Tataung sayadaw in the 1960s. It includes also a 95-metre long reclining Buddha statue.[8]

Another attraction is the Phowintaung cave complex across the Chindwin River, approximately 25 kilometres (16 mi) west of Monywa.

Very few tourists visit Monywa as its facilities are limited.

Education[edit]

Monywa Government Technical College

The city is home to:

  1. Monywa University
  2. Monywa Education College
  3. Monywa Institute of Economics
  4. Technological University, Monywa[9] and
  5. Computer University, Monywa[10]

Politics[edit]

The insurgent Burmese Communist Party (BCP) was centred in the Monywa area (west of the Chindwin River) for many years. Although the BCP is no longer active, the Myanmar military presence in Monywa remains heavy.

See also[edit]

Notable people[edit]

Gallery[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Myanmar Area Codes". Retrieved 2009-04-10. 
  2. ^ http://www.mrtv3.net.mm/newpaper/2110newsm.pdf Page 19 Col 2
  3. ^ "Monywa Climate Normals 1961-1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved January 11, 2013. 
  4. ^ "Sr Gen Than Shwe urges officials to collectively strive for turning Sagaing Division into granary of Upper Myanmar Assistance assured to upgrade Monywa-Budalin-Dabayin-YeU-KhinU Road". The New Light of Myanmar, December 3, 2002. Retrieved 2008-10-12. 
  5. ^ "Chindwin River". Encyclopaedia Britannica online. Retrieved 2008-10-12. 
  6. ^ "CHINDWIN". Online Encyclopaedia. Retrieved 2008-10-12. 
  7. ^ Sandar Lwin (21 March 2011). "In Monywa, ‘market economy’ leaves some businesses behind". Myanmar Times. Retrieved 23 August 2011. 
  8. ^ "Nev World Wonders". 
  9. ^ "Ministry of Science and Technology". MOST, February 2009. Retrieved 2009-04-14. 
  10. ^ "Ministry of Science and Technology". MOST, February 2009. Retrieved 2009-04-14. 

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Monywa — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
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4639 news items

Democratic Voice of Burma

Democratic Voice of Burma
Fri, 27 Feb 2015 02:07:30 -0800

Aung Than Win, the chairperson of the Monywa Livestock Breeders Association, said the government department had announced the suspension of all poultry transportation in order to contain the outbreak of H5N1 avian influenza, which was detected when a ...

AsiaOne

Eleven Myanmar
Sat, 28 Feb 2015 06:15:00 -0800

Aung Nay Myo is a member of the NLD. He posted on Facebook about the police's crackdown on Letpadaungtang copper mine protests and arranged food for student protesters at his restaurant. He always helped local and foreign journalists visiting Monywa.
 
Mizzima News
Fri, 27 Feb 2015 02:07:30 -0800

Thousands of chickens and quails have been culled in Monywa in response to an outbreak of H5N1 bird flu, according to Reuters on February 26. Myanmar's first outbreak of H5N1 was in this same region, about 525 miles northwest of Yangon, in 2006 and ...

The Irrawaddy News Magazine

The Irrawaddy News Magazine
Wed, 25 Feb 2015 20:52:30 -0800

A statement released by the Ministry of Livestock, Fisheries and Rural Development said that a number of chickens and quail have been found dead at poultry farms in Monywa, Sagaing Division since Feb. 10, leading to a laboratory confirmation of the ...

Karen News

Mizzima News
Wed, 11 Feb 2015 00:03:45 -0800

Amnesty's call for a suspension of work at the controversial mine near Monywa until human rights and environmental concerns were resolved was included in a comprehensive 202-page report released at a media briefing in Bangkok on February 10.
 
The Irrawaddy News Magazine
Fri, 27 Feb 2015 06:48:29 -0800

A freelance photographer from Monywa was detained by local authorities on Friday for posting a satirical photo on his Facebook page that mocked authorities. According to one of the photographer's close friends who wished to remain anonymous, Aung Nay ...

www.worldbulletin.net

www.worldbulletin.net
Sat, 28 Feb 2015 06:03:45 -0800

A photojournalist in Myanmar has been arrested over a Facebook post mocking the powerful military, police confirmed Saturday. Aung Nay Myo was detained at his home in Monywa, in Sagaing region, on Friday under the 1950 Emergency Provision Act.

Tech Times

Tech Times
Thu, 26 Feb 2015 07:00:00 -0800

Over 1,400 chickens as well as 10,000 quails have died since the outbreak started in Monywa earlier in the month but it has been brought under control. No infections in people have been reported but 1,500 chickens and over 20,000 quails have been ...
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