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Monywa
မုံရွာမြို့
Monywa
Monywa
Monywa is located in Burma
Monywa
Monywa
Location in Burma
Coordinates: 22°6′30″N 95°8′30″E / 22.10833°N 95.14167°E / 22.10833; 95.14167Coordinates: 22°6′30″N 95°8′30″E / 22.10833°N 95.14167°E / 22.10833; 95.14167
Country  Burma
Region Sagaing Region
District Monywa District
Township Monywa Township
Population (2005)
 • Religions Buddhism
Time zone MST (UTC+6.30)
Area code(s) 71[1]

Monywa (Burmese: မုံရွာမြို့; MLCTS: muṃ rwa mrui.; pronounced: [mòʊɴjwà mjo̰]) is a city in Sagaing Region, Myanmar, located 136 km northwest of Mandalay on the eastern bank of the River Chindwin.

Climate[edit]

Monywa has a tropical savanna climate (Köppen climate classification Aw). Temperatures are very warm throughout the year, although the winter months (December–February) are milder. The pre-monsoon months from March to May are especially hot, with average maximum temperatures reaching 38 °C (100 °F). There is a winter dry season (November–April) and a summer wet season (May–October).

Monywa received 139 millimetres (5.5 in) of rainfall on 19 Oct 2011. This was a new record for rainfall within 24 hours in October in Monywa for the last 47 years. The previous record was 135 millimetres (5.3 in) on 24 Oct 1967.[2]

Climate data for Monywa
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 27.9
(82.2)
31.5
(88.7)
35.3
(95.5)
38.3
(100.9)
37.3
(99.1)
30.9
(87.6)
34.4
(93.9)
33.6
(92.5)
33.3
(91.9)
32.1
(89.8)
29.8
(85.6)
27.6
(81.7)
32.67
(90.78)
Average low °C (°F) 13.9
(57)
11.1
(52)
14.2
(57.6)
19.1
(66.4)
25.5
(77.9)
25.7
(78.3)
25.9
(78.6)
25.6
(78.1)
25.0
(77)
23.4
(74.1)
19.5
(67.1)
21.2
(70.2)
20.84
(69.53)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 2
(0.08)
2
(0.08)
2
(0.08)
26
(1.02)
101
(3.98)
106
(4.17)
71
(2.8)
131
(5.16)
162
(6.38)
134
(5.28)
42
(1.65)
6
(0.24)
785
(30.92)
Source: NOAA (1961-1990) [3]

Transport[edit]

River Chindwin at Monywa

Monywa is served by the Mandalay-Budalin branch railway line, but is best reached by bus as the road from Mandalay is in reasonably good shape. Monywa is linked by road to Budalin, Dabayin, Ye-U and Kin-U, and by rail to Sagaing and the Mandalay - Myitkyina line.[4] River transport on the Chindwin has always been important as it is navigable for 640 km (400 mi) to Hkamti during the monsoon season, and most of the year to Homalin.[5][6]

Economy[edit]

Thanboddhay Pagoda
Market

Monywa is a major centre for trade and commerce and for agricultural produce from the surrounding Chindwin valley, especially beans, orange, pulses and jaggery (palm sugar). In addition, the local industry includes mills for the production of cotton, flour, noodles, and edible oils. Sausages from Alon called wet udaunk are quite popular, and Budalin longyi (sarong) is known for the strength of the fabric and its checked patterns. Monywa's rough cotton blankets are famous throughout Myanmar (with Monywa providing 80% of the country's blankets for a century),[7] and some can even be found sewn up into knapsacks sold to unsuspecting tourists in Bangkok. Other regional crafts include bamboo and reed products, bullock carts and agricultural implements. The village of Kyaukka is well known for its lacquerware utensils for everyday use.

Black market goods from India, especially saris and bicycle parts, pass through Monywa on their way to other parts of Myanmar.

Attractions[edit]

The major tourist attraction in Monywa is Thanboddhay Pagoda , a Buddhist temple with a huge stupa resembling Indonesia's Borobudur. It dates from 1303, although it was reconstructed in 1939. It is said to contain over 500,000 images of Buddha. Close by is the Maha Bodhi Tahtaung Laykyun Setkya Standing Buddha statue, the second-tallest statue in the world, at a total of 129 metres (including pedestal). This is the focal point of a sprawling site filled with Buddha statues, bodhi trees, and pagodas, established by the Maha Bodhi Ta Htaung Sayadaw in the 1960s. It includes also a 95-metre long reclining Buddha statue.[8]

Another attraction is the Phowintaung cave complex across the Chindwin River, approximately 25 kilometres (16 mi) west of Monywa.

Very few tourists visit Monywa as its facilities are limited.

Education[edit]

Monywa Government Technical College

The city is home to:

  1. Monywa University
  2. Monywa Education College
  3. Monywa Institute of Economics
  4. Technological University, Monywa[9] and
  5. Computer University, Monywa[10]

Politics[edit]

The insurgent Burmese Communist Party (BCP) was centred in the Monywa area (west of the Chindwin River) for many years. Although the BCP is no longer active, the Myanmar military presence in Monywa remains heavy.

Notable people[edit]

Gallery[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Myanmar Area Codes". Retrieved 2009-04-10. 
  2. ^ http://www.mrtv3.net.mm/newpaper/2110newsm.pdf Page 19 Col 2
  3. ^ "Monywa Climate Normals 1961-1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved January 11, 2013. 
  4. ^ "Sr Gen Than Shwe urges officials to collectively strive for turning Sagaing Division into granary of Upper Myanmar Assistance assured to upgrade Monywa-Budalin-Dabayin-YeU-KhinU Road". The New Light of Myanmar, December 3, 2002. Retrieved 2008-10-12. 
  5. ^ "Chindwin River". Encyclopaedia Britannica online. Retrieved 2008-10-12. 
  6. ^ "CHINDWIN". Online Encyclopaedia. Retrieved 2008-10-12. 
  7. ^ Sandar Lwin (21 March 2011). "In Monywa, ‘market economy’ leaves some businesses behind". Myanmar Times. Retrieved 23 August 2011. 
  8. ^ "Nev World Wonders". 
  9. ^ "Ministry of Science and Technology". MOST, February 2009. Retrieved 2009-04-14. 
  10. ^ "Ministry of Science and Technology". MOST, February 2009. Retrieved 2009-04-14. 

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Monywa — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
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5596 news items

Voice of America

Voice of America
Fri, 24 Jul 2015 07:46:04 -0700

Since 2012, the development of a Chinese owned copper mine near Monywa town in central Myanmar has triggered protests and bloodshed by locals angry over confiscated lands and pollution. Meghna Abraham, a spokesperson for rights group Amnesty ...

Mining Global

Mining Global
Tue, 28 Jul 2015 12:58:57 -0700

Since 2012, the development of a Chinese owned copper mine near Monywa town in central Myanmar has triggered protests and bloodshed by locals angry over confiscated lands and pollution. Meghna Abraham, a spokesperson for rights group Amnesty ...
 
Myanmar Times
Fri, 27 Feb 2015 02:23:37 -0800

Poultry breeders have moved fast to control an outbreak of bird flu, state-owned media have reported. The chair of Sagaing Region Livestock Federation said on February 26 that a special group had been formed to combat H5N1 in the Monywa Fowl and ...
 
Myanmar Times
Mon, 02 Mar 2015 20:07:30 -0800

Health officials are awaiting the result of tests ordered in the case of two Monywa farmers who may be infected with bird flu. Three people who reported with fever symptoms over the weekend have been tested, but one has already been declared negative.

The Irrawaddy News Magazine

The Irrawaddy News Magazine
Wed, 25 Feb 2015 20:52:30 -0800

A statement released by the Ministry of Livestock, Fisheries and Rural Development said that a number of chickens and quail have been found dead at poultry farms in Monywa, Sagaing Division since Feb. 10, leading to a laboratory confirmation of the ...
 
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Sun, 11 Jan 2015 19:53:43 -0800

Activists from across the country travelled to Sagaing Region last week to support hundreds of farmers protesting over land seizures at the Letpadaung copper mine and the killing by police of a local land owner. Members of the Myanmar Alliance for ...

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Mashable
Sun, 12 Jul 2015 12:28:55 -0700

While the government has a massive refinery nearby, most privately drilled oil is shipped about 300 kilometers north to Monywa district, where a cottage industry of makeshift refineries has popped up. These “oil-cooking factories,” as they are called ...

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Amnesty International
Mon, 09 Feb 2015 17:49:27 -0800

Canadian and Chinese mining interests have profited from, and in some cases colluded with the Myanmar authorities in serious human rights abuses and illegal activity around the Monywa copper mine complex, which includes the notorious Letpadaung ...
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