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Monywa is located in Burma
Location in Burma
Coordinates: 22°6′30″N 95°8′30″E / 22.10833°N 95.14167°E / 22.10833; 95.14167Coordinates: 22°6′30″N 95°8′30″E / 22.10833°N 95.14167°E / 22.10833; 95.14167
Country  Burma
Region Sagaing Region
District Monywa District
Township Monywa Township
Population (2005)
 • Religions Buddhism
Time zone MST (UTC+6.30)
Area code(s) 71[1]

Monywa (Burmese: မုံရွာမြို့; MLCTS: muṃ rwa mrui.; pronounced: [mòʊɴjwà mjo̰]) is a city in Sagaing Region, Myanmar, located 136 km northwest of Mandalay on the eastern bank of the River Chindwin.


Monywa has a tropical savanna climate (Köppen climate classification Aw). Temperatures are very warm throughout the year, although the winter months (December–February) are milder. The pre-monsoon months from March to May are especially hot, with average maximum temperatures reaching 38 °C (100 °F). There is a winter dry season (November–April) and a summer wet season (May–October).

Monywa received 139 millimetres (5.5 in) of rainfall on 19 Oct 2011. This was a new record for rainfall within 24 hours in October in Monywa for the last 47 years. The previous record was 135 millimetres (5.3 in) on 24 Oct 1967.[2]

Climate data for Monywa
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 27.9
Average low °C (°F) 13.9
Precipitation mm (inches) 2
Source: NOAA (1961-1990) [3]


River Chindwin at Monywa

Monywa is served by the Mandalay-Budalin branch railway line, but is best reached by bus as the road from Mandalay is in reasonably good shape. Monywa is linked by road to Budalin, Dabayin, Ye-U and Kin-U, and by rail to Sagaing and the Mandalay - Myitkyina line.[4] River transport on the Chindwin has always been important as it is navigable for 640 km (400 mi) to Hkamti during the monsoon season, and most of the year to Homalin.[5][6]


Thambuddhei Paya

Monywa is a major centre for trade and commerce and for agricultural produce from the surrounding Chindwin valley, especially beans, orange, pulses and jaggery (palm sugar). In addition, the local industry includes mills for the production of cotton, flour, noodles, and edible oils. Sausages from Alon called wet udaunk are quite popular, and Budalin longyi (sarong) is known for the strength of the fabric and its checked patterns. Monywa's rough cotton blankets are famous throughout Myanmar (with Monywa providing 80% of the country's blankets for a century),[7] and some can even be found sewn up into knapsacks sold to unsuspecting tourists in Bangkok. Other regional crafts include bamboo and reed products, bullock carts and agricultural implements. The village of Kyaukka is well known for its lacquerware utensils for everyday use.

Black market goods from India, especially saris and bicycle parts, pass through Monywa on their way to other parts of Myanmar.


The major tourist attraction in Monywa is Mohnyin Thambuddhei Paya, a Buddhist temple with a huge stupa resembling Indonesia's Borobudur. It dates from 1303, although it was reconstructed in 1939. It is said to contain over 500,000 images of Buddha. Close by is the Bodhi Tataung Laykyun Setkyar Standing Buddha statue, the second-tallest statue in the world, at a total of 129 metres (including pedestal). This is the focal point of a sprawling site filled with Buddha state, bodhi trees, and pagodas, established by the Bodhi Tataung sayadaw in the 1960s. It includes also a 95-metre long reclining Buddha statue.[8]

Another attraction is the Phowintaung cave complex across the Chindwin River, approximately 25 kilometres (16 mi) west of Monywa.

Very few tourists visit Monywa as its facilities are limited.


Monywa Government Technical College

The city is home to:

  1. Monywa University
  2. Monywa Education College
  3. Monywa Institute of Economics
  4. Technological University, Monywa[9] and
  5. Computer University, Monywa[10]


The insurgent Burmese Communist Party (BCP) was centred in the Monywa area (west of the Chindwin River) for many years. Although the BCP is no longer active, the Myanmar military presence in Monywa remains heavy.

See also[edit]

Notable people[edit]



  1. ^ "Myanmar Area Codes". Retrieved 2009-04-10. 
  2. ^ http://www.mrtv3.net.mm/newpaper/2110newsm.pdf Page 19 Col 2
  3. ^ "Monywa Climate Normals 1961-1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved January 11, 2013. 
  4. ^ "Sr Gen Than Shwe urges officials to collectively strive for turning Sagaing Division into granary of Upper Myanmar Assistance assured to upgrade Monywa-Budalin-Dabayin-YeU-KhinU Road". The New Light of Myanmar, December 3, 2002. Retrieved 2008-10-12. 
  5. ^ "Chindwin River". Encyclopaedia Britannica online. Retrieved 2008-10-12. 
  6. ^ "CHINDWIN". Online Encyclopaedia. Retrieved 2008-10-12. 
  7. ^ Sandar Lwin (21 March 2011). "In Monywa, ‘market economy’ leaves some businesses behind". Myanmar Times. Retrieved 23 August 2011. 
  8. ^ "Nev World Wonders". 
  9. ^ "Ministry of Science and Technology". MOST, February 2009. Retrieved 2009-04-14. 
  10. ^ "Ministry of Science and Technology". MOST, February 2009. Retrieved 2009-04-14. 

External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Monywa — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
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1072 news items

Democratic Voice of Burma

Democratic Voice of Burma
Mon, 05 Jan 2015 19:27:11 -0800

Around 300 people staged a rally in Sagaing Division's capital Monywa on Monday, protesting land confiscations at the Latpadaung copper project and the use of violence against local residents who oppose the mine. Later in the afternoon, the protestors ...
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Sun, 11 Jan 2015 19:53:43 -0800

Activists from across the country travelled to Sagaing Region last week to support hundreds of farmers protesting over land seizures at the Letpadaung copper mine and the killing by police of a local land owner. Members of the Myanmar Alliance for ...
The Nation
Wed, 28 Jan 2015 09:26:15 -0800

MONYWA - A team led by Police Brig-Gen Khin Maung Win from the Myanmar Police Force Headquarters in Nay Pyi Taw has begun investigating the head of the Sagaing Region Police Force and other officials in light of the death of Khin Win from Moegyo ...
The Nation
Sat, 17 Jan 2015 09:06:23 -0800

Thein Than Maung Maung, the husband of the teacher from No 2 Basic Education High School (BEHS) in Monywa, Sagaing Region, said that the principal told his wife on January 9 to leave the house. "I think this is because I organised an educational talk ...

The Irrawaddy News Magazine

Mizzima News
Mon, 05 Jan 2015 20:14:27 -0800

The Myanmar Alliance for Transparency and Accountability or MATA cooperated with the Monywa residents and organized the January 5 protest calling for an investigation into the death. Ma Thwe Thwe Win, a resident living in Letpadaung and a member of ...
Human Rights Watch
Sun, 25 Jan 2015 22:12:07 -0800

On December 30, 2014, Naw Ohn Hla, Sein Htwe, Nay Myo Zin, and Ko Tin Htut Paing were arrested outside the Chinese embassy in Rangoon when they were peacefully protesting against the controversial Letpadaung copper mine in Monywa and the ...

Democratic Voice of Burma

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Thu, 25 Sep 2014 01:39:16 -0700

Students from Monywa University in Sagaing Division on Wednesday launched a campaign opposing the National Education Bill. The controversial bill, passed by parliament at the end of July, has been a subject of criticism among educators and students ...

The Irrawaddy News Magazine

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Fri, 09 Jan 2015 04:38:06 -0800

The weekly quoted a member of the NLD's central information team, Monywa Aung Shin, as saying the reason for Suu Kyi's shift in strategy was because there was not enough time to make a required constitutional change that would make her eligible for the ...

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