digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

Monywa
မုံရွာမြို့
Monywa
Monywa
Monywa is located in Burma
Monywa
Monywa
Location in Burma
Coordinates: 22°6′30″N 95°8′30″E / 22.10833°N 95.14167°E / 22.10833; 95.14167Coordinates: 22°6′30″N 95°8′30″E / 22.10833°N 95.14167°E / 22.10833; 95.14167
Country  Burma
Region Sagaing Reion
District Monywa District
Township Monywa Township
Population (2005)
 • Religions Buddhism
Time zone MST (UTC+6.30)
Area code(s) 71[1]

Monywa (Burmese: မုံရွာမြို့; MLCTS: muṃ rwa mrui.; pronounced: [mòʊɴjwà mjo̰]) is a city in Sagaing Region, Myanmar, located 136 km northwest of Mandalay on the eastern bank of the River Chindwin.

Climate[edit]

Monywa has a tropical savanna climate (Köppen climate classification Aw). Temperatures are very warm throughout the year, although the winter months (December–February) are milder. The pre-monsoon months from March to May are especially hot, with average maximum temperatures reaching 38 °C (100 °F). There is a winter dry season (November–April) and a summer wet season (May–October).

Monywa received 139 millimetres (5.5 in) of rainfall on 19 Oct 2011. This was a new record for rainfall within 24 hours in October in Monywa for the last 47 years. The previous record was 135 millimetres (5.3 in) on 24 Oct 1967.[2]

Climate data for Monywa
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 27.9
(82.2)
31.5
(88.7)
35.3
(95.5)
38.3
(100.9)
37.3
(99.1)
30.9
(87.6)
34.4
(93.9)
33.6
(92.5)
33.3
(91.9)
32.1
(89.8)
29.8
(85.6)
27.6
(81.7)
32.67
(90.78)
Average low °C (°F) 13.9
(57)
11.1
(52)
14.2
(57.6)
19.1
(66.4)
25.5
(77.9)
25.7
(78.3)
25.9
(78.6)
25.6
(78.1)
25.0
(77)
23.4
(74.1)
19.5
(67.1)
21.2
(70.2)
20.84
(69.53)
Precipitation mm (inches) 2
(0.08)
2
(0.08)
2
(0.08)
26
(1.02)
101
(3.98)
106
(4.17)
71
(2.8)
131
(5.16)
162
(6.38)
134
(5.28)
42
(1.65)
6
(0.24)
785
(30.92)
Source: NOAA (1961-1990) [3]

Transport[edit]

River Chindwin at Monywa

Monywa is served by the Mandalay-Budalin branch railway line, but is best reached by bus as the road from Mandalay is in reasonably good shape. Monywa is linked by road to Budalin, Dabayin, Ye-U and Kin-U, and by rail to Sagaing and the Mandalay - Myitkyina line.[4] River transport on the Chindwin has always been important as it is navigable for 640 km (400 mi) to Hkamti during the monsoon season, and most of the year to Homalin.[5][6]

Economy[edit]

Thambuddhei Paya
Market

Monywa is a major centre for trade and commerce and for agricultural produce from the surrounding Chindwin valley, especially beans, orange, pulses and jaggery (palm sugar). In addition, the local industry includes mills for the production of cotton, flour, noodles, and edible oils. Sausages from Alon called wet udaunk are quite popular, and Budalin longyi (sarong) is known for the strength of the fabric and its checked patterns. Monywa's rough cotton blankets are famous throughout Myanmar (with Monywa providing 80% of the country's blankets for a century),[7] and some can even be found sewn up into knapsacks sold to unsuspecting tourists in Bangkok. Other regional crafts include bamboo and reed products, bullock carts and agricultural implements. The village of Kyaukka is well known for its lacquerware utensils for everyday use.

Black market goods from India, especially saris and bicycle parts, pass through Monywa on their way to other parts of Myanmar.

Attractions[edit]

The major tourist attraction in Monywa is Mohnyin Thambuddhei Paya, a Buddhist temple with a huge stupa resembling Indonesia's Borobudur. It dates from 1303, although it was reconstructed in 1939. It is said to contain over 500,000 images of Buddha. Close by is the Bodhi Tataung Laykyun Setkyar Standing Buddha statue, the second-tallest statue in the world, at a total of 129 metres (including pedestal). This is the focal point of a sprawling site filled with Buddha state, bodhi trees, and pagodas, established by the Bodhi Tataung sayadaw in the 1960s. It includes also a 95-metre long reclining Buddha statue.[8]

Another attraction is the Phowintaung cave complex across the Chindwin River, approximately 25 kilometres (16 mi) west of Monywa.

Very few tourists visit Monywa as its facilities are limited.

Education[edit]

Monywa Government Technical College

The city is home to:

  1. Monywa University
  2. Monywa Education College
  3. Monywa Institute of Economics
  4. Technological University, Monywa[9] and
  5. Computer University, Monywa[10]

Politics[edit]

The insurgent Burmese Communist Party (BCP) was centred in the Monywa area (west of the Chindwin River) for many years. Although the BCP is no longer active, the Myanmar military presence in Monywa remains heavy.

See also[edit]

Notable people[edit]

Gallery[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Myanmar Area Codes". Retrieved 2009-04-10. 
  2. ^ http://www.mrtv3.net.mm/newpaper/2110newsm.pdf Page 19 Col 2
  3. ^ "Monywa Climate Normals 1961-1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved January 11, 2013. 
  4. ^ "Sr Gen Than Shwe urges officials to collectively strive for turning Sagaing Division into granary of Upper Myanmar Assistance assured to upgrade Monywa-Budalin-Dabayin-YeU-KhinU Road". The New Light of Myanmar, December 3, 2002. Retrieved 2008-10-12. 
  5. ^ "Chindwin River". Encyclopaedia Britannica online. Retrieved 2008-10-12. 
  6. ^ "CHINDWIN". Online Encyclopaedia. Retrieved 2008-10-12. 
  7. ^ Sandar Lwin (21 March 2011). "In Monywa, ‘market economy’ leaves some businesses behind". Myanmar Times. Retrieved 23 August 2011. 
  8. ^ "Nev World Wonders". 
  9. ^ "Ministry of Science and Technology". MOST, February 2009. Retrieved 2009-04-14. 
  10. ^ "Ministry of Science and Technology". MOST, February 2009. Retrieved 2009-04-14. 

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Monywa — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.

26 news items

Telegraph.co.uk

Telegraph.co.uk
Tue, 26 Aug 2014 05:33:45 -0700

Highlights include the Sambuddhai Temple of Monywa (containing 600,000 Buddha images) and the cave pagodas of Hpowintaung and Shwebataung; the town of Kani and Mingin, home to temples and characterful wooden houses. Buddhist nuns at prayer ...
 
Eleven Myanmar
Sun, 24 Aug 2014 08:19:10 -0700

On August 20, President Thein Sein said that while implementing affordable housing projects, priority should not only given to Yangon, and Mandalay but also to Taunggyi, Mawlamyaing, Pathein, Taungoo, Monywa, Magway, and Sittwe. He said for the ...
 
Mizzima News
Fri, 22 Aug 2014 04:03:45 -0700

Construction entrepreneurs have responded to comments made by Myanmar's Vice President Dr Sai Mauk Kham by telling Mizzima that the price of land is the major obstacle to the implementation of low cost housing projects in Myanmar's commercial hubs.
 
Eleven Myanmar
Fri, 22 Aug 2014 04:26:15 -0700

Thein Sein said that public housing projects for the destitute and homeless should also be built in other major cities, including Taunggyi in Shan State, Mawlamyaing in Mon State, Pathein in Ayeyawady Region, Taunggo in Bago Region, Monywa in Sagaing ...

the Diplomat

the Diplomat
Mon, 11 Aug 2014 19:03:06 -0700

India has also decided to upgrade the Kalewa-Yargyi road segment to highway standard, while Myanmar would develop the Yargyi-Monywa portion, and this would help to connect Moreh in India to Mae Sot in Thailand via Myanmar. This in turn would ...

Democratic Voice of Burma

Democratic Voice of Burma
Sat, 09 Aug 2014 20:53:39 -0700

Military cannot hold power for eternity: Min Ko Naing. In this file photo, Min Ko Naing (R) and Mya Aye (L), leaders of 88 Generation Students, exit a hospital after meeting with injured Buddhist monks in Monywa on 1 December 2012. (PHOTO: DVB). By AYE ...
 
Democratic Voice of Burma
Fri, 08 Aug 2014 04:38:45 -0700

Central Burma's Monywa, Sagaing and Myingyan also held commemoration events today. The 1988 demonstrations began as protests against Burma's deteriorating economic situation and the abrupt currency devaluation initiated by then-dictator Ne Win.

Democratic Voice of Burma

Democratic Voice of Burma
Thu, 31 Jul 2014 19:48:21 -0700

Burmese police chief Brig-Gen Win Khaung said the eight were sentenced on 4 July by Sagaing division's Monywa district court. “The group were jailed on the following charges: under the Immigration Act, for illegally entering Burma; weapons possession; ...
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Talk About Monywa

You can talk about Monywa with people all over the world in our discussions.

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!