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A monogastric organism has a simple single-chambered stomach, compared with a ruminant organism, like a cow, goat, or sheep, which has a four-chambered complex stomach. Examples of monogastric animals include omnivores such as humans, rats, and pigs, carnivores such as dogs and cats, and herbivores such as horses and rabbits.[1] Herbivores with monogastric digestion can digest cellulose in their diets by way of symbiotic gut bacteria. However, their ability to extract energy from cellulose digestion is less efficient than in ruminants.[2]

Herbivores digest cellulose via microbial fermentation. Monogastric herbivores which can digest cellulose nearly as well as ruminants are called hindgut fermenters, while ruminants are called foregut fermenters.[3] These are subdivided into two groups based on the relative size of various digestive organs in relationship to the rest of the system: colonic fermenters tend to be larger species such as horses and rhinos, and cecal fermenters are smaller animals such as rabbits and rodents.[4] Great apes (other than humans) derive significant amounts of phytanic acid from the hindgut fermentation of plant materials.[5]

Monogastrics cannot digest the fiber molecule cellulose as efficiently as ruminants, though the ability to digest cellulose varies amongst species.[2]

A monogastric digestive system works as soon as the food enters the mouth. Saliva moistens the food and begins the digestive process. After being swallowed, the food passes from the esophagus into the stomach, where stomach acid and enzymes help to break down the food. Bile salts stored in the gall bladder empty the contents of the stomach into the small intestines where most fats are broken down. The pancreas secretes enzymes and alkali to neutralize the stomach acid.

References[edit]



Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Monogastric — Please support Wikipedia.
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171 news items

 
The Courier
Fri, 24 Oct 2014 23:45:00 -0700

The Monogastric Science Centre, which will be headed by renowned SRUC senior animal scientist Dr Jos Houdijk, will link research between the pig and poultry sectors. “We are already approached regularly by clients looking to do studies on both species, ...
 
FarmersWeekly
Fri, 24 Oct 2014 03:52:30 -0700

Scottish agricultural college SRUC has set up a Monogastric Science Research Centre to find ways in which its pig and poultry research teams can work more closely together. Both teams will try to identify research that apply to poultry but which ...
 
Farming UK
Wed, 01 Oct 2014 18:41:37 -0700

Job Description A commercial monogastric nutritionist is required for a global feed supplement company in Great Britain with an enviable reputation for product innovation, excellent animal performance and a high level of customer service. The ...
 
ThePoultrySite.com
Mon, 20 Oct 2014 01:15:00 -0700

US - In a blog, Dr Junmei Zhao (Executive Manager, Monogastric Nutrition Applications) and Dr Frances Yan (Senior Manager, Poultry Nutrition), both of Novus International, outline the benefits of protease enzymes to poultry producers. Enzymes are ...

Ohio's Country Journal and Ohio Ag Net

Ohio's Country Journal and Ohio Ag Net
Wed, 08 Oct 2014 09:15:58 -0700

Pigs, on the other hand, are monogastric animals, just like humans. Because of this, pigs can eat anything we can. According to an Ohio law, pigs may be fed garbage, but it must be thoroughly cooked to prevent diseases. In addition, this practice ...
 
AllAfrica.com
Tue, 14 Oct 2014 16:03:45 -0700

He was until recently, the Dean of Student Affairs, while Professor Abiola is of the Department of Animal Production and Health, with research interest in Monogastric Animal Production Meat Processing. He is a Fellow of the Institute of Meat, London ...
 
FarmersWeekly
Tue, 07 Oct 2014 08:00:00 -0700

The company is a significant player in the UK poultry sector, with monogastric mills at five locations – two in East Anglia, one at Bristol, one at Preston and one at Selby. About 15% of the company's total of 3m tonnes of animal feed (which includes ...

ThePoultrySite.com

ThePoultrySite.com
Fri, 10 Oct 2014 02:22:57 -0700

“It is important, however, to ensure that the Monogastric Centre of Excellence is inclusive and genuinely represents the interests and ambitions of the pig and poultry sectors and of all of those organisations and institutions that can contribute, in ...
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