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A monogastric organism has a simple single-chambered stomach, compared with a ruminant organism, like a cow, goat, or sheep, which has a four-chambered complex stomach. Examples of monogastric animals include omnivores such as humans, rats, dogs and pigs, and carnivores such as cats, and herbivores such as horses and rabbits.[1] Herbivores with monogastric digestion can digest cellulose in their diets by way of symbiotic gut bacteria. However, their ability to extract energy from cellulose digestion is less efficient than in ruminants.[2]

Herbivores digest cellulose via microbial fermentation. Monogastric herbivores which can digest cellulose nearly as well as ruminants are called hindgut fermenters, while ruminants are called foregut fermenters.[3] These are subdivided into two groups based on the relative size of various digestive organs in relationship to the rest of the system: colonic fermenters tend to be larger species such as horses and rhinos, and cecal fermenters are smaller animals such as rabbits and rodents.[4] Great apes (other than humans) derive significant amounts of phytanic acid from the hindgut fermentation of plant materials.[5]

Monogastrics cannot digest the fiber molecule cellulose as efficiently as ruminants, though the ability to digest cellulose varies amongst species.[2]

A monogastric digestive system works as soon as the food enters the mouth. Saliva moistens the food and begins the digestive process. After being swallowed, the food passes from the esophagus into the stomach, where stomach acid and enzymes help to break down the food. Bile salts stored in the gall bladder empty the contents of the stomach into the small intestines where most fats are broken down. The pancreas secretes enzymes and alkali to neutralize the stomach acid.

References[edit]



Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Monogastric — Please support Wikipedia.
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In 40 years, the global population is predicted to contain more than 9 billion people, and demand for food, fuel and fiber will increase by 60 percent.1 Out of those 9 billion people, 8 billion will live in the developing world, where inhabitants of ...
 
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Feedmaster also produces monogastric product lines which include feed for broilers, commercial layers and pigs. "We also manufacture feeds for companion animals which include feeds for horses and birds," says Labuschagne. In 2012, Feedmaster ...

GlobalMeatNews.com

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Marketwired (press release)
Thu, 26 Feb 2015 09:06:22 -0800

Specifically, the Livestock Production sector recorded in sales due to an increase in the sales of chicks and the deployment of three monogastric feed mills in the Chrysalide model. This transformation allowed for the deployment of ruminant feed mills ...
 
GlobeNewswire (press release)
Tue, 24 Feb 2015 06:26:15 -0800

Our monogastric species sales increased approximately 11% from the prior year comparable quarter, primarily due to higher volumes of choline chloride and chelated minerals, sold in both domestic and international poultry markets, as well as products ...
 
Seeking Alpha (registration)
Wed, 25 Feb 2015 16:35:20 -0800

Monogastric product sales were up 11%, primarily due to increased volumes sold in both domestic and international poultry markets, as well as products for the companion animal and aqua culture species. Sales of industrial grade products were up ...

FeedNavigator.com

FeedNavigator.com
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Fishmeal, prized for use in aquaculture and monogastric diets due its high digestibility and protein levels, is a limited and costly resource. And soybean meal, currently the most commonly used plant protein source in animal feeds because of its ...

The Scottish Farmer

The Scottish Farmer
Sun, 02 Nov 2014 04:12:51 -0800

Monogastric refers to animal species which have a stomach with just a single chamber - compared to ruminant such as cows and sheep whose stomachs have four chambers. The Centre will be headed up by Dr Jos Houdijk, who has spent many years at the ...
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