digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

A monogastric organism has a simple single-chambered stomach, compared with a ruminant organism, like a cow, goat, or sheep, which has a four-chambered complex stomach. Examples of monogastric animals include omnivores such as humans, rats, dogs and pigs, and carnivores such as cats, and herbivores such as horses and rabbits.[1] Herbivores with monogastric digestion can digest cellulose in their diets by way of symbiotic gut bacteria. However, their ability to extract energy from cellulose digestion is less efficient than in ruminants.[2]

Herbivores digest cellulose via microbial fermentation. Monogastric herbivores which can digest cellulose nearly as well as ruminants are called hindgut fermenters, while ruminants are called foregut fermenters.[3] These are subdivided into two groups based on the relative size of various digestive organs in relationship to the rest of the system: colonic fermenters tend to be larger species such as horses and rhinos, and cecal fermenters are smaller animals such as rabbits and rodents.[4] Great apes (other than humans) derive significant amounts of phytanic acid from the hindgut fermentation of plant materials.[5]

Monogastrics cannot digest the fiber molecule cellulose as efficiently as ruminants, though the ability to digest cellulose varies amongst species.[2]

A monogastric digestive system works as soon as the food enters the mouth. Saliva moistens the food and begins the digestive process. After being swallowed, the food passes from the esophagus into the stomach, where stomach acid and enzymes help to break down the food. Bile salts stored in the gall bladder empty the contents of the stomach into the small intestines where most fats are broken down. The pancreas secretes enzymes and alkali to neutralize the stomach acid.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Monogastrics Vs Ruminents" (PDF). 
  2. ^ a b Animal Structure & Function
  3. ^ Hindgut versus Foregut Fermenters
  4. ^ Grant, Kerrin. Adaptations in Herbivore Nutrition, July 30, 2010
  5. ^ Watkins, P. A.; Moser, A. B.; Toomer, C. B.; Steinberg, S. J.; Moser, H. W.; Karaman, M. W.; Ramaswamy, K.; Siegmund, K. D.; Lee, D. R.; Ely, J. J.; Ryder, O. A.; Hacia, J. G. (2010). "Identification of differences in human and great ape phytanic acid metabolism that could influence gene expression profiles and physiological functions". BMC Physiology 10: 19. doi:10.1186/1472-6793-10-19. PMC 2964658. PMID 20932325.  edit



Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Monogastric — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
573 videos foundNext > 

monogastric digestive system by Grace and Noah

Monogastric Digestive System Explained by the Kapooya Master

Much needed informational video to know how your pets digestive system works.

Minecraft Monogastric Digestive system By: Cody Walker and Jw Bryant

That's what's up!

Matthieu Baulez presents Lallemand's latest innovations for monogastric animals

Matthieu Baulez at SPACE 2013 presenting new LAN products for monogastric application.

Hairy Man Describes the Monogastric Digestive System

Monogastric Vs Ruminant digestion - Part 1

This is Part 1 of a 2 part series explainin the differences between Monogastric and Ruminant digestion. This video looks into the digestive system of a ...

Sterling Describing Mono Gastric Digestive System

Kapooya Master Explains Monogastric Digestive System (Blooper)

Mary Jenkins Monogastric

Monogastric Vs Ruminant digestion

Comparison between Monogastric and ruminant digestive systems.

573 videos foundNext > 

228 news items

 
Farming UK
Mon, 29 Jun 2015 06:41:15 -0700

De Lacy Executive is currently recruiting for a Nutritionist to enhance my clients team of expertise within their monogastric animal nutrition department in the North EastUsing nutritional expertise and knowledge to provide innovative nutritional ...

Phys.Org

Phys.Org
Mon, 29 Jun 2015 08:11:15 -0700

The world's livestock population has over the past two decades shifted from ruminants (such as cattle, goats and sheep that digest their food in a complex of stomachs) towards monogastric animals (such as pigs and poultry that have a single stomach).

GlobalMeatNews.com

GlobalMeatNews.com
Wed, 01 Jul 2015 02:56:15 -0700

Ruminant meat production could drop 17% while monogastric production might fall 30%. One way in which livestock could adapt to climate change was by altering their diets, suggested the report. It said: "This occurs through changes of allocation of the ...
 
Laboratory Equipment
Mon, 29 Jun 2015 08:11:15 -0700

The world's livestock population has over the past two decades shifted from ruminants (such as cattle, goats and sheep that digest their food in a complex of stomachs) towards monogastric animals (such as pigs and poultry that have a single stomach).
 
Red Bluff Daily News
Sat, 27 Jun 2015 05:45:00 -0700

Corey Carpenter is the son of David and Mary Carpenter, and is a 2009 graduate from Red Bluff High School. Corey is attending Oklahoma State University majoring in Animal Science-Swine Nutrition. He is working towards his Ph.D in Monogastric Nutrition.

Agri-View

Agri-View
Wed, 24 Jun 2015 08:11:15 -0700

Higher-parity sows play an important role in a balanced parity structure. They have achieved their break-even point and any production over operating expense is profit. To help older sows continue performing, feed consumption should be monitored and ...

The Courier

The Courier
Mon, 08 Jun 2015 22:03:45 -0700

Infected kernels may produce a vomitoxin called deoxynivalenol. Monogastric animals such as swine and humans are sensitive to this toxin. Farmers, grain merchants, and processors work together to insure that deoxynivalenol concentrations are below ...

WorldPoultry.net

WorldPoultry.net
Thu, 11 Jun 2015 03:30:00 -0700

It is a gain that has far reaching implications, with estimates suggesting the anti-nutritional effects of phytate could be costing the global monogastric feed industry over €2 billion/year. As such, there is little doubt that as awareness of the ...
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!

Searchlight Group

Digplanet also receives support from Searchlight Group. Visit Searchlight