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A monogastric organism has a simple single-chambered stomach, compared with a ruminant organism, like a cow, goat, or sheep, which has a four-chambered complex stomach. Examples of monogastric animals include omnivores such as humans, rats, and pigs, carnivores such as dogs and cats, and herbivores such as horses and rabbits.[1] Herbivores with monogastric digestion can digest cellulose in their diets by way of symbiotic gut bacteria. However, their ability to extract energy from cellulose digestion is less efficient than in ruminants.[2]

Herbivores digest cellulose via microbial fermentation. Monogastric herbivores which can digest cellulose nearly as well as ruminants are called hindgut fermenters, while ruminants are called foregut fermenters.[3] These are subdivided into two groups based on the relative size of various digestive organs in relationship to the rest of the system: colonic fermenters tend to be larger species such as horses and rhinos, and cecal fermenters are smaller animals such as rabbits and rodents.[4] Great apes (other than humans) derive significant amounts of phytanic acid from the hindgut fermentation of plant materials.[5]

Monogastrics cannot digest the fiber molecule cellulose as efficiently as ruminants, though the ability to digest cellulose varies amongst species.[2]

A monogastric digestive system works as soon as the food enters the mouth. Saliva moistens the food and begins the digestive process. After being swallowed, the food passes from the esophagus into the stomach, where stomach acid and enzymes help to break down the food. Bile salts stored in the gall bladder empty the contents of the stomach into the small intestines where most fats are broken down. The pancreas secretes enzymes and alkali to neutralize the stomach acid.

References[edit]



Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Monogastric — Please support Wikipedia.
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9 news items

 
ThePoultrySite.com
Fri, 11 Apr 2014 02:56:15 -0700

"To allow the pig and poultry sectors to be at the forefront of the UK agricultural industry in terms of technological advancements, a centre of excellence, for the monogastric sector is essential," said Angela Booth of ABN. "We need the whole industry ...

Smallholder

Smallholder
Mon, 07 Apr 2014 00:07:43 -0700

This is a particular concern for monogastric animals such as pigs and poultry who require a nutritionally balanced diet to grow healthily. All holdings to be fully organic. Therefore removing the ability to convert part of a holding to organic first ...
 
Feedstuffs
Mon, 31 Mar 2014 10:11:47 -0700

Overall market penetration of NSP enzymes has increased markedly over the last few years, and is now estimated at around 57% of global monogastric feed. "There has clearly been a lot of growth in NSP enzyme use in the last five years, particularly in ...

Horsetalk

Horsetalk
Mon, 31 Mar 2014 14:07:10 -0700

The researchers conclude: “The results of this study indicate that the monogastric animals analysed, i.e. the woolly mammoth and the horse, might have had a hibernating or semi-hibernating behaviour, while their subcutaneous fat could have been ...
 
PR Web (press release)
Sun, 30 Mar 2014 00:11:17 -0700

It designs, manufactures and markets four families of animal feed additives: Rhodimet®, an essential amino acid for monogastric animals (poultry, pigs, etc.); MetaSmart® and Smartamine®, a unique methionine range for ruminants; Rovabio®, a multi-enzyme ...
 
Farming UK
Sun, 06 Apr 2014 20:33:45 -0700

... Microbiology, Biochemistry or similar), Relevant Post Graduate qualifications - MSc or PhD in Animal Nutrition/Animal Science helpful •Practical animal production experience would be an advantage - Ruminant, Monogastric, Companion, or Aquaculture.
 
Farming UK
Sun, 06 Apr 2014 20:00:00 -0700

Relevant Post Graduate qualifications - MSc or PhD helpful •Practical animal production experience would be an advantage - Ruminant, Monogastric, Companion, or Aquaculture. •Significant industry experience within the feed additive or animal health ...

The Grocer

The Grocer
Wed, 26 Mar 2014 03:19:35 -0700

“The UK organic industry is supportive of the need to uphold the quality and integrity of the organic brand. However, some particular issues are complex, for example, getting the right quality nutrition for monogastric animals such as pigs and poultry ...
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