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A monogastric organism has a simple single-chambered stomach, compared with a ruminant organism, like a cow, goat, or sheep, which has a four-chambered complex stomach. Examples of monogastric animals include omnivores such as humans, rats, dogs and pigs, and carnivores such as cats, and herbivores such as horses and rabbits.[1] Herbivores with monogastric digestion can digest cellulose in their diets by way of symbiotic gut bacteria. However, their ability to extract energy from cellulose digestion is less efficient than in ruminants.[2]

Herbivores digest cellulose via microbial fermentation. Monogastric herbivores which can digest cellulose nearly as well as ruminants are called hindgut fermenters, while ruminants are called foregut fermenters.[3] These are subdivided into two groups based on the relative size of various digestive organs in relationship to the rest of the system: colonic fermenters tend to be larger species such as horses and rhinos, and cecal fermenters are smaller animals such as rabbits and rodents.[4] Great apes (other than humans) derive significant amounts of phytanic acid from the hindgut fermentation of plant materials.[5]

Monogastrics cannot digest the fiber molecule cellulose as efficiently as ruminants, though the ability to digest cellulose varies amongst species.[2]

A monogastric digestive system works as soon as the food enters the mouth. Saliva moistens the food and begins the digestive process. After being swallowed, the food passes from the esophagus into the stomach, where stomach acid and enzymes help to break down the food. Bile salts stored in the gall bladder empty the contents of the stomach into the small intestines where most fats are broken down. The pancreas secretes enzymes and alkali to neutralize the stomach acid.


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953 news items

7thSpace Interactive (press release)
Fri, 27 Mar 2015 13:37:30 -0700

Improving feed efficiency of pigs with dietary application of amino acids (AAs) is becoming increasingly important because this practice can not only secure the plasma AA supply for muscle growth but also protect the environment from nitrogen discharge ...
PR Newswire (press release)
Wed, 01 Apr 2015 02:56:15 -0700

"Oxidative stress occurs when there is an imbalance between the amount of free radicals produced and the animal's ability to keep them under control," said Dr. Junmei Zhao, Executive Manager of Monogastric Nutrition Solutions at Novus. "The free ...


Tue, 31 Mar 2015 08:50:03 -0700

“These core industry differences should be recognised with the aim of avoiding any move towards the vertical integration evident in the monogastric sectors.” For pig and poultry, the RTA label requires life assurance even on breeding stock. However ...

Albert Lea Tribune

Albert Lea Tribune
Wed, 25 Mar 2015 07:48:45 -0700

Wayne Weston Applegate went to be with his lord and savior Jesus Christ Saturday, March 21, 2015. Wayne was born June 9, 1948, in Russell, Kansas, to Dail and Joyce Applegate.Wayne graduated from Osborne High School in 1966. He graduated from ...


Fri, 27 Mar 2015 07:03:45 -0700

This month also saw completion of two other factory builds by the Dutch feed giant – one in the Vinh Phuc province, which is 50km from Hanoi and is targeting the aquaculture market and monogastric and ruminant segments, and a smaller, feed facility ...
Tri-State Neighbor
Wed, 18 Mar 2015 19:44:57 -0700

Baumgard has spent many years researching the metabolic and endocrine consequences of heat stress in both ruminant and monogastric farm animals. His focus will be on how heat stress contributes to rumen acidosis and poor gut health and how the dairy ...


Thu, 05 Mar 2015 01:22:30 -0800

They also enable a better flora control by inhibiting bacteria and pathogens, especially in monogastric species. At the same time, certain citrus extracts have shown interesting results, when compared to positive controls as Olaquindox, Avilamycin and ...


Tue, 04 Nov 2014 01:00:00 -0800

It will focus on work on pigs and poultry, and will be headed up by Dr Jos Houdijk, one of the College's senior animal scientists. A key part of the work at the centre will be to bring together research on nutrition. SRUC is currently working on two ...

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