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Moisei Solomonovich Uritsky
Моисей Соломонович Урицкий
Моисей Урицкий.jpg
Moisei Solomonovich Uritsky
Chief of Cheka of Petrograd city
In office
March 10, 1918 – August 17, 1918
Preceded by position created
People's Commissar of the North Commune
Personal details
Born (1873-01-14)January 14, 1873
Kiev Governorate, Russian Empire
Died August 17, 1918(1918-08-17) (aged 45)
Petrograd, Russian SFSR
Political party Bolshevik
Alma mater University of Kiev (1897)
Occupation chekist, political activist, and statesman

Moisei Solomonovich Uritsky (Russian: Моисей Соломонович Урицкий; (1873-01-14)January 14, 1873–August 17, 1918(1918-08-17)) was a Bolshevik revolutionary leader in Russia.

Family[edit]

Uritsky was born in the city of Cherkasy, Kiev Governorate, to a Litvak family. His father, a merchant, died when Moisei was little and his mother raised her son by herself. He attended the Bila Tserkva Gymnasium, supporting himself through teaching and became an active social democrat.[1]

Early political career[edit]

Moisei studied law at the University of Kiev. During his studies he joined the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party and organized an underground network for importing and distributing political literature. In 1897 he was arrested and exiled for running an illegal mimeograph press. Becoming involved in the revolutionary movement, he participated in the revolutionary Jewish Bund. In 1903, he became a Menshevik. His activities in Petersburg during the 1905 revolution earned him a second term of exile. Along with Alexander Parvus he was active in dispatching revolutionary agents to infiltrate the Tsarist security apparatus.

Russian Revolution[edit]

In 1914 he emigrated to France and contributed to the Party newspaper Our Word. Back in Russia in 1917 Uritsky became a member of the Mezhraiontsy group. A few months before the October Revolution of 1917, he joined the Bolsheviks and was elected to their Central Committee on July 1917. Uritsky played a leading part in the Bolsheviks' armed take-over in October and later was made head of the Petrograd Cheka. In this position Uritsky coordinated the pursuit and prosecution of members of the nobility, military officers and ranking Russian Orthodox Church clerics who opposed the Bolsheviks.

Because Uritsky was against the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk, he resigned his post in 1918, like Bukharin, Bubnov, Piatakov, Dzherzhinsky and Smirnov. On March 4, 1918, the Petrograd committee published the first number of the journal Kommunist, the public organ of the "left communist" opposition, as directed by Radek and Uritsky. The Extraordinary Seventh Congress of the Bolshevik party, which was held between March 6 and 8, 1918, rejected the Theses on the Present Situation that was submitted as a resolution by the "Left Communists". The "Left Communists" Lomov and Uritsky, who were elected to the Central Committee, stated at the Congress that they would not work in the Central Committee, and did not begin work there for several months in spite of insistent demands from the Central Committee.

On May 25, 1918, with the Revolt of the Czechoslovak Legion, the Russian Civil War began and Uritsky resumed his position on the Central Committee.

Assassination[edit]

Leonid Kannegisser, a young military cadet, assassinated Uritsky on August 17,[2] 1918 in retaliation for the execution of his friend and other officers. Following this event, along with the assassination attempt on Lenin by Fanya Kaplan on August 28, the Bolsheviks began a wave of persecution known as the Red Terror. Palace Square in Petrograd was known as Uritsky Square from 1918 to 1944.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Haupt, Georges & Marie, Jean-Jacques (1974), Makers of the Russian revolution, London: George Allen & Unwin, p. 415, ISBN 9780801408090 
  2. ^ Melgunov, S.P. Red Terror in Russia (Russian)

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moisei_Uritsky — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
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Jerusalem Post Israel News (blog)

Jerusalem Post Israel News (blog)
Thu, 19 Feb 2015 00:19:47 -0800

Moisei Uritsky is such a person. A Bolshevik whose actions had important effects on the Russian Revolution, yet most often he is forgotten by history. Regardless of the fact that I am completely against Uritsky's political stance who also by the way ...

The Weekly Standard

The Weekly Standard
Thu, 10 Jul 2014 21:30:00 -0700

The plan failed miserably, however, mainly because Lenin and the head of the Petrograd secret police, Moisei Uritsky, were both shot around the time the coup was to take place. Lenin survived—and the Soviet authorities arrested Lockhart, charging him ...
 
CBS sports.com (blog)
Sat, 02 Nov 2013 14:29:19 -0700

In response to Fanya Kaplan's failed assassination of Lenin on 30 August 1918, and the successful assassination of the Petrograd Cheka chief Moisei Uritsky, Stalin proposed to Lenin "open and systematic mass terror . . . [against] . . . those ...
 
Telegraph.co.uk (blog)
Thu, 09 May 2013 03:53:51 -0700

There are few issues more inflamed than the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. It doesn't take long before such discussions descend into name-calling and acrimony, and the people on the more extreme ends of the spectrum often shout the loudest and attract ...
 
Riverfront Times (blog)
Fri, 06 Jul 2012 11:33:59 -0700

There's been plenty - Lenin (Vladimir Ulyanov), Leon Trotsky (Lev Bronstein), Yakov Sverdlov (Solomon),Grigori Zinoviev (Radomyslsky), Karl Radek (Sobelsohn), Maxim Litvinov (Wallach), Lev Kamenev (Rosenfeld) and Moisei Uritsky..... all brutal jewish ...
 
National Post
Mon, 03 Jun 2013 21:00:24 -0700

Canada's vigorous defence of Israel has dramatically raised this country's profile in the region, earning praise and condemnation. Today, in part three of a four-part series, the National Post's Tom Blackwell looks at Canada's role in how justice is ...
 
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Wed, 24 Jul 2013 02:41:52 -0700

A poster campaign urging the public to help track down the last surviving Nazi war criminals has been launched in Germany. The Operation Last Chance II project is offering cash rewards for information which leads to prosecutions. The posters, of which ...
 
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Tue, 07 Sep 2010 13:21:49 -0700

But the Leningrad region has only a few memorial cemeteries and monuments to those victims, while there are hundreds of monuments and streets dedicated to Lenin, Kirov, Bolshevik leader Moisei Uritsky and other Communist leaders. The Svirskoi ...
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