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Communism in Nepal
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Mohan Bikram Singh (born 1935), often referred to as MBS, party name Gharti, is a Nepalese politician. His father was a wealthy landlord in Pyuthan District who was close to King Tribhuvan. MBS however joined the opposition Nepali Congress, and took part in the 1950–1951 uprising for democracy.[1]

MBS joined the united Communist Party of Nepal in 1953. In 1957 he was elected to the Central Committee of the party. In 1961, when the party was divided in different tendencies, MBS rallied the leftist sections, raising the demand for a Constituent Assembly. The line of MBS found much support amongst party grassroots, but he did not get any support from fellow Central Committee members. When the party was divided in 1962, MBS sided with the more radical Communist Party led by Tulsi Lal Amatya.

In 1971 MBS was released from jail. Man Mohan Adhikari had been released in 1969. Together with Shamburam Shrestha and Nirmal Lama they formed the 'Central Nucleus', which sought to unify with Communist Party of Nepal (Pushpa Lal). That merger never took of, and the Central Nucleus was divided. In 1974 MBS and Nirmal Lama held a 'Fourth Convention' of the Communist Party of Nepal (CPN). Effectively their faction constituted a separate party, Communist Party of Nepal (Fourth Convention).

In 1983 a split surged between MBS and Nirmal Lama. MBS went on to form a separate party, Communist Party of Nepal (Masal). This party would suffer several splits. In 1987 a major split occurred, after which MBS was left with leading a minority as the majority formed Communist Party of Nepal (Mashal).

During the Panchayat regime, MBS was based in Gorakhpur, India.

At the time of the 1990 popular uprising against the autocratic regime, MBS disagreed with the United Left Front in cooperating the Nepali Congress against the regime. He demanded a Constituent Assembly and advocated that armed struggle was necessary to fight the royal rule over the country. Communist Party of Nepal (Masal), Communist Party of Nepal (Mashal) and Communist Party of Nepal (Marxist-Leninist-Maoist) formed the United National People's Movement.

In 2002 CPN (Masal) merged with Communist Party of Nepal (Unity Centre), and formed Communist Party of Nepal (Unity Centre-Masal). MBS became the general secretary of the new party.

After the royal coup d'état on February 1, 2005 MBS went underground. Following the restoration of democratic rule, CPN(UC-M) was divided on issues like whether the party should join the coalition government. The party was divided into two, with the group led by MBS leaving the Seven Party Alliance and staying outside of the government.[1] Singh's faction renamed itself as the Communist Party of Nepal (Masal).[2]

Singh renewed his citizen certificate only in 2007, at the age of 72.[1]

See also[edit]

Cailmail, Benoît. Autumn 2008 – Spring 2009. "Mohan Bikram Singh and the History of Nepalese Maoism". European Bulletin of Himalayan Research. n° 33-34, pp. 11-38.


Related links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mohan_Bikram_Singh — Please support Wikipedia.
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58 news items

Kathmandu Post
Sun, 24 Jan 2016 19:01:17 -0800

In 1985, Dahal left the CPN (Masal) led by Mohan Bikram Singh—a party Bhattarai was associated with and formed the Mashal party—another party with the same name with just spelling difference. Now, in what is seen as a major ideological departure, ...

Himalayan Times

Himalayan Times
Thu, 29 Oct 2015 04:26:15 -0700

CPN-Maoist had splitted from Pushpa Kamal Dahal-led UCPN-Maoist while CPN-Unified had severed ties with Mohan Bikram Singh-led CPN Unity Centre-Masal. It has been learned that an assembly has been called on November 8 to merge the parties ...

Himalayan Times

Himalayan Times
Sun, 13 Dec 2015 10:11:15 -0800

CPN leader Mohan Bikram Singh also stressed the need for unity among left forces. During the function, Gurung had requested the leaders and the government to construct road to his village, implement the new constitution and forge unity among the all ...

E Kantipur

E Kantipur
Sat, 26 Sep 2015 19:15:00 -0700

In 1985, Dahal left the CPN (Masal) led by Mohan Bikram Singh--a party Bhattarai was associated with and formed the Mashal party (another party with the same name with just spelling difference). The Mashal party was first led by Mohan Baidya and later ...
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Wed, 05 Aug 2015 19:50:55 -0700

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Nepali times
Thu, 27 Nov 2014 21:03:45 -0800

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Weekly Blitz

Weekly Blitz
Thu, 11 Jul 2013 13:26:15 -0700

The topmost old Communist leader Mohan Bikram Singh writes- writes- 'The Madhesi people firstly forwarded the opinion of autonomous federal state with right to self determination. Such an opinion will create a situation that would threaten Nepal's ...

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