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Role Reconnaissance drone
National origin Disputed, see article text
Manufacturer Disputed, see article text

The Mirsad-1 (Arabic: مرصاد, English: "Observation post") is a small reconnaissance drone operated by the Lebanese Shiia Paramilitary group Hezbollah. The group has also claimed that it can arm the aircraft with explosives to attack Israeli targets.

The origin of the aircraft is disputed. Hezbollah claims to have developed the aircraft themselves, whereas some reports state that Hezbollah acquired up to eight UAV aircraft from Iran, and the Mirsad has been reported to be a version of either the Iranian Mohajer 4 or the Ababil (although the latter is unlikely, as it is a canard-configured aircraft, whereas Hezbollah video images show a twin-boom configuration). These reports state that up to 30 Hezbollah personnel also received training on operating the aircraft at the Iranian Revolutionary Guards' bases near Isfahan.[1] Hezbollah leader, Hassan Nasrallah, has boasted about acquiring the drones, saying that the drone "can be laden with a quantity of explosives of up to 40 to 50 kilograms" and can reach "anywhere, deep, deep" into Israel.[2]

The first Hezbollah flight into Israeli airspace occurred mid-morning on November 7, 2004. It flew at low level from Lebanon south over the western Galilee town of Nahariya, then turned and flew back north, over the Mediterranean sea, having spent up to half an hour in Israeli airspace.[3]

The second flight took place on April 11, 2005, and was a short, 18 mile incursion. The drone had recrossed into Lebanese territory by the time Israeli fighters could be scrambled to intercept.[4] [5]

Specifications (approximate)[edit]

General characteristics

  • Crew: None
  • Length: 2.90 m (9 ft 6 in)
  • Wingspan: 3.00 m (9 ft 10 in)
  • Powerplant: 1 × piston engine, 8 kW (10 hp)


  • Maximum speed: 120 km/h (75 mph)
  • Service ceiling: 2,000 m (6,600 ft)


  • up to 50 kg (110 lb) of explosives


  1. ^ http://www.armscontrol.ru/UAV/mirsad1.htm Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology Center for Arms Control Energy and Environmental Studies report
  2. ^ Source of Nasrallah quote
  3. ^ http://english.aljazeera.net/NR/exeres/87DC1342-0728-47CA-8EA8-CDE0F3E2CB20.htm Aljazeera news report November 8, 2004
  4. ^ Defense Industry Daily
  5. ^ Yahoo!News article (Link dead as of 14 January 2007)

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mirsad-1 — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.

54 news items

Al Jazeera America

Al Jazeera America
Sun, 26 Apr 2015 23:16:32 -0700

Hezbollah dubbed the drone the Mirsad-1, although it was thought to have been the Iranian Ababil-2, a short-range reconnaissance drone that is launched from a rail mounted on a truck. In October 2012, Hezbollah announced that it flew a drone, dubbed ...

Daily Beast

Daily Beast
Wed, 18 Mar 2015 14:22:30 -0700

In the 2005 missive, the then-U.S. ambassador to Lebanon, Jeffrey Feltman, reported that a source had informed the U.S. that “Syrian intelligence was involved in the decision to launch the Mirsad-1 [UAV] over Israel.” The following year, during its war ...

JP Updates

JP Updates
Sun, 26 Apr 2015 08:09:03 -0700

Hizbullah has operated UAVs from Lebanese airspace since at least November 2004, when it dispatched one that it identified as a Mirsad-1 for a reconnaissance mission over northern Israel. It then flew at least three UAVs successfully into Israel during ...

The Hindu

Long War Journal
Thu, 25 Apr 2013 07:01:27 -0700

During the 2006 war with Hezbollah, the Israeli Air Force shot down a number of Hezbollah drones, and in 2004 an Iranian-made drone spent approximately five minutes in Israeli territory. In April 2005, a Hezbollah drone (Mirsad-1) was sent over Israel.

The Times of Israel

The Times of Israel
Thu, 06 Mar 2014 05:55:30 -0800

Housed at the base are 14 unmanned drones (Mirsad-1 and -2 types), Israeli daily Maariv reported, citing Qatar-based daily Al-Watan. Hezbollah also reportedly dug tunnels around the base under the supervision of Iran. Hezbollah has been embroiled in ...
Sun, 07 Sep 2014 20:56:15 -0700

Hezbollah called the UA V "Mirsad 1,” but it was actually an Iranian Ababil, which first saw service in 1986 during operations against Iraq and is still in production. The Iranians have continued to develop more sophisticated drones since then. Their ...

The Times of Israel

The Times of Israel
Sun, 07 Oct 2012 02:00:59 -0700

In November 2004, the Islamist group flew a reconnaissance drone, the “Mirsad 1,” into Israel for the first time. It was not shot down by the IDF. In April 2005, the group flew another “Mirsad” drone into Israel airspace. This one, too, was not ...


Tue, 05 Oct 2010 12:05:03 -0700

Hezbollah of Lebanon, Iran's main proxy in the Arab world, allegedly has as many as 45,000 rockets and missiles provided by Iran and its ally Syria and since 2004 has operated the Iranian-built Mirsad-1 UAV. This has been used to carry out aerial ...

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