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This article is about the philosopher. For the boulevard in Tehran, see Mirdamad Boulevard.

Mir Damad (Persian: ميرداماد‎‎) (d. 1631 or 1632), known also as Mir Mohammad Baqer Esterabadi, or Asterabadi, was an Iranian philosopher in the Neoplatonizing Islamic Peripatetic traditions of Avicenna and Suhrawardi, a scholar of the traditional Islamic sciences, and foremost figure (together with his student Mulla Sadra), of the cultural renaissance of Iran undertaken under the Safavid dynasty. As such he was the central founder of the School of Isfahan, noted by his students and admirers as the Third Teacher (mu'alim al-thalith) after Aristotle and al-Farabi.

Philosophy[edit]

His major contribution to Islamic philosophy was his novel formulation regarding gradations of time and the emanations of the separate categories of time as descending divine hypostases. He resolved the controversy of the createdness or uncreatedness of the world in time by proposing the notion of huduth-e-dahri (atemporal origination) as an explanation grounded in Avicennan and Suhrawardian categories, whilst transcending them. In brief, excepting God, he argued all things, including the earth and all heavenly bodies, share in both eternal and temporal origination. He influenced the revival of al-falsafa al-yamani (Philosophy of Yemen), a philosophy based on revelation and sayings of prophets rather than the rationalism of the Greeks, and he is widely recognized as the founder of the School of Isfahan, which embraced a theosophical outlook known as hikmat-i ilahi (divine wisdom).

Mir Damad’s many treatises on Islamic philosophy include Taqwim al-Iman (Calendars of Faith, a treasure on creation and divine knowledge), the Kitab Qabasat al-Ilahiyah (Book of the Divine Embers of Fiery Kindling), wherein he lays out his concept of atemporal origination, Kitab al-Jadhawat and Sirat al-Mustaqim. He also wrote poetry under the pseudonym of Ishraq (Illumination). He also wrote a couple of books on mathematics, but with secondary importance.

Among his many other students besides Mulla Sadra were Seyyed Ahmad-ibn-Reyn-al-A’bedin Alavi, Mohammad ibn Alireza ibn Agajanii, Qutb-al-Din Mohammad Ashkevari and Mulla Shams Gilani.

Mir Damad's philosophical prose is often accounted as being among the most dense and obstrusely difficult of styles to understand, deliberately employing as well as coining convoluted philosophical terminology and neologisms that require systematic unpacking and detailed commentary. He was called Mir Damad (Groom of the King) because he married Shah Abbas's daughter and hence his fame was based on that event.

Architecture[edit]

Mir Damad was also the architect of the Masjide Shah (Shah Mosque) in Isfahan which employed highly advance mathematical calculations which required the knowledge of the speed of sound at that time. The geometry of the dome is as such that all sound dissipated from the base will echo in hundreds of carefully calculated and masterly executed interior corners of the dome which will ultimately collide in the center of the dome. The geometrical analysis of the dome is of absolute sophistication and the design of the dome is a magnificent piece of art and furthermore the construction of such dome in the 17th century to a precision where all sound waves must travel and collide in an imaginary point above.

Works[edit]

Among his 134[1] works known:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ S.H. Nasr (2006), Islamic Philosophy from Its Origin to the Present: Philosophy in the Land of Prophecy, State University of New York Press, p. 214: "Some 134 works of Mir Damad have been identified ..."

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mir_Damad — Please support Wikipedia.
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29024 videos foundNext > 

Mirdamad- مهدی میرداماد - انّا لله و انّا علیه راجعون

Inna lellah va inna elayhe rajeoon Shahadat Imam Ali (as) 1388 Haj Seyed Mahdi Mirdamad.

Dua komeil Syed Mahdi Mirdamad دعای کمیل

Dua kumayl recited by syed mahdi mirdamad in haram of imam raza on waladat of hazrat ali akbar a.s.

دعاء كميل - سيد مهدي ميرداماد Mirdamad Dua Kumail

Sayid Mahdi Mirdamad - Dua Kumail دعاء كميل - سيد مهدي ميرداماد -- نرجو من الاخوة الاعزاء تقيم المقطع والاشتراك في القناة...

Muharram 90 - Haj Seyed Mehdi Mirdamad - Nice Nohe Hazart Roghyeh (بسیار زیبا) نوحه حضرت رقیه

نوحه حضرت رقیه (بسیار زیبا)

Monajat ba Emam Zaman-Mirdamad(nice)

Dua Nudba - دعاء الندبة Sayed Mehdi Mirdamad -سید مهدی میر داماد

Mirdamad reciting Dua Nudba.. 'Dua' means 'to call or to seek help'. 'Nudba' means to cry or wail. The Shia books of traditions lay great stress upon 'Dua'.

Seyed Mahdi Mirdamad-Shab 3 (Vahed)

3rd night of Muharram by Seyed Mahdi Mirdamad.

Bilsin Dünya - Hajj Mehdi Mirdamad (alt yazili)

https://www.youtube.com/user/xalil333 ╼▻ http://az.313news.net/article/ ╼▻ http://hadis.313news.net/ ╼▻ https://www.facebook.com/Antivahabiselefi ...

seyed mehdi mirdamad-(همه رفتند و دیگه نمیان)

Shahrzad Sepanlou Mirdamad Boulevard

From the album "Our Story" (Ghesseye Ma). available on itunes at http://itunes.apple.com/us/album/our-story/id127528806 directed by Vahik Pirhamzei in 2001.

29024 videos foundNext > 

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