digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

This article is about the philosopher. For the boulevard in Tehran, see Mirdamad Boulevard.

Mir Damad (Persian: ميرداماد‎) (d. 1631 or 1632), known also as Mir Mohammad Baqer Esterabadi, or Asterabadi, was an Iranian philosopher in the Neoplatonizing Islamic Peripatetic traditions of Avicenna and Suhrawardi, a scholar of the traditional Islamic sciences, and foremost figure (together with his student Mulla Sadra), of the cultural renaissance of Iran undertaken under the Safavid dynasty. As such he was the central founder of the School of Isfahan, noted by his students and admirers as the Third Teacher (mu'alim al-thalith) after Aristotle and al-Farabi.

Philosophy[edit]

His major contribution to Islamic philosophy was his novel formulation regarding gradations of time and the emanations of the separate categories of time as descending divine hypostases. He resolved the controversy of the createdness or uncreatedness of the world in time by proposing the notion of huduth-e-dahri (atemporal origination) as an explanation grounded in Avicennan and Suhrawardian categories, whilst transcending them. In brief, excepting God, he argued all things, including the earth and all heavenly bodies, share in both eternal and temporal origination. He influenced the revival of al-falsafa al-yamani (Philosophy of Yemen), a philosophy based on revelation and sayings of prophets rather than the rationalism of the Greeks, and he is widely recognized as the founder of the School of Isfahan, which embraced a theosophical outlook known as hikmat-i ilahi (divine wisdom).

Mir Damad’s many treatises on Islamic philosophy include Taqwim al-Iman (Calendars of Faith, a treasure on creation and divine knowledge), the Kitab Qabasat al-Ilahiyah (Book of the Divine Embers of Fiery Kindling), wherein he lays out his concept of atemporal origination, Kitab al-Jadhawat and Sirat al-Mustaqim. He also wrote poetry under the pseudonym of Ishraq (Illumination). He also wrote a couple of books on mathematics, but with secondary importance.

Among his many other students besides Mulla Sadra were Seyyed Ahmad-ibn-Reyn-al-A’bedin Alavi, Mohammad ibn Alireza ibn Agajanii, Qutb-al-Din Mohammad Ashkevari and Mulla Shams Gilani.

Mir Damad's philosophical prose is often accounted as being among the most dense and obtusely difficult of styles to understand, deliberately employing as well as coining convoluted philosophical terminology and neologisms that require systematic unpacking and detailed commentary. He was called Mir Damad (Groom of the King) because he married Shah Abbas's daughter and hence his fame was based on that event.

Works[edit]

Among his 134[1] works known:

See also[edit]

Mirdamad was also the architect of the Masjide Shah (Shah's Mosque) in Isfahan which employed highly advance mathematical calculations which required the knowledge of the speed of sound at that time. The geometry of the dome is as such that all sound dissipated from the base will echo in hundreds of carefully calculated and masterly executed interior corners of the dome which will ultimately collide in the center of the dome. The geometrical analysis of the dome is of absolute sophistication and the design of the dome is a magnificent piece of art and furthermore the construction of such dome in the 17th century to a precision where all sound waves must travel and collide in an imaginary point above.

References[edit]

  • Webster Encyclopedia of Religion
  1. ^ S.H. Nasr (2006), Islamic Philosophy from Its Origin to the Present: Philosophy in the Land of Prophecy, State University of New York Press, p. 214: "Some 134 works of Mir Damad have been identified ..."

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mir_Damad — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
24226 videos foundNext > 

Mirdamad- مهدی میرداماد - انّا لله و انّا علیه راجعون

Inna lellah va inna elayhe rajeoon Shahadat Imam Ali (as) 1388 Haj Seyed Mahdi Mirdamad.

Dua Nudba Sayed Mehdi Mirdamad دعاء الندبة مهدي ميرداماد

seyed mehdi mirdamad-(همه رفتند و دیگه نمیان)

دعاء كميل - سيد مهدي ميرداماد Mirdamad Dua Kumail

Sayid Mahdi Mirdamad - Dua Kumail دعاء كميل - سيد مهدي ميرداماد -- نرجو من الاخوة الاعزاء تقيم المقطع والاشتراك في القناة Please rate the video and subscribe...

Dua Nudba - Sayed Mahdi Mirdamad - دعاء الندبة - سید مهدی میر داماد

'Dua' means 'to call or to seek help'. 'Nudba' means to cry or wail. The Shia books of traditions lay great stress upon 'Dua'. Dua is the weapon of the belie...

[Eng Subtitles] 'Fatima Ya Fatima' - Sayed Mahdi Mirdamad

This is an eulogy about Lady Fatima [s], the daughter of the Prophet of Islam [p] narrated by Sayed Mahdi Midramad - 'We are the sons of Batul'

‫دعاء التوسل - مهدي ميرداماد‬ - dua Tawasol mehdi mirdamad

Monajat ba Emam Zaman-Mirdamad(nice)

shahrzad sepanlou mirdamad

Shahrzad Sepanlou Mirdamad Boulevard

From the album "Our Story" (Ghesseye Ma). available on itunes at http://itunes.apple.com/us/album/our-story/id127528806 directed by Vahik Pirhamzei in 2001. ...

24226 videos foundNext > 

2 news items

Conseil National de la Résistance Iranienne (Blog)

Conseil National de la Résistance Iranienne (Blog)
Fri, 03 Oct 2014 06:01:41 -0700

Iran sattelite CNRI - Un homme de 65 ans, Ali Mohammad Khoï, a été tué dans un raid de la police dans la rue Chah Nazari et le boulevard Mir Damad de Téhéran, pour y saisir les antennes satellites. Cet incident est survenu le 28 septembre quand les ...

Consiglio Nazionale della Resistenza Iraniana

Consiglio Nazionale della Resistenza Iraniana
Fri, 03 Oct 2014 13:15:00 -0700

Durante un raid delle forze di repressione per rimuovere le parabole satellitari in Boulevard Mir Damad nella Shah Nazari Street di Tehran, Ali Mohammad Khoei, 65 anni, è stato ucciso. L'incidente è avvenuto il 28 Settembre mentre le forze di ...
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!