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Mir Damad (Persian: ميرداماد‎) (d. 1631 or 1632), known also as Mir Mohammad Baqer Esterabadi, or Asterabadi, was an Iranian philosopher in the Neoplatonizing Islamic Peripatetic traditions of Avicenna and Suhrawardi, a scholar of the traditional Islamic sciences, and foremost figure (together with his student Mulla Sadra), of the cultural renaissance of Iran undertaken under the Safavid dynasty. As such he was the central founder of the School of Isfahan, noted by his students and admirers as the Third Teacher (mu'alim al-thalith) after Aristotle and al-Farabi.

Philosophy[edit]

His major contribution to Islamic philosophy was his novel formulation regarding gradations of time and the emanations of the separate categories of time as descending divine hypostases. He resolved the controversy of the createdness or uncreatedness of the world in time by proposing the notion of huduth-e-dahri (atemporal origination) as an explanation grounded in Avicennan and Suhrawardian categories, whilst transcending them. In brief, excepting God, he argued all things, including the earth and all heavenly bodies, share in both eternal and temporal origination. He influenced the revival of al-falsafa al-yamani (Philosophy of Yemen), a philosophy based on revelation and sayings of prophets rather than the rationalism of the Greeks, and he is widely recognized as the founder of the School of Isfahan, which embraced a theosophical outlook known as hikmat-i ilahi (divine wisdom).

Mir Damad’s many treatises on Islamic philosophy include Taqwim al-Iman (Calendars of Faith, a treasure on creation and divine knowledge), the Kitab Qabasat al-Ilahiyah (Book of the Divine Embers of Fiery Kindling), wherein he lays out his concept of atemporal origination, Kitab al-Jadhawat and Sirat al-Mustaqim. He also wrote poetry under the pseudonym of Ishraq (Illumination). He also wrote a couple of books on mathematics, but with secondary importance.

Among his many other students besides Mulla Sadra were Seyyed Ahmad-ibn-Reyn-al-A’bedin Alavi, Mohammad ibn Alireza ibn Agajanii, Qutb-al-Din Mohammad Ashkevari and Mulla Shams Gilani.

Mir Damad's philosophical prose is often accounted as being among the most dense and obtusely difficult of styles to understand, deliberately employing as well as coining convoluted philosophical terminology and neologisms that require systematic unpacking and detailed commentary. He was called Mir Damad (Groom of the King) because he married Shah Abbas's daughter and hence his fame was based on that event.

Works[edit]

Among his 134[1] works known:

See also[edit]

Mirdamad was also the architect of the Masjide Shah (Shah's Mosque) in Isfahan which employed highly advance mathematical calculations which required the knowledge of the speed of sound at that time. The geometry of the dome is as such that all sound dissipated from the base will echo in hundreds of carefully calculated and masterly executed interior corners of the dome which will ultimately collide in the center of the dome. The geometrical analysis of the dome is of absolute sophistication and the design of the dome is a magnificent piece of art and furthermore the construction of such dome in the 17th century to a precision where all sound waves must travel and collide in an imaginary point above.

References[edit]

  • Webster Encyclopedia of Religion
  1. ^ S.H. Nasr (2006), Islamic Philosophy from Its Origin to the Present: Philosophy in the Land of Prophecy, State University of New York Press, p. 214: "Some 134 works of Mir Damad have been identified ..."

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mir_Damad — Please support Wikipedia.
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Mirdamad- مهدی میرداماد - انّا لله و انّا علیه راجعون

Inna lellah va inna elayhe rajeoon Shahadat Imam Ali (as) 1388 Haj Seyed Mahdi Mirdamad.

seyed mehdi mirdamad-(همه رفتند و دیگه نمیان)

Dua Nudba Sayed Mehdi Mirdamad دعاء الندبة مهدي ميرداماد

دعاء كميل - سيد مهدي ميرداماد Mirdamad Dua Kumail

Sayid Mahdi Mirdamad - Dua Kumail دعاء كميل - سيد مهدي ميرداماد -- نرجو من الاخوة الاعزاء تقيم المقطع والاشتراك في القناة Please rate the video and subscribe...

[Eng Subtitles] 'Fatima Ya Fatima' - Sayed Mahdi Mirdamad

This is an eulogy about Lady Fatima [s], the daughter of the Prophet of Islam [p] narrated by Sayed Mahdi Midramad - 'We are the sons of Batul'

Dua Nudbah - Sayed Mahdi Mirdamad - English sub

Zainab TV.

‫دعاء التوسل - مهدي ميرداماد‬ - dua Tawasol mehdi mirdamad

Karimi and Mirdamad-3rd muharram1388

Haj Mahmoud Karimi and Haj Seyed Mehdi Mirdamad reciting a very beautiful eulogy on the 3rd night of muharram 1388/2009 in tehran (chizar).

Seyed Mehdi Mirdamad - Shabe 21 Ramazan 87 - سید مهدی میرداماد

شب 21 رمضان 87 مداح : سید مهدی میرداماد هیئت رزمندگان اسلام قم.

Seyed Mahdi Mirdamad-Shab 3 (Vahed)

3rd night of Muharram by Seyed Mahdi Mirdamad.

12246 videos foundNext > 

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