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Filipino soldiers during a training excersise.
The French Foreign Legion training in France.

Military education and training is a process which intends to establish and improve the capabilities of military personnel in their respective roles.

Military education can be voluntary or compulsory duty. Before any person gets authorization to operate technical equipment or be on the battlefield, they must take a medical and often a physical test. If passed, they may begin primary training.

The primary training is recruit training. Recruit training attempts to teach the basic information and training in techniques necessary to be an effective service member.

To achieve this, service members are drilled physically, technically and psychologically. The drill instructor has the task of making the service members fit for military use.

After finishing basic training, many service members undergo advanced training more in line with their chosen or assigned specialties. In advanced training, military technology and equipment is often taught.

Many large countries have several military academies, one for each branch of the service, that offer college degrees in a variety of subjects, similar to other colleges. However, academy graduates usually rank as officers, and as such have many options besides civilian work in their major subject. Higher-ranking officers also have further educational opportunities.

Resocialization[edit]

Main article: Resocialization

Resocialization is an important aspect of inducting a civilian into a military. Resocialization is a sociological concept dealing with the process of mentally and emotionally "re-training" a person so they can operate in an environment other than what they are accustomed to. Successful resocialization into a total institution involves changes to an individual's personality.

Key examples include the process of resocializing new recruits into the military so that they can operate as soldiers – or, in other words, as members of a cohesive unit. Another example is the reverse process, in which those who have become accustomed to such roles return to society after military discharge.

Resocialization from the life of a combat soldier to a civilian member of society is often difficult because of what that soldier saw and did in his/her military experience. In the transition from civilian to soldier, the individual is trained to solely follow the command of his superiors. In some cases commands would go against certain natural aversions (such as killing) of the individual based on one's moral and ethical principles.

A leading expert in military training methods, Grossman(2001) gives four types of training techniques used:[1]

According to Grossman (2001), these techniques were meant to break down barriers to embrace a new set of norms and way of life (brutalization), condition them to pair killing with something more enjoyable and pleasurable (Classical Conditioning), repeat the stimulus-response reaction to develop a reflex (Operant Conditioning), and finally the use of a role model of a superior to provide action by example.

While leaders effectively train their soldiers to accomplish the goal of battle preparedness, these techniques increase psychological trauma experienced in veterans post-combat.[2] It is because of the evident psychological problems in post-combat situations (i.e. Post Traumatic Stress Disorder) that pose a threat to public safety because of the conditioning of the individual who might be made unstable because of his actions.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Grossman, D. (2001) Trained to Kill. Professorenforum-Journal,2(2). Retrieved May 27, 2009 from Proquest Database
  2. ^ Kilner, P. (2002, March). Military Leaders' Obligation to Justify Killing in War. Military Review, 32(2). Retrieved may 28, 2009, from Government Collection Database.
  • [1] French Foreign Legion

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Military_education_and_training — Please support Wikipedia.
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37 news items

 
Bristol Press
Tue, 29 Jul 2014 18:41:15 -0700

In the course of their service, veterans accrue skills they can apply to civilian careers. A new law in Connecticut—Public Act 14-13—will require state-run agencies and universities to recognize military education and training when hiring. Right now ...

Radio Iowa

Radio Iowa
Tue, 29 Jul 2014 10:28:37 -0700

“We want to make sure that veterans are getting credit for their military education and training at our colleges and universities,” Branstad said. State Representative Guy Vander Linden, a Republican from Oskaloosa who is a retired Marine brigadier ...

Mediaite

Reuters Blogs (blog)
Fri, 25 Jul 2014 03:52:30 -0700

... played a significant role in Walsh's career advancement. It was an example, said one military evaluation, of his “maintaining continuous military education and training in subjects pertinent to today's leadership challenges.” Walsh was going to do ...
 
ecns
Thu, 24 Jul 2014 02:22:30 -0700

... conduct multi-layer exchanges including high-level mutual visits, strategic dialogue and exchanges between young officers, deepen pragmatic cooperation in military education and training and other fields, increase mutual understanding and mutual ...
 
Monroe News Star
Sat, 26 Jul 2014 23:17:14 -0700

At the most recent graduation ceremony, Ponders received an additional $5,000 scholarship from the Military Education and Training Enhancement Fund. In the past year alone, 27 scholarships have been awarded through the non-profit fund, typically at ...
 
Marines.mil (press release)
Tue, 22 Jul 2014 14:00:00 -0700

According to Dr. James T. Averhart, retired chief warrant officer 4 and national president of the MPMA, the theme for this year's convention, “Preserving the Legacy,” centered around professional military education and training, and also updated ...
 
Washington Free Beacon
Fri, 11 Jul 2014 06:52:30 -0700

However, lawmakers have recently placed more restrictions on U.S. security aid to Guatemala and Honduras under the International Military Education and Training (IMET) and Foreign Military Financing (FMF) programs. For example, Congress raised the ...
 
Sunshine State News
Thu, 03 Jul 2014 01:08:54 -0700

SUSRIS: Last year there was an effort in Congress to reduce the token amount of aid that allowed Saudi military officers to come to the US for military education and training. The provision that existed opened the door for better cooperation between ...
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