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Filipino soldiers during a training excersise.
The French Foreign Legion training in France.

Military education and training is a process which intends to establish and improve the capabilities of military personnel in their respective roles.

Military education can be voluntary or compulsory duty. Before any person gets authorization to operate technical equipment or be on the battlefield, they must take a medical and often a physical examination. If passed, they may begin primary training.

The primary training is recruit training. Recruit training attempts to teach the basic information and training in techniques necessary to be an effective service member.

To achieve this, service members are drilled physically, technically and psychologically. The drill instructor has the task of making the service members fit for military use.

After finishing basic training, many service members undergo advanced training more in line with their chosen or assigned specialties. In advanced training, military technology and equipment is often taught.

Many large countries have several military academies, one for each branch of the service, that offer college degrees in a variety of subjects, similar to other colleges. However, academy graduates usually rank as officers, and as such have many options besides civilian work in their major subject. Higher-ranking officers also have further educational opportunities.

Resocialization[edit]

Main article: Resocialization

Resocialization is an important aspect of inducting a civilian into a military. Resocialization is a sociological concept dealing with the process of mentally and emotionally "re-training" a person so they can operate in an environment other than what they are accustomed to. Successful resocialization into a total institution involves changes to an individual's personality.

Key examples include the process of resocializing new recruits into the military so that they can operate as soldiers – or, in other words, as members of a cohesive unit. Another example is the reverse process, in which those who have become accustomed to such roles return to society after military discharge.

Resocialization from the life of a combat soldier to a civilian member of society is often difficult because of what that soldier saw and did in his/her military experience. In the transition from civilian to soldier, the individual is trained to solely follow the command of his superiors. In some cases commands would go against certain natural aversions (such as killing) of the individual based on one's moral and ethical principles.

A leading expert in military training methods, Grossman(2001) gives four types of training techniques used:[1]

According to Grossman (2001), these techniques were meant to break down barriers to embrace a new set of norms and way of life (brutalization), condition them to pair killing with something more enjoyable and pleasurable (Classical Conditioning), repeat the stimulus-response reaction to develop a reflex (Operant Conditioning), and finally the use of a role model of a superior to provide action by example.

While leaders effectively train their soldiers to accomplish the goal of battle preparedness, these techniques increase psychological trauma experienced in veterans post-combat.[2] It is because of the evident psychological problems in post-combat situations (i.e. Post Traumatic Stress Disorder) that pose a threat to public safety because of the conditioning of the individual who might be made unstable because of his actions.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Grossman, D. (2001) Trained to Kill. Professorenforum-Journal,2(2). Retrieved May 27, 2009 from Proquest Database
  2. ^ Kilner, P. (2002, March). Military Leaders' Obligation to Justify Killing in War. Military Review, 32(2). Retrieved may 28, 2009, from Government Collection Database.
  • [1] French Foreign Legion

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Military_education_and_training — Please support Wikipedia.
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25 news items

 
Military.com
Mon, 04 Aug 2014 15:30:00 -0700

A new law in Connecticut, Public Act 14-13, will require state-run agencies and universities to recognize military education and training when hiring. The law, which goes into effect on October 1, aims to erase the problem of "double instruction," in ...
 
Bristol Press
Tue, 29 Jul 2014 18:59:18 -0700

In the course of their service, veterans accrue skills they can apply to civilian careers. A new law in Connecticut—Public Act 14-13—will require state-run agencies and universities to recognize military education and training when hiring. Right now ...

Foreign Affairs

Foreign Affairs
Thu, 14 Aug 2014 20:11:15 -0700

It has also opened up a dialogue between the UAE and the broader transatlantic community on issues of defense and cybersecurity, military education and training, and emergency preparedness. Recently, the UAE has even been able to participate in NATO ...
 
Plainville Citizen
Tue, 29 Jul 2014 18:41:15 -0700

In the course of their service, veterans accrue skills they can apply to civilian careers. A new law in Connecticut—Public Act 14-13—will require state-run agencies and universities to recognize military education and training when hiring. Right now ...
 
Jacksonville Daily News
Fri, 08 Aug 2014 11:57:22 -0700

Last month, the governor signed S.B. 761 into law, which provides clearer guidance to licensure and professional boards on accepting military education and training, as well as certification from other states for military service members and their ...

Hindu Business Line

Eurasia Review
Fri, 08 Aug 2014 12:16:27 -0700

... Secretary Navy Rear Adm. John Kirby said Hagel and the Indian leaders discussed the importance of continuing robust defense cooperation, particularly in terms of co-development and co-production, and through military education and training exchanges.

Radio Iowa

Radio Iowa
Tue, 29 Jul 2014 10:28:37 -0700

“We want to make sure that veterans are getting credit for their military education and training at our colleges and universities,” Branstad said. State Representative Guy Vander Linden, a Republican from Oskaloosa who is a retired Marine brigadier ...

Mediaite

New York Times
Wed, 23 Jul 2014 12:20:58 -0700

... Walsh's career: In a military evaluation the year after Mr. Walsh received it, his commander praised him for it, writing that he “leads his peers and sets example in maintaining continuous military education and training subjects pertinent to today ...
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