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Michel Blavet (March 13, 1700 – October 28, 1768) was a French composer and flute virtuoso. Although Blavet taught himself to play almost every instrument, he specialized in the bassoon and the flute which he held to the left, the opposite of how most flutists hold theirs today.

Quantz writes of Blavet: "His amiable disposition and engaging manner gives rise to a lasting friendship between us and I am much indebted to him for his numerous acts of kindness."

Life[edit]

Born in Besançon as the son of wood turner Jean-Baptiste Blavet,[1] a profession which he followed for some time, he accidentally became the possessor of a flute and soon became the finest player in France. Blavet was famous for maintaining impeccable intonation, even when he played in difficult keys, and for the beauty of his tone.[2] Voltaire expressed his admiration for his playing and Marpurg spoke of him as a virtuoso of the highest excellence who preserved his innate modesty despite his unbroken popularity.

In 1721, Blavet entered the service of the Count of Clermont and became his steward of music.[1] In 1726 he joined the Duke of Carignan and took part in the newly formed Concert Spirituel for the first time.[2] In 1728 he published his first book of flute music, containing six sonatas for two flutes without bass.[1] From 1731 to 1735, he performed at the Concert Spirituel with Jean-Marie Leclair, Jean-Pierre Guignon, Jean-Joseph de Mondonville, Jean-Baptiste Senaillé, and Jacques Aubert.[1]

In 1738, Blavet became the principal flute in Louis XV's personal musical ensemble, the "Musique du Roi", and in 1740 at the Paris Opera orchestra.[1] He played in the quartet (flute – Blavet, violin – Guignon, viola da gamba – Forqueray the younger, cello – Édouard) that played the premiere performance of the Paris quartets by Telemann.[2] Blavet turned down a post in Frederick the Great's court, which Quantz eventually accepted after the pay had been increased significantly. In 1752 Blavet modeled on Italian interludes the first French comic opera, Le Jaloux corrigé.[1] He also wrote a march for the Grande-Loge, having joined the Masons under the influence of the Comte de Clermont who was Grand Master of the Order in France.[1] Blavet's three Recueils for two flutes are undated, but internal evidence suggests that they come from the early 1750s. The breathing marks (h, for haliene) indicated in the Recueils and his op. 2 remain an invaluable aid in understanding eighteenth-century French musical phrasing.[3] He died in Paris in 1768.[1]

Musical works[edit]

Blavet wrote primarily for the transverse flute, in the so-called 'Italian' as well as the French style. His surviving works include a concerto and three books of sonatas (1740).[n 1] His surviving works are written only in the easiest keys, since he published them for amateurs to play.

Compositions[edit]

Performed by Albert Tipton (flute) and Mary Norris (piano)

Performed by Alex Murray (flute) and Martha Goldstein (harpsichord)

Problems playing these files? See media help.
  • Six sonatas for two flutes without bass, Opus 1 (1728)
  • Six sonatas for flute and continuo, Op 2 (1732)
    • Nr. 1 in G major L'Henriette
    • Nr. 2 in D minor La Vibray
    • Nr. 3 in e minor La Dherouville
    • Nr. 4 in g minor La Lumagne
    • Nr. 5 in D major La Chauvet
    • Nr. 6 in a minor Le Bouget
  • Concerto in A minor for flute and strings (without viola) (1745, 1954 rediscovered).[n 2]
  • Four operas, of which only Le Jaloux Corrige (1752) survived.[n 3]
    • Le jaloux corrigé (1752)
    • Floriane ou la grotte des Spectacles (1752)
    • Les Jeux olympiques (1753)
    • La Fête de Cythère (1753)
  • Arrangements and original compositions for two flutes
    • Premier recueil de pièces accomodé pour les flûtes traversières; Deuxième recueil de pièces accomodé pour les flûtes traversières; Troisième recueil de pièces accomodé pour les flûtes traversières. Paris s.d.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ A selection of Blavet's sonatas was published in 1908 in New England. Several arrangements have appeared in Blavet's works for the recorder (soprano and alto).
  2. ^ It has some of the composer's elaborate cadences, sounding over a pedal point.
  3. ^ Blavet was the first composer of a French comic opera.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Musicologie. "Blavet Michel (1700-1768)". Musicologie.org. Retrieved 7 July 2012. 
  2. ^ a b c Flute History. "Michel Blavet (1700-68)". Flutehistory.com. Retrieved 7 July 2012. 
  3. ^ Peterman, Lewis E (1991). "Michel Blavet's Breathing Marks: A Rare Source for Musical Phrasing in Eighteenth-Century France" (PDF). Performance Practice Review 4 (2). doi:10.5642/perfpr.199104.02.04. 

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Michel_Blavet — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.

95 news items

Taunus Zeitung

Taunus Zeitung
Thu, 04 Feb 2016 18:05:07 -0800

Das erste Werk, die Sonate Nr. 2 in d-Moll „La Libray“ des französischen Komponisten Michel Blavet (1700–1768) kam mal wehmütig-melancholisch, mal heiter-rasant daher. Es endete in einer ausdrucksvollen Harmonie beider Instrumente, auch wenn der ...

Badische Zeitung

Badische Zeitung
Mon, 01 Feb 2016 13:00:00 -0800

Aus einer Querflötensonate von Michel Blavet spielte Anna Meier einen langsamen Satz mit ganz viel Ruhe, Wärme und Weichheit und einen schnellen Satz, der schwungvoll und gleichzeitig durch eine Vielzahl kleinster Verzierungen verschnörkelt klang.

GazetteNET

GazetteNET
Wed, 05 Aug 2015 14:12:22 -0700

The concert will feature a number of Indian compositions (ragas) and a French Baroque composition by Michel Blavet. Admission costs $15. For information, call 548-9645. Art Walk in Amherst. Amherst's Art Walk will take place Thursday from 5 to 8 p.m..

Allentown Morning Call

Allentown Morning Call
Wed, 25 Feb 2015 18:15:00 -0800

Certainly the selections from "Huit Pièces" by the late-Baroque composer and flute virtuoso Michel Blavet will sound very French indeed — Blavet was the principal flute in Louis XV's personal musical ensemble. Jacques Ibert's "Paraboles I and II ...

Ithaca Journal

Ithaca Journal
Wed, 22 Oct 2014 20:10:13 -0700

Concertgoers will hear an array of instrumental chamber music, from solo sonatas with continuo (for flute by Michel Blavet; for cello by Jean-Baptiste Barriere), to a suite for two viols by Marin Marais, to large ensemble pieces (concerto by Jean ...

Badische Zeitung

Badische Zeitung
Sun, 03 Jan 2016 13:00:00 -0800

Querflöte und Basso continuo ergänzten sich in der Sonata IV "La Lumague" g-moll in fünf Sätzen von Michel Blavet (1700-1768). Sieben Stücke in G-Dur und g-moll "Pour le temps de Noel" für Orgel von Cesar Franck (1822-1890) erfüllten von der Empore ...

Francetv info

Francetv info
Mon, 05 Oct 2015 01:05:03 -0700

Un des épisodes les plus remarquables attaché à ces quatuors est sans doute la première interprétation donnée par quatre des musiciens parisiens les plus célèbres : Michel Blavet à la flûte, Jean-Pierre Gignon au violon, Jean-Baptiste Forqueray à la ...

Η Αυγή

Η Αυγή
Fri, 16 Oct 2015 21:30:00 -0700

Μουσική δωματίου και σόλο έργα του όψιμου μπαρόκ, των Vivaldi, Telemann και Couperin, αλά και λιγότερο γνωστών, όπως οι Francesco Geminiani, Michel Blavet και Johann Georg Pisendel, ερμηνεύουν οι σολίστες Δημήτρης Καρακαντάς (μπαρόκ βιολί), ...
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