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Michael Somogyi
Michael Somogyi early portrait cropped 01.03.002.tif
Born (1883-03-07)March 7, 1883
Reinersdorf, Austria-Hungary
Died July 21, 1971(1971-07-21) (aged 88)
St. Louis, Missouri, United States
Alma mater University of Budapest
Known for Somogyi effect

Dr. Michael Somogyi (March 7, 1883 – July 21, 1971) was a Hungarian American professor of biochemistry at the Washington University and Jewish Hospital of St. Louis, who prepared the first insulin treatment given to a child with diabetes in the USA in October 1922.[1] Somogyi showed that excessive insulin makes diabetes unstable in the Chronic Somogyi rebound of which he gave his name, and first published his findings in 1938.[2]


Michael Somogyi was born on March 7, 1883 in the village of Zsámánd in Hungary, Austria-Hungary (today Reinersdorf, part of Heiligenbrunn, Austria). He graduated in chemistry from the University of Budapest in 1905 and then went to the United States. At first, he had trouble finding suitable work, but eventually he obtained a position as an assistant of biochemistry at the Cornell University Medical College, NY where he was active until 1908. That year Somogyi returned to Budapest to become chief chemist at the municipal laboratory. He obtained a doctorate from the University of Budapest in 1914.

In 1922, his colleague P. A. Schaffer at Cornell University persuaded him to return to the USA to become a professor of biochemistry at the Washington University's medical school in St. Louis. The first insulin treatment of a child with diabetes in the USA in October 1922 was done with a preparation of insulin produced by Somogyi. In 1926, he became first chemist at the Jewish Hospital, St. Louis. In his first year working as a clinical chemist in St. Louis, he introduced a method for determining reducing sugars in human blood. He took a special interest in diabetic patients and in 1938, at a meeting of the medical society in St. Louis to the theme of “unstable, severe diabetic patients”, Somogyi first presented his theory that insulin treatment in itself might cause unstable diabetes. In 1940 he developed a method for the determination of serum amylase in healthy and diabetic individuals. He is also credited with devising a test for acute pancreatitis. Somogyi was active at the Jewish Hospital of St. Louis until his retirement in 1957.[3][4] He died from a stroke on 21 July 1971.


  1. ^ Michael Somogyi (www.whonamedit.com)
  2. ^ M. Somogyi, "Insulin as a cause of extreme hyperglycemia and instability," Weekly Bulletin of the St Louis Medical Society, 1938, 32:498-510
  3. ^ Walker, Harvey (1971). "Michael Somogyi". Clinical Chemistry 17 (11): 1138. 
  4. ^ Walker Jr, H (1972). "Michael Somogyi 1883-1971.". Carbohydrate research 21 (3): 337–8. PMID 4559164. 

External links[edit]

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56 news items

Jerusalem Post
Mon, 19 Aug 2013 10:58:36 -0700

For Michael Somogyi, creator of the online radio show Rock4Rookies, 'music can literally talk to anyone and there's something out there for everyone, no matter what it is.' Michael Somogyi. (photo credit:Courtesy). Share on Facebook Share on Twitter.

Toronto Star

StreetInsider.com (subscription)
Fri, 26 Jul 2013 11:56:15 -0700

"The negative outlook reflects Halliburton's more aggressive financial posture evidenced by debt funded common stock repurchase activity and a higher anticipated leverage profile," stated Michael Somogyi, Moody's Vice President -- Senior Analyst.
Moodys.com (press release) (registration)
Wed, 07 Aug 2013 13:16:09 -0700

... developed reserves and average daily production volumes, and the company's limited financial flexibility," stated Michael Somogyi, Moody's Vice President -- Senior Analyst. "As a holding company, Denver Parent Corporation has no business operations ...
Moodys.com (press release) (registration)
Fri, 24 May 2013 09:40:34 -0700

"The rating downgrade is reflective of Quicksilver's persistent high debt level and natural gas concentrated production profile, resulting in weak cash flow interest coverage and high leverage metrics," commented Michael Somogyi, Moody's Vice President ...
Moodys.com (press release) (registration)
Tue, 25 Jun 2013 11:15:03 -0700

... reflect Hercules' strategic decision to upgrade its current rig fleet and increase its exposure to international markets in an effort to improve the long-term competitiveness of the company," stated Michael Somogyi, Moody's Vice President -- Senior ...
Moodys.com (press release) (registration)
Thu, 01 Aug 2013 10:37:30 -0700

New York, August 01, 2013 -- Moody's Investors Service assigned a B3 rating to Endeavor Energy Resources, LP's (Endeavor) proposed $300 million senior unsecured notes due 2021. The notes are being co-issued by EER Finance, Inc. Moody's also ...
Moodys.com (press release) (registration)
Mon, 03 Jun 2013 12:18:45 -0700

New York, June 03, 2013 -- Moody's Investors Service assigned a B3 rating to Approach Resources Inc.'s (Approach) proposed $250 million senior unsecured notes due 2021. Moody's also assigned a B2 Corporate Family Rating (CFR), B2-PD Probability of ...
Wed, 07 Apr 2010 00:00:00 -0700

Joseph Daly of Ward Hill stars as Atticus with 13-year-old Sabrina Bogen of Arden Heights as Scout; Kevin Pearl of Westerleigh as Jem; Dorian McGhee of Port Richmond as Tom Robinson and Michael Somogyi of Annadale as Boo Radley. The cast is ...

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