digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

Michael M. Fried (born April 12, 1939 in New York City) is a modernist art critic and art historian. He studied at Princeton University and Harvard University and was a Rhodes Scholar at Merton College, Oxford. He is currently the J.R. Herbert Boone Professor of Humanities and Art History at the Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, United States.

Fried's contribution to art historical discourse involved the debate over the origins and development of modernism. Along with Fried, this debate's interlocutors include other theorists and critics such as Clement Greenberg, T. J. Clark, and Rosalind Krauss. Since the early 1960s, he has also been close to philosopher Stanley Cavell.

Early career[edit]

Fried describes his early career in the introduction to Art and Objecthood: Essays and Reviews (1998), an anthology of his art criticism in the 60s and 70s. Although he majored in English at Princeton it was there that he became interested in writing art criticism. While at Princeton he met the artist Frank Stella and through him Walter Darby Bannard. In 1958, he wrote a letter to Clement Greenberg expressing his admiration for his writing and first met him in the Spring of that year. In September 1958, he moved to Oxford, Ruskin School of Drawing and Fine Art, and then to London in 1961–62, where he studied philosophy part-time at University College, London (UCL), under Stuart Hampshire and Richard Wollheim. In 1961 Hilton Kramer offered him the post of London correspondent for the journal Arts. In the fall of 1961, Fried began his friendship with the sculptor Anthony Caro; Caro had invited him to write the introduction to his Whitechapel Art Gallery exhibition in 1963.

In the late summer of 1962, Fried returned to the U.S, where he combined studying for a Ph.D in art history at Harvard with writing art criticism, initially for Art International, and curating the exhibition Three American painters: Kenneth Noland, Jules Olitski, Frank Stella at Harvard's Fogg Art Museum.

Art and Objecthood[edit]

In his essay, "Art and Objecthood," published in 1967, Fried argued that Minimalism's focus on the viewer's experience, rather than the relational properties of the work of art exemplified by modernism, made the work of art indistinguishable from one's general experience of the world. Minimalism (or "literalism" as Fried called it) offered an experience of "theatricality" or "presence" rather than "presentness" (a condition that required continual renewal). The essay inadvertently opened the door to establishing a theoretical basis for Minimalism as a movement based in a conflicting mode of phenomenological experience than the one offered by Fried.[1]

Absorption and theatricality[edit]

In "Art and Objecthood" Fried criticised the "theatricality" of Minimalist art. He introduced the opposing term "absorption" in his 1980 book, Absorption and Theatricality: Painting and Beholder in the Age of Diderot.[2] Drawing on Diderot's criticism,[3] Fried argues that whenever a self-consciousness of viewing exists, absorption is compromised, and theatricality results.[4] As well as applying the distinction to 18th-century painting, Fried employs related categories in his art criticism of post-1945 American painting and sculpture.[4] Fried rejects the effort by some critics to conflate his art-critical and art-historical writing.[5]

Stephen Melville follows Fried in suggesting that theatricality has been construed as a threat to the autonomy of art; he also argues that Fried's analysis is limited by accepting on its own terms the response of art to this threat.[6] Like Fried, Melville contends that theatricality is an ontological character of art that can be temporarily neutralized but never denied[6] and that absorption is itself a particular mode of theater.[7] Martin Puchner holds that Fried's distinction rests on a Modernist resistance to interference from the public sphere and a defence of the artist's control over the external circumstances of reception.[8]

Fried revisits some of these concerns in a study of recent photography with Why Photography Matters as Art as Never Before (London and New Haven 2008). In a reading of works by prominent art photographers of the last 20 years (Bernd and Hilla Becher, Jeff Wall, Andreas Gursky, Thomas Demand among others) Fried asserts that concerns of anti-theatricality and absorption are central to the turn by recent photographers towards large-scale works "for the wall.".[9]

Selected Bibliography[edit]

In more recent years, Fried has written several long and complex histories of modern art, most famously on Édouard Manet, Gustave Courbet, Adolph Menzel, and painting in the late 18th century.

  • Absorption and Theatricality: Painting and Beholder in the Age of Diderot Berkeley: University of California Press, 1980. Awarded 1980 Gottschalk Prize.
  • Realism, Writing, Disfiguration: On Thomas Eakins and Stephen Crane Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press, 1987. Awarded 1990 Charles C. Eldredge Prize.
  • Courbet's Realism Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press, 1990.
  • Manet's Modernism Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press, 1996. French translation awarded 2000 Prix Littéraire Etats-Unis.
  • Art and Objecthood: Essays and Reviews Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press, 1998.
  • Menzel's Realism: Art and Embodiment in Nineteenth-Century Berlin London and New Haven: Yale University Press, 2002.
  • Why Photography Matters as Art as Never Before London and New Haven: Yale University Press, 2008.
  • The Moment of Caravaggio Princeton University Press, 2010.
  • Four Honest Outlaws: Sala, Ray, Marioni, Gordon London and New Haven: Yale University Press, 2011.
  • Flaubert's "Gueuloir": On Madame Bovary and Salammbô London and New Haven: Yale University Press, 2012.
  • Another Light: Jacques-Louis David to Thomas Demand London and New Haven: Yale University Press, 2014.

Fried is a poet, having written The Next Bend in the Road, Powers, and To the Center of the Earth.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hal Foster The Crux of Minimalism, From "The Return of the Real: The Avant-garde at the End of the Century" 1996, Mit Press ISBN 0-262-56107-7
  2. ^ Charles Green, The Third Hand: Collaboration in Art from Conceptualism to Postmodernism, UNSW Press, p140. ISBN 0-86840-588-4
  3. ^ Toril Moi, Henrik Ibsen and the Birth of Modernism: Art, Theater, Philosophy, Oxford University Press, 2006, p114. ISBN 0-19-929587-5
  4. ^ a b Tracy C. Davis, Thomas Postlewait, Theatricality, Cambridge University Press, 2003, p20. ISBN 0-521-01207-4
  5. ^ Michael Fried, Art and Objecthood: Essays and Reviews, University of Chicago Press, 1998, p73. ISBN 0-226-26319-3
  6. ^ a b Steven Connor, Postmodernist Culture: An Introduction to Theories of the Contemporary, Blackwell Publishing, 1997, p98. ISBN 0-631-20052-5
  7. ^ Stephen W. Melville, Philosophy Beside Itself: On Deconstruction and Modernism, University of Minnesota Press, 1986, p11. ISBN 0-8166-1437-7
  8. ^ William B. Worthen, Print and the Poetics of Modern Drama, Cambridge University Press, 2005, p131. ISBN 0-521-84184-4
  9. ^ Michael Fried: Why Photography Matters as Art as Never Before: London and New Haven, 2008, p14. ISBN 978-0-300-13684-5

Further reading[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Michael_Fried — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
762358 videos foundNext > 

Animated Theories of Michael Fried

Michael Fried does not enjoy Minimalism.

Michael Fried: About the Tableau

Some remarks about the history of the concept of the tableau from early C18 to the present. The basic claim is that right form the start it was a concept tha...

Michael Fried Lecture

The Jane L. and Robert H. Weiner Lecture in the Fine Arts presents the distinguished art critic and art historian Michael Fried, J.R. Herbert Boone Chair in ...

Michael Fried Reading

Michael Fried is James R. Herbert Boone Professor of Humanities at The Johns Hopkins University. One of the most distinguished art historians of the 20th cen...

Michael Fried and Jean Francois Chevrier panel discussion pt I

Robert Michael Fried - Igniting Your True Purpose and Passion

The key to attaining true success in life is to achieve that balance between making money and making meaning. Marketing executive and best-selling author Rob...

Robert Michael Fried Fortune 500 Business Leader Speaker

Fortune 500 marketing strategist and best selling author Robert Michael Fried strikes a refreshing balance between making money and making meaning. Fried has...

Michael Fried - Skulptur efter skulptur: ett rundabordssamtal

Skulptur efter skulptur: Ett rundabordssamtal med Michael Fried, Isabelle Graw, Michelle Kuo, Charles Ray och Scott Rothkopf modererat av Jack Bankowsky. Sku...

Michael Fried and Jean Francois Chevrier panel discussion pt II

Michael Fried - Vortrag II

Thomas Struth's Museum Photographs Vortragsreihe Michael Fried 13. - 16. März 2007 MUMOK Wien.

762358 videos foundNext > 

403 news items

 
The Daily Camera
Wed, 29 Oct 2014 00:02:51 -0700

We are writing in support of Susan Honstein's candidacy for Louisville City Council, Ward 1. We believe that Susan's professional background, and her passion for and commitment to our community will be an asset to the city council. If you look at the ...
 
MedPage Today
Sun, 16 Nov 2014 09:54:09 -0800

In commenting on the research, press conference moderator Michael Fried, MD, director of the University of North Carolina Liver Center, Chapel Hill, told MedPage Today, "I agree that this is a very important study because it does sort of set the limits ...
 
MedPage Today
Thu, 13 Nov 2014 11:30:00 -0800

In commenting on the research, press conference moderator Michael Fried, MD, director of the University of North Carolina Liver Center, Chapel Hill, told MedPage Today, "I agree that this is a very important study because it does sort of set the limits ...
 
Broadway World
Mon, 10 Nov 2014 12:03:45 -0800

Willard Boepple Sculpture: The Sense of Things is written by Karen Wilkin with a forward by Michael Fried. The publication will be available for purchase from the gallery. Willard Boepple was born in Bennington, Vermont in 1945, and grew up in Berkeley ...
 
Broadway World
Thu, 06 Nov 2014 10:22:30 -0800

A revolution in American art began after the Second World War. But from where we are now, it is often difficult to understand the real breadth of the upheaval--and easy to forget how exciting and uncertain it all was. Art didn't have to end up this way ...

Artforum

Artforum
Fri, 31 Jan 2014 20:52:30 -0800

ALL OF US WHO WERE CLOSE TO ANTHONY CARO (Tony to his friends, an international society of thousands) were certain that he would live to be at least one hundred, making significant sculpture all the way. My impression was that he thought so too, ...
 
Broadway World
Fri, 07 Nov 2014 03:15:00 -0800

Michael Fried is an art historian and critic. He has written extensively about abstract painting and sculpture since the Second World War, but his specialist knowledge also encompasses Italian painting in the 16th and 17th centuries, contemporary 'art' ...
 
New York Times
Fri, 22 Jul 2011 08:35:29 -0700

In the course of writing an article about the photographer Thomas Struth, I remembered that the highly regarded art historian Michael Fried had a chapter on Struth in his book “Why Photography Matters as Art as Never Before” (2008), henceforth WP. I'd ...
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!

Searchlight Group

Digplanet also receives support from Searchlight Group. Visit Searchlight