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A mezzo-soprano or mezzo (English pronunciation: /ˈmɛts/, /ˈmɛz/; Italian: [ˈmɛdzo] meaning "half soprano") is a type of classical female singing voice whose vocal range lies between the soprano and the contralto voice types. The mezzo-soprano's vocal range usually extends from the A below middle C to the A two octaves above (i.e. A3–A5 in scientific pitch notation, where middle C = C4). In the lower and upper extremes, some mezzo-sopranos may extend down to the F below middle C (F3) and as high as "high C" (C6).[1]

Mezzo-sopranos generally have a heavier, darker tone than sopranos. The mezzo-soprano voice resonates in a higher range than that of a contralto. The terms Dugazon and Galli-Marié are sometimes used to refer to light mezzo-sopranos, after the names of famous singers. A castrato with a vocal range equivalent to a mezzo-soprano's range is referred to as a mezzo-soprano castrato or mezzista. Today, however, only women should be referred to as mezzo-sopranos; men singing within the female range are called countertenors.[2] In current operatic practice, female singers with very low tessituras are often included among mezzo-sopranos, because singers in both ranges are able to cover the other, and true operatic contraltos are very rare.[1]

While mezzo-sopranos typically sing secondary roles in operas, notable exceptions include the title role in Bizet's Carmen, Angelina (Cinderella) in Rossini's La Cenerentola, and Rosina in Rossini's Barber of Seville (all of which are also sung by sopranos). Many 19th-century French-language operas give the leading female role to mezzos, including Béatrice et Bénédict, La damnation de Faust, Don Quichotte, La favorite, Mignon, Samson et Dalila, Les Troyens, and Werther, as well as Carmen.

Typical roles for mezzo-sopranos include the stereotypical triad associated with contraltos of "witches, bitches, and britches":[3] witches, nurses, and wise women, such as Azucena in Verdi's Il trovatore; villains and seductresses such as Amneris in Verdi's Aida; and "breeches roles" (male characters played by female singers) such as Cherubino in Mozart's Le nozze di Figaro. Mezzo-sopranos are well represented in baroque music, early music, and baroque opera.[1] Some roles designated for lighter soubrette sopranos are sung by mezzo sopranos, who often provide a fuller, more dramatic quality. Such roles include Despina in Mozart's Così fan tutte and Zerlina in his Don Giovanni.[4] Mezzos sometimes play dramatic soprano roles such as Santuzza in Mascagni's Cavalleria rusticana, Lady Macbeth in Verdi's Macbeth, and Kundry in Wagner's Parsifal.[5]

Coloratura mezzo-soprano[edit]

A coloratura mezzo-soprano has a warm lower register and an agile high register. The roles they sing often demand not only the use of the lower register but also leaps into the upper tessitura with highly ornamented, rapid passages. They have a range from approximately the G below middle C (G3) to the B two octaves above middle C (B5). Some coloratura mezzo-sopranos can sing up to high C (C6) or high D (D6), but this is very rare.[1] What distinguishes these voices from being called sopranos is their extension into the lower register and warmer vocal quality. Although coloratura mezzo-sopranos have impressive and at times thrilling high notes, they are most comfortable singing in the middle of their range, rather than the top.[5]

Many of the hero roles in the operas of Handel and Monteverdi, originally sung by male castrati, can be successfully sung today by coloratura mezzo-sopranos. Rossini demanded similar qualities for his comic heroines, and Vivaldi wrote roles frequently for this voice as well. Coloratura mezzo-sopranos also often sing lyric-mezzo soprano roles or soubrette roles.[4]

Coloratura mezzo-soprano roles in operas[edit]

*denotes a lead role

Coloratura mezzo-soprano singers[edit]

Notable coloratura mezzo-sopranos include:

Lyric mezzo-soprano[edit]

The lyric mezzo-soprano has a range from approximately the G below middle C (G3) to the A two octaves above middle C (A5).[1] This voice has a very smooth, sensitive and at times lachrymose quality. Lyric mezzo-sopranos do not have the vocal agility of the coloratura mezzo-soprano or the size of the dramatic mezzo-soprano. The lyric mezzo-soprano is ideal for most trouser roles.[5]

Lyric mezzo-soprano roles in operas[edit]

*denotes a lead role

Lyric mezzo-soprano singers[edit]

Notable lyric mezzo-sopranos include:

Dramatic mezzo-soprano[edit]

A dramatic mezzo-soprano has a strong medium register, a warm high register and a voice that is broader and more powerful than the lyric and coloratura mezzo-sopranos. This voice has less vocal facility than the coloratura mezzo-soprano. The range of the dramatic mezzo-soprano is from approximately the F below middle C to the G two octaves above middle C.[1] The dramatic mezzo-soprano can sing over an orchestra and chorus with ease and was often used in the 19th century opera, to portray older women, mothers, witches and evil characters. Verdi wrote many roles for this voice in the Italian repertoire and there are also a few good roles in the French Literature. The majority of these roles, however, are within the German Romantic repertoire of composers like Wagner and Richard Strauss. Like coloratura mezzos, dramatic mezzos are also often cast in lyric mezzo-soprano roles.[5]

Dramatic mezzo-soprano roles in operas[edit]

*denotes a lead role

Dramatic mezzo-soprano singers[edit]

Notable dramatic mezzo-sopranos include:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Appelman, D. Ralph (1986). The Science of Vocal Pedagogy: Theory and Application. Indiana University Press. ISBN 978-0-253-20378-6. 
  2. ^ Stark, James (2003). Bel Canto: A History of Vocal Pedagogy. University of Toronto Press. ISBN 978-0-8020-8614-3. 
  3. ^ Voice types
  4. ^ a b Boldrey, Richard; Robert Caldwell, Werner Singer, Joan Wall and Roger Pines (1992). Singer's Edition (Soubrette): Operatic Arias – Soubrette. Caldwell Publishing Company. ISBN 978-1-877761-03-4. 
  5. ^ a b c d Boldrey, Richard (1994). Guide to Operatic Roles and Arias. Caldwell Publishing Company. ISBN 978-1-877761-64-5. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Peckham, Anne (2005). Vocal Workouts for the Contemporary Singer. Berklee Press Publications. ISBN 978-0-87639-047-4. 
  • Smith, Brenda (2005). Choral Pedagogy. Plural Publishing, Inc. ISBN 978-1-59756-043-6. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Mezzo-soprano vocalists at Wikimedia Commons
The dictionary definition of mezzo-soprano at Wiktionary


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mezzo-soprano — Please support Wikipedia.
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Columbus Dispatch (blog)

Columbus Dispatch (blog)
Fri, 08 Aug 2014 14:03:24 -0700

But Columbus native Katherine Carroll, a mezzo-soprano with a growing track record, has returned for her second summer to perform in Santa Fe. New Mexico. "My first summer last year was incredible, such a learning experience," said Carroll, 26, "It's ...
 
Appalachian State University
Tue, 02 Sep 2014 13:37:30 -0700

Mezzo-soprano Priscilla Porterfield and pianist Bair Shagdaron will team up for three works by Samuel Barber. Rodney Reynerson will perform Chopin's “Nocturne in C-sharp Minor, Op. 27, No. 1.” Works for cello will be performed by Corinne Cassini.

The Moscow Times

The Moscow Times
Tue, 02 Sep 2014 10:03:45 -0700

"The Final Statement of the Accused" is a 10-minute piece for mezzo-soprano and orchestra based on Pussy Riot member Maria Alyokhina's closing remarks at the controversial Pussy Riot trial in Moscow on Aug. 8, 2012. According to Demutsky, his new ...

The Guardian

The Guardian
Mon, 01 Sep 2014 09:41:15 -0700

Mezzo-soprano Melanie Sanders evokes the artist's confusion as she tries to hold on to the past while being dragged towards an uncertain future. Edward Hughes is touching as the thoughtful Gio, while fellow tenor Edmund Hastings makes unsettling ...

Telegraph.co.uk

Telegraph.co.uk
Mon, 01 Sep 2014 09:26:31 -0700

It's impossible to believe that this unique mezzo-soprano turned seventy this year: her vocalising has the expressive assurance and tonal steadiness of someone thirty years younger – and she looks terrific too. Gunn-Brit Barkmin's sympathetic but less ...

New York Daily News

Express.co.uk
Mon, 01 Sep 2014 05:11:15 -0700

In this clip the mezzo soprano manages to look glamorous even in a simple black top and shorts, with her trademark blonde locks tied back into a pony tail. But as she begins to read out her nominations for the charity challenge, she is given a surprise ...

Telegraph.co.uk

Telegraph.co.uk
Mon, 01 Sep 2014 09:18:45 -0700

It's impossible to believe that this unique mezzo-soprano turned seventy this year: her vocalising has the expressive assurance and tonal steadiness of someone thirty years younger – and she looks terrific too. Gunn-Brit Barkmin's sympathetic but less ...

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Brooklyn Daily
Sun, 31 Aug 2014 22:03:45 -0700

“Hannah after” will be played by Grammy Award-winning mezzo-soprano Sasha Cooke — who also happens to be Mackgraf's wife. The pair said their close bond makes it easier for them to successfully embody the same character. “Because we trust and ...
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