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Metiabruz
Neighbourhood in Kolkata (Calcutta)
Country  India
State West Bengal
City Kolkata
Parliamentary constituency Diamond Harbour
Assembly constituency Metiaburuz
Elevation 36 ft (11 m)
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Area code(s) +91 33

Metiabruz is a neighbourhood on the southern fringe of Kolkata, the capital of the Indian state of West Bengal[1] located near Garden Reach (east), Bartala (west).

History[edit]

Metiabruz has a rich history. The Nawab of Awadh, Wajid Ali Shah, took refuge here when he was ousted by the British from his throne, and attempted to build a replica of his palace in Matiaburj.[2] It is sometimes called the 'Second Lucknow'.[3] The Imambara he created stands at the centre of Matiaburj.

Massacre of Kesoram Cotton Mills labourers in Lichu Bagan[edit]

On 17 August 1946, following the horrific communal violence of Direct Action Day, Syed Abdullah Farooqui and Elian Mistry led a mob into the mill compound of the Kesoram Cotton Mills facility in the Lichu Bagan area of Metiabruz. The mill workers, a substantial number of whom were Oriya, lived in the mill compound itself, and was the reason it was chosen for attack. The mob began to loot and, at the instigation of Farooqui, proceeded to massacre the workers. On 25 August, four survivors lodged a complaint at the Metiabruz police station against Farooqui. Biswanath Das, then a minister in the Government of Orissa, visited Lichubagan to investigate into the killings of the Oriya laborers of Kesoram Cotton Mills.[28] Some sources put the death toll at 7,000–10,000.[2] Some authors have claimed that most of the victims were Muslims.[29][30] However, many authors claim that Hindus were the primary victims.[22][25][31]

Geography[edit]

The area is connected with central Kolkata by road, through the Circular Garden Reach Rd, a 40 min drive. This road ends at the Kolkata Municipal Corporation Borough Committee 15 office. And from here its name changes to Wajid Ali Shah road which goes to the Metiaburj Police Station and from here it divides into the S. A. Farooqui Road and the Wajid Ali Shah Road, the main arterial roads of the place. The well-known Botanical Gardens of Shibpur are located just across the Hooghly river. Another local district, Howrah, is well connected with Matiaburj through a frequent ferry and boat service.

Industry[edit]

Matiaburj is a key industrial location, with the Southern Thermal Power Station (coal) and a water pumping station that supplies water to major parts of the city. It also has a shipyard, Garden Reach Shipbuilders & Engineers, founded in 1884, that is engaged in making warships of Indian Navy and Coast Guard, and is home to one of the largest textile manufacturers in India.[citation needed]. The area is largest producer of non branded garments in India. The haat bazaar (weekly market) here is the largest in India.[citation needed] Another key area of employment in the city are brick-kilns, which generally employ daily wage workers. Matiaburj is also famous for being the largest kite manufacturer in the world.[citation needed]

Population and Linguistics[edit]

The population of Metiabruz consists mainly of Muslim (75%).[citation needed] The main spoken languages include Urdu, Hindi and Bengali. It is home to a large number of unskilled labourers that settled here from rural areas in West Bengal and Bihar, who are employed on a daily wage; this includes construction workers, cleaners, plumbers, and painters.[citation needed]

Education[edit]

Education in Metiabruz does not feature highly on the local government agenda[citation needed] although Metiabruz recently got a college named 'Metiabruz College' under Calcutta University but only for Arts and the subjects offered Are Urdu, English, Hindi, History, Political Science and Education and Honours only in Political science and Urdu.However, off late interest in education is rising among the middle class Muslim population. Numerous privately owned schools (English Medium)and Government aided schools have come up.

Pollution and Sanitation[edit]

Due to the huge concentration of population, sanitation is a big problem and it has always remained an issue among political parties during election."Katcha Toilets" are still found in some areas. Broken drains and nallas create a messy condition during rainy season.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kolkata: Major fire in garment godown at Metiabruz NDTV.COM | Press Trust of India | Dec 24, 2013
  2. ^ Understanding the Kolkata Biryani Shayonpal.com | Mar 13th, 2013
  3. ^ Nabab Wajid Ali Shah: The Legacy Lives on Kolkataonwheels

See also[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Metiabruz — Please support Wikipedia.
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211 news items

NYOOOZ

NYOOOZ
Mon, 18 May 2015 19:11:02 -0700

The baby girl is the fifth child born to Farid Mollah, 37, a Metiabruz tailor living in Joynagar, and his wife Fatehma, 31. The couple has ghastly memories of one of the four children dying. Fatehma delivered the baby at the Joynagar nursing home ...

The Indian Express

The Indian Express
Thu, 23 Apr 2015 11:30:53 -0700

Kazi Masum Akhtar, a newspaper columnist and a madrasa headmaster in Kolkata's Metiabruz area — who was attacked by suspected Muslim hardliners on March 26 for allegedly “defaming” Islam — is yet to join work. The reason: He has still not received ...
 
Times of India
Thu, 14 May 2015 16:26:15 -0700

"At Metiabruz, Garden Reach and a few pockets on the city's southeastern fringes one can buy improvised handguns and bullets at throwaway prices. A second-hand single shotter costs as low as Rs 800 and a new one anywhere between Rs 2500-3000.
 
Times of India
Mon, 04 May 2015 13:41:18 -0700

KOLKATA: Bengal governor Keshari Nath Tripathi has finally intervened in the assault on the headmaster of a Metiabruz madrassa, asking the state government either to reinstate or transfer him. The headmaster of Talpukur Ara High Madrassa, Masum Akhtar ...

Hindustan Times

Hindustan Times
Thu, 30 Apr 2015 12:30:00 -0700

Packed with ball bearings, nails and springs, these could kill or seriously injure people in a radius of 50 metres or more,” said a bomb-maker in the city's Metiabruz area. Produced at illegal home ordnance factories, but in hideouts during polls by ...
 
mydigitalfc.com
Thu, 14 May 2015 10:12:07 -0700

There's an interesting story to why a potato is served with Kolkata biryani. After the kingdom of Awadh was taken over by the British, the ruler Nawab Wajid Ali Shah was exiled to Kolkata and he stayed in Metiabruz, a muslim neighbourhood in Garden ...
 
NDTV
Mon, 23 Dec 2013 22:56:15 -0800

Kolkata: A major fire broke out at a garment godown in a building at Metiabruz, an area in the southern fringe of the city, today. Fifteen fire tenders have been pushed into service after the fire was reported at the godown at 6.05 AM, fire service ...
 
Times of India
Mon, 09 Apr 2012 13:37:30 -0700

KOLKATA: One person was arrested in connection with the bomb blast that killed two persons, including a woman, at Metiabruz in the Kolkata Port area on Sunday evening. The accused, Shiekh Zahidur Rahman, was held for allegedly stocking bombs on the ...
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