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Metiabruz
Neighbourhood in Kolkata (Calcutta)
Country  India
State West Bengal
City Kolkata
KMC Wards 134, 135, 136[1]
Parliamentary constituency Diamond Harbour
Assembly constituency Metiaburuz
Elevation 36 ft (11 m)
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Area code(s) +91 33

Metiabruz is a locality in Garden Reach neighbourhood of Kolkata[2] the capital of the Indian state of West Bengal. It is situated on the southern fringe of Kolkata.[3]It is located at the east side of Bartala and Rajabagan and at the west side of Sicklane, BNR Colony and Kidderpore

History[edit]

Gate of Sibtainbad Imambara, Metiabruz, Kolkata
Grave of Wajid Ali Shah at Sibtainbad Imambara, Metiabruz, Kolkata

Metiabruz has a rich history. The Nawab of Awadh, Wajid Ali Shah, took refuge here when he was ousted by the British from his throne, and attempted to build a replica of his palace in Matiaburj.[4] It is sometimes called the 'Second Lucknow'.[5] The Imambara he created stands at the centre of Matiaburj.

Geography[edit]

The area is connected with central Kolkata by road, through the Circular Garden Reach Rd, a 40 min drive. This road ends at the Kolkata Municipal Corporation Borough Committee 15 office. And from here its name changes to Wajid Ali Shah road which goes to the Metiaburj Police Station and from here it divides into the S. A. Farooqui Road and the Wajid Ali Shah Road, the main arterial roads of the place. The well-known Botanical Gardens of Shibpur are located just across the Hooghly river. Another local district, Howrah, is well connected with Matiaburj through a frequent ferry and boat service.

Industry[edit]

Matiaburj is a key industrial location, with the Southern Thermal Power Station (coal) and a water pumping station that supplies water to major parts of the city. It also has a shipyard, Garden Reach Shipbuilders & Engineers, founded in 1884, that is engaged in making warships of Indian Navy and Coast Guard, and is home to one of the largest textile manufacturers in India.[citation needed]. The area is largest producer of non branded garments in India. The haat bazaar (weekly market) here is the largest in India.[citation needed] Another key area of employment in the city are brick-kilns, which generally employ daily wage workers. Matiaburj is also famous for being the largest kite manufacturer in the world.[citation needed]

Population and Linguistics[edit]

The population of Metiabruz consists mainly of Muslim (75%).[citation needed] The main spoken languages include Urdu, Hindi and Bengali. It is home to a large number of unskilled labourers that settled here from rural areas in West Bengal and Bihar, who are employed on a daily wage; this includes construction workers, cleaners, plumbers, and painters.[citation needed]

Education[edit]

Education in Metiabruz does not feature highly on the local government agenda[citation needed] although Metiabruz recently got a college named 'Metiabruz College' under Calcutta University but only for Arts and the subjects offered Are Urdu, English, Hindi, History, Political Science and Education and Honours only in Political science and Urdu.However, off late interest in education is rising among the middle class Muslim population. Numerous privately owned schools (English Medium)and Government aided schools have come up.

Pollution and Sanitation[edit]

Due to the huge concentration of population, sanitation is a big problem and it has always remained an issue among political parties during election."Katcha Toilets" are still found in some areas. Broken drains and nallas create a messy condition during rainy season.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kolkata Municipal Corporation censusindia.gov.in
  2. ^ THE STATELY PLEASURE DOME www.telegraphindia.com | Thursday , July 14 , 2011 "Metiabruz, a desolate tract of land near the ports at Garden Reach"
  3. ^ Kolkata: Major fire in garment godown at Metiabruz NDTV.COM | Press Trust of India | Dec 24, 2013
  4. ^ Understanding the Kolkata Biryani Shayonpal.com | Mar 13th, 2013
  5. ^ Nabab Wajid Ali Shah: The Legacy Lives on Kolkataonwheels

See also[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Metiabruz — Please support Wikipedia.
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