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|Neighbourhood in Kolkata (Calcutta)|
|Parliamentary constituency||Diamond Harbour|
|Elevation||36 ft (11 m)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Area code(s)||+91 33|
Metiabruz has a rich history. The Nawab of Awadh, Wajid Ali Shah, took refuge here when he was ousted by the British from his throne, and attempted to build a replica of his palace in Matiaburj. It is sometimes called the 'Second Lucknow'. The Imambara he created stands at the centre of Matiaburj.
Massacre of Kesoram Cotton Mills labourers in Lichu Bagan
On 17 August 1946, following the horrific communal violence of Direct Action Day, Syed Abdullah Farooqui and Elian Mistry led a mob into the mill compound of the Kesoram Cotton Mills facility in the Lichu Bagan area of Metiabruz. The mill workers, a substantial number of whom were Oriya, lived in the mill compound itself, and was the reason it was chosen for attack. The mob began to loot and, at the instigation of Farooqui, proceeded to massacre the workers. On 25 August, four survivors lodged a complaint at the Metiabruz police station against Farooqui. Biswanath Das, then a minister in the Government of Orissa, visited Lichubagan to investigate into the killings of the Oriya laborers of Kesoram Cotton Mills. Some sources put the death toll at 7,000–10,000. Some authors have claimed that most of the victims were Muslims. However, many authors claim that Hindus were the primary victims.
The area is connected with central Kolkata by road, through the Circular Garden Reach Rd, a 40 min drive. This road ends at the Kolkata Municipal Corporation Borough Committee 15 office. And from here its name changes to Wajid Ali Shah road which goes to the Metiaburj Police Station and from here it divides into the S. A. Farooqui Road and the Wajid Ali Shah Road, the main arterial roads of the place. The well-known Botanical Gardens of Shibpur are located just across the Hooghly river. Another local district, Howrah, is well connected with Matiaburj through a frequent ferry and boat service.
Matiaburj is a key industrial location, with the Southern Thermal Power Station (coal) and a water pumping station that supplies water to major parts of the city. It also has a shipyard, Garden Reach Shipbuilders & Engineers, founded in 1884, that is engaged in making warships of Indian Navy and Coast Guard, and is home to one of the largest textile manufacturers in India.. The area is largest producer of non branded garments in India. The haat bazaar (weekly market) here is the largest in India. Another key area of employment in the city are brick-kilns, which generally employ daily wage workers. Matiaburj is also famous for being the largest kite manufacturer in the world.
Population and Linguistics
The population of Metiabruz consists mainly of Muslim (75%). The main spoken languages include Urdu, Hindi and Bengali. It is home to a large number of unskilled labourers that settled here from rural areas in West Bengal and Bihar, who are employed on a daily wage; this includes construction workers, cleaners, plumbers, and painters.
Education in Metiabruz does not feature highly on the local government agenda although Metiabruz recently got a college named 'Metiabruz College' under Calcutta University but only for Arts and the subjects offered Are Urdu, English, Hindi, History, Political Science and Education and Honours only in Political science and Urdu.However, off late interest in education is rising among the middle class Muslim population. Numerous privately owned schools (English Medium)and Government aided schools have come up.
Pollution and Sanitation
Due to the huge concentration of population, sanitation is a big problem and it has always remained an issue among political parties during election."Katcha Toilets" are still found in some areas. Broken drains and nallas create a messy condition during rainy season.
- Kolkata: Major fire in garment godown at Metiabruz NDTV.COM | Press Trust of India | Dec 24, 2013
- Understanding the Kolkata Biryani Shayonpal.com | Mar 13th, 2013
- Nabab Wajid Ali Shah: The Legacy Lives on Kolkataonwheels