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Metiabruz
Neighbourhood in Kolkata (Calcutta)
Country  India
State West Bengal
City Kolkata
Parliamentary constituency Diamond Harbour
Assembly constituency Metiaburuz
Elevation 36 ft (11 m)
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Area code(s) +91 33

Metiabruz is a neighbourhood on the southern fringe of Kolkata, the capital of the Indian state of West Bengal[1] located near Garden Reach (east), Bartala (west).

History[edit]

Metiabruz has a rich history. The Nawab of Awadh, Wajid Ali Shah, took refuge here when he was ousted by the British from his throne, and attempted to build a replica of his palace in Matiaburj.[2] It is sometimes called the 'Second Lucknow'.[3] The Imambara he created stands at the centre of Matiaburj.

Massacre of Kesoram Cotton Mills labourers in Lichu Bagan[edit]

On 17 August 1946, following the horrific communal violence of Direct Action Day, Syed Abdullah Farooqui and Elian Mistry led a mob into the mill compound of the Kesoram Cotton Mills facility in the Lichu Bagan area of Metiabruz. The mill workers, a substantial number of whom were Oriya, lived in the mill compound itself, and was the reason it was chosen for attack. The mob began to loot and, at the instigation of Farooqui, proceeded to massacre the workers. On 25 August, four survivors lodged a complaint at the Metiabruz police station against Farooqui. Biswanath Das, then a minister in the Government of Orissa, visited Lichubagan to investigate into the killings of the Oriya laborers of Kesoram Cotton Mills.[28] Some sources put the death toll at 7,000–10,000.[2] Some authors have claimed that most of the victims were Muslims.[29][30] However, many authors claim that Hindus were the primary victims.[22][25][31]

Geography[edit]

The area is connected with central Kolkata by road, through the Circular Garden Reach Rd, a 40 min drive. This road ends at the Kolkata Municipal Corporation Borough Committee 15 office. And from here its name changes to Wajid Ali Shah road which goes to the Metiaburj Police Station and from here it divides into the S. A. Farooqui Road and the Wajid Ali Shah Road, the main arterial roads of the place. The well-known Botanical Gardens of Shibpur are located just across the Hooghly river. Another local district, Howrah, is well connected with Matiaburj through a frequent ferry and boat service.

Industry[edit]

Matiaburj is a key industrial location, with the Southern Thermal Power Station (coal) and a water pumping station that supplies water to major parts of the city. It also has a shipyard, Garden Reach Shipbuilders & Engineers, founded in 1884, that is engaged in making warships of Indian Navy and Coast Guard, and is home to one of the largest textile manufacturers in India.[citation needed]. The area is largest producer of non branded garments in India. The haat bazaar (weekly market) here is the largest in India.[citation needed] Another key area of employment in the city are brick-kilns, which generally employ daily wage workers. Matiaburj is also famous for being the largest kite manufacturer in the world.[citation needed]

Population and Linguistics[edit]

The population of Metiabruz consists mainly of Muslim (75%).[citation needed] The main spoken languages include Urdu, Hindi and Bengali. It is home to a large number of unskilled labourers that settled here from rural areas in West Bengal and Bihar, who are employed on a daily wage; this includes construction workers, cleaners, plumbers, and painters.[citation needed]

Education[edit]

Education in Metiabruz does not feature highly on the local government agenda[citation needed] although Metiabruz recently got a college named 'Metiabruz College' under Calcutta University but only for Arts and the subjects offered Are Urdu, English, Hindi, History, Political Science and Education and Honours only in Political science and Urdu.However, off late interest in education is rising among the middle class Muslim population. Numerous privately owned schools (English Medium)and Government aided schools have come up.

Pollution and Sanitation[edit]

Due to the huge concentration of population, sanitation is a big problem and it has always remained an issue among political parties during election."Katcha Toilets" are still found in some areas. Broken drains and nallas create a messy condition during rainy season.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kolkata: Major fire in garment godown at Metiabruz NDTV.COM | Press Trust of India | Dec 24, 2013
  2. ^ Understanding the Kolkata Biryani Shayonpal.com | Mar 13th, 2013
  3. ^ Nabab Wajid Ali Shah: The Legacy Lives on Kolkataonwheels

See also[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Metiabruz — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
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kama zani in kolkata(metiabruz)

Peace rally in metiabruz 08.08.2014 against Israel.Gaza Strip

Peace rally in metiabruz 08.08.2014 against Israel.Gaza Strip.

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9th Muharram Zanjeer ka matam in Metiabruz.

Executive Director of Anudip Radha Basu at Metiabruz MERIT center

Radha Basu speaks on Anudip's social impact and project services from the all women MERIT center in Metiabruz.

(Metiabruz)bike kand

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A fruit seller from Metiabruz has been kidnapped

A fruit seller from Metiabruz has been kidnapped.

655 videos foundNext > 

206 news items

The Indian Express

The Indian Express
Thu, 23 Apr 2015 11:22:30 -0700

Kazi Masum Akhtar, a newspaper columnist and a madrasa headmaster in Kolkata's Metiabruz area — who was attacked by suspected Muslim hardliners on March 26 for allegedly “defaming” Islam — is yet to join work. The reason: He has still not received ...

Daily News & Analysis

Daily News & Analysis
Sat, 18 Apr 2015 00:54:16 -0700

Areas of Kankurgachi, Baghajatin, Santoshpur, Ganguly Bagan, Metiabruz, Beliaghata reported widespread violence. Three rounds of shots were fired at CPI(M) leader Fuad Halim, in front of the Indian Museum. While he was unhurt, he filed a complaint with ...

The Indian Express

The Indian Express
Wed, 01 Apr 2015 12:41:15 -0700

Investigations by The Indian Express revealed that the Metiabruz madrasa managing committee has petitioned the Madrasa Board and other departments dealing with minority affairs to remove Akhtar as headmaster “as there is an atmosphere of tension” ever ...

The Indian Express

The Indian Express
Mon, 13 Apr 2015 16:24:03 -0700

He added that he has written a “stern letter” to Kolkata Commissioner of Police, Surajit Kar Purakayastha, asking about the actions taken in connection with the recent poll violence at Metiabruz. “I had written a letter on the same issue before as well ...

The Hindu

The Hindu
Wed, 15 Apr 2015 14:37:21 -0700

The Victoria Memorial has Musammi-Ba-Banni, a book on Indian dance written by Wajid Ali Shah and printed at Metiabruz here. After losing his kingdom, the Nawab came here in 1856 and died in 1887. The museum has a miniature portrait of the Nawab in ...

The Indian Express

The Indian Express
Tue, 31 Mar 2015 13:17:06 -0700

Masum Akhtar, a newspaper columnist and the headmaster of a madrasa in Kolkata's Metiabruz area, was attacked by suspected Muslim hardliners on March 26. Speaking to The Indian Express soon after being discharged from the hospital, Akhtar said he ...

NYOOOZ

NYOOOZ
Sat, 04 Apr 2015 05:40:14 -0700

Born with just one kidney that has stopped functioning, the girl from Metiabruz needs a renal transplant to survive. Dialysis has kept Sunaiya alive, but it won`t work for her for too long, according to doctors at a city hospital where she has been ...
 
Times of India
Wed, 08 Apr 2015 12:30:00 -0700

I am looking forward to KKR knocking off Mumbai Indians," said Mohammad Naseer of Metiabruz. And it was not only Kolkatans who made to the Eden Gardens. They came in groups from different cities of India — and abroad — to witness the clash.
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