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For the ancient region, see Messenia (ancient region).
Messinia
Περιφερειακή ενότητα
Μεσσηνίας
Regional unit
Municipalities (dimi) of Messinia, 2010:   #Kalamata #Mani #Messini #Oichalia #Pylos-Nestoras #Trifylia
Municipalities (dimi) of Messinia, 2010:
  1. Kalamata
  2. Mani
  3. Messini
  4. Oichalia
  5. Pylos-Nestoras
  6. Trifylia
Messenia within Greece
Messenia within Greece
Coordinates: 37°10′N 22°0′E / 37.167°N 22.000°E / 37.167; 22.000Coordinates: 37°10′N 22°0′E / 37.167°N 22.000°E / 37.167; 22.000
Country Greece
Region Peloponnese
Capital Kalamata
Area
 • Total 2,991 km2 (1,155 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 159,954
 • Density 53/km2 (140/sq mi)
Postal codes 24x xx
Area codes 272x0, 276x0
ISO 3166 code GR-17
Car plates ΚΜ
Kalamata castle
Port of Kalamata
Messenia from Mt. Ithome
View of Pylos on the Bay of Navarino

Messenia (/məˈsniə, -ˈsnjə/; Greek: Μεσσηνία Messinia, pronounced [mesiˈnia]) is a regional unit (perifereiaki enotita) in the southwestern part of the Peloponnese, one of 13 regions into which Greece has been divided by the Kallikratis plan, implemented 1 January 2011.[1] Before 2011 Messenia was a nomos (prefecture). The capital and the biggest city of Messenia in either case has been the city of Kalamata.

Geography[edit]

Physical[edit]

Messenia borders on Elis to the north, Arcadia to the northeast, and Laconia to the southeast. The Ionian Sea lies to the west, and the Gulf of Messenia to the south. The most important mountain ranges are the Taygetus in the east, the Kyparissia mountains in the northwest and the Lykodimo in the southwest. The main rivers are the Neda in the north and the Pamisos in central Messenia.

Off the south coast of the southwesternmost point of Messenia lie the Messenian Oinousses islands. The largest of these are Sapientza, Schiza and Venetiko. The small island Sphacteria closes off the bay of Pylos. All these islands are virtually uninhabited.

Climate may vary, in the lowlands, temperatures are a bit warmer than Athens. Snow is not common during winter months except for the mountains especially the Taygetus. Rain and clouds are common inland.

Political[edit]

Reorganization of Messenia[edit]

Before the 2010 reorganization, Messenia was a nomos (prefecture) containing 29 dimoi (municipalities) and 2 koinotites (communities). The total population, based on the 2001 census was 176,876.[2] Since 2010, Messenia has been a perifereiake enoteta (regional unit) containing only 6 municipalities, but still with a population of 176,876;[3] i.e., Messenia did not change area in the reorganization. Some 25 municipalities and communities were incorporated politically into the other 6 according to the table below.[1]

New municipality Old municipalities Seat
Kalamata Kalamata Kalamata
Aris
Arfara
Thouria
Messene
(Messini)
Messene Messene
Aipeia
Androusa
Aristomenis
Voufrades
Ithomi
Petalidi
Trikorfo
Oichalia Oichalia Meligalas
Andania
Dorio
Eira
Meligalas
Pylos-Nestoras Pylos Pylos
Koroni
Methoni
Nestoras
Papaflessas
Chiliochoria
Trifylia Kyparissia Kyparissia
Aetos
Avlonas
Gargalianoi
Filiatra
Tripyla
West Mani
(Dytiki Mani)
Avia Kardamyli
Lefktro

Population[edit]

Year Population
1991 167,292
2001 172,875
2011 159,954

The main cities and towns of Messenia are (ranked by 2011 census population):

Economy[edit]

Glossa beach.

The economy of Messenia is primarily based on agricultural production although in recent years efforts are being made toward the development of activities in other sectors such as tourism.

Main agricultural products are olive oil, Kalamata table olives, figs, and black raisins (sultanas). The variety of agricultural products is complemented by a small amount of stockbreeding products (beef, milk, sfela cheese, honey) and fish from the Gulf of Messenia.

The tourist development observed is mainly attributable to the promotion of important archaeological sites, such as the Palace of Nestor, Ancient Messene, and the Venetian castles of Pylos, Koroni, Methoni and Kalamata, as well as to the beauty of the landscape. Another key factor for Messenia's economy is Costa Navarino, comprising several eco-friendly luxury resorts and golf courses, which is Greece’s biggest tourist development. [4]

There are many small- and medium-size firms involved in the processing and standardization of agricultural products as well as a number of enterprises devoted to wood processing, furniture manufacturing, and metal construction. The Karelia tobacco company is based in Kalamata.

Transport[edit]

The main airport in Messenia is Kalamata International Airport (KLX).

The main highways in Messenia are:

The main railways in Messenia are:

Communications[edit]

Television[edit]

History[edit]

Ancient period[edit]

Ancient Theater in Messene.

Messenia is mentioned in the oldest work of European literature, the Iliad.[citation needed] The name undoubtedly goes back to at least the Bronze Age, but its origins are lost in the world of mythology.

Medieval period[edit]

In the Middle Ages, Messenia shared the fortunes of the rest of the Peloponnese. Striking reminders of these conflicts are afforded by the extant ruins of the medieval strongholds of Kalamata, Coron (anc. Asine, mod. Korone), Modon (Methone) and Pylos. Messenia was a part of the Byzantine Empire.

Ottoman and Venetian period[edit]

Much of Messenia fell into the hands of the Ottoman Turks, a part of the area remained with the Venetian Republic. In 1534 a group of families, known as the 'Coroni', settled in Piana degli Albanesi in Sicily. They were Arvanites and Greeks from Koroni.

During the 1680s, the whole of Messenia was regained by the Venetian Republic in the Morean War, and formed part of the "Kingdom of the Morea" until recovered by the Ottomans in 1715. The Mani Peninsula, a part of modern Messenia, was autonomous from Turkish rule due to the fact that it had no harbors.

Modern period[edit]

Messenia became part of independent Greece as a result of the Greek War of Independence (1821-1832). The famous naval Battle of Navarino took place near present Pylos in 1827, and was a decisive victory for Greece and its allies. The population in the area of Kalamata and Messene increased from 30,000 before World War II up to nearly 80,000 in the present day. Messenia suffered damage from the 2007 Greek forest fires.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]

  • Media related to Messinia at Wikimedia Commons

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Messenia — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
2929 videos foundNext > 

Vivaldi Opera L'Oraccolo in Messenia, RV726 / Fabio Biondi Europa Galante

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Antonio Vivaldi (1678-1741) - L'oracolo in Messenia - COMPLETE

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Franziska Gottwald, "Nell'orror di notte oscura", L'oracolo in Messenia, Vivaldi

Franziska Gottwald sings the aria of Licisco "Nell'orror di notte oscura" in act III of L'oracolo in Messenia, opera from Vivaldi. Europa Galante, Fabio Bion...

Ancient Messene, Messenia Greece

Ancient Messene was the ancient capital of Messenia. The city was founded by the Theban general Epameinondas in 369 B.C.who also liberated Messenians from Sp...

Palaiokastro Pylos Messenia Greece

Palaiokastro Castle is located near Pylos, right above the Voidokilia Beach, one of the most beautiful beaches in Greece. It was build by a Frankish Baron af...

L'Oracolo in Messenia - Opera Rara 2011 - reportaż

www.operarara.pl.

Koroni Castle, Messenia Greece

Koroni Castle in Messenia grasps any traveller by just looking at it once in the beautiful village of Koroni. It's history as well as that of Methoni's Castl...

Vivaldi: Oracolo in Messenia

Vivaldi: Oracolo in Messenia / World premiere recording With: Ann Hallenberg, Vivica Genaux, Romina Basso, Julia Lezhneva, Xavier Sabata, Magnus Staveland Eu...

Messenia Roza sklep-bielizna.com

Ancient Messene, Messenia GREECE

European Union Prize for Cultural Heritage / Europa Nostra Awards 2011.

2929 videos foundNext > 

263 news items

World Socialist Web Site

World Socialist Web Site
Fri, 23 Jan 2015 21:44:55 -0800

In December 2011 Voudouris's team visited Kalamata in his Messenia constituency and was confronted by protesters who chanted, “Collaborators leave our town.” The rally on Friday finally concluded with applause from the crowd to the sounds of the ...

HeritageDaily

HeritageDaily
Thu, 22 Jan 2015 11:55:09 -0800

The village of Nichoria in Messenia was located near the palace of Pylos during the Greek Bronze Age, when Greece was considered a Superpower of the Mediterranean. The region thrived on its trade and economic stability, culture, and art and ...
 
Condé Nast Traveler
Wed, 07 Jan 2015 11:21:26 -0800

The city becomes the third character in the romance, just as Paris would nine years later in Before Sunset, and Messenia, Greece, nine years after that in Before Midnight. All three movies are a testament to travel's power to realign your perception of ...

Science 2.0

Science 2.0
Mon, 05 Jan 2015 10:00:00 -0800

The village of Nichoria in Messenia was located near the palace of Pylos during the Greek Bronze Age, when Greece was considered a Superpower of the Mediterranean. The region thrived on its trade and economic stability, culture, and art and ...

Greek Reporter

Greek Reporter
Sat, 03 Jan 2015 10:58:10 -0800

Sofia Kalantzakou was elected a member of the Greek Parliament in the region of Messenia in Peloponnese with New Democracy in the election of 2000 and 2004, while she also served as the Deputy Employment Minister. Now, some years later she ...

The Epoch Times

The Epoch Times
Wed, 07 Jan 2015 12:08:01 -0800

The village of Nichoria in Messenia was located near the palace of Pylos during the Greek Bronze Age, when Greece was considered a Superpower of the Mediterranean. The region thrived on its trade and economic stability, culture, and art and ...

Greek Reporter

Greek Reporter
Wed, 07 Aug 2013 12:45:04 -0700

sex & the city Hollywood must be enchanted by Messenia, located in the southwestern Peloponnese, as according to rumors, the filming of the third film Sex & the City may be shot there, after the filming of the movie Before Midnight, in which Ethan ...

Greek Reporter

Greek Reporter
Thu, 04 Jul 2013 15:19:58 -0700

Iklaina is located in the municipal unit of Pylos, Messenia, Peloponnese, Greece. Important archaeological remains of the Late Bronze Age (ca. 1600-1100 BC) period were discovered in Iknlaina through excavations and surface survey by the Athens ...
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