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For the ancient region, see Messenia (ancient region).
Messinia
Περιφερειακή ενότητα
Μεσσηνίας
Regional unit

Municipalities (dimi) of Messinia, 2010:   #Kalamata #Mani #Messini #Oichalia #Pylos-Nestoras #Trifylia
Municipalities (dimi) of Messinia, 2010:

  1. Kalamata
  2. Mani
  3. Messini
  4. Oichalia
  5. Pylos-Nestoras
  6. Trifylia
Messenia within Greece
Messenia within Greece
Coordinates: 37°10′N 22°0′E / 37.167°N 22.000°E / 37.167; 22.000Coordinates: 37°10′N 22°0′E / 37.167°N 22.000°E / 37.167; 22.000
Country Greece
Region Peloponnese
Capital Kalamata
Area
 • Total 2,991 km2 (1,155 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 159,954
 • Density 53/km2 (140/sq mi)
Postal codes 24x xx
Area codes 272x0, 276x0
ISO 3166 code GR-17
Car plates ΚΜ
Kalamata castle
Port of Kalamata
Messenia from Mt. Ithome
View of Pylos on the Bay of Navarino

Messenia (/məˈsniə, -ˈsnjə/; Greek: Μεσσηνία Messinia, pronounced [mesiˈnia]) is a regional unit (perifereiaki enotita) in the southwestern part of the Peloponnese, one of 13 regions into which Greece has been divided by the Kallikratis plan, implemented 1 January 2011.[1] Before 2011 Messenia was a nomos (prefecture). The capital and the biggest city of Messenia in either case has been the city of Kalamata.

Geography[edit]

Physical[edit]

Messenia borders on Elis to the north, Arcadia to the northeast, and Laconia to the southeast. The Ionian Sea lies to the west, and the Gulf of Messenia to the south. The most important mountain ranges are the Taygetus in the east, the Kyparissia mountains in the northwest and the Lykodimo in the southwest. The main rivers are the Neda in the north and the Pamisos in central Messenia.

Off the south coast of the southwesternmost point of Messenia lie the Messenian Oinousses islands. The largest of these are Sapientza, Schiza and Venetiko. The small island Sphacteria closes off the bay of Pylos. All these islands are virtually uninhabited.

Climate may vary, in the lowlands, temperatures are a bit warmer than Athens. Snow is not common during winter months except for the mountains especially the Taygetus. Rain and clouds are common inland.

Political[edit]

Reorganization of Messenia[edit]

Before the 2010 reorganization, Messenia was a nomos (prefecture) containing 29 dimoi (municipalities) and 2 koinotites (communities). The total population, based on the 2001 census was 176,876.[2] Since 2010, Messenia has been a perifereiake enoteta (regional unit) containing only 6 municipalities, but still with a population of 176,876;[3] i.e., Messenia did not change area in the reorganization. Some 25 municipalities and communities were incorporated politically into the other 6 according to the table below.[1]

New municipality Old municipalities Seat
Kalamata Kalamata Kalamata
Aris
Arfara
Thouria
Messene
(Messini)
Messene Messene
Aipeia
Androusa
Aristomenis
Voufrades
Ithomi
Petalidi
Trikorfo
Oichalia Oichalia Meligalas
Andania
Dorio
Eira
Meligalas
Pylos-Nestoras Pylos Pylos
Koroni
Methoni
Nestoras
Papaflessas
Chiliochoria
Trifylia Kyparissia Kyparissia
Aetos
Avlonas
Gargalianoi
Filiatra
Tripyla
West Mani
(Dytiki Mani)
Avia Kardamyli
Lefktro

Population[edit]

Year Population
1991 167,292
2001 172,875
2011 159,954

The main cities and towns of Messenia are (ranked by 2011 census population):

Economy[edit]

Glossa beach.

The economy of Messenia is primarily based on agricultural production although in recent years efforts are being made toward the development of activities in other sectors such as tourism.

Main agricultural products are olive oil, Kalamata table olives, figs, and black raisins (sultanas). The variety of agricultural products is complemented by a small amount of stockbreeding products (beef, milk, sfela cheese, honey) and fish from the Gulf of Messenia.

The tourist development observed is mainly attributable to the promotion of important archaeological sites, such as the Palace of Nestor, Ancient Messene, and the Venetian castles of Pylos, Koroni, Methoni and Kalamata, as well as to the beauty of the landscape. Another key factor for Messenia's economy is Costa Navarino, comprising several eco-friendly luxury resorts and golf courses, which is Greece’s biggest tourist development. [4]

There are many small- and medium-size firms involved in the processing and standardization of agricultural products as well as a number of enterprises devoted to wood processing, furniture manufacturing, and metal construction. The Karelia tobacco company is based in Kalamata.

Transport[edit]

The main airport in Messenia is Kalamata International Airport (KLX).

The main highways in Messenia are:

The main railways in Messenia are:

Communications[edit]

Television[edit]

History[edit]

Ancient period[edit]

Ancient Theater in Messene.

Messenia is mentioned in the oldest work of European literature, the Iliad.[citation needed] The name undoubtedly goes back to at least the Bronze Age, but its origins are lost in the world of mythology.

Medieval period[edit]

In the Middle Ages, Messenia shared the fortunes of the rest of the Peloponnese. Striking reminders of these conflicts are afforded by the extant ruins of the medieval strongholds of Kalamata, Coron (anc. Asine, mod. Korone), Modon (Methone) and Pylos. Messenia was a part of the Byzantine Empire.

Ottoman and Venetian period[edit]

Much of Messenia fell into the hands of the Ottoman Turks, a part of the area remained with the Venetian Republic. In 1534 a group of families, known as the 'Coroni', settled in Piana degli Albanesi in Sicily. They were Arvanites and Greeks from Koroni.

During the 1680s, the whole of Messenia was regained by the Venetian Republic in the Morean War, and formed part of the "Kingdom of the Morea" until recovered by the Ottomans in 1715. The Mani Peninsula, a part of modern Messenia, was autonomous from Turkish rule due to the fact that it had no harbors.

Modern period[edit]

Messenia became part of independent Greece as a result of the Greek War of Independence (1821-1832). The famous naval Battle of Navarino took place near present Pylos in 1827, and was a decisive victory for Greece and its allies. The population in the area of Kalamata and Messene increased from 30,000 before World War II up to nearly 80,000 in the present day. Messenia suffered damage from the 2007 Greek forest fires.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]

  • Media related to Messinia at Wikimedia Commons

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Messenia — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
2989 videos foundNext > 

Vivaldi Opera L'Oraccolo in Messenia, RV726 / Fabio Biondi Europa Galante

Antonio Lucio Vivaldi (1678 † 1741) Opera L'oracolo in Messenia, RV726 Dramma per musica in tre atti The first performance at the Teatro Sant'Angelo in Venic...

Antonio Vivaldi (1678-1741) - L'oracolo in Messenia - COMPLETE

Magnus Steveland (Polifonte) Ann Hallenberg (Merope, veuve du roi Cresfonte) Vivica Genaux (Epitide, fils de Merope et de Crisfonte, sous le nom de Cléon) Ro...

Franziska Gottwald, "Nell'orror di notte oscura", L'oracolo in Messenia, Vivaldi

Franziska Gottwald sings the aria of Licisco "Nell'orror di notte oscura" in act III of L'oracolo in Messenia, opera from Vivaldi. Europa Galante, Fabio Bion...

Ancient Messene, Messenia Greece

Ancient Messene was the ancient capital of Messenia. The city was founded by the Theban general Epameinondas in 369 B.C.who also liberated Messenians from Sp...

Messenia Roza sklep-bielizna.com

L'Oracolo in Messenia - Opera Rara 2011 - reportaż

www.operarara.pl.

Palaiokastro Pylos Messenia Greece

Palaiokastro Castle is located near Pylos, right above the Voidokilia Beach, one of the most beautiful beaches in Greece. It was build by a Frankish Baron af...

Vivaldi: Oracolo in Messenia

Vivaldi: Oracolo in Messenia / World premiere recording With: Ann Hallenberg, Vivica Genaux, Romina Basso, Julia Lezhneva, Xavier Sabata, Magnus Staveland Eu...

Walking Tour of Kalamata, Messenia, Greece - December 2010.wmv

I was in Kalamata back in December 2010 just before Christmas. Kalamata has more to offer then just Kalamata Olives. This footage also includes a visit to th...

Ann Hallenberg - Barbaro traditor -L'Oracolo in Messenia - Vivaldi.

October 2012.

2989 videos foundNext > 

230 news items

Greek Reporter

Greek Reporter
Wed, 07 Aug 2013 12:45:04 -0700

sex & the city Hollywood must be enchanted by Messenia, located in the southwestern Peloponnese, as according to rumors, the filming of the third film Sex & the City may be shot there, after the filming of the movie Before Midnight, in which Ethan ...

Greek Reporter

Greek Reporter
Thu, 04 Jul 2013 15:19:58 -0700

Iklaina is located in the municipal unit of Pylos, Messenia, Peloponnese, Greece. Important archaeological remains of the Late Bronze Age (ca. 1600-1100 BC) period were discovered in Iknlaina through excavations and surface survey by the Athens ...

Baltimore Magazine

Baltimore Magazine
Thu, 13 Nov 2014 05:30:00 -0800

Laconia, and its neighbor Messenia, share Greece's southernmost peninsula, and are the country's principal olive-growing regions. Two mountain ranges, Taygetos and Parnon, protect Laconia's rocky landscape, ensuring an arid climate, ideal for olive ...

RSCNJ Athletics

RSCNJ Athletics
Fri, 26 Sep 2014 19:38:33 -0700

Dr. Constantelos was born in Spilia, Messenia, Greece and ordained a priest of the Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of America in 1955. He is an expert in the field of Byzantine (medieval Greek) history and a professor emeritus of History and Religious Studies.
 
Olympic
Tue, 01 Jul 2014 09:13:47 -0700

Hundreds of children took part in the Olympic Day celebration organised in Messenia by the Hellenic NOC, in cooperation with the Hellenic Olympic Academy. The event was held in Costa Navarino, where Olympic and world champions introduced children to ...

Greek Reporter

Greek Reporter
Wed, 06 Aug 2014 14:11:15 -0700

The magical August full moon will be celebrated across Greece with many museums and Greek archaeological sites staying open until midnight and presenting various events free of charge on August 10. For the fourth consecutive year, the August full moon ...

The Independent

The Independent
Thu, 21 Aug 2014 16:00:19 -0700

Capital of the Messenia region, Kalamata grew from the ancient city of Pharai and sits in the formidable shadow of Mount Taygetos. Its bustling beachfront – an intriguing mix of grand old buildings and crumbling warehouses – was packed even on a ...

Greek Reporter

Greek Reporter
Mon, 25 Aug 2014 10:48:45 -0700

Fire authorities from Messenia and the surrounding cities have rushed to the area in order to battle with the flames. The operation is coordinated by Lieutenant General Charalampos Afalis, coming from Messinia, while Fire Service Chief Lieutenant ...
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