digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

Mescalero-Chiricahua
Native to USA
Region Oklahoma, New Mexico
Ethnicity 3,000+ (2007)
Native speakers
1,500  (2007)[1]
Dené–Yeniseian?
Language codes
ISO 639-3 apm
Glottolog mesc1238[2]
This article contains IPA phonetic symbols. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters.

Mescalero-Chiricahua (also known as Mescalero-Chiricahua Apache) is a Southern Athabaskan language spoken by the Mescalero and Chiricahua tribes in Oklahoma and New Mexico. It is related to Navajo and Western Apache. Mescalero-Chiricahua has been described in great detail by the anthropological linguist Harry Hoijer (1904–1976), especially in Hoijer & Opler (1938) and Hoijer (1946). Hoijer & Opler's Chiricahua and Mescalero Apache Texts, including a grammatical sketch and traditional religious and secular stories, has been converted into an online "book" available from the University of Virginia.

Virginia Klinekole, the first female president of the Mescalero Apache Tribe, was known for her efforts to preserve the language.[3]

Sounds[edit]

Consonants[edit]

The 31 consonants of Mescalero-Chiricahua:

  Bilabial Alveolar Post-alveolar Palatal Velar Glottal
central lateral
Stop unaspirated p t       k  
aspirated          
ejective         ʔ
Affricate unaspirated   ts      
aspirated   tsʰ tɬʰ tʃʰ      
ejective   tsʼ tɬʼ tʃʼ      
Nasal simple m n          
prenasalized (mᵇ) nᵈ          
Fricative voiceless   s ɬ ʃ   x h
voiced   z ɮ ʒ ʝ ɣ  

Vowels[edit]

The 16 vowels of Mescalero-Chiricahua:

  Front Central Back
short long short long short long
 High  oral i        
nasal ĩ ĩː        
 Mid  oral ɛ ɛː     o
nasal ɛ̃ ɛ̃ː     õ õː
 Low  oral     a    
nasal     ã ãː    

Mescalero-Chiricahua has phonemic oral, nasal, short, and long vowels.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mescalero-Chiricahua at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Mescalero-Chiricahua Apache". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  3. ^ "Former tribal leader dies : Past Mescalero president, council member, writer remembered". Alamogordo Daily News. 2011-03-15. Retrieved 2013-03-26. 
  • Hoijer, Harry. (n.d.). Chiricahua Apache stems. (Unpublished manuscript).
  • Hoijer, Harry. (1938). The southern Athapaskan languages. American Anthropologist, 40 (1), 75-87.
  • Hoijer, Harry. (1939). Chiricahua loan-words from Spanish. Language, 15 (2), 110-115.
  • Hoijer, Harry. (1945). Classificatory verb stems in the Apachean languages. International Journal of American Linguistics, 11 (1), 13-23.
  • Hoijer, Harry. (1945). The Apachean verb, part I: Verb structure and pronominal prefixes. International Journal of American Linguistics, 11 (4), 193-203.
  • Hoijer, Harry. (1946). The Apachean verb, part II: The prefixes for mode and tense. International Journal of American Linguistics, 12 (1), 1-13.
  • Hoijer, Harry. (1946). The Apachean verb, part III: The classifiers. International Journal of American Linguistics, 12 (2), 51-59.
  • Hoijer, Harry. (1946). Chiricahua Apache. In C. Osgood (Ed.), Linguistic structures in North America. New York: Wenner-Green Foundation for Anthropological Research.
  • Hoijer, Harry; & Opler, Morris E. (1938). Chiricahua and Mescalero Apache texts. The University of Chicago publications in anthropology; Linguistic series. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. (Reprinted in 1964 by Chicago: University of Chicago Press; in 1970 by Chicago: University of Chicago Press; & in 1980 under H. Hoijer by New York: AMS Press, ISBN 0-404-15783-1).
  • Opler, Morris E., & Hoijer, Harry. (1940). The raid and war-path language of the Chiricahua Apache. American Anthropologist, 42 (4), 617-634.
  • Pinnow, Jürgen. (1988). Die Sprache der Chiricahua-Apachen: Mit Seitenblicken auf das Mescalero [The language of the Chiricahua Apache: With side glances at the Mescalero]. Hamburg: Helmut Buske Verlag.
  • Webster, Anthony K. (2006). On Speaking to Him (Coyote): The Discourse Functions of the yi-/bi- Alternation in Some Chiricahua Apache Narratives. Southwest Journal of Linguistics, 25(2), 143-160.
  • Young, Robert W. (1983). Apachean languages. In A. Ortiz, W. C. Sturtevant (Eds.), Handbook of North American Indians: Southwest, (Vol. 10), (p. 393-400). Washington: Smithsonian Institution. ISBN 0-16-004579-7.

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mescalero-Chiricahua_language — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
247 videos foundNext > 

Words of Life Apache, Mescalero People/Language Movie Trailer

This is: Words of Life Apache, Mescalero People/Language Movie Trailer c04690 [c04690t] Other names for this language are: Apache: Mescalero; Apache, Mescale...

Teaching Mescalero Apache Language To Future Generations

YouTube upload.

How to Pronounce Mescalero-Chiricahua

Learn how to say Mescalero-Chiricahua correctly with EmmaSaying's "how do you pronounce" free tutorials. @---@---@---@---@---@---@---@---@---@---@---@---@---...

MESCALERO APACHE TRAILER from Homeland Nation

Episode 1 Teaser on The Mescalero Apache. The full episode contains information on all tribes of the Mescalero Apache Reservation - Mescalero, Chiricahua and...

Apache Talks with Grand doughter of Nachez, Elbys Hugar(Chiricahua)

Nachez fought together with Geronimo and kept on fighting until 1896 when they surrendered in the Sierra Madre Moutains. Elbys Hugar(Chiricahua) from the Mes...

Chiricahua & Lipan Apache

HUM 130 multimedia project.

Apache Freedom Run April 2013

This is in commemoration of the journey that the Chiricahua Apaches made when they were released from prison after 27 years as prisoners of war. They ran fro...

How to Pronounce Mescalero

Can we reach 1 Like? Watch video to the end :) Mescalero [mes-kuh-lair-oh] /ˌmɛs kəˈlɛər oʊ/ IPA Syllables noun, plural Mescaleros (especially collectively) ...

Time Travellers: The Apache (History Documentary)

Time Travellers: The Apache (History Documentary) Apache is the collective term for several culturally related groups of Native Americans in the United State...

CHIRICAHUA APACHE 1850-1906

Cochise, Eskiminzin, Eskiminzin's wife, Mickey Free's daughter, Pacer,Victorio, Taza, Alchise, Naiche, Chato, Loco, loco's son Mangas Coloradas, Nana, Geroni...

247 videos foundNext > 

We're sorry, but there's no news about "Mescalero-Chiricahua language" right now.

Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Talk About Mescalero-Chiricahua language

You can talk about Mescalero-Chiricahua language with people all over the world in our discussions.

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!